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Full text of "The Granite monthly : a magazine of literature, history and state progress"

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GENEALOGY 



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GENEALOGY 

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1923 

JAN-JUN 






) H i sK A N r M v * N r > Y 

A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE 

Published Montkkj at Concord, N. H. 

. . • Bv; Tile GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 

Conicmts 

JANUARY 1923 

The Month in New Hampshire 5 

Fred IT. Brown Robert Jackson 10 

A Program for Taxation Raymond B. Stevens 17 

N. H. Women Legislators Lillian M. Ainsworth 20 

Last Year of the Old Regime H. H. Met calf 21 

A Mystery of Colonial Days George JV-. Jennings 25 

The School in Action — A Review Pierre La Rose 32 

Necrology 39 

The N. H. State Government 1923 43 



lor NEXT MONTH 

Will Contain Among Oilier Tilings 

The Water That Goes Over the Dam Does Xo Work Hon. George B. Leighton 
A Plea for the Development of N. H. Water Powers 

Xew Hampshire's Educational Plant H. B. Stevens 

Account of the Work and Needs of the N. H. State College 

Twentieth Century Manchester Vivian Savacool 

A History of the Recent Growth of Manchester 

Peter Livius the Trouble .Maker Lawrence Shaw Mayo 

If you are not a subscriber, and would like to receive 

the magazine regularly, fill out the coupon below 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY, 
Concord, Tu;\v Hampshire 

Enclosed find $2.00 for my subscription to the GRANITE MONTHLY for 

one year beginning 

Name 

Address ^ 

Entered as second class scatter at the Concord, N. H. postorHce. 



r ^ 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE 

V 6SS975 



Published Monthly at Concord, N. H. 
Bv THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 



Con tents 
FEBRUARY 1923 

The Month in New Hampshire 49 

The Owl (Poem) , George Quinter 52 

Prominent Xew Hampshire Legislators , . 53 

Buying Babies with Money Three Women Legislators. . 58 

Impressions oe A N ewcomer 59 

New Hampshire's Educational Plant Henry Bailey Stevens 61 

The Bent Twig William M. Stuart .- . 72 

The Water That Goes Over The Dam Does No Work. .George B. Leighton 76 

Grieve No More (Poem) Miriam Vedder. . , 82 

Loneliness (Pocnp) Dorothy Collins 82 

Peter Liyius The Trouble Maker Lawrence Shaw Mayo 83 

Books of New Hampshire Interest The Heart of Monadonck Erwin F. Keene 91 

Judges for The Brookes More Poetry Contest 92 

New Hampshire Necrology 93 



NEXT MONTH 
The Magazine Will Contain 

Making Teachers at Keene 
What the Normal School Needs to Carry on Its Work 

When Claremont Was Called Ashley George B. Upham 

Xew Hampshire's Carnival Season (Illustrated) 

More Portraits of the Legislators 

If you are not a subscriber, and would like to receive 
the magazine regularly, fill out the coupon below 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY, 
Concord, New Hampshire. 

Enclosed find $2.00 for my subscription to the GRANITE MONTHLY for 

one- year beginning 

Name 

Address 

Entered as second class matter at the Concord, N. H. postofiice. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/granitemonthlymav55p1conc 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE 

Published Monthly at Concord, N. H. 
By THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 



Contents 

MARCH 1923 

The Month in New Hampshire 97 

The Carnival Season in New Hampshire 101 

Prominent Legislators 109 

l-\ n Anthology of Gxe Poem Poets Arthur Johnson 114 

The College axd Potatoes H. B. Stevens 1 16 

Twentieth Century Manchester Vivian Savacool 123 

The Brookes More Prize Winner 128 

Making Teachers at Keene 129 

When Claremont Was Called Ashley George B. Upham 134 

The Editor Stops to Talk 137 

Books of New Hampshire Interest : Steei 139 

New Hampshire Necrology 141 



NEXT MONTH 

The Magazine Will Contain 

Leading Dairy Herds in New Hampshire H. S. Bridges 

The first of a scries of articles showing the progress of an important industry 

The Work of the Home Demonstration Department 

at New Hampshire College Daisy Williamson 

The Industrial Development of Manchester Vivian Savacool 

A second article on Manchester's growth and development 

If you are not a subscriber, and would like to receive 
the magazine regularly, fill out the coupon below 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY, 
Concord, New Hampshire. 

Enclosed find $2.00 for my subscription to the GRANITE MONTHLY for 

one year beginning 

Name 

Address 



Entered as second class matter at the Concord, N. H. postofTice. 



FHE GRANITE MONTHLY 

A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE 

Published Monthly at Concord, N. H. 
Bv THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 



7 



Contents 
APRIL 1923 

The Month in New Hampshire 145 

Franklin : A Town.. 1828,— A City, 1 896 147 

Needles and Knitting 1 63 

My Fisherman (Poem) Mabel W. Sawyer 167 

"Boston John" Clark 168 

Poems by a Franklin Poet Mabel W. Sawyer 169 

A Play Day Ellen Barden Ford 170 

Iioi.sTLiNs That Win H. Styles Bridges 173 

When Claremont Was Called Ashley George B. Upham 177 

An Anthology of One Poem Poets irthur Johnson 180 

Legislatures of the Past lames O. Lyford 182 

Manchester's Dfbt to the Merrimack Vivian Savaeool 1S5 

The Editor Stops to Talk 189 

Books of New Hampsh ire Intlrkst 191 

New Ham psh ire Necrology 192 



NEXT MONTH 

The Magazine Will Contain 

The American Legion in Xew Hampshire 

History, Personalities. Activities, and Plans 

Over the Top with Ayershires H. Styles Bridges 

The second article on famous dairy herds of X. H. 

New Hampshire's Labor Commissioner A. J. L. 

A sketch of Commissioner Davie and his important work 

If you are not a subscriber, and would like to receive 
the magazine regularly, fill out the coupon below 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY, 
Concord, New Hampshire. 

Enclosed find $2.00 for my subscription to the GRANITE MONTHLY for 

one year beginning 

Name 

Address 



Entered as second class matter at the Concord, N. H. postofhee. 



r\ ~\ 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE: 

Published Monthly at Concord, X. H. 
P y T 1 1 F. G R A N ITEMON T H LY C O M PA N Y 



Contents 
MAY 1923 

Tv e Month in New Hampsh ire H. C. P 197 

For God and Country 199 

The Legion : Maker of Americans 208 

Behind the' Lines , 211 

What Auxiliary Units Do 213 

State Executive Board of the American Legion Auxiliary , 214 

A Portrait Gallery of Legionnaires 216 

New Hampshire's Labor Commissioner A. J. L 221 

Their Son Bertha Comins Ely 227 

An Anthology of One Poem Poets Arthur Johnson- 230 

Over the Toe with Ayrshires H. Styles Bridges 232 

In the Springtime Andrew L. Felker 235 

When Claeemont Was Called Ashley George B. Upham 237 

Current Opinion in New Hampshire 2-kO 

Old Home Week and the Tercentenary Henry H. Metcalf 241 

Booes of New Hampshire Interest 245 

The Editor Stops to Talk , . 246 

New Hampshire Necrology , 248 



NEXT MONTH 

The Magazine Will Contain 

Guernsey's That Pay H. Styles Bridges 

A Third Article oil New Hampshire Dairy Herds 

The Highest Path in New England Jessie Doe 

A Walking Trip Across the Presidential Range 

If you are not a subscriber, and would like to receive 
the magazine regularly, fill out the coupon below 



THE GKANITE MONTHLY, 
Concord, New Hampshire. 

Enclosed find $2.00 for rny subscription to the GRANITE MONTHLY ioi 

one year beginning 

Name 

Address 



Entered as second class matter at the Concord, N. H. postomce. 



rnr*> 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE 

Published Monthly at Concord, N. H. 
By THE GRANITE MONTHLY COMPANY 

Contents 



JUNE 1923 

Tue Month in New Hampshire H. C. P 

Senator William E. Borah 

The Highest Path in New England Jessie Doc 

Three Opinions ox the Legislature ok 1923 

I. The Democratic Viewpoint Robert Jackson 

II. The Republican Viewpoint Olin Chase 

III. An Independent Viewpoint 

Along Came Mary Ann Daisy Dcane Williamson 

The Northeastern Forest Experiment Station K. ]\\ Woodtmrd 

An Anthology of One Poem Poets Arthur Johnson 

The Bunga Road ., G. (7. Williams 

Guernseys that Pay //. Styles Bridges 

Ships (Poem) Harold Virial 

How the House Was Adjourned Tames O. Lyford 

Books of New Hampshire ] nterest , Granite and Alabaster. . 

The Editor Stops to Talk 

Current Opinion in New Hampshire 

New Hampshire Necrology 



253 
255 
259 

268 
269 
271 
275 
280 
2^2 
284 
287 
290 
29 i 
292 
293 
295 
297 



NEXT MONTH 
The Magazine Will Contain 

As the Road Unrolls 

An account of a motor trip through the White Mountains, including routes and 
illustrations. 

The New England Railroads A. symposium 

Including opinions by such authorities as Professors Cunningham and Ripley of 
Harvard. 

The Republican Party in New Hampshire 

What men like Senator Moses, Major Knox and Mr. Frank Musgrove think its 
policy should be in the coming campaign. 

If you are not a subscriber, and would like to receive 
•the magazine regularly, fill out the coupon below 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY, 
Concord, New Hampshire. 

Enclosed find $2.00 for my subscription to the GRANITE MONTHLY for 

one year beginning 

Name ..-. 

Address 



Entered as second class matter at the Concord, N. H. postofhee. 



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Fred H. Brown 



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THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Vol. LV. 



JANUARY, 1923 



No. 1 



THE MONTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



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^3 



F you should walk down Main 
Street, Concord, you would pro- 
bably see from time to time little 
groups of men gathered together 
in heated conversation. If you are 
curious and should want to know 
what they are talking about you don't 
need to inquire. It is about the forty- 
eight hour law. For there is no pub- 
lic question that lias called forth more 
discussion, none over which opinions 
have varied more radically and none 
which more intimately touches the 
welfare and prosperity of the state. 
We in Xew Hampshire have a law 
limiting women to fifty-four hours 
per week and ten and one-fourth 
hours per day. In comparing 'this 
law with those of some other states 
we find that five states : California, 
Massachusetts, Utah, North Dakota 
and Oregon, have forty-eight hour 
weeks for women in industry, while 
Ohio has a fifty hour week. Nine 
states limit the work of women to 
eight hours per day, ten to nine hours 
per day. All the government em- 
ployees are on an eight hour day. 
On the other side of the water we 
find that France and Belgium have 
universal forty-eight hour weeks. 
Germany has a universal eight hour 
day. while in England the cotton 
spinning and manufacturing industry 
is on a forty-eight hour week by 
agreement between the employers and 
employees. On the other hand, the 
great cotton-growing states, those 
states which are the main competitors 
of our principal industry, the textile, 
permit their women to work from 



fifty-six to sixty hours per week and 
from ten to twelve hours per day. 

When the nine months' strike in 
the textile industry ended last month, 
the principal point at issue, the forty- 
eight hour week for women and chil- 
dren versus the fifty- four hour week, 
was not settled. The workers, to be 
sure, went back on a fifty-four hour 
schedule, with, however, the public 
announcement that as far as they 
were concerned it was but a tempo- 
rary truce, pending the decision of 
the legislature. 

What will the legislature do? 

417 men sit in the House of Rep- 
resentatives. Of these 221 are 
Democrats pledged to the immediate 
enactment of a forty-eight hour law, 
196 are Republicans who, while pledg- 
ing themselves to a national forty- 
eight hour law and expressing sym- 
pathy '"for all those who would put 
an end to all forms of child labor 
and who work to abridge the hours 
of women employed in industry." de- 
mand, before any action be taken in 
regard to a state forty-eight hour law, 
an investigation of the possible ef- 
fects on Xew Hampshire industry of 
the passage of such a law with a re- 
port to be made to this legislature be- 
fore adjournment. In the Senate we 
find a Republican majority. The Gov- 
ernor's Council, too, is Republican, 
while the Governor is a Democrat 
and a very keen and ardent believer 
in the forty-eight hour week. 

It is probable that most of the 
Democrats will support with vigor 
the forty-eight hour Jaw. It was in 



3363 



BUX 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



their platform, and on this issue they 
largely made and won their cam- 
paign. 

Just what the Republicans will do 
is not so certain. Senator Moses, on 
being asked this question, said, "The 
Republican members of the New 
Hampshire Legislature should attend 
to their duties in man fashion and on 
the forty-eight hour law should abide 
by the platform adopted by the Re- 
publican State Convention." The 
Manchester Union speaks in even 
stronger terms. "Sight should never 
be lost by Republicans." it declares, 
"of the fact that the Republican party 
of this state is definitely and unequiv- 
ocally on record in favor of the prin- 
ciple of the forty- eight hour working- 
week for women engaged in industry 
— it is also on record in favor of a 
most searching, impartial and candid 
examination of some of the probable 
effects of the enactment of the forty- 
eight hour law in this state. . . . L nder 
this pledge and taking into consider- 
ation the proportion of the vote on 
November 7th which may be proper- 
ly interpreted as an assumption on 
the part of the public that such a law 
should be passed unless it can be 
definitely and clearly shown that en- 
forcement of such a statute would be 
disastrous to manufacturing indus- 
tries, the Republican party which is in 
clear control of the Senate can do no 
other than promptly and without hes- 
itation to set up the machinery to 
get the facts before the pub- 
lic—and let the issue of the forty- 
eight hour law proposal stand or fall 
on this showing." 

HPHERE are. however, powerful in- 
terests opposing the forty-eight 
hour week, interests whose views and 
wishes, in spite of party platforms, 
cannot help but have a profound in- 
fluence on many. The New Hamp- 

6 • 



shire State Grange for instance, has 
gone on record as against the forty- 
eight hour week. At their convention 
last month a resolution condemning 
the principle of the forty-eight hour 
law was unanimously adopted and 
farmers for the most part are un- 
doubtedly opposed to this law. They 
say that it is well nigh impossible to 
keep help on the farm at sixty hours 
per week when occupation can be 
found in the city at a living wage of 
a forty-eight hour week and that 
during the war when industry op- 
erated largely on a forty-eight hour 
schedule, there was an acute and ac- 
tual shortage of farm help. The 
farmer, they believe, labors under a 
great financial disadvantage when he 
has to produce his goods on a week 
of sixty hours while he buys goods 
produced on a forty- eight hour week. 

The manufacturing and business 
interests of New Hampshire are also 
in general most vigorously opposed 
to this measure. Eaton D. Sargent, 
president of the New Hampshire 
Manufacturers' Association, which 
represent three hundred thirty New 
Hampshire industries, writes that the 
forty-eight hour week is "distinctly 

an economic issue I believe that 

I voice not only my own but also the 
opinion of the great body of manu- 
facturers large and small when I ex- 
press my belief that a maximum 
forty-eight hours for women and 
minors should not be fixed by legis- 
lative enactment." 

The principal organizations and 
groups of people who are fight- 
ing for the forty-eight hour week are 
the Labor Unions and the Industrial 
Workers. They have, however, a 
strong ally in public opinion, which 
in the state and nationally is becom- 
ing increasingly sympathetic to the 
principle of the forty-eight hour 
week. The recent and rather 



THE MONTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



dramatic Democratic victory is an in- 
dication of the public sentiment. 

The Paris Peace Conference in 
1919 recommended "the adoption of 
an eight hour day and a forty-eight 
hour week as a standard to he aimed 
at where it has not already been at- 
tained." And the Congress of the 
United States "has established the 
eight hour day as the standard in 
government service for workers in 
profitable employment engaged on 
government contracts." Among the 
prominent men who have come out 
for the forty-eight hour law is John 
D. Rockfeller, Jr., who says: "Sub- 
ject only to the demands of national 
emergency, modern industry is justi- 
fied in accepting the eight hour day 
and the six day week. While the 
adoption of these standards may and 
doubtless will at first entail increased 
costs of production. I am confident 
that in the long run, greater efficiency 
and economy will result." 

Another rather striking indication 
of the growth of the forty-eight hour 
week is shown in a recent announce- 
ment of the Department of Com- 
merce which states that "the returns 
of the 1919 census of manufacturers 
indicates a general and marked de- 
crease in the prevailing hours of la- 
bor. Of the 9,096,572 wage earners 

reported 48.6 per cent, were 

employed in establishments where the 
prevailing hours of labor per week 
were forty-eight or under, while in 
the year 1914, the num- 
ber employed in this class of estab- 
lishment was 11.8 per cent, of 

the total number of wage earners." 

^XD so the legislator, whose duty 
it is to represent the public and 
who desires to help pass those meas- 
ures which may do the greatest good 
to the greatest number, finds himself 
face to face with a problem which at 



every step seems to become more 
and more perplexing and more and 
more difficult to solve. 

On the one hand, he is told that 
while mills in a cotton state increas- 
ed two and one-half times in twenty 
vears, textile mills in New Ene- 

o 

land only increased one-third and 
that Xew Hampshire industries on a 
forty-eight hour schedule cannot 
continue to survive in competition 
with the southern textile mills with 
their advantage in cheaper cost of 
living, cheaper power and raw ma- 
erial, their cheaper labor and a fifty- 
six to sixty hour schedule. Presi- 
edent J. H. Hustis, of the Boston & 
Maine Railroad writes : "There are 
constantly coming to our attention 
cases oi industries seeking locations, 
many of which fail to locate within 
Xew England because of what are 
regarded as certain already severe 
restrictive laws." And the president 
of the New Hampshire Manufactur- 
ing Association makes the statement 
that "Xew Hampshire cannot enjoy a 
reasonable prosperity unless her man- 
ufacturing industries are prosperous. 
It is for the best interests of the state 
to encourage manufacuring rather 
than to discourage it by the enact- 
ment of any law which will make 
successful enterprises more difficult if 
not impossible." 

On the other hand, the supporters 
of the forty-eight hour schedule flat- 
ly deny most of these contentions. 
They deny that southern competition 
necessitates an increase in hours be- 
yond the forty-eight hour week. 
They cite figures showing a steady 
and remarkable increase in the earn- 
ings and profits of the Amoskeag 
Corporation during the last twenty 
years, the last three years oper- 
ated on a forty-eight hour schedule 
l>eing the most profitable of all. 
They point to Massachusetts which, 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



with a forty-eight hour schedule for 
the last four years, has been able to 
compete very successfully with the 
south. 

They also argue that from the so- 
ciological point of view women 
should not he permitted to work more 
than forty-eight hours per week. 
"We must coneede" says Mrs. Ar- 
nold Yantis, Republican member of 
the House from Manchester "that 
eight hours is a long enough time for 
a woman or child to toil at hard la- 
bor. When anyone works to the 
point of fatigue, the quality of the 
work suffers and the health of the 
worker is injured. Women and chil- 
dren are not machines Our 

high infant mortality in Manchester 
is due in part to our present indus- 
trial conditions, according to the re- 
port of the Children's Bureau in the 
Department of Labor/' And Dr. 
George W. Webster of the Illinois 
Industrial Survey, appointed by Gov- 
ernor Lowden in 1918. says: "Sure- 
ly it is not enough that a woman is 
able to endure the hardships and fa- 
tigue of a ten hour day and not die — 
women should and do mean more to 
our country than mere machines. 
The science of physiology and psy- 
chology, the law. the decisions of the 
courts, the example of Congress, the 
Peace Conference, the joint interests 
of both employer and employee, the 
right of society expressed in the 
voice of an enlightened social con- 
science all unite in favoring the es- 
tablishment of the eight hour day as 
the maximum which should be re- 
quired of women in industry. For 
upon women depends the vigor of the 
race, and the vigor of the race must 
not be exploited for present day pur- 
poses instead of for racial conversa- 
tion." 

Among the supporters of the prin- 
ciple of the forty-eight hour week 



for women are those who believe that 
if the forty-eight hour schedule will 
be, under present conditions, a handi- 
cap to New England industry, then 
our industries must change these 
conditions. They believe the forty- 
eight hour schedule from a socio- 
logical point of view must come and 
they believe that Xew England in- 
dustry, through increased efficiency, 
through that initiative and resource 
heretofore characteristic of our busi- 
ness men, must and can overcome any 
economic handicap which may at 
present exist. 

FT is easy to imagine, with all these 
radical difference of opinion, how 
difficult will be the task of the legisla- 
ture in trying to make a wise decision 
and one which will lie for the best 
interests of Xew Hampshire as a 
whole. 

One grave menace to the public 
welfare, according to Ex-Gov. Bass 
is the danger that the next legisla- 
ture may become involved in an dis- 
astrous class struggle with the work- 
ers aligned against the farmers, the 
city against the country. Powerful 
interests he believes, will bitterly op- 
pose not only the forty-eight hour 
law but also the tax reform that the 
farmer so vigorously advocates. 
There is no way he says, "that these 
interests could so effectively accom- 
plish their purpose as to align the 
farmer against the industrial work- 
er, hoping thereby to create a dead- 
lock and prevent any action on either 
issue." 

That such an alignment may pos- 
sibly develop is clearly indicated by 
a recent statement of Horace A. Riv- 
iere, organizer for the United Tex- 
tile Workers of America, who says: 
"The labor interest, in the next legis- 
lature are going to stage the bitter- 
est fight ever made in this state for 



THE MONTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



. 9 



the reduction of working hours, and 
if they do not gain their point, and 
the farm district members are res- 
ponsible for the reverse, then I pre- 
dict there will be few if any bills 
passed in the legislature which will 
aid the agriculturists. " 

"Such a class alignment," declares 
Ex-Gov. Bass, "would have a most 
harmful and far-reaching effect. 
Measures would then be acted upon 
not on merits but as a solution of the 
blind opposition of one class of 

people to another To dispose 

of legislative measures by this device 
is to sacrifice public interests for pri- 
vate personal advantage. I feel sure 
that the mature judgment and hard 
common sense of our people of New 
Hampshire will not sanction such a 
procedure. Neither do I believe 
that the rank and file of legislators 
will approve of it. They will ap- 
proach these important matters in an 
open-minded attitude, securing full- 
est information. .. .before they make 
up their minds and then take, such 
action as is for the best interests of 
the state as a whole. Above all, we 
should not support or countenance 
any class alignment or any trading 
of support or opposition to important 
measures. As a member of the leg- 
islature, I shall consider each ques- 
tion separately on its merits after 
weighing all the evidence. I shall 
act as a representative of no one 
class, but will try to give fair and 
unprejudiced consideration to all ele- 
ments and support such bills as will 



promote the best interests of the av- 
erage man and woman throughout 
the state." 

After reviewing all these conflict- 
ing arguments and statements it is 
not hard to prophesy that the next 
session of the legislature will he one 
of the liveliest and most agitating in 
many a year. A wise decision in 
this matter is so vital to the welfare 
of so many people and so important 
to the prosperity of the state, that 
feeling is bound to run high with 
many becoming extremely bitter*. 
Very timely indeed is the meeting in 
Concord on January 11 of the New 
Hampshire Civic Organization to 
discuss the forty-eight hour law for 
women and children engaged in in- 
dustry. Henry Dennison of Denni- 
son Manufacturing Co. will give a 
talk on the problem of the forty- 
eight hour law. Representatives of 
organized labor and of the manufac- 
turing association will discuss their 
points of view, while agricultural in- 
terests will be represented by Rich- 
ard Pattee, Director of the New 
England Milk Producers' Associa- 
tion and once Master of the New 
Hampshire State Grange. It is ex- 
pected that this meeting will be large- 
ly attended and it is hoped the dis- 
cussions will help clear up some of 
the more radical differences of opin- 
ion and be a means of bringing people 
nearer to a better and more enlighten- 
ed understanding of the problem as 
a whole, 



!- 



FRED H. BROWN 

By Robert Jackson 



N keeping with the general dis- 
location wrought by war, political 
majorities the world over have be- 
come astonishingly unstable. In 
New Hampshire it has been evident 
for some years past that the centre of 
political gravity has not rested in 
either of the great parties but was 
rather to be sought in a steadily in- 
creasing body of independent opinion 
not definitely inclined toward either 
Democratic or Republican tenets, 
which has been swinging from one 
side to the other, little influenced by 
partisan considerations. Notwith- 

standing general recognition of this 
development, there was something 
cataclysmic in the effect of the tre- 
mendous reversal of public sentiment 
at the last election. In a brief two years 
a Republican plurality of 31,000 was 
converted into a Democratic plurality 
of 11,000 although tlse total vote cast 
but slightly exceeded 131,000. Tak- 
ing percentages into account. New 
Hampshire registered the greatest 
political overturn recorded in the 
country. 

Like the great convulsions of 
nature, the event broke without warn- 
ing. There was no Cassandra seek- 
ing to arouse overconfident Republi- 
cans against impending danger. No 
Democratic Isaiah foretold a Babylon 
fallen. It was indeed a tide too full 
for sound or foam and it swept out 
of the gray mist of that November 
morning and passed on, leaving victor 
and vanquished alike lost in amaze. 
Political observers and analysts have 
been busy assigning responsibility to 
one cause or another. Worldwide 
economic forces played their part and 
general dissatisfaction and industrial 
unrest, especially acute in the state's 



manufacturing communities, were in- 
dubitable agencies in the Republican 
defeat. But whatever reasons may 
be assigned for the recent debacle, the 
victory of the Democratic candidate 
for governor was too overwhelming 
not to be construed as a personal 
triumph and it is clear that his salient 
and attractive personality supplied 
the final element essential to so de- 
cisive a result. 

The orthodox biographical sketch 
is fashioned to a rigid formula which 
leaves much to be desired. It recites 
the date and place of its subject's 
birth, the names of his father and 
mother — her maiden name scrupu- 
lously enclosed in parenthesis, the 
schools and colleges he attended. 
It records the titles and dignities he 
has acquired, not omitting corpora- 
tion directorates, club memberships 
and fraternal affiliations. It affirms his 
unswerving allegiance to the principles 
of this religious faith and that poli- 
tical party, and usually concludes with 
a defiant declaration, carrying some- 
how a hint of the "Believe it or Not" 
cartoons, that he is a well beloved and 
highly respected member of his com- 
munity. All of which is about as 
valuable for the purpose of gaining 
knowledge of the individual as would 
be a description of the clothes he 
wears. 

It is a simple enough matter to say 
of Fred Brown that he was born in 
Ossipee in 1879, that his father is 
Dana J. Brown (who, by the way, 
looks no older than his son), and that 
his mother's name is Nellie Allen 
Brown ; that he was educated at Dow 
Academy in Franconia, Dartmouth 
College and Boston University Law 
School. At Dartmouth he was a 



FRED H. BROWN 



11 



member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon 
fraternity. It may also he noted in 
passing that he was a freshman in the 
Class of 1903 when planning Cox, 
governor of Massachusetts, was a 
junior in the Class oi 1901. There 
was a transparency in the parade at 
the Sdmerswdrth celebration proclaim- 
ing that "he rode the goat and got the 
vote" so it is probably safe to add that 




Fred H. Brown 

in UNIFORM 

he is a Mason. In religion he is a 
Congregationalism That he is a Demo- 
crat has recently been widely adver- 
tised. He is unmarried and has been 
mayor of Somersworth so long that 
almost the memory of man runneth 
not to the contrary. A Wilson and 
Marshall elector in 1912, he was ap- 
pointed United States District Attor- 
ney in 1914 and served until 1922. 
Adhering to our formula, it may be 
added that he is apparently well 
thought of in his home town. 



But after these items, all and singu- 
lar, have been duly recorded, you still 
have left the man himself untouched. 
The recital throws no light on a per- 
sonality which has made him so for- 
midable a political champion. Let it 
not be forgotten that he has never 
been defeated in a contest for public 
office and this notwithstanding his 
party has been a minority party. 
What is the secret of his remarkable 
vote-getting power? There isn't any 
secret about it. If you knew a man of 
agreeable manner, who was straight- 
forward, easy to know and under- 
stand, courageous, square, a good 
story teller himself and an apprecia- 
tive listener to your stories, and in 
addition he possessed a great fund of 
common sense, you would think he 
was a pretty good man to vote for, 
even if he were the candidate of the 
opposing party. Well, Fred Brown 
lias all these attributes. Moreover, 
he has certain special characteristics 
that add materially to his strengh as 
a popular leader. 

First, he is thoroughly a New 
Hampshire product. He was born 
here, spent his youth here, was edu- 
cated here, and has lived his life here. 
He thinks and feels and acts just as 
a great majority of his fellow New 
Hampshire men think and feel and 
act. Fie understands them and they 
understand him. If an expert psy- 
chologist could measure his impulses 
and reactions and compare them 
with the impulses and reactions of a 
thousand New Hampshire men chosen 
at random for the purpose, it would 
probably appear that his line on the 
chart diverged but slightly from the 
average. Such a man enjoys a tre- 
mendous advantage in the field of 
politics. It is unnecessary for him 
to speculate on the attitude of the 
electorate. He knows and sympa- 
thizes with that attitude instinctively. 



12 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



His own reactions will inevitably and 
unconsciously be the reactions of a 
majority. Thus he advocates his 
views with all the sincerity and force 
that spring from profound convic- 
tion, while a less fortunate opponent 
must resort to the faltering gestures 
of expediency. 

In spite of the occasional ascend- 
ency of gentlemen who, in the in- 
cisive words of a North Country pa- 
triach, deal mainly in "hokum, bunk 
and plain damn lies," true simplicity 
is never a handicap to the man who 
goes before the people as a political 
candidate. Craft, like wrong, occa- 
sionally gazes smugly from the 
throne at simplicity upon the scaffold. 
But never for long. The new gover- 
nor is simple and he is modest to a 
fault. But his modesty has nothing 
of timidity in it, and his simplicity is 
the simplicity of strength. Consider 
for a moment the large photograph 
which illustrates this article. It is the 
face of a man you can trust. Like- 
wise, it is the face of a hard man to 
frighten and, it might be added, a 
hard man to fool. 

Then, too, supreme gift of the 
gods, he is endowed with a keen 
sense of humor. You may rely up- 
on his instant appreciation of the 
comic under any circumstances. At 
Somersworth, when they celebrated 
his election, speaker after speaker 
nominated him for future honors, 
beginning with a second term as gov- 
ernor and reaching a climax when 
the presiding officer introduced him 
as a potential occupant of the White 
House. You could see the incipient 
■ smile grow upon the face of the 
governor-elect until it burst into a 
hearty, spontaneous, full-sized laugh. 
"If there had been any more speak- 
ers here tonight," he said "I guess 
I'd have been nominated for ruler of 
the world.'' No need to worry lest 



such a man be spoiled by praise too 
fulsome. 

Fred Brown was for a time a pro- 
fessional baseball player. He played 
on several teams, the best of which 
was the Boston Nationals. Before 
that he played at Dartmouth. It is 
no exaggeration to say that he was 
the best all-round ball player who 
has matriculated at Hanover in the 
last thirty years. Very few catchers 
in the history of the game can have 
excelled him in throwing to bases. 
The ball travelled like a bullet and 
always true to the mark. 

Those of you who are versed in 
the technique of baseball, ponder 
these facts. At Williamstown, Wil- 
liams base runners three times at- 
tempted to steal second. Each time 
the runner was caught so far off the 
bag that instead of continuing and 
taking a chance on sliding, he turned 
back and attempted to regain the 
base he had just left. And these 
men were the fastest and most skill- 
ful base runners on the Williams 
team. I doubt if so prodigious a 
feat has been surpassed in a game be- 
tween teams of this class. In a game 
between Somersworth and Dover, the 
Dover management had rounded up 
a group of professionals from the 
New England, Eastern and National 
Leagues, including Hugh Duffy, for 
several years the heaviest hitter in the 
National League, and George Ma- 
honey of the St. Louis Cardinals. 
Pitching for Somersworth, Fred 
Brown struck out fifteen men, Duffy 
being a victim twice and Mahoney 
three times. His team was victori- 
ous by a score of 4 to and he drove 
in two of those runs with a terrific 
three base hit, scoring himself im- 
mediately afterward. While at 
Dartmouth his batting average ex- 
ceeded .400. Above all, he was a 
great competitor and rose to his 



I 



FRED H. BROWN 



13 



greatest heights under the extreme 
pressure of emergencies. Such in- 
frequent mistakes as he made came 
when they cost the least and in a 
crisis, when the result of a game 
hung in the balance, he was supreme. 
He gained his preparatory educa- 
tion at Dow Academy in Franconia. 
This school, less known than its 
merit deserves, is set in a physical 
environment of incomparable beauty. 
Dominating the eastern horizon rises 
the' mighty summit of Mt. Lafayette 
where morning and evening the 
slanting rays of the sun kindle into 
white flame the cross high on its up- 
thrust shoulder. To the southward 
dreams the exquisite Landaff Valley, 
its more distant meadows half lost 
under the shadowy charm of Moosi- 
lauke. Close at hand a little river, 
the south branch of the Ammonoo- 
suc, hurries noisily over its shallows. 
A typical New England village of 
white houses with green blinds strag- 
gles along a mile or so of the main 
street. It was in this setting, on an 
afternoon in May of the early nine- 
ties, that I first saw the boy who is 
now to be Governor. It was at a 
time in my life when I labored 
under the delusion that I was 
a pitcher of promise. The in- 
nocent victims of my ambition 
were my fellow players from the 
Littleton High School. The game 
with Dow Academy had assumed an 
importance in our young lives such 
as no world's series has ever yet at- 
tained. There was a chubby, blond 
boy about fourteen catching on the 
academy team. Nothing imuch had 
happened until about the middle of 
the game when this boy came to bat 
with two on bases and two out. 
Some misguided philosopher says 
the mind automatically rejects un- 
pleasant memories. It is not true. 
As I write, nearly thirty years after, 



I recall vividly my efforts to keep the 
ball on the inside corner. I can hear 
the crack of that bat and see the low 
trajectory of the ball as it sped over 
the eentrenelder's head and into the 
river for a home run. I conceived 
an instant respect for the [prowess 
of that chubby, blond lad which has 
never diminished in the years that 
have since elapsed. 

Later at Hanover, in a game 
against Brown University, I saw 
him at a crucial moment score the 
present vice president of the West- 
ern Electric Company and a prospec- 
tive Vermont bank president with a 
smoking single over short, while he 
who is now president of Dartmouth 
and another who is now Governor of 
Massachusetts howled their heads off 
as undergraduate rooters in the stands. 
And then he saved the game he had 
already won by digging a low throw 
out of the dirt and, utterly reckless 
of plunging spikes, putting the ball 
unfalteringly on the runner as he 
came crashing into the plate. There 
is the acid test of courage and poise. 
Let him who doubts try the experi- 
ment. These two incidents are per- 
haps of trivial importance in them- 
selves but they serve to illustrate a 
habit Fred Brown has. He can be 
depended upon in emergencies and he 
will do fearlessly whatever is neces- 
sary be done. 

In the recent primary campaign he 
was waited upon by a delegation who 
took exception to the manner in 
which he had maintained order on a 
certain occasion of industrial trouble 
in Somersworth. They received 
short shrift. After stating that if 
the same circumstances arose again, 
he would follow the same course, he 
added "I don't want votes on condi- 
tions. But here is something for 
you gentlemen to think over. You 
need me more than I need you." To 



14 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



their credit let it be said that they 
supported him. 

The campaign was remarkably free 
from personalities and from the 
abuse and vilification which too fre- 
quently have stained political con- 
tests of other years. Almost at its 
very close, however, one Republican 
speaker made a bitter personal at- 
tack upon the Democratic candidate 
which was given a conspicuous dis- 
play upon the front page of the 
leading daily newspaper of the state. 

Fred Brown read it carefully 

and laughed. "In his first paragraph 
he has only made three misstate- 
ments of fact." he said, "but this out- 
burst reminds me that this gentleman 
one time aspired to be a prizefighter. 
He came to Somers worth to fight 
Arthur Cote. Cote was too fast for 
him and jabbed him into a state of 
exasperation with a fast left hand. 
So at the beginning of the third 
round, our orator rushed from his 
dorner, threw both arms abou- his 
opponent's neck and bit him in the 
ear. He's trying similar tactics on 
me. Let it go without comment." 
There you have the saving grace of 
a sense of humor and common sense. 
And in mentioning the latter quali- 
ty,' it may be said that if the School 
of Life conferred degrees, it would 
proclaim Fred Brown Master of 
Common Sense. 

No recital of anecdotes connected 
with the governor-elect would be com- 
plete without including one of a dis- 
tinctly humorous character which 
concerns Hanover \n the winter of 
1900. Dartmouth men of that day 
will remember the "Golden Corner" 
where now the ample porch of Col- 
lege Hall . lifts its slender columns 
and the youth of this academic gen- 
eration gather to while away their 
hours of ea.^e in speculation on the 



prospects of the team and leisurely 
observation" of the passing throng. 
There then stood on this site a huge 
mansion of amorphous architecture 
which once had been the residence of 
a citizen of affluence and importance, 
but now, long since subjected to the 
democratizing influences • of time, 
served the unromantic but utilitarian 
purpose of housing Lew Mead's drug 
store and Davidson's dry goods em- 
porium. In Lew Mead's, men gath- 
ered between classes to "cut the 
book" for drinks and cigarettes, oc- 
casionally varying the monotony by 
indulgence in a particularly vicious 
pastime which consisted in casually 
lifting an egg from the cut glass 
bowl which rested upon the soda 
fountain bar and surreptitiously plac- 
ing it in the coat pocket of some un- 
suspecting customer whose attention 
was concentrated lor the moment up- 
on other affairs. The climax came 
when the egg was scrambled by a sud- 
den blow upon the outside of the 
pocket. The surprise and horror of 
the victim as he drew exploring fin- 
gers dripping yellow albuminoids 
from the pocket's dreadful depths 
were only exceeded by the spontane- 
ous and lurid warmth of his vocabu- 
lary, while the perpetrator of the out- 
rage sought sanctuary in parts remote 
and more secure. A contemporan- 
eous practice which, after the fashion 
of so many of the exotic conceits of a 
college community, attained a con- 
siderable vogue only to lapse into 
desuetude, was usually reserved for 
the early hours of the tranquil Han- 
over evenings. A window would be 
raised in Reed or Sanborn or Crosby 
as youthful impulse prompted and ex- 
uberant spirits would find expression 
in a prolonged, stentorian howl of no 
significance whatever. Immediately 
other windows would go up and an- 



) 



FRED H. BROWN 



15 



swering voices give tongue until the 
swelling clamor filled the night with 
bedlam. When the group urge for 
vocal expression had been satisfied, 
the tumult would subside and the 
dark resume its wonted calm. 

Fred Brown roomed on the top 
floor of Davidson's Block above 
Mead's drug store. One February 
night he had been visiting in Thorn- 
ton Hall and about midnight start- 
ed to return home across the campus. 
Half way to his destination his at- 
tention was arrested by what he 
thought was smoke issuing from the 
roof of the Davidson building. After 
a moment he concluded it was some 
illusion of frost and continued on his 
way. But when he reached the side- 
walk in front of the block it was all 
too clear that it was smoke and more; 
sparks and flame were distinctly visi- 
ble. He looked about. No living 
thing was in sight. The silence and 
solitude were complete. • Fie filled 
his lungs, threw back his head, and 
at the top of his voice shouted "Fire!" 
Again and again the cry rang through 
the astringent winter air. For a 
moment or two there was no response. 
Then a window flew up and an angry 
voice bellowed, "Go to bed, you 
drunken fool !" Other Windows 
were raised and other voices joined 
the chorus, "Shut up, you're drunk!" 
"Go to sleep!" "Lock him up!" and 
advice of a similar tenor shattered 
the night air until the entire campus 
resounded with the hubbub. Mean- 
while, the discoverer of danger, in- 
different, to satire and deaf to taunts, 
continued his endeavors to lift his 
own voice above the din and to arouse 
a stubbornly incredulous community 
to its peril. Flis frantic efforts only 
served to stimulate his detractors to 
new invention of epithet and more 
blatant shouts. His alarm increased. 



The flames were rapidly approaching 
the room which sheltered his own 
lares and penates, such as they were, 
for it cannot truth full)- be said that 
he ever devoted much attention to 
making his apartment other than an 
abode of Spartan simplicity. The 
situation rapidly became hopeless. 
The Dartmouth motto "Vox ciaman- 
tis in deserto," adopted by Eleazer 
Wheelock when the greater part of 
New Piampshire and Vermont was 
shrouded in lonely leagues of green 
forest, was justifying a modern ap- 
plication ; but the unheeded voice 
was crying not in a wilderness of si- 
lence, but in a wilderness of sound. 
At last, after ten minutes of uproar, 
someone divined that it was not all a 
joke and turned in an alarm. But the 
damage had been done. The build- 
ing burned to the ground. More of 
the contents might have been salvag- 
ed had not those engaged in the work 
of rescue suddenly developed a re- 
finement of taste hitherto unsuspect- 
ed and paused overlong in Davidson's 
store making choice of articles of 
clothing of their own sizes and favor- 
ite designs before proceeding with 
their task. Legend has it that one 
deliberately tried on four pairs of 
rubber boots and six Mackinaws be- 
fore finding the proper sizes while 
the flames consumed the flooring at 
his very feet. To add to the excite- 
ment, two others, reported to be Er- 
nest Martin Hopkins and Guy Flam, 
with great exertion and meticulous at- 
tempts to avoid scratches, dragged an 
upright piano to a third floor window 
and then dropped it crashing to the 
ground. In justice to the gentlemen 
named, it should be said that the re- 
port of their identity has never been 
confirmed. And it is probably safe 
to say that when Fred Brown again 
has a communication to make to the 



16 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



citizens of Hanover, his words will 
be accorded a different reception than 
they received on that frosty midnight 
twenty-two years ago. 

Doubtless it would be easy to jus- 
tify the assertion that no New 
Hampshire chief executive has con- 
cluded his term . of office without 
having errors of omission or com- 
mission justly charged against him. 
Some bold statistician has figured 
that if you are right three times out 
of five in solving the ordinary prob- 
lems of life you are entitled to a 
place in the ranks of the truly great. 
How should we rate a governor then 
who maintains this average the while 
he grapples with questions infinitely 
more perplexing and about which 
too frequently the biind, unreason- 
ing, relentless partisans are ranged 
in two great hordes ? And yet how 
often that average is exceeded. The 
new governor will not prove infalli- 
ble. Certain it is to those who 
know him that he would be the last 
to claim infallibility. But it is equal- 
ly sure that the sanity of mind which 
enables him to see things in their 
true perspective will not permit him 
to go far astray. 

Already the misanthropes are cry- 
ing 'trouble because it happens that 
a majority of the governor's council 
which, under our constitution, forms 
an integral part of the executive 
branch of the government are of Re- 
publican faith. May I be pardoned 
for venturing into the field of pro- 



phecy. The Jeremiahs will be dis- 
appointed. The members of the 
council are not unknown quantities. 
They are all men of ability who have 
had wide experience in public affairs 
and who enjoy the confidence of 
their fellow citizens to an unusual 
degree. There has never been a cir- 
cumstance in their public careers 
which would justify the inference 
that they would resort to narrowly 
partisan or obstructive tactics in an 
effort to gain some petty personal or 
political advantage. Differences of 
opinion will undoubtedly arise ; but 
they will be honest differences of 
opinion which will be composed on 
'both sides in a spirit of mutual tol- 
eration and co-operation. They will 
be confronted by difficult and urgent 
problems. Instead of wasting time 
and effort in dissension, there will be 
a concerted effort to give to New 
Hampshire the best administration 
of which they are capable. 

And now one suggestion to the 
councilors. Some day when you are 
gathered in the high-vaulted council 
chamber under the benign gaze of 
those old governors who look down 
upon you from its walls, and the 
pressure of business relaxes so that 
you have an idle hour upon your 
hands, persuade this new governor 
to tell you tales drawn from his ex- 
periences on the diamond, in the 
courts and the political arena. For 
he is a raconteur of parts. 



n 



A PROGRAM FOR TAXATION 

By Raymond B. Stevens. 



THE most important and diffi- 
cult question before the com- 
ing legislature is the ques- 
tion of taxation. Taxation 
has always been and always will 
be a continual problem, but in 
New Hampshire today it is par- 
ticularly acute. All students of our 
state tax system have long realized 
that our system of taxation is anti- 
quated, and entirely inadequate for 
modern conditions. Moreover, the 
tremendous increase in recent years 
in the amount of money raised for 
public purposes has made the in- 
equalities of that system especially 
burdensome. The causes of the in- 
equalities are two. First, the un- 
equal assessment of property sub- 
ject to taxation. Second, the 
large amount of wealth which es- 
capes any contribution to the pub- 
lic expenditures. Of these two 
causes, the second is by far the 
more important. Eighty per cent, 
of all the taxes in the state are 
raised from real estate which in- 
cludes, of course, buildings and im- 
provements. The balance of twen- 
ty per cent, is largely covered by 
taxes on live .stock, stock in trade, 
automobiles, and savings bank tax. 
The wealth of the state represent- 
ed by investments in securities, 
stocks, bonds, and notes contributes 
practically nothing. This amount 
of wealth has been estimated at 
anywhere from $500,000,000 to $1,- 
000,000,000. It undoubtedly exceeds 
the total amount of all taxable 
wealth, which is between $500,000- 
000 and $600,000,000. Stock with 
the exception of that of national 
banks is not taxable at all in any 
form. Bonds and notes are taxed 
as property at the going rate of 



taxation and at their full face value. 
This method of taxation is clearly 
confiscatory. A thousand dollar 
railroad bond paying live per cent. 
interest or fifty dollars per year is 
assessed for one thousand dollars, 
and at the average rate of taxation 
for the state of $2.50 per hundred 
would pay a tax of $25 per year, or 
fifty per cent, of the income. The 
result of this method of taxation 
is to force people to sell their bonds 
or evade the tax. 

The only class of investments 
which make substantial contribution 
are savings bank deposits. Savings 
banks pay annually three quarters 
of one per cent, on the amounts of 
all deposits, excluding the amount 
loaned out on New Hampshire 
real estate at five per cent, or less. 
This in effect is a tax upon deposi- 
tors, since all savings banks by law 
are mutual companies not operat- 
ing for profit. The state tax mere- 
ly reduces by that amount the in- 
terest payable to depositors. This 
tax is equal to fifteen per cent, of 
the income from savings bank de- 
positors. This is a very burdensome 
unjust tax levied upon a class of 
people least able to pay. 

It will be obvious that this system 
of taxation is particularly burden- 
some to real estate, and especially 
to certain forms of real estate, 
farms, and small homes, and city 
and village property. Moreover 
such property is generally more 
highly assessed than any other class 
of property, because it is held in 
small units, frequently changes 
hands, its market value is easily as- 
certained. 

Briefly stated, the problem is to 
find new sources of revenue. Such 



18 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



increased revenue, of course, must 
be used to afford relief from the 
unjust burden now laid upon real 
estate, live stock and other forms 
of tangible property, and not mere- 
ly to encourage increased expend- 
itures. This is a difficult problem 
under any circumstances. In New 
Hampshire it is further complicated 
by the restrictions laid upon the leg- 
islature by the Supreme Court in 
its construction of the taxing power 
given the legislature in our consti- 
tution. Some brief statement of 
the history of our taxation and the 
interpretation of the constitution is 
necessary to an understanding of 
the difficulties of the problem. 

In the main, our system of tax- 
ation is that adopted when the state 
was founded more than one hundred 
and twenty-five years ago. In 
those primitive times real estate, 
live stock and stock in trade covered 
practically all the wealth of the 
state, and that system was just, 
adequate, and a fairly accurate 
measure of the ability of men to 
pay. In the grant of power to the 
legislature to levy taxes, the con- 
stitution provides that the ''taxes 
must be reasonable and proportion- 
al." In its earliest decisions, the 
Supreme Court took the position 
that "proportional" required all 
property to be treated alike. Any 
property or class of property might 
be exempted entirely from taxa- 
tion, but if taxed, must be taxed 
by the same uniform method. This 
rule of uniformity of treatment was 
a sound rule applied to primitive 
conditions when property was more 
or less uniform. Under our modern 
developments of property such a 
rule is senseless and is entirely 
responsible for our present unjust, 
unreasonable distribution of the tax 
burdens. 

Under these limitations imposed 



by the Court there is no way by 
which the class of wealth represent- 
ed by investments, salaries, pro- 
fessional earnings can be reached. 
The only method of dealing with 
this kind of property or income is 
on the basis of an income tax. 
Such a tax has generally been sup- 
posed to be contrary to the consti- 
tution, although the'Supeme Court 
in its last opinion, indicated that it 
might be still an open question. 
The constitutional convention of 
1912 and the. last constitutional con- 
vention both submitted to the 
people amendments giving power to 
the legislature to impose income 
taxes. Both times these amend- 
ments failed to receive the neces- 
sary two-thirds majority. 

Consequently there will be two 
different questions before the com- 
ing legislature. First, what action 
can it take under the constitution 
as it is to-day? Second, what steps 
can be taken to secure the necessary 
changes in the constitution? 

Unfortunately, there is little that 
the legislature can do under the 
present constitution, and even some 
of these proposals are subject to 
constitutional doubt. 

There are three changes in our 
present tax law which have been 
suggested. First, a different dis- 
tribution of the railroad tax. At 
present one fourth of the railroad 
tax is distributed to towns and ci- 
ties where railroad property is lo- 
cated. The remaining three fourths 
is distributed first to the communi- 
ties in which stockholders reside, 
the balance, representing . foreign 
stockholders and stocks held by 
trustees or institutions, is retained 
by the state. Since railroad stock 
is not taxed nor taxable, there is 
neither logic nor justice in distribu- 
ting part of this tax to communities 
where stockholders reside. This 



A PROGRAM FOR TAXATION 



19 



distribution is a benefit to a few ci- 
ties and towns and is unjust to the 
rest of the state. It is proposed 
that, hereafter the three fourths of 
the railroad tax should be entirely 
retained by the state. This will 
increase the state revenue by about 
$125,000 a year, and will make 
possible a corresponding reduction 
in the direct state tax. 

It is also proposed to increase 
substantially the rates of taxation 
upon collateral and direct inherit- 
ances. The rates in New Hamp- 
shire are. lower than those in other 
states and the amount of revenue 
derived by the state could be about 
doubled without hardship and with- 
out making our rates out of line 
with other eastern states. Here 
again, though, there is a constitu- 
tional question involved. While 
the constitution expressly gives the 
legislature power to levy inherit- 
ance taxes, it is held by .some law- 
yers that this general power does 
not include power to levy graded 
taxes, with higher rates upon the 
larger estates. Our direct inherit- 
ance tax has exemptions and is 
graded. So far the question has 
not been tried out as to whether or 
not this present graded tax is con- 
stitutional. Undoubtedly an in- 
crease in the rates would bring 
about a trial on this question. 

A large part of the increase in 
taxation is due to the maintenance 
of our highways. We now secure 
from automobiles a larger revenue 
per automobile than any other 
state in the Union. It is proposed 
to reduce somewhat the present 
tax on automobiles and levy a tax 
upon gasoline. This tax would be 
levied upon the wholesale compan- 
ies selling gasoline in New Hamp- 
shire, and eventually, of course, 
would be borne by the users of 
gasoline. Many states have adopt- 



ed a gasoline tax. Obviously it is 
a much fairer way of distributing 
part of the burden of the mainte- 
nance of the highways. Moreover 
it -would secure a much larger con- 
tribution from out-of-the-state cars, 
which use our highways. This 
proposal has received general pub- 
lic approval. However, here again, 
a constitutional question is involv- 
ed. Undoubtedly, such a law, if 
passed, would be questioned, and 
carried to the Supreme Court. In 
view of some .of the decisions of the 
Court in the past, it is extremely 
doubtful what the action of the 
Court would be. 

These three measures, if adopted 
and upheld by the Court, would 
probably add to the state revenue 
in the vicinity of $1,000,000. While 
it is desirable to secure this addi- 
tional revenue if possible, it would 
go but a small way towards giving 
the necessary relief to real estate 
and other tangible property. Ob- 
viously, no substantial relief can 
be afforded except by securing a 
reasonable contribution from the 
owners of securities, stocks, bonds, 
and so-called intangibles. It has 
been suggested that even without 
constitutional amendments some 
revenue could be derived from this 
class of wealth. In Governor 
Spaulding's administration, the Su- 
preme Court handed down an opin- 
ion stating that the income from 
stocks, bonds, and money at inter- 
est might be taxed as local prop- 
erty and at the local rate. Such a 
tax would be entirely inadequate 
from the point of view of revenue, 
and it is extremely doubtful if it 
is worth the attempt. 

What can the coming legislature 
do to bring about the removal of 
the constitutional limitations which 
now prevent the adoption of just 
and reasonable tax laws? There 



20 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



are two courses open. First, the 
legislature could vote to submit to 
the people at the next election the 
question of whether a convention 
should be called to amend the con- 
stitution. If such a resolution were 
passed, the people at the next elec- 
tion would vote upon the question. 
If the vote was in the affirmative 
the next legislature would provide 
for calling a constitutional conven- 
tion. The amendments proposed by 
such a convention would have to 
be submitted at the next general 
election or special election. Such 
amendments, of course, would have 
to receive a two-thirds majority. 
Under this method, if every step 
succeeded, it would be at least 
five years before legislation grant- 
ing relief could be passed. Five 
years is a long time to wait, and 
yet the delay would give ample 
time for a campaign of public edu- 
cation, which would be sure to re- 
sult in the adoption by the people 
of the necessary amendments. 

Another method offering much 
more immediate action has been 
suggested. Governor Brown has 
pointed out that the last consti- 
tutional convention is still in ex- 
istence, and could be recalled by 
the chairman, and he has further 
stated, that if the coming legisla- 
ture should pass a resolution re- 
questing him so to do, he would, 
being chairman of the constitutional 
convention, immediately re-convene 
the convention. It is supposed the 
convention would immediately vote 
to re-submit the same amendments 
which have already twice been 
submitted to the people. These 
amendments could be voted on at 
the regular March Town Meetings, 
and at a special election for the 
cities called at the same time. If 
adopted in this third attempt, the 
coming legislature would be in a 



position to exercise the power 
granted in the proposed amend- 
ments. Xow, there are two objec- 
tions to this proposal. First, it is 
not at all certain that, the people, 
having twice turned down the pro- 
posals, will now adopt them. It 
seems unwise to make the attempt, 
unless there is an excellent chance 
of adoption. Opinions vary widely 
on this point. There has been in 
the last year considerable agitation 
and public discussion of taxation, 
and the need of constitutional 
changes. Personally, I am inclined 
to believe that the work already 
done, supplemented by intense work 
in the next few months would 
result in the adoption of the pro- 
posed amendments. 

There is another objection more 
serious, and that is, that the amend- 
ments proposed by the last consti- 
tutional convention are limited in 
their scope, and would leave un- 
settled many constitutional difficul- 
ties regarding taxation. The 
amendments, if adopted, would per- 
mit the imposition of graded income 
taxes, and would settle the ques- 
tion of the constitutionality of a 
graded inheritance tax, but it would 
still leave open the question of tax- 
ing timber lands, and also the ques- 
tion involved in levying of such 
taxes as the one proposed on gaso- 
line. If the convention, when as- 
sembled, would adopt one simple 
amendment, in effect removing the 
word "proportional" from the con- 
stitution, and giving the legisla- 
ture general power to pass any rea- 
sonable tax laws and to classify 
property for the purpose of taxa- 
tion, it would, in my judgment, be 
well worth trying. Such a general 
amendment would be more certain of 
adoption than the limited piecemeal 
proposals submitted by the lasr con- 
vention and also that of 1912. 



*■/ 



LAST YEAR OF THE OLD REGIME 

By H. H. Metcalf 



fN these "latter days" party as- 
cendency veers sudden!}' from 
one side to the other, in state and 
nation, on the waves of popular 
discontent, with little regard to party 
policy or political principle. In the 
earlier days the situation was entire- 
ly different. For more than a gen- 
eration, previous to 1855. the Demo- 
ocratic-Republican party, founded by 
Jefferson, whose leading disciple in 
New Hampshire was John Langdon, 
first president of the United States 
Senate, held power in New Hamp- 
shire, and the country at large, with 
one or two brief interregnums oc- 
casioned by factional divisions, 
through the fixed adherence of a 
majority of the people to its pro- 
claimed principles ; but went out of 
power in the state in the year nam- 
ed, and in the nation a few years 
later, through ihe growth of the 
anti-slavery sentiment. 

The election of 1854 was the last 
in New Hampshire at which a clear 
majority of all the votes cast were 
for the Democratic ticket, until that 
of November last. At that election 
there were 122 scattering votes; Ja- 
red Perkins, the Free Soil candidate, 
received 11,080 votes; James Bell, 
Whig, 16,941, and Nathaniel E. 
Baker, Democrat, 29,788, a clear 
majority of 1,605 for Baker, above 
all others. Since that time no Demo- 
cratic candidate for Governor has 
been accorded a majority of the 
popular vote, until at the last elec- 
tion, Fred H. Brown, the Democratic 
nominee, was elected by a majority 
of more than 11,000. It is true 
that in four different years, in the 
long period from 1855 to 1922, the 
gubernatorial chair of the State was 



occupied by Democrats — in 1871 and 
1874 by James A. Weston, and in 
1913-14 by Samuel D. Felker; but 
in neither case was the Governor 
elected by a majority in the popular 
vote ; but by the legislature, through 
a combination of Democrats and 
Labor Reformers, in the first in- 
stance, and of Democrats and Pro- 
gressive Republicans in the last. 

Nathaniel B. Baker, who was the 
last of the old time Democrats to 
hold the chief magistracy of the 
State, into which he was inducted in 
June, 1854 — the state election oc- 
curring on the second Tuesday in 
March, and the legislature convening 
on the first Wednesday in June in 
those days— was a native of the town 
of Hillsborough, born September 29, 
1818, and was, consequently, but 35 
years of age at the time of his elec- 
tion-one of the youngest men ever 
elected to the position. He had 
been educated for the bar but took a 
deep interest in politics, as a Cham- 
pion of Democratic principles; was 
for a time editor of the Nezv Hanip- 
shire Patriot, served as a member of 
the House of Representatives from 
Concord in 1851 and 1852, in which 
latter year he was also one of the 
presidential electors who cast the 
vote of the State for Pierce and 
King. He held the office of Clerk 
of the Common Pleas and Superior 
Courts for Merrimack County at the 
time of his election. He was re- 
nominated for ^Governor by the 
Democratic State Convention, then 
held during the legislative session, 
but as the party went to defeat in 
the following election, his tenure of 
office was for a single year only, 
and he terminated his residence in 



22 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



the State the year after his term ex- 
pired, removing to Clinton, Iowa, in 
1856, where he served in the State 
legislature, and as Adjutant General 
of the State from 1861 till his de- 
cease — September 11. 1876, at the 
age of 53. 

There was a clear Democratic ma- 
jority in both branches of the legis- 
lature, in this year of Gov. Baker's 
administration, the Senate — then 
composed of twelve members— -havv- 
ing ten Democratic members and the 
Whigs but two, those last being 
William Ilaile of Hinsdale and Na- 
than Parker of Manchester. Jona- 
than E. Sargent of Wentworth was 
elected president of the Senate; 
George C. Williams of Lancaster, 
Clerk, and Charles Doe of Rollins- 
ford, Assistant Clerk. It is not a 
little significant that Messrs. Sar- 
gent and Doe later became ardent 
Republicans, and not long after land- 
ed upon the bench of the Supreme 
Court, where each was for some 
time Chief Justice. 

In the House of Representatives, 
which was Democratic by a small 
majority, Francis R. Chase, then of 
Conway, but later of Northfield, 
was chosen Speaker, receiving 156 
votes to 153 for Mason W. Tappan 
of Bradford, the candidate of the 
Whig and Free Soil combination. 
Ellery A. Hibbard of Laconia was 
chosen Clerk, receiving 157 votes to 
149 for James O. Adams of Man- 
chester, while Anson S. Marshall of 
Concord was made Assistant Clerk. 

It may be interesting to note the 
names of some of the members of 
the House, on both sides, who sub- 
sequently became prominent in pub- 
lic life in various official capacities. 
Among them were such men as Ich- 
abod Goodwin, James W. Emery 
and Daniel Marcy of Portsmouth; 
John D. Lyman, then of Milton but 



later of Exeter; Mason W. Tappan 
of Bradford; George W. Nesmith 
of Franklin; Daniel Clark of Man- 
chester ; Aaron P. Hughes and 
Aaron F. Stevens of Nashua; Per- 
son C. Cheney of Peterboro ; Josiah 
G. Dearborn of Weare ; Jonathan 
IT. Dickey of Aeworth ; John G. 
Sinclair of Bethlehem; William P. 
Weeks of Canaan; John L. Rix of 
Haverhill ; Aaron H. Cragin of Leb- 
anon ; Samuel Herbert of Rumney 
and Jacob Benton of Lancaster. 
Two of these men subsequently 
became Governors of the State, three 
United States Senators, five Repre- 
sentatives in Congress, one a Jus- 
tice of the Supreme Court, one a 
Judge of the United States District 
Court, one a Secretary of State and 
one Speaker of the Idouse. 

Very little in the line of actual 
legislation was accomplished at this 
session of the Legislature,, though it 
extended into the second week of 
July, making it a long session for 
those days. The time was largely 
occupied by partisan wrangling and 
debate, a protracted debate being 
carried on over a certain resolution 
denouncing the Kansas-Nebraska 
bill, enacted by Congress, repealing 
the Missouri Compromise, so-called, 
and permitting the people of terri- 
tories, themselves, to determine 
whether slavery should or should not 
be allowed within their limits. The 
resolution failed of adoption ; but a 
great deal of bitterness was engen- 
dered by the discussion. 

Another cause of the failure to do 
much real business was a long con- 
test over the choice of a United 
States Senator, to fill the vacancy- 
caused by the death of Charles G. 
Atherton, which had been temporari- 
ly filled, by the appointment by the 
Governor of Jared W . Williams of 
Lancaster. Many ballotings were 



LAST YEAR OF THE OLD REGIME 



23 



had but no choice was effected. 
John S. Wells of Exeter was the 
Democratic nominee, and came with- 
in a narrow margin of election each 
time, but failed through the defec- 
tion of a few Democratic members 
who were close friends of Franklin 
Pierce, then President, who had 
taken a strong personal dislike to 



ed by this legislature, the first being 
a bill requiring notice of marriage 



intentions to be hied with the town 
clerk. Among others were those 
empowering married women to 
make wills ; dividing the town of 
Lyman and creating the town of 
Monroe, and changing the name of 
Poplin to Fremont. There were, 









. 



Courtesy, The Kimball Studio, Concord, X. H. 

Nathaniel B. Baker 



I 



Mr. Wells, on account of. something 
said or done by the latter, who was, 
nevertheless, one of the ablest law- 
yers and most brilliant orators in the 
State, and who, after the failure to 
elect, was appointed by Governor 
Baker, and held the office until the 
election the following year of John 
P. Hale. 
Only eighteen public acts were pass- 



however, quite a number of private 
acts, mostly of incorporation or in- 
creasing the capital stock of existing 
corporations. Many new state 

banks were incorporated ; also the 
Manchester Locomotive Works, the 
Claremont, Keene and Exeter Gas 
Light Companies, the Claremont 
Railroad Company, the Abbot Coach 
Company of Concord, the Webster 



24 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Mills of Franklin and the New 
Hampshire State Teachers' Associa- 
tion. 

The legislature elected John L. 
Hadley of Weare, who had served 
for four years previously. Secretary 
of State. He was the last Democrat 
holding that office until 1874, the 
year of Governor Weston's second 
administration, when Josiah G. 
Dearhorn, of the same town, was 
chosen. In 1871, when Weston was 
first chosen Governor. John H. 
Goodale of Nashua, Labor Reform- 
er, was Secretary of State and Lean- 
der W. Cogswell of Henniker, 
Treasurer, these offices being ac- 
corded the Labor Reformers for 
their few votes for Weston for 
Governor. Walter Harriman of 
Warner was chosen State Treasurer. 
He had served the previous year in 
the same capacity, and his annual re- 
port, filed for that year, showed the 
entire receipts into the treasury, 
from all sources, to have been $138,- 
751.11; while the total expenditures 
of the state government for the year 
were $1 10,614.38— a remarkable 
contrast with present time figures. 

The Governor's salary at this time 
was $1,000 per year, that of the 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, 
$1,400, while the three associate 
justices and the three judges of the 
Court of Common Pleas—the trial 
court of those days — received $1,200 
each. John J. Gilchrist of Charles- 
town, who was soon after made 
Chief Justice of the United States 



Court of Claims at Washington, 
was Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court, and Andrew S. Woods of 
Bath, Ira A. Eastman of Gilmanton 
and Samuel D. Bell of Manchester 
were the Associate Justices ; while 
the Common Pleas judges were 
Charles R. Morrison of Haverhill, 
George G. Sawyer of Nashua, and 
Josiah Minot of Concord. 

The probate judges, at that time, 
as now, were appointed by the Gov- 
ernor and Council ; but their com- 
pensation was very different, and 
consisted of certain fees, which 
amounted, during the previous 
year, to $546.52 for the Rockingham 
County judge, and ranged all the 
way down to $93.17 for the Coos 
County judge. 

All the department reports for the 
year including those of the trustees, 
superintendent and treasurer of the 
Hospital for the Insane, the Bank 
Commissioner, Insurance ComrmV 
sioner, Rnilroad Commissioner, Ad- 
jutant General, State Librarian, 
Warden, Physician and Chaplain of 
the State Prison, etc., were printed 
and bound in the same volume with 
the journals of the Senate and 
House, the whole for the year 1854 
included in 960 pages — another sharp 
contrast with the present day output 
in this line. Many other contrasts 
between present day and earlier time 
operations and expenditures might 
be presented, but are uncalled by the 
scope of this article. 



JK 



A MYSTERY OF COLONIAL DAYS 



By George Wilson Jennings 



NE of our famous authors once 
said, "there is a profound charm 
in mystery — every grain of sand 
is a mystery; so is every one 
of the flowers in summer, and so is 
every snowfiake in winter. Both up- 
wards and. downwards, and all 
around us, science and speculation 
pass in mystery at last." 

In 1768 an event occurred at the 
home of the writer's maternal great 
grandparent, Jacob Sheafe of Ports- 
mouth, New Hampshire. This 
event has puzzled the descendants 
of this once-renowned family for 
many generations. Whether or no 
a man is to be classed as peculiar 
wdio vanishes without rhyme or 
reason on his wedding night is a 
question left to the reader's decision. 

Mr. James McDonough was born 
in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, 
was richly endowed in this world's 
goods and was the fortunate suitor 
of Margaret Sheafe, who was the 
youngest daughter of Jacob Sheafe, 
a well-known merchant of his day. 
Mr. Sheafe was a man of affluence 
and known as one of the richest 
men in the Colonies. The Sheafe 
and McDonough families had been 
close personal friends and neigh- 
bors for many years. Margaret 
Sheafe and James McDonough 
were playmates in their childhood. 
This friendship culminated in this 
young couple's engagement. 

Miss Sheafe at this time was 
twenty-three years of age. She 
possessed a great charm of person- 
ality, combined with rare talents 
which gave her an enviable place 
in the most exclusive and aristo- 
cratic circles of society in that 
city. Her wedding day was set for 



June first, 1768. On that evening 
the spacious mansion in State 
Street, the. home of the intended 
bride, was resplendent in floral de- 
corations and was brilliantly light- 
ed for the nuptials. A host of 
friends of both the bride and groom 
elect assembled at this hospitable 
home to wish the happy couple 
godspeed and witness the launching 
of their ship on the "matrimonial 
sea," (the groom having remarked 
the evening previous to a friend, 
"I chose my wife, as she did her 
wedding gown, for qualities that 
Will wear well-") In one of the 
upper rooms were displayed the 
wedding gifts which were rare and 
very beautiful, man}' from foreign 
countries ; many were considered 
priceless. Among them was a man- 
tel mirror having a Parian marble 
frame combined with silver, this 
having come from Balboa, Spain. 
In the lower main hall were station- 
ed the artists who were to render 
the _ music on the harp, mandolin 
and spinet. 

The banquet table in the great 
dining room was a delight to look 
upon with its rich damask linen, 
the old family silver and imported 
china, here and there a shaded 
candelabrum which cast a sheen of 
great beauty over this important 
feature of the occasion. The min- 
ister in his robe stood in the draw- 
ing room near the magnificent car- 
ven mantel-piece, book in hand, and 
waited. Then followed an awkward 
silence during this interval. A 
strange quiet fell upon this gay 
company and soon the laughing 
groups became more serious ; the 
very air grew tense with expecta- 



26 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



tion. In the butler's pantry, Amos 
Hoggs, the butler, in his agitation 
spilled a bottle of old burgundy 
over his new cinnamon-colored 
short clothes. 

Then a whisper, a whisper sup- 
pressed for over half an hour, 
seemed to pervade the home. "The 
bridegroom has not come !" 

What had happened to James 
McDonough? He never came. 
His- disappearance on that night 
remains a mystery after a lapse of 
many generations. What had be- 
come of James McDonough ? The 
assassination of so notable a per- 
son in a community where every 
strange face was challenged, where 
every man's antecedents were 
known, could not have been ac- 
complished without leaving some 
trace. Not a shadow of foul play 
was ever discovered. That James 
McDonough had been murdered or 
had committed suicide were theo- 
ries accepted at first" by few, and 
then by no one. On the other hand 
he was truly in love with his fi- 
ancee, the gracious and charming 
Margaret Sheafe. 



James McDonough had wealth 
and power as well as position. Why 
had he fled ? He was seen on one 
of the public streets of Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, the afternoon of 
his wedding day, and then was 
never seen again. It was as if he 
had turned into air. 

Meanwhile the bewilderment of 
the bride-elect was dramatically 
painful to behold. If James Mc- 
Donough had been waylaid and 
killed she could mourn for him. 
If he had deserted her, she would 
wrap herself in her pride. But 
neither course lay open to her, then 
or afterward. In the King's Chapel 
Burying Ground, south of the 
Chapel, Tremont Street, Boston, is 
the tomb of Jacob Sheafe. On a 
tablet is found this simple inscrip- 
tion, "Margaret Sheafe, Daughter 
of Jacob Sheafe of Portsmouth, 
New Hampshire, Died September 1, 
1768, Aged 23 years." Mystery 
hovers over all things here below. 

An outline of this event was published 
many years ago. The writer, being a de- 
scendant of Jacob Sheafe, has in his pos- 
session the details of the account of this 
event in the year 1768. 



* I 



NEW HAMPSHIRE'S WOMEN LEGISLATORS 



By Lillian M. Ainsworth 



LTCH has been said in the last 
few years regarding the bene- 
fits that would be likely to re- 
sult from the introduction of 
the "Mother element" into the civic 
life of municipalities, states and the 
nation. New Hampshire will per- 
haps feel the effect of this element 
in the coming session of the Great 
and General Court. 

The three women who have been 
elected to the House of Representa- 
tives are all of mature age. They 
have reached the calm waters be- 
yond the turbulent tide .of youth. 
All have borne children, and there- 
by experienced the finest of human 
emotions, mother love. In conversa- 
tion with them one is impressed with 
the fact that they have a common de- 
sire — to work for measures aim- 
ed at social betterment, raising the 
standard of health and morals in the 
state and the bringing about of cer- 
tain reforms with as little hardship 
as possible to ail concerned. 

Of the three women Mrs. Emma 
L. Bartlett of Raymond is the oldest. 
She is sixty- four years of age, has 
four children and seven grandchildren. 
She is alert, well informed, a rapid- 
fire speaker and her middle name is 
"Justice." "I just love the people," 
she says, "and I am keenly interest- 
ed in all measures which affect their 
welfare. I do not wish to see any 
injustice wrought in working out 
certain measures which are to come 
before the next session of the legis- 
lature." 

Mrs. Erne E. Yantis of Manches- 
ter is ten years younger than Mrs. 
Bartlett. She is the wife of a clergy- 
man, and has a married daughter. 
She is a woman of broad education, 
is exceptionally talented, is fair- 



minded and has some very determin- 
ed views regarding certain things 
which she believes should be accom- 
plished in the state and nation. 

Mrs. Gertrude Moran Caldwell is 
the youngest of the trio. She is 
forty years of age and has four chil- 
dren. She is extremelv interested 




Photograph by Leslie's Studio. 

Mrs. Emma L. Bartlett 

in politics and believes that women 
can be of great service in this field. 
She says that service faithfully ren- 
dered in the political field is funda- 
mental and imperative in the life of 
the government. 

While Mrs. Bartlett and Mrs. 
Yantis do not claim to strict partisan- 
ship, Mrs. Caldwell is of the opinion 
that it is very important that women 
consider carefully the political par- 
ties they may wish to join. "A 
country the size of America," says 
Mrs. Caldwell, "must have party 
government. No large organization 



28 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



can exist without organization, and, 
of course, the largest business con- 
cern in the world to-day is the Amer- 
ican government. The best way for 
the individual woman to make her 
influence felt is through the medium 
of a political party and, for this rea- 
son, each woman should be absolute- 
ly sure to which party she wishes to 
pledge herself." 

While the three women do not be- 
long to the same political party (Mrs. 
Yantis is -Republican and the other 
two were elected on the Democratic 
ticket), all are in favor of the 48- 
hour law and will work for its pass- 
age. On this subject Mrs. Yantis 
says : 

"Eight hours is a long enough 
working day for any woman. There 
are two reasons for this. First, most 
employed women are trying to do 
their own housework, and second, 
they are nearly all of mother age. 

"I think/' says Mrs. Yantis. 
"that when we do frame up the 48- 
hour bill we must be careful and not 
make one mistake that was made in 
the Massachusetts bill. This bill 
specifies that women shall not be em- 
ployed more than eight hours a day 
or 48 hours a week. Sometimes there 
is a pressure of work on a rush or- 
der and sometimes women would 
prefer to work nine hours a day and 
make up for the time in some other 
part of the week. The bill should 
provide for not more than nine hours 
a day for two consecutive days." 

Mrs. Yantis calls attention to the 
fact that while nine states have a 48- 
hour law, all but Massachusetts are 
Western agricultural states. Massa- 
chusetts is the only industrial state 
having such a law. In five states 
there is no limitation of working 
hours. A fact-finding commission is 
favored by Mrs. Yantis in the mat- 
ter of the 48-hour law, and she be- 
lieves that nothing was ever lost 



by a careful investigation of \?xt^. 
Of the 48-hour law Mrs. Bartlett 
says: 4 T believe in the eight-hour day 
lot women and children. In regard 
to the labor question, both sides have 
my sympathy. It is only through 
co-operation and education that we 
can come to a fair settlement of the 
problem. I do nut believe in vio- 




Mrs. Effie E. Yantis 

lence in any department of our civic 
life, in the home, in the schools or in 
our industries. I consider the plan 
of a fact-finding commission good, 
as suggested by Mrs. Yantis." 

Mrs. Caldwell will stand by her 
party platform, and the 48-hour law 
will consequently receive her strong 
support. 

Mrs. Yantis is strong in her belief 
that a reform is needed in New 
Hampshire's marriage laws and will 
probably introduce a bill in the com- 
ing legislature calculated to accom- 
plish this. She says : "I have found 
upon looking up data regarding our 
marriage laws that girls of 13 and 
boys of 14 can marry with the con- 
sent of their parents. I think this 



NEW HAMPSHIRE WOMEN LEGISLATORS 



29 



should be raised to 16 and 18. With- 
out parents' consent the ages are 16 
for girls and 18 for boys. This, I 
think, should be raised to 19 tor 
girls and 21 tor boys. I believe the 
age of consent should be raised so 
that girls under 19 and boys under 
21 cannot marry without the consent 
of parents or guardians." 

Both Mrs. Yantis and Mrs. Bart- 
lett are avowedly against war. The 
former says: "We (the women 
voters) are interested in bringing 
about a permanent peace through 
such conferences as the Washington 
peace parley, through reduction of 
armaments by international agree- 
ments and by the establishment of an 
international court of arbitration." 

Mrs. Harriett says on this subject: 
"There are only two things I am 
radical about, capital punishment 
and war. War weakens the moral 
fibre and we get an aftermath of 
crime. Capital punishment is legal- 
ized crime." 

"The great subject that is con- 
fronting us is war," says Mrs. Bart- 
lett, "and I feel that this country 
ought to encourage every move 
toward international good will and 
mutual aid. These are the only things 
that will produce permanent peace." 

Mrs. Yantis claims one real hob- 
by. It is getting rid of tubercular 
cattle in the state. She thinks there 
should be a much larger appropria- 
tion for this work and that it should 
be worked out by the area method ; 
that is, clean up one area at one time 
and work as little financial hard- 
ship as possible on the farmer. 

With this movement Mrs. Bart- 
lett professes entire sympathy. She 
says : "I have been looking rather 
carefully into the laws governing the 
elimination of tuberculous cattle from 
our state. I find that when the state 
voluntarily tests and condemns an 
animal the owner receives one-half 



its value (previous valuation). When 
the farmer asks the state to test, if 
the animal is condemned the total loss 
is the owner's. It is clear that this 
law deieats its own successful oper- 
ation in so far as spontaneous action 
on the farmer's part is concerned. 
With laws protecting the owners of 
cattle from loss, it would be possible, 
I believe, to enlist the farmers and 
secure their whole-hearted co-cpera- 
tion in the movement." 

In matters pertaining to public 
health all three women will work 
unitedly. In this regard Mrs. Yan- 
tis asserts that New Hampshire 
needs better laws. She says that the 
state is among the highest in its 
death rate and that one-third of the 
children in the schools throughout 
the state are suffering from mal- 
nutrition. She believes in more 
physical education in the schools 
and in more public health clinics. 

Mrs. Caldwell, in her pre-election 
campaign, took a decided stand upon 
the abolition of the five-dollar poll 
tax for women and will probably in- 
troduce the bill in the coming ses- 
sion of the legislature to abolish it. 
In this she is likely to meet with op- 
position from at least one member of 
her sex. Mrs. Bartlett says that in 
her opinion women, having entered 
into full citizenship, should pay a 
poll tax. "It preserves their self 
respect," she declares. "But five dol- 
lars is too much. The tax should be 
so small that it would not be a hard- 
ship for any working woman to pay 
it." 



Mrs. Bartlett was born in Deer- 
field, January 15, 1859, in the old 
homestead settled by her paternal 
ancestors. Her parents were Charles 
Clinton and Hannah (Lake) Tuck- 
er. She attended Coe's Academy at 
Northwood and, in 1S78, graduated 
from the Plymouth Normal school. 



30 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



She taught in the public schools of 
the state for ten years, during four 
of which she taught in the graded 
school in Raymond. Mrs. Bartlett, 
who is the widow of Judge John T. 
Bartlett, has two sons and two 
daughters. John T. Bartlett, Jr., of 
Boulder, Colo., the older son, is a 
well known magazine writer on eco- 
nomic and industrial subjects. His 
wife is also a writer. Robert L., a 
Dartmouth graduate, is with the 
Western Electric company. Ada 
Louise is the wife of Ralph Sanborn, 
station agent at Sanborn, and the 
younger daughter, Bessie, is the wife 
of L. D. Dickinson, superintendent of 
the Faulkner factory in Raymond. 

Mrs. Bartlett is deeply interested 
in the activities of the Women's 
Civic Club of Raymond, which has 
one of the finest club houses in the 
state. She conducts a successful 
insurance business. She knowVs 
every family in Raymond and is 
known and esteemed by them all. 
She is "Mother Bartlett" to the 
young people of the town and says 
she "just loves young folks." 



from 

In 

Cor- 

Yan- 



Effie Earll Yantis was born in 
Skaneateles, New York, June 28, 
1869. She graduated from Skan- 
eatles Academy and in 1888 
the Clinton Liberal Institute. 
1893 she was graduated from 
nell University. 

Before her marriage to Mr. 
tis she did illustrating for scientific 
magazines and made lantern slides 
for colleges and institutes. She or- 
ganized the Home-Makers' Club of 
Manchester, is a member of the 
New Hampshire Sunday School As- 
sociation, the Elliott Hospital Asso- 
ciates and the Federation of Women's 
Clubs. Her husband. Rev. Arnold 
S. Yantis, is pastor of the First 
Universalist church of Manchester. 



of William W. Caldwell of 190 Deer 
Street, Portsmouth, is a native of 
that city. She was born June 2. 
1882, the daughter of Stacy G. and 
Adalaide F. Moran. She graduated 
from Portsmouth High School in 
1901. For the next year she pur- 
sued a post graduate course, at the 
end of which her marriage to Mr. 
Caldwell took place. She is a 
member of the Woman's City Club 




Mrs. Gertrude M. Caldwell, wife 



Mrs. Gertrude M. Caldwell 

and is a member of the executive 
board of the Farragut School Parent- 
Teachers' Association. 

Since her high school days Mrs. 
Caldwell has followed with consid- 
erable enthusiasm the political hap- 
penings in the country. Her inter- 
est deepened with the granting of 
suffrage to women. She says she be- 
lieves it the duty of every woman to 
exercise the privilege of suffrage. 

Mrs. Caldwell is pleased with her 
victory in the recent election and at- 
tributes it partly to her stand upon 
the abolition of the $5.00 poll tax for 
women. For several years her ward 
has gone Republican by a consider- 
able margin. 



MOLE 

J. L. McLANEi Jr. 

Shy mole that in the unseeing dark 
Feeds on the root of flower and weed, 
Beauty has nourished with her spark 
Your body's love and hunger, lust and greed. 

Her hand has plumped with grub and root 
Your silver}- sleekness, silked your fur: 
Night with her heavenly star-strung lute 
Has claimed you for her lowly worshiper. 

Blind little creature, when you push 

Your soft snout through the yielding loam, 

Do you then, even as the lyric thrush, 

Also serve God in your dark-tunneled home? 

For we, too, push adventurous snouts 

Into the dark — and yet we find 

That truth is sucked . from gnarled and 

knotty doubts 
And God lights spectral candles for the blind. 



DREAMLIGHT 

By Alice Sargent Krikorian. 

The moon — a broken silver ring,— makes way 
Through thick opposing clouds, to lie 
Upon the far horizon's rim, 
The stars are blown like blossoms in the sky. 

Now, from the river, boughs of rosy mist 
Trail over tops of trees, whose branches sway 
Singing their endless songs,— the folded rose 
Lies with her upturned lips across the way. 

Shining like stars of glowing brilliancy, 
They light the path of dreams, — those eyes ! 

those eyes ! *~ 

The rising wind is sounding like the sea, 
As with the dawn the dream light pales — and 

dies. 

Calm Night, your great white blossoms close 

not yet ! 
Day, with your roses passion-red, begone! 
Moon, stars, dream light, and happiness have 

met ! 
Oh, would that nevermore might come the 

morn! 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



A School in Action. Data ox 
Children, Artists, and Teach- 
ers : A Symposium. With Intro- 
duction by F. M. McM.urry, Pro- 
fessor of Elementary Education, 
Teachers College. Columbia Uni- 
versity. Published by E. P. Dut- 
ton and Company, New York. 
This book spreads before the 
teacher, in a peculiarly interesting 
way, the activities of the Bird 
School, Peterborough, founded in 
1917 by Mrs. Arthur Johnson 
(Joanne Bird Shaw) for the sum- 
mer instruction of her own chil- 
dren, for those of her neighbors, 
and for a small group of children 
from Peterborough village. The 
book is not the work of any single 
observer, but is, as its .sub-title 
states, a "symposium": that is to 
say, a book written by those imme- 
diately concerned, — the teachers 
and pupils themselves. From the 
beginning of the school, Airs. John- 
son wished to have a complete 
record of each class, and to this 
end a stenographer was always in 
attendance, jotting down verbatim 
whatever teachers and pupils said 
to each other day by day in work- 
ing out their tasks together, their 
questions, their answers, their un- 
studied observations and reactions : 
in short, the whole "conduct" of 
the education that was under way. 
From these typewritten steno- 
graphic reports a wholly unedited 
selection has been made and pub- 
lished, giving us a volume of some 
three hundred pages that are curi- 
ously real and vital. These re- 
ports are unedited in the sense that 
they are not "smoothed out" or re- 
vised for the sake of attaining 
some ideal literary standard ; they 
are given frankly and precisely as 



the stenographer jotted them down. 
But the book is very carefully and 
intelligently selected and arranged 
so that the reader may get without 
undue tedium a complete and clear 
cross-section of the school as a 
whole and observe it, as it were, in 
full operation. In this respect the 
book is a unique experiment in the 
literature of pedagogy, and a highly 
successful one. 

There are three factors in such a 
work that are bound to impress the 
interested observer. First, the 
head of the school : for a school 
inevitably takes its tone from its 
founder or head, derives its pro- 
gramme from its founder's initia- 
tive, and depends for its successful 
conduct upon its founder's enthu- 
siasm and intelligent guidance. The 
second factor is the teachers, and 
the third the pupils; and we shall 
deal with these last two in detail in 
a moment. 

Little or nothing is said in the 
book of Airs. Johnson, the school's 
founder, and yet the school itself 
and, consequently, the whole book 
are a permanent memorial to her 
constructive imagination and exec- 
utive ability; after reading "A 
School in Action," a discerning 
reader will come to the conclusion 
that both are of an exceptionally 
high order. She was led to found 
the school, the Foreword explains, 
by the conviction "that during the 
long summer school vacaton, often 
from June to October, the hiatus in 
the systematic mental training of 
young children was a very serious 
handicap to them and entailed 
much loss of effectiveness in the 
autumn resumption of school work 
when several weeks are annually 
spent in the painful effort to re- 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



33 



connect with long dropped work 
and to re-establish habits of at- 
tention and application." 

She built the school "on a height 
beside the mountains, on her own 
estate of some six hundred acres — a 
charming stone building, with, in 
addition, open-air pavilions and 
class room, a laboratory, a work- 
shop for carpentry, and a completely 
equipped playground. From the very 
beginning she secured the services 
of some of the most accomplished 
teachers of America, teachers of a 
rank in the academic world of high- 
er education which would preclude 
their devoting their time to a school 
for young children did not the ex- 
periment occur in summer and did 
it not also offer possibilities of ex- 
ceptional interest to them." 

So far we have a summer school 
on a very sound but not altogether 
unusual basis. But to this Mrs. 
Johnson, with the bravery of her 
youth, presently added a touch of 
genius, by deciding to take on her 
staff of teachers a small group of 
creative artists of acknowledged 
eminence. It was her belief that 
no one else could give the children 
the same interest in Music as a 
composer, in Literature as a writer, 
in Art as a painter or sculptor; and 
with the courage of this conviction 
she managed to give her little 



school 



of very young youngsters 



the high privilege of being taught 
modelling by Mr. Howard Coluzzi, 
sculptor, of acquiring some knowl- 
edge and love of English prose and 
verse, from Mr. Padraic Colum, the 
Irish poet and dramatist, of study- 
ing the rudiments of music under 
the direction of Mr. Ernest Bloch, 
the eminent Swiss composer. To in- 
itiate such an experiment requires 
imagination, and to carry it through 
requires a tact and executive ability 



beyond the average. The book 
frankly spreads the accomplishment 
of the problem before one, and 
when the end is reached and the 
reader gauges the measure of its 
success, he can see how much credit 
is due to the guiding spirit of the 
founder — whose name is so modest- 
ly suppressed throughout the book. 
The first group of reports concern 
themselves with the classes in 
"Literature" under two successive 
teachers, Mr. John Merrill and Mr. 
Colum. Mr. Merrill is a very well 
known specialist of the Francis 
Parker School, Chicago, and it is 
extremely interesting to note his 
method with the children, for it is 
probably the perfection of modern 
scientific pedagogical theory. At 
each session of his classes he has 
a definite end in view and, if possi- 
ble, an even more definite pro- 
gramme of the means to achieve 
that end. If the poem to be read 
is, say, "There was a crooked man 
who went a crooked mile," every 
possible kind of acting on the part 
of the class, mental and physical, 
i.s brought into play. One child at 
once becomes a crooked man, 
another becomes a crooked mouse, 
and, I daresay, a third becomes a 
crooked sixpence, and so on. Noth- 
ing is allowed to escape. And the 
guiding principle seems to be Itera- 
tion, The reviewer is lost in admir- 
ation of Mr. Merrill's patience and 
thoroughness, and the precision of 
his predetermined procedure. The 
verses are acted and discussed to a 
standstill. But the old-fashioned 
reader who was not subjected to 
this form of torture in his child- 
hood is bound to wonder if it is 
really worth while. It seems to 
one such, at least, that what hap- 
pens under such a system is this— 
the children come to be considered 



34 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



primarily as the factors in the 
working out of a theory, — the 
theory is very line, the working out 
is extraordinarily skilful, and the 
success is a definite contribution to 
pedagogy. But throughout there 
has been a subtle and perhaps un- 
conscious transferral of values :' 
in the old days teaching was a 
means whereby we strove to de- 
velop and make happier the pupil; 
now it seems a bit as if the pupils 
are the means, the instrument by 
which one strives to develop and 
make more perfect the science of 
teaching. To be sure, the children 
must acquire something by such a 
process (human nature, fortunate- 
ly, is such that children will acquire 
something under any system). One 
cannot imagine a child under Mr. 
Merrill failing to understand well 
nigh exhaustively any bit of litera- 
ture which Mr. Merrill has deter- 
mined shall be elucidated; but an 
understanding of letters is one 
thing, and a love of letters is quite 
another. If the reviewer had been 
brought to an understanding of 
Shakespeare by such a process, he 
feels sure that his favorite set of 
that author's works would long 
since, have come to repose in a con- 
venient ash barrel. He would cer- 
tainly love him less — and very 
probably know him better. 

With the reports of Mr. Colum's 
classes we come into a region of 
more spontaneity: both teacher and 
pupils seem constantly to take 
refuge in improvisation, very ob- 
viously to their mutual profit and 
satisfaction. It would be unfair to 
say that Mr. Colum has no daily 
"plan" in the sense that Mr. Merrill 
certainly has. But Mr. Colum's 
plan is more subtle — and probably 
less well considered. It leaves room 
for inspiration, and achieves an im- 



mediate rapport between himself 
and his little flock with a minimum 
of apparent apparatus. "I am not 
at all in favour,'' he writes, "of chil- 
dren being taught poetry by acting 
it." And an illuminating foot note 
here adds: "It is interestng to note 
here the differing opinions of Mr. 
Merrill, a professional teacher, and 
Mr. Colum, a professional poet." 
Mr. Colum gives his reasons: "In 
the first place it is often putting to 
a wrong end poetry that should 
have the child quiet and reflective. 
Again, the action, the pitch of the 
voice tends to formalize the poem 
in their minds, taking away from it 
the movement that it might have 
for them, besides associating it with 
too much agitation." 

The stenographic records of Mr. 
Colum's classs are full of charm, 
and contain very quaint specimens 
of the children's essays in verse and 
prose. One little poem still haunts 
the reviewer. 

"There was a King 

Who had a chariot, 
And also a daughter 
Whose name was Harriet." 

Mr. Colum carries his pupils with 
a wide catholic sweep from Homer 
to Vachell Lindsay. He is always 
the poet and story-teller teaching 
others to love his art, with a delicacy 
of insight into the temperaments 
of his young hearers that is as 
rare as it is delightful. As for the 
reactions of the children themselves, 
so spontaneous, so quaintly frank, 
so humanly delightful, one would 
like to quote at length did space 
permit. But the book itself may be 
bought, and the reviewer urges its 
purchase by anyone who loves to 
study children. 

After the reports on Literature, 
follow the reports on the Music 
classes. Those of Mr. Bloch abound 



•V 698975 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



35 



in wit and wisdom, and are a rev- 
elation of what a great musician, 
through sympathetic understanding, 
can do with even very young chil- 
dren. Then come the reports of 
the Psychological Laboratory, in 
which Dr. Florence Mateer, among 
other matters, gives in detail the 
psychological and the Stanford- 
Binet examination of a typical pu- 
pil. One begins reading this sec- 
tion with reluctance, and ends with 
enthusiasm, for out of the wealth 
of detail, skilfully and unerringly 
marshalled there emerges the per- 
sonality of the boy in his examina- 
tion in a rounded portait of such 
an authenticity and such engaging 
appeal that one is grateful for such 
a complete and human document. 
And this is the most of the book 
as a whole, that while giving to the 
professional student of education 
the detailed record of a really val- 
uable experiment, it gives to the 
unprofessional reader a bit of real 
life, and vivid self-portrayal of a 
group of children,, a.s well as of a 
group of teachers, in a way that is 
at once fresh, ingenuous, and en- 
gaging. If one had such a detailed 
document as this from any past age, 
it would be considered priceless. 
And this itself must have a perma- 
nent value because of its sincerity 
and fundamental soundness. 

PIERRE La ROSE. 



Roads of Adventure, by Ralph D. 
Paine. Boston, Houghton, Mifflin. $5. 

Here is a book! A book to stir 
the blood of youth and to revital- 
ize the circulation of middle age. A 
book to charm by its style as well 
as by its stones. 

The adventures set forth are those 
of the author. All of them are in- 
teresting; most of them are entranc- 
ing. Some of them have such a 



"bite"' that one would guess them 
tainted with fiction did not Ralph 
Paine vouch for their truth on his 
honor as a New Hampshire gentle- 
man farmer., law-maker and guard- 
ian of juvenile morals. 

Autobiography is the most charm- 
ing of arts when the author can 
maintain the right balance between 
himself and the rest of the world. 
Most autobiographers who succeed 
do so by stressing; their reaction to 
others rather than the reaction of 
the world to them. Air. Paine, in 
these sketches, has done something 
of this, but has succeeded even more 
by the delightful humor with which 
he treats himself and not a few of 
his "busted" schemes. He is un- 
sparing in the detection of himself 
in frequent spasms of what he terms 
damfoolitis. 

The book may be divided roughly 
into four parts. First come a half 
dozen chapters covering rowing 
days at Yale in the nineties. No- 
body can do this better than Paine. 
The sketches are equally good read- 
ing for the youngster and the old- 
ster. Both will enjoy the spice of 
excitement. The youngster, at 
least, may profit by the red-blooded 
philosophy that underlies them ; 
the oldster, at least, will appreciate 
the manner in which Paine matches 
this philosophy against the postures 
of the Young Intellectuals. 

There follow a dozen sketches of 
filibustering days during the Cuban 
insurrection, full of swing and col- 
or of the most' fascinating sort. 
Then come ten equally stirring 
chapters on the Spanish War, 
catching the adventurous atmos- 
phere of the days when war gave 
comparatively free vent to indi- 
vidual action. These are done with 
an admirable dash. There are in- 
cidental appreciations of some of 



36 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



especially of Stephen Crane — which 
add the flavor of literary reminis- 
cence. 

The scene then shifts, for a half 
dozen chapters, to the other side of 
the world, with vivid pictures of 
the aftermath of the Boxer upris- 
ings. Then follow random incidents 
in a newspaperman's career, and 
finally some of Paine's experiences 
with the American and British 
fleets during the World War. 



This fat volume of four hundred 
and fifty pag'cs hardly gives the 
reader a feeling of satiety. One 
wonders if the. advice of the author's 
eleven-year-old son to write "The 
End" was well taken. The titles 
of the possible additional chapters 
appeal to the imagination. Perhaps 
there is more like this splendid book 
to follow. The reviewer will live 
in hope. 

E. L. P. 



TO R. B. 

(A love-lyric after the manner of an earlier age) 
By R. W. B. 



How dare I dream, clear love, 
Thou can'st be mine? 
Too beautiful thy face 
To share my humble place, 
Such radiance from above 

Doth through thee shine. 



Thy cheeks of softest pink 
Are like the west 

When touched by parting ray, 

As with the dying day 

The sun doth slowly sink 
To nightly rest. 



Thine eyes of deepest blue 
Do light my way, 
And scatter wide the gloom 
That oft would fill my room, 
And give the world the hue 
Of brightest day. 



In every waking thought 

I see thy face ; 
And when the darkness falls 
Within my shadowed walls, 
Thy spirit fills each spot 
So full of grace. 



The shimmer of thy hair 

Is more than gold. 
With dainty ribbon bound, 
And daisies all around, 
It doth my heart ensnare, 
Yea, e'en enfold. 



Thy love doth make me bold 
To try my lance. 

Let me thy champion be ! 

If there be aught in me, 

For thee it would unfold ! 
Bid me advance ! 



Thy lips are like the dream 

Of sweetest rose. 
I crave the vantage rare 
To taste the nectar there, 
How heavenly that would seem 
My heart well knows. 



God, who created me, 

And her so fair, 
Make me to rise above 
Low things, and so to move 
That I may worthy be. 

Hear this my prayer. 



•J / 



BALLAD 

By Louise Patterson Guyol. 

There was a Jester loved a Queen. 

He pranked about the court 
Gaud}- in crimson; and his pride 

He pawned to made her sport. 

Painted he was, and hung with bells 

That tinkled like his tongue, 
And for his paint and bitter wit 

None guessed that he was young. 

The Queen had hair of curled gold 
And a face like a white flower. 

(The King was old.) To make her smile 
Only the Fool had power. 

The Queen walked in the garden-ways ; 

The moon was marvellous fair, 
Silverly shining. Mad, the Fool 

Begged one bright lock of hair. 

The King was old, the Fool was young, 
The Queen had lips of rose. 

(Behind a twisted yew, the King 
Stood in the garden-close.) 



The King is old. About the court, 

Chattering all the while, 
Gambols a Fool in gold. The Queen 

Doth never smile. 



DAWN 

By Lilian Sue Kerch. 

Black is the night, and hot the stirless air. 
Black as a thought that savors of despair. 
Even the silent trees, against the sky, 
In gruesome and distorted shadows lie. 

The crazy screech owl's weird and laughing cry, 
Within the formless space, sounds somewhere nigh. 
All is a black abyss, where Hell may be, 
Where man may hear, but only devils see. 



38 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



A flapping bat flits, like a banshee, by 
And from the unseen graveyard, conies a sigh, 
From those who tain would rise, but must lie still. 
Afar, off mourns the foolish whip-poor-will. 

But presently a hesitating breeze 

Begins to tremble in the maple trees. 

A faint light tinges all the murky dark, 

A few soft notes come from the wakening lark. 

Grey breaks the dawn on hill tops fresh and green. 
A thousand diamonds on the grass are seen, 
Aurora trails her pink robe in the east, 
And beauty calls her lover to the feast. 



OUR CONTRIBUTORS 

Iii This Issue 



Mr. Henry H. Metcalf is a life- 
long Democrat and his pleasure at 
the recent turn in state politics has 
prompted a reminiscence of the 
last democratic regime. The 
Granite Monthly considers that 
it is especially auspicious to have 
an article by Mr. Metcalf in this 
issue, which is in a sense the first 
issue under the new board, for Air. 
Metcalf is the founder of The 
Granite Monthly and during 
the course of its history has edited 
it many years. 

Mrs. Lilian M. Ainsworth is a 
newspaperwoman of long experi- 
ence in Vermont, Massachusetts 
and New Hampshire. For about 
seven years she has been on the 
staff of the Manchester Daily 
Mirror, and will this year be legis- 
lative correspondent for that paper. 
She is the first woman to have a 
regular assignment of that sort. 

Mr. Robert Jackson, who writes so 
understandingly of the new gover- 
nor, is chairman of the Democratic 



State Committee. The picture Mr. 
Jackson draws has an undeniable 
appeal and will be interesting to 
man\-, as one of the first personal 
sketches to appear of the second 
Democratic Governor since the 
Civil War. 

Mr. Raymond B. Stevens was mem- 
ber of Congress from the second 
New Hampshire district in 1913- 
1915, member of the Constitution- 
al Convention in 1912. He is well 
fitted to write on tax reform, a 
subject to which he has given years 
of careful study. The constitu- 
tional amendment which he advo- 
cates in this article is the same 
which he upheld in the Convention 
of 1912. The Convention did not 
see fit to submit that amendment 
at that time, but Mr. Stevens feels 
that public sentiment in the last 
ten years has tended to strengthen 
his argument. Around the sugges- 
tion outlined in this article is sure 
to center much discussion in the 
next few weeks. 



3'f 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



ALVAH H. MORRILL 
The Reverend Alvah H. Morrill. D. 

P., died at his home in Newton in. Octo- 
ber. He was borii at Grafton in 1848, 
the son of the Reverend W. S. Morrill. 
Fie graduated at Dartmouth College in 
1872 and entered the ministry of the 
Christian Church and was for many 
years prominent in his denomination. 
He held pastorates at Haverhill, Massa- 
chusetts, at Laconia and Franklin, at 
Woodstock. Vermont, at Providence. 
Rhode Island, and finally at Newton. 
Much of his life was spent in the teach- 
ing profession. For thirteen years he 
was Professor of New Testament Greek 
at the Christian Biblical Institute at 
Stanfordville, New York, and was also 
the head of Starkey Seminary at Eddy- 
town, New York. 



WILLIAM D. SAWYER 
William D. Sewyer died November 12, 
at the Roosevelt Hospital in New York, 
ps the result ofaooplexy. Born in Dover. 
November 22, .1866, the son of the late 
Governor Charles H. Sawyer and Susan 
E. (Cowan) Sawyer, he was educated 
at Phillips Exeter Academy and at Yale 
University. For more than ten years he 
was treasurer of the Sawyer Woolen mill. 
He then studied law and practised in New 
York City. 

Mr. Sawyer was quartermaster general 
on the staff of Governor John B. Smith, a 
delegate to the Republican National Con- 
vention in 1896 and a member of the com- 
mittee that notified Air. McKinley of his 
nomination. He was a Mason and a mem- 
ber of the Amoskeag Veterans and of 
many clubs. He was formerly president 

of the New Hampshire Society of the 
Cincinnati. 

General Sawyer is survived by his 
widow, Gertrude, a daughter of former 
Congressman Joshua G. Hall of Dover, 
a son, Jonathan, and a daughter, Elizabeth. 

JAMES BARTLETT EDGERLY 
On" November 1 there passed away in 
farmington, after a brief illness, James 
Bartlett Edgerly. one of the town's most 
useful citizens. Mr. Edgerly was born at 
Farmington on January 29, 1834, and was 
*he son of Joseph Bartlett and Cordelia 
fWaldron) Edgerly. His education was 
obtained in the schools of his native town 
and ^ at Gilmanton Academy. 

His early life was occupied at the shoe- 
maker's bench. At the outbreak of the 
J-ml War he enlisted in the regimental 
band of the Fifth New Hampshire Vol- 
unteers, and served until 1862, when he 



was honorably discharged and returned to 
the manufacture of shoes in Farmington, 
a business winch he successfully followed 
until 1879. He then became cashier of 
the Farmington National Bank, and filled 
that position with ability until, with ad- 
vancing years, he retired 

But lie continued to enjoy life largely 
until within a few days of his death. 

Mr. Edgerly married in 1863 Maria T. 
Fernakl, who died in 1877. They had two 
daughters, Agnes A., deceased, and Annie 
M. (Mrs. Elmer F. Thayer). He mar- 
ried second Martha E. Dodge, who died 
some y^ars ago. 

_ Mr. Edgerly was always actively iden- 
tified with the life of the community. 
ArdenMy devoted to the Congregational 
Church, he contributed a substantial sum 
to its permanent funds some years ago. 
To the town he gave the Edgerly Park 
as a memorial to his Civil W r ar comrades. 

At the time of his death Mr. Edgerly 
was a trustee of the Farmington Savings 
•Bank, a director of the Farmington Nation- 
al Bank, a member of the Carlton Post, 
Grand Army of the Republic, of the New 
Hampshire Society of the Sons of the 
American Revolution and the oldest mem- 
ber of Fraternal Lodge of Masons. 

Besides his daughter, Mrs. Thayer, he 
is survived by a grandson, James Edgerly 
Thayer, by a sister, Mrs. C. A. Cooke of 
Los Angeles, California, and by two 
brothers. Brigadier General Wmfield Scott 
Edgerly of Cooperstown, New York, and 
Henry I. Edgerly of Dover. 

At the funeral the Reverend J. G. Haigh 
said : "For physical and mental traits men 
may be admired, they can be loved only 
for qualities of the heart. Here was a 
citizen who in an unusual degree combined 
all those qualities in sterling fashion. His 
personal appearance was striking, and 
easily impressed one even at first meeting 
wi+h the thought that here was no ordi- 
nary man. Flis carriaee and bearing, his 
affable courtesy and dignified speech be- 
tokened at once a gentleman of the old 
school, a typical New Englander of old, 
untainted stock. Wherever you met him, 
in whatever circle, he was always just 
that ; and in the various relationships of 
business and civic affairs as well as in so- 
cial, fraternal and religious connections his 
clear insight, good judgment, his wise 
counsels, his friendly spirit, his skill and 
efficiency marked him a man of unusual 
attributes, and for all these his fellow- 
citizens welcomed "him, admired him. hon- 
ored and trusted him ; but most of all 
it was the heart-quality that added love 
to admiration." 

Judge Wells paid tribute in the Som- 
ersworth Free Press in these words: 



40 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 






f 



i &» 









iii. -:.'•';* ■■'"! ...... ■■■_''...-., -_'■;,■,'•- : .*^i^_.i. „u^ 



■»«?ir«'Sr..\*j.' 



James Bartlett Edgerly 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



41 



"And this good man, representing, as 
he did, the highest type of American cit- 
izenship, has passed on in the community 
where practically his entire life was 
spent. . His was a kindly heart and his 
ear was attuned to sympathy. A gener- 
ous supporter of worthy movements, he 
took a deep interest in the welfare of his 
town. He was clean in his life and in his 
expressions. There was a vein of quiet 
humor in his talk that made him a 
delightful conversationalist. The writer, 
who has known Mr. Edgerly intimately 
for many years, has had many a chat 
with him and was always greatly enter- 
tained by his unfailing fund of reminis- 
cence' and his nro;id, intelligent views. 
Modest and self-effacing, caring nothing 
for display or show, the most devoted of 
husbands and fathers, Mr. Edgerly needs 
no monument to keep alive the memory 
of his character and service. His great- 
est memorial is to be found in the esteem 
and love of his fellow-townsmen, the 
noblest .memorial a man can have. Ripe 
in years and rich in the honors that are 
the proper rewards of a life of fruitful 
service, Mr. Edgerly's book of life, on 
which there is not one unworthy page, 
is finally closed.'* 



Howard Russell, daughter of the Rev- 
erend Carey Russell of Norwich, Ver- 
mont. They had two children, who 
both survive: Harriet R., a teacher in 
the Cambridge schools and Dr. C. \Y. 
Harrington of Peterborough.. He is also 
survived by his second wife, Mrs. Ella 
Leland Harrington. 



CHARLES E. HARRINGTON 

On November 18 there died at St. 
Petersburg, Florida, the Reverend 
Charles E. Harrington, D. D., who was 
born in Concord. October 5, 1846. He 
was educated at the New London Liter- 
ary and Scientific Institution and was 
for some time a teacher, serving as 
principal of Henniker Academy and of 
Farmington High School. 

Mr. Harrington was ordained- in 1874 
and settled over the Lancaster Congre- 
gational Church. Four years later went 
to Concord and for a number of years 
was pastor of the South Congregational 
f hurch. During his pastorate here he 
was also chaplain of the Third Regi- 
ment of the National Guard. Dart- 
mouth College gave him the master's 
degree. 

From Concord Dr. Harrington went 
to JDubuque, Iowa, where he preached 
with great success. Then followed a 
ministry in Keene until 1893. in which 
year he was- legislative chaplain. 

After a European trip for his health 
M 1893, Dr. Harrington served the First 
Congregational Church in Waltham, 
Massachusetts. Illness forced his resig- 
nation, but he recovered sufficiently to 
preach again at Holliston, Massa- 
chusetts. Since 1913 he had lived in 
Honda, whither he went for his health, 
but was able to accept a St. Petersburg 
past orate and preached for five years 
more. 

His first marriage was to "Miss Sarah 



CHARLES HENRY KNIGHT 

Charles H. Knight. for more than 
twenty-five years clerk of the Superior 
Court for Rockingham County. died 
November 21, at Exeter. 

Mr. Knight was born in Hatfield, 
Massachusetts. April 26. 1848, the elder 
of two sons of Joseph H. and Diana 
(Belden) Knight. In 1868 he was 
graduated in the classical course of 
YYesleyan Academy at YVilbraharn. 
Massachusetts, expecting to enter Yale, 
but this circumstances prevented. From 
October, 1869, until April. 1875, he was 
in Kansas and Texas, variously employ- 
ed, in part as a teacher, a profession for 
which he had aptitude and to which at 
various times he devoted about five 
years. On January 12, 1878, he entered 
the law office of the late Judge Thomas 
Leavitt in Exeter and in March, 1880, 
he was admitted to the bar. For about 
five years Mr. Knight was the partner 
of Judge Leavitt, fqr a year or more the 
firm having also a Newmarket office, 
mainly in charge of Mr. Knight. Upon 
the dissolution of this firm Mr. Knight 
formed a connection with the late Hon. 
Joseph F. Wiggin, and thereafter con- 
tinued in Exeter practice. 

On January 20, 1896, Mr. Knight was 
appointed clerk of the Supreme, later 
the Superior Court for Rockingham 
County, an office he filled until his 
death. For this post, Mr. Knight was 
exceptionally well qualified. He gave 
much time to the rearrangement and re- 
indexing of the vast accumulation of of- 
fice records, now easily consulted. 

In 1865 Mr. Knight joined the Con- 
gregational Church in Hatfield and early 
transferred his membership to Exeter. 
He had served the former First Parish 
as assessor and clerk and had been 
superintendent of its Sunday School. 
He had been a member of the Public 
Library Committee. He was a 32nd 
degree Mason, a former member of the 
American Bar Association, a member of 
the First Nationalist Club of Boston, 
while it existed, and he was affiliated 
with Gilman and East Rockingham 
Pomona Granges. By wide reading and 
reflection. Mr. Knight had made himself 
an exceptionally well informed man. 
His individuality was marked and his 
attractive qualities many. 

He has left his devoted wife, a daugh- 
ter, Miss Ruth E. Knight, and a son. 



42 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Charles H., Jr. There is also a son 
by the first marriage. He was the last of 
his own family. 



FRANK W. MAYNARD 

Frank \Y. Maynard, well-known busi- 
ness man and politician, died at his 
home in Nashua on November 24. He 
was born at Bow on April 2, 1853, and 
was educated in Goffstovn. at Pem- 
broke Academy and at the Canton, 
Massachusetts, High School. 

When he came to majority he located 
in Nashua, served as an apprentice at 
tailoring, six years later became a part- 
ner, and continued in the business until 
his death. Active in the interests of 
the Republican party, he was on both 
the city and state committees. and 
served as both representative and state 
senator. He was alternate to the na- 
tional convention ot" 1908. He was one 
of the prime movers in the organization 
of the short-lived New Hampshire Re- 
publican. He was an aide. with the 
rank of Colonel, on Governor Tuttle's 
staff. 

Col. Maynard was active in all com- 
munity affairs and had served as presi- 
dent of the Nashua Memorial Hospital 
Association and of the Nashua Board of 
Trade. For thirty years he was the 
leading spirit in the Hunt Free Lecture 
Fund, of which he was the first trustee. 
He was a leader in the Universalist 
Church, and a member of various Ma- 
sonic bodies, of the Odd Fellows, the 
Elks, the Moose, the Fortnightly Club. 
the Country Club and the Rotary Club. 

Col. Maynard made a collection of 
tailors' print covering nearly a century, 
which is considered one of the most 
complete and valuable in existence. 



CHARLES F. EMERSON 
Emeritus Dean Emerson, beloved by 
several generations of Dartmouth men, 
died at his Hanover home on December 
1. Prior his retirement nine years 
ago at the age of seventy. Dean Emer- 
son had given the college forty-five 
years of unbroken service. 

Charles F. Emerson was born at 
Chelmsford. Massachusetts, on Septem- 
ber 28. 1843, son of Owen and Louisa 
(Butterfield) Emerson. After attending 
the Wcstford (Massachusetts) Acad- 
emy and Appleton Academy at 
New Ipswich, and engaging in 
part time teaching in his native state for 
three years, he entered Dartmouth. 
whence he graduated in 1868 with Phi 
Beta Kappa rank. 

Following his graduation Mr. Emer- 
son became instructor in gymnastics at 
the college, instructor in mathematics 
at the College of Agriculture and tutor 



in ^ mathematics at Dartmouth. From 
1872 to 1878 he was associate professor 
of natural philosophy and mathematics, 
then for twenty-one years Appleton 
Professor of natural philosophy, and 
dean oi the college from 1893 to 1913. 
when he retired after the longest service 
in the history of Dartmouth. 






Charles F. Emersox 

After his retirement Dean Emerson 
continued his lively interest in the col- 
lege and in affairs. He served in the 
House of Representatives for the terms 
of 1915 and 1917, taking a prominent 
part, especially in educational legislation. 
He was actively identified with the 
Church of Christ at Hanover, a life 
member of the American Association for 
the Advancement of Science. 

He married January 20, 1875, Caro- 
line Flagg and had two daughters. 
Martha Flagg, of the Dartmouth College 
Library. and Emily Sophia, wife of 
Profes-or Edmund E. Day of Harvard 
University. All of them survive him. 



JEFFREY G. HAIGH 
The Reverend Jeffrey G. Haigh. pas- 
tor of the First Congregational Church 
at Farmington. died on December 16. 
He had been stricken with apoplexy 
while working in his study the previous 
Sunday. Mr. Haigh was born sixty- 
seven years ago at Canterbury, Eng- 
land, and came to this country at the 
age of twenty. Fie had served at 
Farmington for six years. 

Mr. Haigh. is survived by a widow, a 
son, George, who is at Yale, and a 
daughter, Derma, at Wheaton College. 



V-3 



NEW HAMPSHIRE STATE GOVERNMENT 



1923 



GOVERNOR 
FRED H. BROWN. Somersworth, d. 

COUNCILLORS. 

Dist. No. 1— Oscai P. Cole. Berlin, r. 

Dist. No. 2 — Stephen A. Frost, Fre- 
mont, r. 

Dist. No. 3 — Thomas J. Conway, Man- 
chester, d. 

Dist. No. 4 — Philip H. Faulkner, Keene, 
r. 

Dist. No. 5— Arthur P. Morrill, Con- 
cord, r. 

SENATORS 

Dist. No. 1 — Ovide J. Coulombe, Ber- 
lin, d. 

Dist. No. 2 — Leon D. Ripley, Cole- 
brook, r. 

Dist. No. 3 — Dick E. Burns, Haver- 
hill, r. 

Dist. No. 4— Sewall W. Abbott, Wolfe- 
boro, r. 

Dist. No. 5 — Ora A. Brown, Ashland, r. 

Dist. No. 6 — John A. Hammond, Gil- 
ford, r. 

Dist. No. 7 — John A. Jaquith, North- 
field, r. 

Dist No. 8— Ralph E. Lufkin, Unity, r. 

Dist. No. 9— Harry L. Holmes, Hen- 
niker, r. 

Dist. No. 10 — Herman C. Rice, Keene, r. 

Dist. No. 11 — Chester L. Lane, Swan- 
zey, r. 

Dist. No. 12 — James H. Hunt, Nashua, 
r. 

Dist. No. 13— Daniel J. Hagerty, 

Nashua, d. 

Dist. No. 14— Walter H. Tripp, Epsom, 
d. 

Dist. No. 15 — Benjamin H. Orr, Con- 
cord, r. 

Dist. No. 16— Frederick W. Branch, 
Manchester, d. 

Dist. No. 17— Clinton S. Osgood, Man- 
chester, d. 

Dist. No. 18— John S. Hurley, Manches- 
ter, r. and d. 

Dist. No. 19 — Omcr Janelle, Manches- 
ter, d. 

Dist. No. 20— Edgar J. Ham, Roches- 
ter, d. 

i stands for Republican; d for democrat; 
t W(J d Indicates a nomination by both parties. 



Dist. No. 21— Homer Foster Elder, Do- 
ver, r. 

Dist. No. 22 — Wesley Adams, London- 
derry, r. 

Dist. No. 23 — John F. Swasey, Brent- 
wood, r. 

Dist. No. 24 — William A. Hodgdon, 
Portsmouth, r. 

REPRESENTATIVES 
ROCKINGHAM COUNTY. 

Atkinson — Stephen M. Wheeler, r. 

Auburn — John P. Griffin, r. and d. 

Brentwood — Ray Pike, r. 

Candia-— George H. McDuffee, r. 

Chester— Walter P. Tenney, r. 

Danville — Charles IT. Johnson, r. 

Deerneld— WilburH. White, r. 

Derry — George W. Benson, d; Jesse G. 
, MacMurphy, d; Alexander J. Sene- 
ca!, d; John A. Taylor, d. 

East Kingston — Charles F. Knights, r. 

Epping — Louis P. Ladd, r. and d. 

Exeter — Frank A. Batchelder. r; Charles 
Curtis Field, r; Harry Merrill, r; 
Howard E. Swain, r. 



Greenland— -Eu< 



Daniell, r, 



Hampstead — Isaac Randall, r. 

Hampton — Warren H. Hobbs, r. 

Hampton Falls — Walter B. Farmer, r. 

Kensington— Horace P. Blodgctt, r. 

Kingston — Levi S. Bartlett, r. 

Londonderry — Edward E. Kent, r. 

Newcastle — Elmer S. Pridham, r. and d. 

Newfields — Alfred Connor, r. 

Newmarket— Philip Labranche, Jr., d; 
Adelard Rousseau, d; John Ward- 
man, d. 

Newton—Andrew G. Littlefield, r. 

North Hampton — Samuel A. Dow, r. 

Northwood — Joel W. Steward, r. 

Plaistow — Joseph S. Hills, r. 

Portsmouth — Ward 1 — Gertrude Cald- 
well, d; Harry L. Dowdell, d; Ed- 
ward B. Weeks, d. 
Ward 2— Leon E. Scruton, r; Harold 
M. Smith, r; Stanley P. Trafton, r; 
George A. Wood, r. 
Ward 3 — William Casey, d; John 

Cronin, d. 
Ward A — George E. Cox, r. 
Ward 5 — Patrick E Kane, d. 

Raymond—Emma L. Bartlett, d. 

Rye— Irving W. Rand, r. 

Salem — James S. Coles, r; Amos 
Cowan, r. 

Sandown — George Bassett, r. 

Seabrook — Myron B. F'elch, r. 

Windham — Charles A. Dow, Jr., r. 



F. 



J. 



44 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



STRAFFORD COUNTY. 

Harrington — Irving M. Locke, d. 
Dover — Ward 1 — Charles A. Cloutman, 
r; Hubert K. Reynolds, r. 
Ward 2 — Patrick T. Durkin., d; William 
F. Howard, d; Felix E. O'Neill, jr.. 
d. 
Ward 3 — Frank E. Fernald, r; Thomas 

Webb, r. 
Ward A — Ferdinand Jenelle, d; Stephen 
W. Roberts, r; Charles T. Ryan, d. 
Ward 5 — Edward Durnin, d. 
Durham — Sherburne H. Fogg-, r. 
Farmington — Ulysses S. Knox, r; Frank 

. J. Smith, r." 
Lee — Fred P. Comings, d. 
Middleton — Samuel Abbott Lawrence, d. 
Milton-— Frank D. Stevens, r. 
Rochester — Ward 1 — Thomas H. Gotts, 
d. 
Ward 2— Claudis E. Edgerlv. d. 
Ward 3— Harry H. Meader, r. 
Ward 4 — Adelard Gasnard Gelinas, d. 
Ward 5 — Edmond L Marcoux, d; Louis 

H. McDuffee. r*. 
Ward 6 — Guy E. Chesley, r; Charles 
W. Lowe, r. 
Rollinsford— FIcnry B. Davis, d. 
Somersworth — Ward 1 — Honore Girard, 
d. 
Ward 2 — Louis P. Cote, d. 
V/ard 3— Peter M. Gagne, d. 
Ward 4 — Walter A. Flanagan, d; Fred 

L. Houle, d. 
Ward 5 — George Heon, d. 
Strafford — -Adrian B. Preston, r. 



BELKNAP COUNTY. 

Alton — Harry E. Jones, d. 

Barnstead — Frank J. Holmes, d. 

Belmont — Albert A. Smith, r. 

Center Harbor— Loui L. Sanborn, r. 
and d. 

Gilford — Fred R. Weeks, r. 

Gilmanton — Ernest H. Goodwin, d. 

Laconia— Ward 1 — Walter E. Dunlap, d. 

"Ward 2 — William D. Kempton, r. and 
d; Fortunat E. Normandin, r. and d. 
Ward 3— Charles M. Avery, r. 
Ward 4 — Theo S. Jewett, r; Tohn H. 

Merrill, r. 
Ward 5 — Truman S. FVench, d; tie vote 
Ward 6 — Edwin A. Badger, r; Lau- 
rence B. Holt, r. 

Meredith — Charles N. Roberts, d. 

New Hampton — Arlelbert M. Gordon, r. 

Sanbornton — Robert M. Wright, r. 

Tilton — Everett W, Sanborn, d; Osborn 
J. Smith, d. 



CARROLL COUNTY 

Bartlett— Lucius Hamlin, r. 
Brookfield — Charles Willev, r. and d. 



Conway— Arthur W. Chandler, d: Wil- 
liam A. Currier, r; Clarence Ela, r. 

Effingham — Robert M. Fulton, d. 

Freedom — Tic vote 

Madison— John F. Chick, r. 

Moultonborough — George A. Blanchard, 
r. and d. 

Ossipee — Harry P. Smart, r. 

Sandwich— Charles B. Flovt. r. 

Tamworth— Arthur S. Fall. d. 

Tuftonbcro— Willie W. Thomas, d. 

Wakefield — Isaac L. Lord. d. 

Wolf eboro— Stephen W. Clow, r; Frank 
W. FLale, r. 

MERRIMACK COUNTY 

Allenstown— George H. Desroche, d. 

Andover — Arthur H. Rollins, d. 

Bcscawen— Cecil P. Grimes, r. 

Bow — George Albee, d. 

Bradford — Joseph W. Sanborn, d. 

Canterbury— William C. Taliman, d. 

Concord— Ward 1— Fred M. Dodge ck 

John H. Rolf'e. d. 
Ward 2 — George O. Robinson, d. 
Ward 3— George W. Phillips, d. 
Ward 4— Harry M. Cheney, r; William 

P. Danforth, r; James O. Lvford, r. 
Ward .5 — Earl F. Newton, r; William 

W. Thayer, r. 
Ward 6— Harry R. Cressy. r; Hamilton 

A. Kendall, r; Nathaniel E. Martin. 

d; Charles G. Robv, r. 
Ward 7— Bert J. Carleton, d; Peter J. 

King, r; Tohn G. AVinant, r. 
V/ard 8— William A. Lee, r. and d. 
Ward 9— William J. Ahem, d; James 

J. Gannon, d. 
Danbury— Noah E. Lund, d. 
Epsorn — Blanchard H. Fowler, r. and d. 
Franklin — Ward 1— Herrick Aiken, r. 
Ward 2 — Edmund J. Judkins, d; Jos- 
eph Newton, d. 
Henniker— Ralph H. Gilchrist, r. 
Hill— Joseph B. Murdock, r. and d. 
Hooksett— Edgar Ray Chaney, d; Ben- 

iamin J. LaSalle. d 
Hcpkinton— Milton J. Walker, d. 
Loudon— Archie L. Hill, r. and d. 
Newbury — James C. Farmer, r. 
New London — Joseph Cutting, r. 
Northfield— Charles S. Carter, r. 
Pembroke— John O. Bellerose, d; 

Llewellyn S. Martin, d. 
Pittsfield— Albert E. Cheney, d; David 

F. Jackson, d. 
Salisbury — George B. Sanborn, d. 
Sutton — Harrington C. Wells, r. 
Warner — Charles P. Johnson, d. 
Webster — Joseph Wheelwright, r. 
Wilmot — Arthur C. Scavey, d. 

HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY 

Amherst — Robert J. Ford. r. 
Antrim — Wyman K. Flint, r. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE STATE GOVERNMENT 



45 



Bedford — Charles H. Clark: r. and 



d. 

d. 
Asa 



Bennington — James H. Balch, r. 
Brookline — George M. Rockwood, 
Francestown — Leon E. Hoyt, d. 
Goffstown— CharLs L. Davis, r; 

Spaulditigf. d. 
Greenfield — Frank E. Russell, d. 
Greenville — Louis O. Boisvert, d. 
Hancock — Ephna.m Weston, r. 
Hillsborough — Charles F. Butler, r; 

Tohn S. Childs. r. 
Mollis— Charles E. Hardy, d. 
Hudson — Karl E. Merrill, r. and d; Ed- 
ward A. Spaulding. r. 
Lyndebcrough — Algernon W. Putnam, r. 
Manchester— Ward 1— Harry B. Cilley, 

r; John P. Cronan, r; James E. 

Dodge, r. 
Ward 2— Oscar F. Bartlctt. r; Isaac N. 

Cox. r; Arthur W. DeMoulpied, r; 

Harry T. Lord, r; Effie E. Yantis, r. 
Wa-d 3— Harold E. Hartford. d; 

Charles O. Johnson, d; Alfred Mo- 

duin. d; Denis A. Murphy, d; Harry 

E. Nyberg, d. 
Ward 4 — George D. Burns, d; Charles 

A. Grant, d; John F. Kelley, d; 

Maurice F. Fitzgerald, d. 
Ward 5 — Patrick J. Clancy, d; Martin 

Connor, d; John Coyne, d; Patrick 

Creighton. d; Dennis M. Flemming, 

d; John F. Kelley, d: Joseph P. 

Kenney, d; Frank P. Laughlin, d; 

Michael McNuhy, d; Jeremiah J. 

Tobin. d. 
Ward 6 — Leonard E. Barry, d; Michael 

T. Burke, d: Charles C. Currier, d; 

Robert J. Murphy, d; George L. 

Sibley, d; Frederick M. Smith, d. 
.Ward 7— Thomas A. Carr, d: Francis 

A. Foye, d; Fmile J. Godbout, d; 

Jeremiah B. Flealey, Jr., d; John J. 

Quinn, d; Denis Sullivan, d. 
Ward 8 — Damis Bouchard, d; Toseph 

Chevrette, d; Michael S. Donnelly, 

d: William Leonard, d; John 

McLaughlin, Jr., d; Charles H. 

Marin, d. 
Ward 9— Tohn W. Conboy, d; Valen- 
tine McBride, d: Joseph E. Riley, 

Jr., d; Thomas Rourke. d. 
Ward 10— Oscar E. Getz, d; Sylvio 

LeClerc. d; Mortimer B. Ploss, d. 
Ward 11— Henry R. Blais. d; Ora W. 

Craig, d; George W. Gowitzke, d; 

Alex J. McDonnell, d; George E. 

Roukev. d. 
Ward 12— Louis E. Gauthier, r. and d: 

Wilfred A. Lamy. d; Alfred F. May*- 

nard. r. and d; Charles A. Pecor, d; 

Edward E. Rajotte, d; Arthur H. 

St. Germain, r. and d. 
Ward 13— Joseph A. Dionne, d; 

Adolphe Duval, d; Horace Gagnon, 

d; Pierre Gauthier, d; Joseph W. 
. Remillard, d. 
"H-rrimack— Arthur G. Gordon, r. 



Milford — Samuel A. Lovejov, r; Frank 
W. Ordway. r; Charles" W. Robin- 
son, r. 
Nashua— Ward 1— Gem Id F. Cobleigh, 
r; Elbert Wheeler, r; Ovid F. Win- 
slow, 1. 
Ward 2— Ivory C. Eaton, r; Thomas 

E. Pentland, r. 
Ward 3— Joseph Boilard, Tr„, d; 
Thomas E. Dube, d; William B*. 
Trombly, d. 
Ward 4— John L. Spillane, d; David F. 

Sullivan, d. 
Ward 5— Edward Sullivan, d. 
Ward 6— Henry M. Burns, d. 
Ward 7— Raymond S. Cotton, d; Rob- 
ert J. Doyle, d; John J. Lyons, d. 
Ward 8— William H. Barrv. r. and d; 
James B. Hallisey, d; 'Charles b! 
Rigney, d: Romuald A. Svlvestre, d. 
Ward 9— Arthur Bilodeau, d;~ Alfred F. 
Girouard. r. and d; Arthur Papa- 
christos, r. and d; Arthur A. Pelle- 
tier. d. 
New Boston— Herbert M. Christie, r. 
New Ipswich— Robert B. Walker, r. and 

d. 
Pelham — Asa A. Carleton, r. 
Peterborough— Robert P. Bass, r; Ezra 

M. Smith, r. 
'IVmple— Charles W. Tobev. r. 
Weare — Charles F. Eastman, d. 
Wilton— William E. Hickey, d. 

CHESHIRE COUNTY 

Alstead — Frank Dewing, r. 

Chesterfield — Angelo M. Spring, r. 

Dublin—Archie R. Garfield, r. and d. 

Firzwilliam — Julius H. Firrnin, r. 

Gilsurn — Charles H. Blake, r. 

Harrisville-r-George F. Bemis, d. 

Hinsdale — Patrick L. O'Connor, d. 

Jaffrey — George H. Duncan, d; Peter 
E. Hogan. d. 

Keene — Ward 1 — William J. Callahan, r. 
Harry D. Hopkins, r; Ora C. Ma- 
son, r. 
Ward 2 — Robert C. Jones, r; Austin 

H. Reed, r. 
Ward 3— Leston M. Barrett, r; Cam- 
eron M. Empev, r. 
Ward 4— Wilder F. Gates, r. 
Ward 5 — Lewis S. King, d; John J. 
Landers, d. 

Marlborough — John D. Tuttle, d. 

Marlow — Fred G. Huntley, r. 

Rindge — Oren F. Sawtelle, r. and d. 

Stoddard— Edward T. Davis, r. and d. 

Surry — Samuel Ball, r. 

Swanzey — Milan A. Dickinson, d. 

Troy — Charles L. McGinness, d. 

Walpole — William J. King, r; Arthur E. 
Wells, d. 

Westmoreland— Perry W. Burt, r. and d. 

Winchester— Franklin P. Kellom, Sr. 
d; Edward F. Quakers, r. and d. 



46 



( 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



SULLIVAN COUNTY 

Acworth — Almon E. Clark, d. 

Chariestown- — Leon H. Barry, d. 

Claremont — Charles W. Barney, r; Hart- 
ley L. Brooks, r; Clarence B. Ets- 
ler, r; Adelbert M. Nichols, r; Al- 
fred T. Pierce r; Ray E. Tenney, 
r; Arthur S. Wolcott, r; Edward J. 
Rossiter, r. 

Cornish — Frederick J. Franklyn, r. 

Croydon — Herbert D. Barton, d. 

Grantham — Dellivan D. Thornton, r. 
and d. 

Lempster — Thomas F. Bluitte. r. 

Newport — John H. Glynn, r; George E. 
Lewis, r: Ernest A. Robinson, r. 

Plain-field— Earie W. Colby, d. 

Springfield— -William P. Gardner, r. 

Sunapee— Leo L. Osborne, r. and d. 

Unity— Willard H. Walker, d. 

Washington — Elgin G. Farnsworth. Ind. 

GRAFTON COUNTY 

Ashland— Willis F. Hardy, d. 

Bath — Timothy B. Southard, r. 

Benton — -Lebina H. Parker, r. 

Bethlehem — Henry C. Barrett r. and d. 

Bristol — Charles S. Collins, r. and d. 

Campton — Willard C. Pulsifer, r. 

Canaan — Lynn S. Webster, d. 

Dorchester — Herbert H. Ashley, r. 

Enfield— Loring C. Hill, d. 

Franconia — William D. Rudd, r. 

Grafton — Herman G. Chellis, d. 

Groton— No representative chosen 

Hanover — Don S. Bridgman, r; Ran- 
som S. Cross, r. 

Haverhill— Harold K. Davison, r; Olin 
A. Lang, d; Charles P. Page, r. 

Holderness— Joseph W. Pulsifer, r. 

Landaff — Raymond B. Stevens,- d. 

Lebanon — Floyd E. Eastman, d; Leon 
M. Howard, d; Thomas J. McNam- 
ara, d; Charles B. Ross, r; Thomas 
P. Waterman, r. 

Lincoln — Alfred Stanley, r. 

Lisbon— Ernest H. Hallett. r; William 
E. Price, r. 

Littleton— George Houle, d; James C. 



MacLeod, r; Ora A. Mooney, d; 

Fred O. Nourse, d. 
Lyman — George O. Elms, d. 
Lyme — Sidney A. Converse, r. 
Monroe— Oscar A. Frazer, r. and d. 
Oriord— Willard R. Harris, r. 
Piermont — William B. Deal, r. 
Plymouth — Ezra C. Chase, r; Lyman R. 

Sherwood, r. 
Rumney — George D. Kidder, d. 
Thornton — George W. Eadden, d. 
Warren — Norris H. Cotton, r. 
Woodstock — Harry D. Sawyer, r. and d. 

COOS COUNTY 

Berlin — Ward 1— John A. Hay ward, d; 

John E. Keleher. r. and d: Achille 

H. Larue, r. and d; Elden E. Pierce, 

r. and d. 
Ward 2— Walter L. Griffin, r. and d; 

George O. Larochelle, r. and d; 

Hugh Kelsea Moore, r. and d.; 

Moses E. Young, r. and d. 
Ward 3— Joseph G. Blais. r. and d: 

Homer H. Marks, r. and d; John J. 

Smith, r. and d. 
Ward * — George V. Hopkins, r. and d; 

George E. Hutchins, r. and d; John 

A. Labrie. r. and d. 
Carroll— Leon G. Hunt. r. 
Colebrook— George B. Frizzell, d; Ells- 
worth D. Young, d. 
Columbia — Ernest N. Sims. r. 
Errol — Clinton S. Ferren, Ind. 
Gorham — Bartholomew F. McHugh, d; 

Alfred O. Mortenson, d. 
Jefferson— Frank B. Pottle, d. 
Lancaster — Bernard Jacobs, r; John B. 

Mclntire. d. 
Milan— John B. Nay, r. 
Northumberland — William F. Rowden, 

r; Harry B. Smith, r. 
Pittsburg — Willie J. Nutting, d. 
Randolph — Laban M. Watson, r. and d. 
Shelburne— - No representative elected 
Stewartstown — George L. Wood, r. 
Stratford— Ralph M. Hutchins, d. 
Whitefield— Joseph W. Brown, r; 

Ebridge W. Snow, r. 



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Snow Morning 

Morning is a. picture again 
With snow-puffed branches 
Out of the wind — 
With the sky caught like a 
blue feather 
In the butternut tree. 



-Hilda Ccnkling 



GRANITE 

MONTHLY 




FEBRUARY 1923 



THE MONTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

The Governor's Inaugural 



A thunder of applause, clapping 
hands, stamping feet, and cheers 
that split the roof, greeted the 
new governor, Fred H. Brown. 
when lie stood in the Hall of 
Representatives to deliver his in- 
augural speech before the first 
Democratic house in sixty-eight 
years. In a manner quiet and se- 
rious, for the better part of an 
hour, he read from manuscript 
his message to the legislature and 
the people of his state. Forceful 
and to the point, his address left 
no room for misunderstandings. 
1 en principal measures were 
recommended: the passage of a 
home rule measure for cities; the 
passage of a bill to tax gasolene 
for motors; the return to fixed 
interest rate on loans; to free 
women from paying poll taxes ; 
the reduction and revision of taxa- 
tion; the prompt presentation of 
constitutional changes; the neces- 
sity for economy in state expendi- 
tures; immediate funds needed to 
hght bovine tuberculosis; and 
finally the passage of the 48-hour 
[aw for women and children in 
industry. On this last recommen- 
dation the Governor laid special 
^^phasts. Declaring that the state 
"ad given a clear mandate for its 



passage, he recommended "with- 
out qualification" that it be enacted 
at this session and "put into effect 
without delay." 

In marked contrast to the inau- 
gural messages in many of the 
states this year, Governor Brown 
made no mention of prohibition or 
the Volstead act. The new gover- 
nor of New Jersey, for instance, 
has pledged himself to do what he 
can to make his state wet, while 
his neighbor, Gifford Pinchot, gov- 
ernor of Pennsylvania, in a remark- 
ably able and brief inaugural 
speech, promises to do all in his 
power to drive every saloon out of 
Pennsylvania. "I regard," he de- 
clares, "the present flagrant failure 
to enforce the Volstead law as a 
blot on the good name of Pennsyl- 
vania and the United States 

I propose not only to press with all 
my power for the abolition of the 
saloon, but also to make sure that 
the government of this state takes 
a full and effective part in such 

an effort This administration 

will be dry. The executive man- 
sion will be dry. And the personal 
practice of the governor and his 
family will continue to be dry in 
conformity to the spirit and letter 
of the 18th amendment." 



50 



THE. GRANITE MONTHLY 



Civic Association Discusses 
48-Hour Week 

The question of the 48-hour 
week still holds the center of 
the stage in Concord. One of 
the very interesting occasions 
during the first week of the legis- 
lative session was a meeting called 
by the New Hampshire Civic Asso- 
ciation to discuss this problem. 
This meeting was held in the 
Hall of Representatives. Over five 
hundred people crowded the floor 
and galleries, taking part in what 
was probably one of the biggest 
forums of discussion ever held in 
New England. Among the speak- 
ers were Henry W. Dennison, Pres- 
ident of Dennison Manufacturing 
Co., who spoke in favor of a 
thorough investigation before legis- 
lating on the 48-hour week ; Prof. 
Malcolm Keir of Dartmouth, who 
spoke for the manufacturers ; Edwin 
Nudick of P)Oston, representing the 
labor point of view; and Richard 
Pattee, Secretary of the New Eng- 
land Milk Producers Association. 
who spoke for the agricultural in- 
terests. Another important meet- 
ing held during the first week of 
the legislative session w r as the an- 
nual convention of the N. H. Earm 
Bureau. Two hundred delegates 
were present representing a member- 
ship of about 8,000 families. On 
the recommendation of George M. 
Putnam, who was re-elected Presi- 
dent, the convention unanimously en- 
dorsed the fact-finding commission 
plan as proposed by the Republican 
Platform. 

House Defeats Fact-Finding 

Resolutions 

The first three measures to be 
introduced in the house concerned 
the 48-hour law. Mr. Barry of 
Nashua introduced the administra- 
tion bill calling for the immediate 



passage of the 48-hour week law. 
Mr. Bass of Peterborough and Mr. 
Lyford of Concord both introduced 
bills calling for a searching investi- 
gation of facts concerning the pos- 
sible effects of the passage of the 
48-hour law to be made by an im- 
partial fact-finding commission, the 
report of which should precede leg- 
islation. These two fact-finding 
resolutions, however, differed radi- 
cally in their make-up. Mr. Bass's 
called for a legislative joint commit- 
tee with two appointed by the 
house, two by the senate, and one 
by the governor, while Mr. Ly ford's 
provided for a commission made up 
of representatives of the employers, 
employees, the farmers, and the 
public. 

Both of these bills were referred 
to the committee on labor, where 
Mr. Lyford's met defeat, while Mr. 
Bass's was returned to the house 
for final vote with a majority of 
eight against it and a minority of 
seven favoring it. The debate 
which followed and which resulted 
in the defeat of Mr. Bass's resolu- 
tion was one of the most acrimoni- 
ous and bitter since the legislative 
session of ten years ago. The vote 
divided practically on party lines, 
174 democrats and 10 republicans 
voting against the resolution, and 
113 republicans and 16 democrats, 
led by Raymond Stevens and in- 
cluding Mrs. Bartlett and Mrs. 
Caldwell, favoring it. 

"I cheerfully accept the verdict 
of the house," declared Ex-Gov. 
Bass, in speaking of the defeat of 
his fact-finding resolution. "I was 
sorry, however, that the question 
was made a partisan political issue, 
for this will make it more difficult 
to have the measure considered on 
its merits. Furthermore the re- 
sponsibility for precipitating a dead- 
lock with the Senate, if one occurs, 
will now rest on the shoulders of 



THE MONTH IX NEW HAMPSHIRE 



51 



the majority leaders of the house. 

I am still of the opinion 

that a thorough inquiry by a broad- 
ly representative eommission 

would have carried more -weight 
with Xew Hampshire people than any 
other procedure. However, this 
method of procedure has been re- 
jected, and I shall be glad to co- op- 
erate heartily with any other pro- 
cedure which aims to bring out all 
the facts which bear on the 48-hour 
legislation for wosrnan and children, 
and which will lead to the considera- 
tion of this important question on 
its own merits rather than to have 
it used for (the political advantage* 
of any party or individual." 

Was It a Democratic Victory? 

Though the defeat of the fact- 
finding commission has been hailed 
as a Democratic victory, it is the 
general opinion in Concord that this 
action on the part of the democrats 
in the house will result in the ulti- 
mate defeat at this session of the 
administration bill calling for the 
immediate enactment of the 48-hour 
week. '"The democratic leaders 
who control the house," says the 
Manchester Union, "have no real 
expectation that the 48-hour bill 

will pass the Senate It is fair 

to say that there is just one ab- 
solutely necessary condition upon 
which the eight-hour legislation 
can be enacted this year. That, of 
course, is by co-operation by the 
Democratic House and the Re- 
publican Senate By refusing 

point blank to co-operate with the 
Senate in the only practicable way 
possible the house majority killed 
whatever chance existed for an 
tight-hour legislation this year." 

44 The whole situation affecting 
the 48-hour proposal," according to 
the Milford Cabinet, "is a matter 
°j politics and has been from 
the hour the legislature convened." 



And the Manchester Union, in an 
editoral entitled "Eight-Hour Poli- 
tics," says, "It appears that the 
eight-hour bill is being killed in 
the house of its friends with the 
purpose of having this issue with 
which to fight the important cam- 
paign of 1924 when a U. S. Senator 
is to be elected." 

The House Labor Committee is 
now holding daily hearings on the 
48-hour law. It is expected they 
will report favorably on the admin- 
istration bill calling for the imme- 
diate enactment of the 48 hour law, 
and that it will pass the house 
with a good majority. Its fate in 
the Senate however is more proble- 
matical. 

Other Measures Pending 

In the turmoil and controversy 
of the 48-hour law measure it is 
sometimes forgotten that over 300 
bills have been presented, and of 
these many are of vital importance 
to the state. Probably the most talk- 
ed of bill is a measure providing for 
the recall of the Constitutional Con- 
vention and asking that it submit to 
the people one single resolution which 
will remove those limitations which 
now prevent the Legislature from 
taking the action necessary to 
equalize taxes. If this Constitu- 
tional Convention is not recalled it 
will probably be five years before 
any adequate relief can be secured 
from the present tax situation, a 
situation which both parties have 
pledged themselves to remedy. 
Another bill of great interest pro- 
vides that the Public Service Com- 
mission shall construct one or 
more storage reservoirs on streams 
which have power plants. The 
state is to advance the money 
which is to be paid back little by 
little by the users of the water 
through contracts made previous to 
construction between the state and 



52 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

the plants on the stream. The pur- them independent of coal. This 

pose of this bill is to make a be- would be done without adding 

ginning toward providing our man- anything to our public expendi- 

ufacturers new power at a low tures and without 

cost, and will thus help to make taxes. 



THE OWL 

By George Quixter. 

On an autumn night 
When the cresent moon 
Gleamed haggard white 
In the dark of the sky. 
The owl 

Flew to the branch of an oak, 
Ruffled his feathers. 
And made wail. 

Far off in his little tunnel 

The mole stopped to listen, 

Then with impatient squeaking 

Buried his nose in the moist earth. 

The dormouse hurried along 

A furrow, to his corn shock,— 

The owl's cry is the curfew 

For mice. 

But the frogs, 

Secure in the dark, rippling lake, 

Answered in a shrill chorus. 

The blue heron, 

Asleep in the vine-clad sycamore 

That gently rocked in the night breeze, 

Opened an eye, 

Gave a low "quawk," 

And slept again. 

A thick blanket 

Of dark fleecy clouds came stealing, 

Effaced the rickety moon, 

And the owl 

Departed silently across the meadows. 



PROMINENT NEW HAMPSHIRE LEGISLATORS 



53 



PROMINENT 

IN'EW HAMPSHIRE 

LEGISLATORS 



^.,. T ^^,;.,~ ff ^ - | *-.,. w .. ^.^.. y . y . r ^ : . r ^, r ,,.^,^^ 



WESLEY ADAMS (R) 
Londonderry 

President of the Senate 

TpO make one's first appearance 
in the Legislature as Presi- 
dent of the Senate is an achieve- 
ment worthy of note. But in Mr. 
Adams' case the explanation is 
readily found for his two ses- 
sions as Chairman of the Grange 
Legislative Committee gave him 
as much knowledge of the Legis- 
lature and its proceedings as any 
member. Mr. Adams was Mas- 
ter of the Grange from 1913- 
1917 and is now a member of its 
executive committee. 



I k i&jgj 

Kimball Studio 



WILLIAM J. AHERN (D) 
Concord 

Speaker of the House 

THE House will be in Or- 
der !" He handles the gavel 
as to the manner born. Which is 
not strange since he has been at- 
tending Legislature sessions regu- 
larly for fourteen years — a longer 
term than that of any other man 
now living. Either because of or 
in spite of this experience he has 
great faith in New Hampshire's 
representative body. "I've never 
seen a man succeed in fooling 
them yet ;" he says with ?, twinkle 
in his eyes. 



54 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



/ 



i 

■■ 

\: ..... 



JAMES O. LYFORD (R) 

Concord 
Committee on Judiciary 

/~^NE masi told us he was the 

"Republican whip" ; another 
described him as "the brainiest 
man in the Legislature.'" We 
heard other opinions also, but they 
all contributed to one central idea 
— that James O. Lyford is, and 
has been for many years, a leader 
to be reckoned with in state af- 
fairs. He is a lawyer, editor, 
statesman, author, scholar, and— a 
circumstance which may help to 
explain the foregoing — he was 
born in Boston. 



Kimball Studio 



NATHANIEL E. MARTIN (D) 
Concord 

Committee on Judiciary 
Committee on Rules 

A man of few words and strong 
convictions, there is some- 
thing about his bearing which 
makes one think of that old 
revolutionary hero, James Martin 
of Pembroke, his grandfather. 
But Nathaniel Martin uses his 
gun for birds instead of British- 
ers. He is an ex-mayor of Con- 
cord and his record of public 
service is one of which any man 
might well be proud. 



PROMINENT NEW HAMPSHIRE LEGISLATORS 



55 



WILLIAM H. BARRY (D) 

Nashua 

Committee on Judiciary 

Committee on Appropriations 

ffcNE campaign at a time is 
enough for most men, but Mr. 
Barry is a real political enthusiast. 
He tried for the United States 
House of Representatives and for 
the New Hampshire House at the 
same time last fall, carried off the 
New Hampshire office easily and 
badly damaged his opponent's lead 
for the national office. He ha* 
the honor of having thrown 
into the present session its chief' 
bone of contention — House Bill, 
No. 1, the 48-hour law. and he led 
the forces which slew the fact- 
finding resolution. 



1 •; 



'i ! 



I 



i 









CHARLES W. TOBEY (R); 

Temple 

Committee on Claims 

Committee on Ways and Means 

A S a boy he stood by a Massa- 
chusetts roadside and wist- 
fully watched' New Hampshire 
bound trains. In 1914 the citizens 
of Temple sent him to the Legis- 
lature — regardless of the fact that 
he was the sole Progressive in the 
town — and this year they even 
nominated him without his know- 
ledge. Which shows how his per- 
sonality has won friends for him 
in his adopted state. As for effi- 
ciency — ask those who know his. 
Liberty Loan work or his achieve- 
ments when Speaker of the 
House. 



56 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



• 



' ■ Senator 
BENJAMIN H. ORR (R) 

Concord 
'TPALL men, sun-crowned, that 

stand above the crowd 
In public duty and in private 
thinking. . ." 
Into the halls of the legislature 
he carries the spacious manner 
of one who knows and loves life 
in the open. Whether this is a 
heritage from his Canadian birth- 
place or a later acquisition from 
adventurings in Texas oil fields 
is difficult for a stranger to say. 
But it convinces one immediately 
of the truth of the remark: "Ben 
Orr would get up at midnight to 
help out a friend." 



•* 



- . - 

/- - , 






I 



• 






I 



REV. ORA W. CRAIG (D) 
Manchester 

Committee on Labor 
Committee on Agricultural College 

PSYCHOLOGY and chickens" 
are Mr. Craig's hobbies, 
but he doesn't mix them. He 
applies psychology to the man- 
agement of the diverse elements 
of the Manchester Delegation of 
which he is leader. He claims the 
study is useful in politics as throw- 
ing some light on the way in 
which a . man with a fixed idea 
can be brought to see the other 
fellow's point of view. His chick- 
ens, we suppose, furnish refresh- 
ing examples of docility after a 
legislature session. 



Chadbourne Studio 



PROMINENT NEW HAMPSHIRE LEGISLATORS 



57 



J I ARK Y M. CHENEY (R) 

Concord 

Committee on Appropriations 

Committee on Rules 

"PORN and bred in a printing 
office, " ib Air. Cheney's des- 
cription of himself, and although 
he is no longer engaged in the 
active production of literature, iic 
finds his greatest pleasure in the 
pursuit of books to complete his 
already enviable reference library. 
His red necktie is known from 
coast to coast. Indeed they say 
he was once almost forced to 
abandon a western trip because 
a benighted village could not pro- 
duce a necktie of the proper hue. 



Kimball Studio 



:■:. 



SAMUEL A. LOVEJOY (R) 

MlLFORD 

Committee on Appropriations 

T-fIS quarries produced granite 
. for the columns of the Treas- 
ury building at Washington. His 
herd of Aberdeen Angus cattle 
is one of the finest in the state. 
Oi both these facts Mr. Love- 
joy is justly proud. But neither 
Quarry nor farm prevents his 
being a regular visitor at Con- 
cord when the Legislature con- 
venes. This is his third con- 
secutive term— but then his farm 
has been in the family for nearly 
one hundred years, which shows 
the staying power of the Love- 
joys. 






To Be Continued Next Month 



BUYING BABIES WITH MONEY 



An Appeal from Women to Women 




BOUT twenty years ago a 
small group of Cornell Uni- 
versity faculty wives persuad- 
ed President Sehurmann to open a de- 
partment of Home Economics in . the 
College of Agriculture. One of our 
first acts was to get ready a bulletin 
on "The Care and Feeding of Chil- 
dren." We had to send it to the of- 
fice of the college for approval be- 
fore it could be printed. It came 
back with these words, "We can't 
print this. It isn't Agriculture." 

History repeats itself, and the bill 
introduced in the New Hampshire 
Legislature which would secure for 
New Hampshire a federal appropria- 
tion provided by the Sheppard Town- 
er bill has met the reply from one 
faction in the house, "We can't pass 
this. It isn't state's rights." 

It is difficult for mere women to 
understand why state's rights should 
be an argument against the saving 
of the lives of mothers and babies, 
whereas it is not the argument when 
gypsy moths or corn borers are in- 
volved, but the history of the Shep- 
pard Towner bill in various states 
shows almost without exception that 
the .states refusing the federal appro- 
priation are accepting money to pro- 
tect their crops, their forests, and 
their cattle. Possibly the reason for 
this distinction is the same which led 
to the founding of the Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Animals 
many yeirs before there was any or- 
ganization for the Prevention of 
Cruelty to Children. 

Every year in the United States 
we arc losing 250,000 babies, and be- 
tween 15,000 and 16,000 mothers die 
in childbirth. Most of these deaths 
are from preventable causes. This 
deathrate has not decreased in twenty 
years, until the past year when the 



Sheppard Towner Act went into ef- 
fect. One half the deaths of mothers 
are from child-bed fever which we 
have known how to prevent for 
thirty years. Until the Sheppard 
Towner money became available this 
country had spent no federal money 
on maternal and infant aid. It is 
safer to be a mother in Sweden, Nor- 
way. Italy, France, Prussia, England. 
Ireland. Scotland, Wales, New Zea- 
land, Hungary, Japan, Australia and 
Belgium, than in the United States of 
America. 

The Sheppard Towner Act was de- 
vised in an effort to remedy this sit- 
uation. It provides that a .sum of 
money shall be given by the federal 
government under certain conditions 
to each state to be used under the 
direction of the State Board of 
Health in co-operation with the Chil- 
dren's Bureau, to be at the disposal of 
every woman who desires instruc- 
tion in maternal and infant hy- 
giene, and to provide public health 
nurses, health centers, prenatal clin- 
ics, infant clinics, and medical and 
nursing care in hospital or home. 
Xothing is compulsory. Aid is given 
only on request. The bill further 
provides that if a state will appropri- 
ate dollar for dollar an equal amount 
a further sum of money will be given 
for the work. Forty-two state have 
accepted the provisions of this act. 

If New Hampshire adopts the 
provisions of the Sheppard Towner 
bill and makes the appropriation pro- 
vided for in the bill under considera- 
tion in the house, there will be about 
$20,000 available for use in New 
Hampshire in furthering this great 
work, and this with an expense to the 
state itself of only $7,988.31. The 
opposition which we have already re- 
ferred to provides simply for the re- 



IMPRESSIONS OF A NEWCOMER 



59 



fusing of the federal funds, but this 
seemingly slight amendment would 
undoubtedly mean the total inability 
of New Hampshire to undertake the 
work. 

The situation is serious, and it is 
time for every woman in New Hamp- 
shire to make her voice unmistakably 
heard in favor of the legislature's im- 



mediate adoption of the provisions 
of the Sheppard Towner bill. 

Effie E. Yantis, 
Emma L. Bartlett, 
Gertrude M. Caldwell, 

Members of the House of 
Representatives. 



IMPRESSIONS OF A NEWCOMER 

First Glimpses of Law-making 



T 



EW Hampshire has the larg- 
est legislative body of any 
state in the Union," .... 
We are keeping a record of the 
number of times that information is 
given us. And to give zest to the 
research, we are running a competi- 
tion between this remark and "What 
do you think of this for winter 
weather ?" 

. Up to the end of last week the 
weather was ahead — the record stand- 
ing about like the vote on the Bass 
fact-finding resolution. Then we 
went to Boston. New Hampshire 
natives who live in the Hub have had 
their impression of New Hampshire 
weather dulled by comparison with 
weathers more recently encountered, 
but they still retain their sense of 
pride in the legislature. Now the 
record is slightly in favor of the 
legislature — but the weather is a 
close runner-up. 



One thing we notice about New 
Hampshire weather is that it shares 
the fine democracy of the state. It 
is no respecter of persons. 

In the Hall of Representatives the 
other day it was our good fortune to 
behold His Excellency the Governor 
oi New Hampshire in close confer- 
ence with one of the members of the 



Honorable Senate. We aren't used 
to Governors — or even Senators — yet. 
and it gave us quite a thrill. We 
wondered what weighty affair of 
state was being settled in that in- 
formal tete-a-tete. We edged a little 
closer and caught . His Excellency's 
words — "But I took two aspirin tab- 
lets' and it didn't do any good!" 



And the Governor is not the only 
one. 



It takes a lot of weather to knock 
out the New Hampshire Legislature, 
however. In spite of sneezes the 
game of lawmaking goes on. In our 
opinion it ranks high among New 
Hampshire's justly famous winter 
sports. Even skiing — which we tried 
ourself the other evening with more 
or less distinguished success — pales 
in comparison. Which does not 
mean that we belittle the sport of 
skiing. Far from it. It didn't 
take us long to come to the conclu- 
sion in regard to it which Darius 
Greene reached as a result of 
his flying-machine experiences. 
Skiing is wonderful — so long as 
one keeps skiing; it's only when 
one stops skiing in the middle of 
a hill that the sun and stars begin 
to reel. A day in the Legislature 



60 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



when the game is really on has all 
the thrill oi a ski jump and is 
less dansrerous. 



We still have an uncertain feeling" 
in the House, similar to our emotions 
at football games. We are afraid of 
cheering at the wrong times, but in 
a general way we know when one 
side or the other scores a touchdown. 

We are in complete sympathy 
with the Gentleman from Berlin who 
made the laconic speech destined to 
live long in New Hampshire history 
— "Mr. Speaker. I am a young man. 
I never was in a place like this be- 
fore." Neither were we. But we 
like it. Xo doubt the gentleman 
from Berlin does, too. 



Even when we get a bit tangled up 
about the main trend of affairs we 
can enjoy the side .ddrmishes — those 
times for instance when a player gets 
his signals mixed and makes an ill- 
timed motion. Watch the old guard 
slide, from its seats and swoop down 
upon the offender. There is a hasty 
whispered conversation. The mo- 
tion is withdrawn. The wheels of 
government move smoothly once 
more. 



We are apt to be pretty serious- 
minded and the educational aspects 
of our new association with the 
big men of the state loom large in 
our thoughts. Every day and in 
ever}' way we are getting wiser 
and wiser. For instance, we had 
always thought that the Lewandos 
Cleansing Company's trade mark, 
with its clothesline full of freshly 
laundered chicks, was allegorical 
or symbolic or something until a 
Reverend Gentleman from Man- 
chester discoursed to us at length 



one day on the technique of wash- 
ing White Wyandotte roosters. 
Now we are wondering whether 
running a chicken laundry would 
pay better than editing. Of course 
we'd expect the Gentleman from 
Manchester to act on our board 
of directors. 



So far our biggest thrill in the 
session came from a speech by the 
Honorable James O. Lyford. We've 
forgotten his subject, but it was mas- 
terly oratory and — which is the point 
— he used a copy of the Granite 
Monthly to punctuate and accen- 
tuate his remarks. Only an editor — 
and a green, young one at that — can 
fully realize the effect produced up- 
on us by the incident. In editorial 
conference afterwards the Granite 
Monthly gave Mr. Lyford an unan- 
imous vote of thanks for his help in 



making the magazin 
state affairs. 



e a power in 



That speech of Mr. Lyford's must 
have been on the 48-hour law, that 
being the chief source of oratory 
these days. Being a strictly non- 
partisan publication we mustn't make 
remarks on this controversial issue. 
But we may so far overstep the 
bounds of non-partisanship as to say 
that the Granite Monthly pledges 
its full support to the movement, 
briefly mentioned in the heat of ar- 
gument by one gentleman whose 
name has slipped our memory — the 
movement in favor of a 48-hour Day. 
It is a measure for which humanity 
has long waited in vain. We believe 
it would solve labor troubles and in- 
sure everlasting peace and happiness 
— even to editors. In comparison to 
it even the bill to increase the bounty 
on hedgehogs seems trivial. 

H. F. M. 



<<♦ t 



2^ 



1 i^p-r 



■ 



/• 




-....,v< 



ti 



The Saw Mill in the College Woods 



NEW HAMPSHIRE'S EDUCATIONAL PLANT 

Where New Hampshire Brain Power Is Generated 

By Henry Bailey Stevens 



j T is a strange experience on a 



moonless evening to walk along 
Jt the country road that leads in- 
to Durham village from the west. 
The occasional tall elm tree that 
looms like a great umbrella above, 
the stone-walls whose outlines can be 
just distinguished at each side, even 
the ruts and stones of the highway 
itself, suggest only the ' peace and 
quiet of the open country. Ahead 
one would expect to find a grocery 
store, a church or two, a few vine- 
covered houses, and nothing else. 
Suddenly a turn in the road brings 
one into the electric glare of the hun- 
dred lighted windows of several dor- 
mitories. A great blaze the}' make 
into the night, while over at the left, 
like a tall sentinel, stands the clock- 
tower of Thompson Hall, and be- 
yond it the power-house chimney 
shoots up sparks impudently toward 
the hidden stars. 

As I viewed this scene one even- 
ing last November, the thought came 
to me insistently that I was looking at 
a large modern factory. Behind 
tnose lighted windows some process 



was going on that was intimately 
geared into the high-powered ma- 
chinery of current life. Something 
was being manufactured here. 

"Why not?" 1 asked myself, and 
was at once amused with the thought 
that evidently there was a night shift 
on the job. 

After all, is not this institution 
of New Hampshire College a great 
Knowledge Factory, receiving yearly 
its unfinished products in the shape 
of human minds and turning out a 
yearly grist of trained young men 
and women to do a better duty in 
the world ? Putting a point to raw 
ambition ? Giving the edge to un-> 
shaped creative force? Yes, and 
more than this ; for, at least so far 
as agriculture is concerned, its dy- 
namos have been hitched up with the 
people throughout the whole state. 
Here, in the research laboratories of 
the State Experiment station, new 
combinations of facts are being 
evolved to improve New Hampshire's 
2,600.000 farm acres, while a force 
of extension agents, like a bod}' of 
commercial salesmen, is carrying the 



62 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



idea of better farm and home condi- 
tions into 93 per cent of the com- 
munities of the state. The common- 
wealth has set up here at Durham a 
power-producing plant, whose cur- 
rent generated is felt from Rye on 
the coast to Pittsburg at the Cana- 
dian line. 

In order to observe the process of 
"manufacture" more closely, it may 
be worth while to follow one of the 
products of the main plant through 
the course of a day. As soon as 
one does so, however, the metaphor 
falls flat. This rumpled hair and 
freckled face which have just had 
their morning pull through an elas- 
tic blue jersey defy the conception 
of a machine-made product. Those 
hrm muscles and tingling nerve- 
cells do not run along oiled track- 
ways like the assembling parts of a 
Ford car. We must be more care- 
ful now in our language. 

It is seven o'clock in the morning, 
and the young man who has pulled 
on the jersey has recently taken his 
turn under the common shower-bath 
of his "floor." The looking-glass 
before which he combs his moist 
hair reflects part of a blue banner 
with "New Hampshire" 'in large 
white letters on it, the corner of a 
desk with an array of text-books, and 
the white end of a small iron bed in 
an alcove. In fact, there is a sec- 
ond bed which does not show in the 
glass and which is occupied by our 
friend's room-mate. On the chif- 
fonier which holds the glass are three 
or four photographs, one of the boy's 
mother and . others of younger ladies 
— girl friends. There is nothing 
luxurious about the room ; it is a 
place to study in and to sleep in ; that 
is all, and that is enough. There are 
about 250 rooms like this in the vari- 
ous college dormitories, accomodat- 
ing nearly 500 students, and rented 
by the college at a price sufficiently 
low to pay only a nominal interest on 
the investment. 



With a call to his room-mate, the 
boy takes text-books, a note-book 
and cap. and leaves his room for the 
morning. In a few minutes he is in 
a line with several others before the 
blackboards of the cafeteria in the 
Commons building, selecting his 
morning meal. Probably he has a 
"regular." collecting it on his tray 
and having it punched on his week- 
ly meal ticket. The self-serviee plan 
and the fact that a large number of 
persons can be accommodated make 
it possible for the dining-hall man- 
agement to serve food at low prices. 
There is no attempt to make a profit, 
but it is insisted that the food should 
be of good quality and that the en- 
tire establishment be kept clean and 
wholesome. 

The boy carries his tray of steam- 
ing oatmeal, eggs, muffins and cof- 
fee to one of the long tables where 
several fellow students are seated; 
they talk earnestly, between bites, of 
studies, of basketball, of girls, of 
professors, of whatnot. 

There is time for a few minutes' 
study before recitations begin fit 
eight o'clock ; but as the clock in the 
Thompson Hall tower strikes, long 
lines of students from various parts 
of the campus start for their appoint- 
ed classes. There are three divi- 
sions, into which all of the students 
fall, according to their choice, — 
those of Agriculture, Engineering, 
and Arts and Science. It is nearly 
an even chance as to which of the 
three will have been selected by our 
friend, the boy. If he is specializ- 
ing in agriculture, his choicest 
courses will be found to lie in the 
following lines : general agriculture, 
animal husbandry, dairy 'husbandry, 
forestry, horticulture, poultry hus- 
bandry, or teacher tarining; but he 
must also, in order to have a well- 
rounded education, include other sub- 
jects, such as English, economics, 
chemistry, mathematics. If he is 
training to be an engineer, he may 



NEW HAMPSHIRE'S EDUCATIONAL PLANT 



63 



W55 



^/&3S3 



mv>***x?->; •*.T^ fXi ~--,r7. 



^m 



3jyg! 



s». 



• .. 



One Hundred and Six Men Live in Fairchild Hall 



specialize in chemistry, electrical or 
mechanical engineering, architectural 
construction, industrial engineering, 
or teacher training. If his interest 
is in arts and science, the general 
course, the arts course in chemistry 
and the teacher training work are 
open, while the girls find in this di- 
vision the opportunities of home eco- 
nomics. In any case, in accordance 
with the origin and function of the 
college, the courses are designed to 
be essentially practical, leading di- 
rectly to the student's preparation for 
a successful livelihood. 

The morning is filled with recita- 
tions, lectures, laboratory work, per- 
haps an hour of reference reading in 
the library with its classical columns 
at the entrance and 44,000 volumes 
inside. The boy has to take notes 
quickly in his note-book; he has to 
he on the alert for recitations or a 
possible "quiz"; he has to be nimble 
with tools at the shops, or accurate 
with test-tubes at the chemical lab- 
oratory ; he has to have his eye well 
cocked to judge animals, or to note 
the details of an architectural de- 
S1 gn ; he has to use the card-index, 



readers' guides, encyclopedias, etc. at 
the library ; he has to have his brain 
open for knowledge at all times. Af- 
ter the noon-hour he usually goes 
back to the laboratories, or takes his 
bit of physical training and military 
drill. 

At four o'clock he is free for rec- 
reation ; and the chances are that af- 
ter the long mental grind of the 
class-rooms and laboratories, it is a 
relief to get his muscles into action. 
This is probably the main reason 
why athletics forms such a popular 
part of the rounds at all colleges. To 
boot a football, follow a basketball 
madly about the gymnasium floor, 
race at a track meet, or chase 
over the countryside in running 
trousers on a cross-country run :■ — 
these may not be such mad pursuits 
after all. Physical education is re- 
quired of all women students as well 
as men; and hockey, basketball and 
volley ball are perhaps more popular 
than dances. 

Aside from recreation, there are 
other activities of a socially educa- 
tional nature: student publications, 
dramatic club, debating: societv, glee 



64 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



The Library With 
at the Entrance and 



club, outing club, Y. M. and Y. W. 
C. A.'s, scientific societies, and Greek 
letter fraternities. There is nothing 
obligatory about these extra-curric- 
ulum enterprises, but a great deal of 
knowledge in the form of experience 
is absorbed by means of them. Take 
the student weekly, for example. 
The members of the start" learn to 
write news stories, editorials, head- 
lines, etc., 
and to man- 
age the busi- 
ness side of 
a publication. 
The members 
of the gl^c 
club and band 
improve their 
musical train- 
ing. The Cer- g 
cle Francais ? 
conversations i 
are as valu- 
able as class- 
room recita- 
tions. The debaters and actors ac- 
quire the ability to speak clearly on 
their feet. 

After our friend, the boy, has 
taken his part in these various recre- 
ational, and social activities, has had 
his supper, studied his lessons for 
the next day and perhaps done some 
more reading at the library, he is 
re^dy to "call it a day." and to put 
( ut one of the lights which has help- 
ed to gi\e his dormitory the appear- 
ance of a factor}' on the night shift. 

This is an ordinary day at New 
Hampshire College. Once a week 
there are chapel exercises in the gym- 
nasium which has to serve as the 
main auditorium ; and on these oc- 
casions the student body is usually 
addressed by some well known 
speaker from the outside world. On 
Saturday afternoon there may be a 
'varsity game, when half of the stu- 
dent's loyalty to his "alma mater" is 
expressed in resounding cheers for 
the team, and half of it remains as 



its Classical Columns 
44,000 Volumes Within 



an aching hope in his heart that Ok 
Xew Hampshire shall not fail in her 
contests with the other colleges. 
There is a deep pride in the ability 
of the teams that represent the in- 
stitution ; and a dogged tenacity to 
win that has brought Xew Hamp- 
shire athletics into, the sporting pages 
in recent years as never before. 

On Sundays an influence which 
bears upon 
the character 
of the stu- 
dent all week- 
is given full 
.play ; it is a 

' *■■' ■' ■*> surprising 

fact that 63 
4 percent of the 
1 students are 
•'■•- * 1 members of 
some church, 
* while 76 per 
cent ot the 
r e m a i n d e r 
have consid- 
ered joining seriously enough to 
have formed a preference for 
certain denominations. Among the 
churches represented are the Ad- 
vent, Baptist, Catholic, Christian 
Science, Christian, Congregational, 
Friends, Greek Orthodox, Jewish, 
Lutheran, Methodist Episcopal. Pres- 
byterian, Protestant, Protestant Epis- 
copal, Union, United Brethren, Uni- 
tarian' and Universalist. The Com- 
munity Church at Durham welcomes 
all denominations ; a student pastor 
conducts religious services during the 
week and keeps a friendly eye and ear 
open for opportunity to give assist- 
ance and counsel ; a Catholic priest 
from a neighboring town performs 
the rites of the mass for the mem- 
bers of his faith; and the Y. M. C. 
A. and Y. W. C. A. are rallying cen- 
ters for all. 

Then there are the special days of 
the year: Xew Hampshire Day when 
the students take pick and shovel, 
paint brush, saw and hammer, dump 



NEW HAMPSHIRE'S EDUCATIONAL PLANT 



65 



cart, stone boat and track, and do 
manual labor in the interest of a bet- 
ter looking campus, while the girls 
serve every one with a great noon- 
day meal ; Spring Festival, when 
nymphs in brilliant colors dance 
classically on the green lawn, finish- 
ing with the Maypole ribbon-weav- 
ing rites of old ; Home-Coming Day. 
when all doors are 

opened for the re- pi f .;." 

turning alumni; Junior I ■■■'■:'- 

Prom, when Society ^ \ / ;- 

with its capital S V>- . 

reigns all over the [ 

campus and the girls 

we left behind us come £/• 

to town; and finally : ... ■ --' 

Commencement, with j > | 

its dignified caps and \ 

gowns, and its sadness I 

of farewell. 

So the days pass — \ 
the ordinary days and \ 
the extraordinary ones, : 
each of them drip- <V..... -i-,^. ^ -..^, 
ping slowly but force- Part of His f 
fully like water forming a chan- 
nel in the clay. What four years of 
this sort of life mean to a New 
Hampshire boy or girl may hardly be 
estimated ; and what they mean to 
the state may not be guessed when it 
is considered that there are now 1055 
students registered at the institution. 

So far, much of what has been 
said would apply to most of the 
other colleges in the East besides 
New Hampshire; but there are sev- 
eral respects in which this is peculiar- 
ly an institution of the state. In the 
rust place, about 80 per cent of the 
student body are New Hampshire 
residents, and the great majority of 
these were actually born here. In 
the old days before it became a na- 
tional institution, this was true of 
Dartmouth; and I think that every 
loyal citizen of the state cherishes as 
? - New Hampshire product, the "Col- 
lege on the Hill," and is as proud of 
it as are its graduates who sing of 



"the granite of New Hampshire 
In our muscles and our brains." 
Of recent years, however, Dart- 
mouth has been pressed into the ser- 
vice of the entire nation; and the 
State College, born and nourished at 
Hanover under the wing of its older 
sister, is continuing the traditions 
that it learned there. 

Six hundred and 
thirty young men and 
women of the siate, 
I representing 145 New 
\ Hampshire towns, are 
J now enrolled at Dur- 
■v ham. They come from 
■ : -{\ 80 of the 84 approved 
.;i high schools of the 
:■ state. Afore than this, 
« they are from the rank 
£jj and file of the people. 
Sixty per cent come 
from the families of 
I farmers, tradesmen and 
. ] laborers; twenty -five 
-—-•< —■•-—-•3 per cent from those 
iestry Course f business and pro- 
fessional men. Only seven per cent 
of their fathers are college gradu- 
ates, and only one per cent of their 
mothers. 

The great majority of these stu- 
dents help in some way to put them- 
selves through college. Many of 
them work all of their spare time for 
board or room or both. Serving 
meals, washing dishes, helping with 
house-work, doing farm chores, these 
are popular tasks ; and the doing of 
them wins respect from fellow stu- 
dents. The captain of last fall's 
football team and president of his 
class not only has worked his entire 
way through college, but won the 
prize for scholarship ranking among 
students who earn at least half of 
their expenses. The two oldest girls 
from a family of eight, whose father 
is dead and whose mother is strug- 
gling to get a living for her other 
children, told me recently that they 
earned their board and room and 



66 



THE GRANITE MOXTHLY 




SATURDAY 



practically all of their other ex- 
penses. "We want to earn more 
for our family," said one, ''and we 
know we can do so better with the 
aid of a college education." 

''Running through the first five let- 
ters of the alphabet in the enrollment 
of boys,'' says the College Registrar, 
"one can pick out casually over 100 
who earned more than half of their 
expenses and 43 per cent of these 
state that they have earned every 
penny they spent. Most of them are 
sons of farmers, small tradesmen, la- 
borers, railroad men, bricklayers, 
salesmen — not the "privileged classes" 
but the hard-working people who arc 
the foundation and support of the 
democracy. It is their sons who 
have given the State College the rep- 
utation for thorough democracy of 
spirit. Student after student, in 
stating on his admission registration 
blanks the reason he chose New 
Hampshire as his college, has said : 
'Democratic atmosphere,' . 'Financial 
reasons, and X. H. C.'s growing 
reputation' ; 'Reasonable expenses and 
courses offered'; 'Reputation of the 
college, personal knowledge of it, and 
fact that it is my own state' ; 'Near- 
ness, small expense and growing rep- 
utation' ; 'Good chances for help in a 
financial way, together with the fine 
courses offered', etc. 



"One of the young men who earn- 
ed his entire expenses recently, ex- 
cept for his Grange scholarship, was 
the son of a cook in a timber town 
.in the north of the state," continues 
the Registrar. "He did not allow the 
heavy burden of combined study and 
self-support either to deprive him of 
the advantages of association with 
other youths, of athletic sports or of 
special activity in the department of 
military training. He was a mem- 
ber of a fraternity, played on his 
class baseball team two years and in 
basketball also; -won a sergeant's 
stripes in the Reserve Officers' Train- 
ing Corps; and was an active mem- 
ber of the Economics Club which 
studies and discusses the political 
and social problems of the day. Add 
to this that he was on the honor roll 
for high standing in his studies and 
it is easy to see why the college is 
proud of its men. 

"One recent girl graduate with an 
honor record was born in Vilna, 
Russia, daughter of , a Jewish junk- 
dealer. She earned 90 per cent of 
her expenses, and specialized in so- 
ciology and economics with a view 
to the alleviation of the lot of the 
poor among her own people. 

"For three years another girl walk- 
ed six miles in all sorts of weather 
in order to be able to take the home 



NEW HAMPSHIRE'S EDUCATIONAL PLANT 



67 



economics course at the college. She 
earned half her money herself, getting 
up at tour o'clock to milk twenty 
cows, and on Saturdays added to this 
labor the distribution of the milk in 
the nearest city. 

"A returned soldier, sent to the 
college by the Federal Board, had a 
wife and little baby girl to care for. 
When he went into the army, his 
brave wife took charge of the garage 
which had been their support. His 
return with serious wounds brought 
him the opportunity! for rehabilita- 
tion training at the college. They 
had been separated so long that his 
wife decided to sell their small busi- 
ness and take 'roomers' in order to 
be with him. He lias done good 
work in the mechanical engineering 
department, and is a good influence 
among the less mature men he comes 
in contact with/' 

The names of these and a multi- 
tude of other students who work 
hard for the education which they 
desire so earnestly are on file at the 
Registrar's ofhce. and their records 
tell dramatically the price that hun- 
dreds of young men and women are 
willing to pa> for the opportunities 
furnished by the state. For the con- 
venience of students who may find 
it more economical to borrow a small 
amount of money rather than devote 
such a large part of their time to 
outside work, ■ gifts from various 
sources have enabled the Student 
Loaii Committee of the College to as- 
sist a large number in their Junior 
and Senior years. For the most 
part the loans are small, but they are 
usually necessary in order that stud- 
ies may be kept up satisfactorily. 
1 hey are made on strictly business 
principles, going on interest at the 
ci< se of the course. 

I he institution is a people's college 
in more than the sense that the sons 
and daughters of the rank and file 
come to it for a higher education, 



however ; for the college is now 
being carried to the homes of the 
people themselves outside its walls. 
Xo proper estimate of the service 
rendered by it can be made without 
considering most carefully the lead- 
ership in community development 
which has been taken by the Exten- 
sion Service and the far-reaching in- 
vestigations in the interests of better 
farm conditions made by the Agri- 
cultural Experiment Station. 

Founded in 1887 as a result of 
Federal legislation, the Experiment 
Station has gradually acquired facts 
in regard to the agricultural problems 
of the state which have already in 
important instances shaped a better 
farming policy. For detailed infor- 
mation as to what this work has 
meant the reader may be referred to 
a recent bulletin, published by the 
Station, entitled "Digging Up Facts 
for New Hampshire Farms." This 
bulletin shows graphically how the 
research investigations have answer- 
ed such fundamental questions as : 
''Can we afford to buy fertilizer?" 
"How can we cut our grain bill?" 
"How can we grow better crops?" 
"How can we raise livestock more 
profitably?" and "How can we re- 
duce the taxes paid to pests and 
disease?" 

The fund of information acquired 
by the Experiment Station has con- 
stantly been spread, fthrough bulle- 
tins, through lectures, through cor- 
respondence, and through press arti- 
cles, among the people of the state. 
During the past decade, however, 
both the investigations and the teach- 
ings of the college in agriculture and 
home economics have been through 
the medium of a new agency writ- 
ten with amazing rapidity into farm 
politics. This agency is the Exten- 
sion Service. Built up from the be- 
ginning under the direction of the 
head of the Experiment Station, Di- 
rector J. C. Kendall, the extension 
work is combined with the research 



68 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



investigations and more comprehen- 
sively than in most other states of 
the union. It has now reached a 
point, to quote a recent report, 
"where over 8000 of the more active 
farmers of the state have solidly 
aligned themselves behind it; where 
over 1000 persons are serving- on 
committees to promote definite ex- 
tension projects; where nearly half 
of the funds in support oi the work 
is raised in the counties themselves ; 
and. where it is clear that the farm 
and home practices of the state are 
being momentously affected." 

It is worth while considering that 
the welfare of the state is bound up 
inevitably with the problem of re- 
habilitating its agriculture. Unless 
farming can be made more profitable, 
the drift away from the country, 
which was clearly shown by the 1920 
census, will continue; and unless 
more of New Hampshire's food can 
be raised economically within her 
own borders, her manufacturing 
concerns will find themselves more 
and more unable to hold their own 
with the competition of the South 
and Middle West. To produce more 
at less cost per unit, to market more 
efficiently, to improve farm home 
conditions, these are the slogans to 
which the Extension Service has ral- 
lied the bulk of the farming popula- 
tion. 

Among the far-sighted plans of 
President Hetzel none has been de- 
veloped with greater determination 
than to make the institution a great 
educational forum, at which all inter- 
ested state organizations and indi- 
viduals might confer on methods of 
state progress. Boiled down to its 
essence, it is only good "factory man- 
agement;" the state's educational 
plant should be kept busy in its off- 
seasons. Hence various civic, social, 
religious, official, agricultural and 
home organizations are welcomed to 
the campus during the vacation pe- 
rids. The buildings are thrown wide 



open ; and the people who attend are 
treated not so much as visitors as the 
rightful heirs of a public institution. 
For four summers practically all 
of the state-wide agricultural and 
home organizations have united in 
the Farmers' and Home-Makers' 
Conferences. The streets of Dur- 
ham are lined on both sides with 
parked automobiles ; tjhe lecture- 
rooms are filled with intensely inter- 
ested men and women ; and from five 
to six thousand people in one week 
have enjoyed the facilities of the 
college. Last summer for the first 
time a summer school was also start- 
ed, with a view to giving six weeks' 
instruction to teachers, students need- 
ing extra credits, graduate scholars, 
and others. 

Still another service to the state 
has been rendered through the Smith- 
Hughes teacher-training work. Six- 
teen high schools where agriculture is 
taught now receive the benefit of 
supervision from the college, while 
students at the college are trained in 
all of the divisions along pedagogical 
lines, and students in the home eco- 
nomics courses are assisted for 
eight weeks in the year in actually 
giving instruction in this subject in 
various centers of the state. 

Perhaps nothing has been more 
phenomenal in regard to New Hamp- 
shire College than its rapid growth 
during the last decade. Legislators 
have been alarmed by it. Alumni 
have viewed it with swelling pride. 
Faculty members have scratched their 
heads to find ways to accommodate 
it. Executives have even raised tui- 
tion and fees to check it. Yet the 
enrollment and demands upon the in- 
stitution have kept mounting. Some- 
thing in the state has reached out to 
Durham as a plant gropes instinctive- 
ly towards the light; and this desire, 
in the breasts of multitudes of people, 
for a higher education is one of the 
most hopeful and significant signs 
of the times. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE'S EDUCATIONAL PLANT 



69 



. 



W 



its: 






i 



r 



I,.. 



The College Greenhouses Are 
and Experim 



Ten years ago the complete regis- 
st ration at the college amounted to 
only 336; to-day it is 1055. This 
tells the story of the series of crises 
which in the past few years have had 
to be faced by these who have had 
charge of steering the institution's 
course. 

More students have meant more 
teachers. The faculty to-day num- 
bers nearly one hundred, and, to- 
gether with the members of the ex- 
tension and research staff, is now as 
large as the entire student body was 
at the beginning of the century. 
Class rooms, laboratories, dormitor- 
ies, auditorium, faculty offices, li- 
brary, heating plant, all of the re- 
sources of the institution have been 
strained to the utmost to respond to 
this urge on the part of the people 
of the state for greater knowledge 
and better training. 

"We have been in the position of 
a growing family," says President 
rletzeL "There have been each year 
more mouths to feed, new calls for 
room and accommodations. The 
need for economy has been constant 
—we have had to measure carefully 
each expenditure, and yet the neces- 
sity for expenditure has been more 
and more urgent." 



Used Bote for Instruction 
ent Work 

Yet during the past five years, in 
spite of the fact that the institution 
has more than doubled in size, the 
state has not been asked to provide 
more buildings ! This fact, amaz- 
ing on the face of it, can only be ac- 
counted for in three ways : ( 1 ) the 
generosity of a true friend of the 
college, Mrs. Alice Hamilton Smith, 
in providing a girls' dormitory car- 
ing for more than 100 young women ; 
(2) the foresightedness of the col- 
lege executives in making a perma- 
nent use of the buildings, labor and 
funds provided by the Federal gov- 
ernment during the emergency pe- 
riod; and (3) a most careful expen- 
diture of all moneys. 

A great part of the increase in en- 
rollment has been due to the growing 
demand on the part of young women 
for an education on a par with that 
given by the state to young men ; 
and the gift of Mrs. Smith was an 
inestimable aid in making it possible 
to fill this need. No less valuable 
was the construction work done dur- 
ing the war when the college was a 
military training camp. In a great 
many institutions the buildings erect- 
ed at that time have been considered 
only of temporary value and have 
been scrapped. Not so at New 



70 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Not All the 
Is Done Ix 



Hampshire. The buildings have 
been carefully adjusted to future re- 
quirements with practically no 'cost 
to the state. The barracks have been 
converted into dormitories that house 
160 men. The wing to Smith Hall 
has been utilized to double the capa- 
city of that girls' 
dormitory. The 
capacity of the j 
shops has been j 
tripled. The pig- r 
gery and poultry j 
plant and cement 
walks are a lasting 
memorial to the | 
practice labor of j 
the construction \ 
units. The "Y" i. _ .. 
hut has been made 
into a combination 
of recitation room and faculty head- 
quarters. 

The important agricultural investi- 
gations of the Experiment Station 
have been made almost entirely with 
■federal funds; in fact, New Hamp- 
shire was one out of only three states 
in the Union until the last biennium 
not to provide state appropriations 
for this purpose. The far-reaching 
development of extension work, in 
similar fashion, has been conducted 
with a minimum of requests upon the 
state. And the expenditure of all 
funds is planned carefully by a bud- 
get system and scrupulously carried 
out with rigid economy by the Busi- 
ness Office, which, at the entrance to 
Thompson Hall, guards the institu- 
tion like an impartial watch-dog. 

One c>ther source of aid to the in- 
stitution should be mentioned, and 
that is the loyal body of alumni. 
Hardly greater in numbers than the 
present student body itself, these men 
and women have recently met the 
crying need for greater recreational 
space by contributing over $25,000 
for the construction of a Memorial 
Athletic Field with a grandstand that 



seats 3500 and a carefully drained 
football gridiron circled by one of 
the best quarter-mile tracks in the 
country. 

In some respects economy at the 
institution has been carried to the 
point where it is not truly economical. 

• P /^- »« For instance, the 

'-% congestion in the 
I class - rooms has 
| made it absolutely 
j necessary to cur- 
I tail the laboratory 
I instruction and to 
! turn students into 
| large lecture quar- 
§ ters, an inefficient 
I procedure and one 

• ^ ; :1 /:.„.:-.. j that must be only 
College Work temporary. 
Classrooms "Aside from a 

slightly increased maintenance ap- 
propriation," says President Hetzel, 
"we have only one plea to make 
to the present legislature; and 
that is to make possible the 
construction of a new class room 
building which will put a stop 
to this congestion which is so dam- 
aging to our educational work. We 
cannot afford to lower our standards 
of instruction even temporarily; and 
the need for action to prevent this 
cannot longer be staved off." 

As soon as one compares the ex- 
pense of New Hampshire's state col- 
lege with the educational plants of 
the other states of the Union, the 
magnitude of the accomplishments at 
Durham may be better realized. The 
average part played by public funds 
in the support of all of the state col- 
leges of the .country is 72.8 per cent, 
whereas in New Hampshire the pub- 
lic funds amount to only 54.7 per 
cent. With the exception of one or 
two very heavily endowed institu- 
tions, this is the lowest in the coun- 
try. On the other hand, New Hamp- 
shire exacts a larger tuition and fee 
charge for out-of-state students than 



NEW HAMPSHIRE'S EDUCATIONAL PLANT 



71 



any other state college, while its 
charge to state students is only ex- 
ceeded by one. In the majority of 
state colleges no tuition fee at all is 
required of residents. 

In the face of these facts, the in- 
creasing demand on the part of New 
Hampshire's young men and women 
to share in the opportunities of a 
state educational plant can well he 
considered anew. New Hampshire 
College is not so much of a problem 
to .the tax- payer as it is to the pro- 
spective student. Viewed in the 



light of the popular response of other 
states to the movement for a high- 
er education, the state has been ask- 
ed for an absolute minimum of sup- 
port. It is a conservative and safe 
statement that in no other common- 
wealth has the state received as much 
for the amount which it has put in. 
If state appropriations were bonds 
and increased education were divi- 
dends, then would the brokerage 
columns of our newspapers quote 
"X. H. C." at the highest point 
above par. 



NEW ENGLAND DISCOVERS WINTER 



"M^TEW England's discovery of 
ml winter is to be ranked as 
J- ^ one of the most beneficial 
discoveries of the last decade. Ten 
years ago one put away sleds 
and skates with other childish 
things and v spent the months from 
November until March hibernating 
either in some warmer clime or 
huddled close beside the fire at 
home. Today there are not a few. 
of us who get more real outdoor 
spurt in January than in June. 

On pur desk as we write is a 
partial list of Winter Carnivals 
which have been held or which will 
be held in New England this winter. 
1 he list includes twenty-five events 
and is incomplete and tentative at 



that. It is interesting to notice that 
of the twenty- five nearly one-half 
are in New Hampshire. 

During January perhaps the 
most unique event was Manches- 
ter's carnival. This month all eyes 
are turned upon Dartmouth, whose 
celebration February 8-10 promises 
to be even better than in years past. 
Immediately following the sports at 
Dartmouth, Laconia will be the 
scene of the races of the New Eng- 
land Skating Association. Con- 
cord and Berlin are having their 
carnivals early in the month and 
undoubtedly other towns and cities 
will follow suit, either formally or 
informally, l>efore the snow begins 
to melt. 



NOTE 

The editors regret that it has been nounced for this issue. It will ap- 

necessary to postpone publication of pear in the March issue of the 

the article on Manchester's growth Granite Monthly— and it's worth 

' J v Miss Savacool, which was an- waiting for. 



7A 



THE BENT TWIG 

A Story of a Victory 

By William M. Stuart 




/ 1TH a sudden premoni- 
tory whir, the sitting 
room clock struck nine. 
Bob Brownell started in his chair 
by the fire and arose, exhaling 
his breath sharply as he did so. He 
glanced around the room and a sly 
look came into his eyes- 

"Why not help myself to a part 
of it before Mike comes?" he mur- 
mured. "He'll think Joshua sent 
it away at the last minute." 

He pondered the matter awhile, 
breathing deeply. His eyes nar- 
rowed as he asked himself another 
question: "Why not all of it? I 
might as well be a whole hog as 
part." 

Carefully he considered the prop- 
osition, glancing uneasily around 
the room as though he half-ex- 
pected some eye was upon him. 
Finally he tiptoed across the room, 
took a box from the mantel-shelf, 
and opened it. He fumbled for a 
moment, then brought forth a key. 
Laying this on the table, he drew 
out a shapeless object which 
gleamed redly in the light of the 
kerosene lamp. At hrst he stared 
at this curiously, then as if fasci- 
nated. His breathing became audi- 
ble and he ran his fingers through 
his hair with a nervous gesture. 
For perhaps ten minutes he stood 
there and stared at the shapeless 
object which lay in the palm of his 
trembling hand. At last, as if 
awaking from a trance, he replaced 
the article in the box, threw the 
key in after and put the receptacle 
back on the mantel. 

"No," he ejaculated, "Til not 
double-cross Alike. I hope I've 
got a little honor left. 'Honor 
among thieves.' " he soliloquized. 



"Well, that's better than no honor 
at all. If it wasn't for Alike I'd 
give it up. Joshua's been good to 
rue. And then that little—. I won- 
der why he kept it? Did he — ?" 

He broke oil suddenly and strode 
across the room to the front door. 
Placing two fingers in his mouth, 
he sounded a piercing whistle. A 
moment of waiting and an answer- 
ing call came from somewhere in 
the darkness outside. 

Bob stood in the doorway wait- 
ing. Although it was October, 
the night was not cold; yet he 
shivered. He shivered until his 
teeth clicked together as he stood 
in the doorway waiting. A full 
moon spread its light over the land- 
scape and rendered far distant ob- 
jects visible. Bob could plainly sec 
the hay barn in the south meadow 
one-half mile away. There was a 
shadow on the north side as though 
the sun were shining. 

Somehow the moon affected Bob 
curiously. He did not feel at all 
comfortable, A vague fear op- 
pressed him. He tried to assume a 
blase manner, but many disturb- 
ing thoughts came into his mind. 
One thought that persisted was of 
the shapeless object that he had 
just held in his hand and that had 
gleamed redly in the light of the 
kerosene lamp. He laughed nerv- 
ously as he rolled a cigarette. 

'yvlust ' be I'm moonstruck," he 
murmured. "I've heard of such 
things-" 

A shadow, which had detached 
itself from the woods below the 
garden, was coming up the road. 
The shadow speedily resolved it- 
self into a man and entered the 
dooryard- 



THE BENT TWIG 



"AH to the mustard, Bob?" 

"Yep, the coast is clear. Come 
along in." 

The man entered the room and 
gazed about curiously. "Great 
night for our getaway," he growled 
harshly. "Where does the old boy 
keep his kale?" 

The newcomer differed material- 
ly in appearance from the one who 
had admitted him. His red face, 
bull neck, projecting chin and 
shifty eyes indicated as plainly as 
his words that he was of the crimi- 
nal type. A striped sweater and a 
cap added to the effect. 

On the other hand, Bob pre- 
sented the appearance of one who 
was a novice in crime. His mea- 
ger seventeen years was evident, 
and the awe and admiration with 
which he regarded his companion 
could not be suppressed. 

"They haven't been gone an 
hour," he said tremulously, "but I 
guess it's safe. They won't be 
back until midnight. Big supper 
with speaking and all that. It's 
our chance." 

He tried to talk big, but his man- 
ner was not as confident as his 
words would indicate. "Do you 
suppose they can trail us, Mike?" 

"Trail nothin'. These rubes 
around here don't know they're 
alive. Lead me to the filthy lucre-" 

"..I'll get the key to his box. We 
don't want to take the box, do we, 
Mike?" 

"Naw, we don't want the box, 
but we want the long green, 
pronto. Get the key." 

"It's in the little wooden box on 
the mantel. He keeps all his keys 
there." 

The youth crossed the room, took 
the key from the shelf and opened 
it. He picked out a key, then hesi- 
tated as his eyes were attracted by 
the other object within the re- 
ceptale. A strange look came into 



his eyes as he drew forth again a 
little red woolen mitten. 

Bob Brownell stared at the mit- 
ten. It was old, frayed, and 
faded, but it fascinated him. Many 
thoughts coursed through his 
mind and the scroll of the last nine 
years of his life, which had started 
to unfold before the entrance of 
Alike, resumed the presentation of 
memory's pictures to his mental 
gaze. Mike coughed and shuffled 
his feet impatiently, but still the 
boy stood and looked at the little 
mitten while the dreamy look 
deepened in his eyes and his lip 
trembled. 

Like lightning his mind ran back 
over the years that were gone. 
Vividly he recalled that bitter win- 
ter's day in wind-swept City Hall 
Park when Joshua Brownell had 
stopped to speak to him and then 
had offered him a home. 

He recollected the long ride home 
from the station, over the squeak- 
ing snow and with now and then a 
rabbit darting from a bush and 
hopping away through the moon- 
light. 

But mostly he remembered that 
first night around the comfortable 
kitchen fire after such a supper as 
he had never dreamed of before. 
His new friends had brought forth 
gifts : and greatest among them 
was a pair of. gorgeous little red 
mittens- Before their beauty he 
had succumbed, and when he went 
to bed he wore them. He had 
slept with them on his hands. 
And during the years that fol- 
lowed, he had never forgotten 
them. 

Also his active mind recalled an 
overheard conversation of recent 
date that had both alarmed him and 
given rise to disturbing thoughts. 
This had transpired but the day 
before when Mrs. Brownell had 
held converse with her husband at 



74 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



the breakfast table. The lad was 
supposed to have gone to the held, 
but in reality he lingered in the 
kitchen and heard all. 

"Joshua, I don't like the way 
Bobby is acting lately," Mrs. 
Brownell had announced. "He's 
getting to be tough. He swears at 
the team dreadful and he associates 
with that Mike McGee, who was 
once in the reformatory. He 
seems to take to such company. 
I think he crawls out the window 
nights and goes away with Mike. 
And this morning I found a re- 
volver under the straw-tick of his 
bed." 

"What did you do with the gun, 
Martha?" 

"Left it alone, of course. I 
dasn't touch it. What does he 
have it for — and keep it hidden 
that way?" 

"I'll have to look into the mat- 
ter, Martha." 

"I should say it's about time. 
I-m afraid you made a mistake in 
picking him up the way you did — 
slam-bang, without any investiga- 
tion. He's got bad blood in him, 
I'll bet- . And the Bible says 'blood 
will tell-' He's older now than he 
was and it's beginning to crop out." 

"No, Martha, the Bible doesn't 
say that. It says, however, that 
'the way a twig is bent so will the 
tree be inclined.' I know I took a 
big chance, picking him up that 
way, but he looked so much like 
our Bobby used to that I was just 
drawed to him. Maybe he's got 
bad blood — wouldn't wonder 'n he 
had — but we caught him young and 
have tried to train him right. 
He'll get sick of the company of 
Mike after a while." 

"It's risky, Joshua. I'm getting 
afraid of him. We hadn't ought 
to keep him any longer. I'm glad 
we didn't adopt him." 

"Maybe you've been reading the 
same magazine article that I have, 



Martha. The one by the eugenic 
chap. He said that no matter what 
the environment, bad blood would 
show itself — that a boy with bad 
blood would be a bad man. Now 
that don't seem fair. A boy can't 
help how he is born. I'd just like 
to prove by Bobby that the writer 
chap is wrong; sometimes at least." 

"I tell you it's risky, Joshua — 
keeping him any longer. That 
pesky Mike ain't putting any good 
ideas into his head." 

"As for Mike," Joshua had re- 
sumed, "he's sort of a hero to 
Bobby- B03-S naturally take to 
older boys who can tell big stories 
of what they've done. I happened 
on 'em — on Mike and Bobby — one 
day when they were fishing and 
Mike was telling the most gosh- 
awful story of how he made a 
monkey out of a constable on a cer- 
tain occasion. It's hero worship, 
Martha. But let's give the boy 
another chance and make environ- 
ment win this time." 

And the next day — this day— at 
the dinner table, Joshua had an- 
nounced: "Bobby, Mother and I 
are going' to the Grange supper 
tonight and won't be back until 
about midnight. I wish you'd stay 
home. I've got that six hundred 
dollars of hay money in the house 
yet and I'm a little nervous about 
it ; although I guess there's no 



danger. Y 



ou 



won't be afraid to 



stay alone, will you?" 

"Oh, no," he had promptly 
answered, "I'll be all right. Go 
ahead. I'll watch the house. I 
wasn't going out tonight anyhow." 

And now here he was at the part- 
ing of the ways. 

"Well, fer de love of Pete!" 
growled Mike, "wot's der matter 
wid yer? Wotayer standin' there 
lookin' at cat old mitten fer? 
Froze to it? Throw me der key 
if yer can't move. I want ter git 
rne hands on dem shekels." 



THE BENT TWIG 



75- 



Slowly the lad drew in bis breath 
as he turned and faced his compan- 
ion, the little red mitten still in his 
hand. He stood very straight and 
there was a look in his eye that 
Mike had never seen before. 

"Thank you. Mike," he said in a 
queer voice. "You just woke me 
up. I've decided we won't rob Mr. 
Brownell tonight — or any other 
night-" 

"We won't, hey?" shouted Mike. 
"Coin' ter .double-cross me, hey? 
Well, dat won't woik, me laddy- 
buck. I's Mike McGee, I is, an' 
nobody can't put no hook inter me. 
Does yer git me, Bo?" 

"You'd better be going, Mike. 
Good night." 

''Good night, is it? I'd jist like 
ter know wot's to hinder me knock- 
in' you out, you yearlin' calf, and 
walkin' off vvid all der sou-mark- 
ees." 

lie started toward the boy, chin 
thrust out aggressively. 

"Oh, merely this," answered 
Bobby easily as a revolver gleamed 
in his hand. "Just turn around, 
Mike, and vanish through that door. 
Then keep on going. I'm a little 
nervous and this thing is liable to 
go off." 

Mike swore fluently and with em- 
phasis, but finally turned and bolt- 
ed through the doorway. 

"I'll git you fer dis, you half- 
baked gutter-snipe," he bellowed. 

"Don't come around this way 
again, Mike," called Bobby from 
the doorstep. "I've decided to 
weed out some of my associates 
vau\ I guess I'll begin with you." 
. He watched his erstwhile crony 
until he had vanished around the 
bend in the road, then gazed about 
the moon-lit landscape with a 
strange glow in his breast "Just 



ike it was the night I 



he 



came," he 
re-entered the 



murmured as 

house. 

He started violently, for there 
sitting easily in a rocking chair, 
with his double-barrelled shotgun 



knees, was Joshua 
youth, "I— I 



across his 
Brownell- 

"Why," began the 
thought you was at ." 

"Yes, I suppose you did, and so 
did Mike- As a matter of fact. I 
was. I took Martha over, then I 
came back. I saw your struggle, 
Bobby, and I saw you win. 1 felt 
sure you would, but I took no 
chances. There's an old adage, 
Bobby, 'Trust in God and keep the 
powder dry." 'Tis a good motto — 
for some occasions. 

"I had you covered all the time 
from the dark — in the parlor. The 
door was open a crack. If you had 
unlocked the box in my room, you 
would have died that instant— and 
Mike the next. You know what a 
shotgun will do at close range." 

"But I didn't do it," said Bobby 
tremulously, "and I didn't know 
you were here." 

"No, my boy, you won the fight 
alone. I was confident you would 
see where you were headed if some- 
thing would wake you up and set 
you to thinking. I thought the 
little mitten would do it. That's 
why - I put it there. You see, I 
always kept one of 'em just to — 
just to-—." 

He broke off suddenly, placed 
his gun in a corner, arose and put 
on his hat. "Bobby," he resumed. 
" 'tain't necessary for Martha to 
know anything ' about this. It's 
just between us men- And now to 
prove that I trust you, 
right back to the g 
You've won, Bobby." 



hall. 



7k 






66 



Photo ty M. S. Lamprey 

The Junction of the Contoocook and the Merrimack During the Feood of 1895 

THE WATER THAT GOES OVER THE DAM 
DOES NO .WORK 55 

Why Not Make It Turn Our Mill Wheels? 
By George B. Leigh ton 




NY one observing a flow 
of water over a mill d 



aain 



will realize on a moment's 
reflection that the mill gets no 
power from such water. Do we 
recognize that if this waste water 
was impounded it could be used to 
keep the stream fuller in the 
dry seasons of the year? In a 
word, that is the conservation 
problem of water in New Hamp- 
shire. Many thousand of tons of 
coal could be saved, at a saving of 
five dollars or more per ton, be- 
cause most of the mills are forced 
to have auxiliary steam power on 
account of lack of storage of flood 
waters. This problem has inter- 
ested the writer for a number of 
years. Before one can suggest so- 
lutions of problems of the kind, 
it is necessary to have accurate in- 
formation. The water powers of 
the state have been built by private 
corporations which only studied 
the particular location. That was 
often done in a crude way com- 



pared to modern methods. Some 
storage was created, particularly 
that on Lake Winnepesaukee. Re- 
liable information as to rainfall and 
run-off was unobtainable. 

During the Legislative Session 
of 1917 there was sufficient recogni- 
tion of the importance Of water 
power to the industries of the state 
and of the absence of comprehen- 
sive knowledge of what were the 
resources of the state to make a 
survey of the problem. A short 
bill was passed (No. 256) providing 
for the appointment of a commis- 
sion to investigate the natural con- 
dition, providing for co-operation 
in the work with the United States 
Geological Survey, and appropri- 
ating $3000 for expenses, The 
writer was appointed Commis- 
sioner and arrangements were 
made With the Geological Sur- 
vey to do the field work. Mr. 
C. H. Pierce, the District Engineer 
for New England had charge of this 
work, and both he and his assist- 



THE WATER THAT GOES OVER THE DAM DOES NO WORK 77 



ants were eminently qualified to 
perform the task. The Survey ex- 
pended federal money to about the 
amount expended by the State. 
The result was the report submit- 
ted to the Legislature, January 
1919. 

Finding it impossible to make 
a comprehensive report both on 
storage and undeveloped water 
powers, the question of storage was 
considered chiefly. 

The salient points covered and 
set forth were: — First, that every 
lake or pond of any moment in the 
state was visited and an estimate 
made of its storage capacity. 
Could a considerable amount of 
storage be effected at reasonable 
cost? This necessitated a general 
knowledge of the area from which 
it received the run-off from snows 
and rain and of approximating the 
cost of a dam to hold this water. 
These ponds were then grouped 
into smaller river systems as the 
Ashuelot and Contoocook, and 
then all these into the large river 
storage as that of the Merrimack 
and Connecticut. Secondly, the 
report suggested a plan for estab- 
lishing such storage. A subse- 
quent act in 1919 enabled a study 
to be made of undeveloped powers. 
This was done in much the same 
way. In both cases the work was 
performed considerably within the 
appropriation, so that today New 
Hampshire has accurate and rea- 
sonably complete information as to 
its water power resources. It is 
directly a problem now as to 
whether the people of the state de- 
sire to avail themselves of this nat- 
ural resource to benefit the indus- 
tries and themselves in these days 
of high cost of coal and of manu- 
facture. The storage report, showed 
that there were 101 ponds and 
lakes capable of conservation of 
flood waters : 56 in the Connecticut, 



54 in the Merrimack ; and one on 
the Androscoggin. There seemed 
to be none on the costal streams 
like the Cocheco worthy of further 
storage development. Eleven 

stream-gauging stations were es- 
tablished so that accurate data 
might be obtained of actual river 
flow. These have been maintained 
to date and the information they 
give is of highest value to water- 
power study. 

The largest body of lake water 
in the state is Winnepesaukee, hav- 
ing a drainage area of 360 square 
miles or 230,000 acres. There has 
been a dam at Lakeport for many 
years and records are available for 
some fifty years. The dam is not 
.sufficient to hold water from a year 
or more of heavy rainfall to a sub- 
sequent period. It would be a mat- 
ter of small expense to raise the 
dam six inches or a foot but the 
land damages might be considera- 
ble if raised more than a foot. If 
one foot more could be put. on the 
dam, it would, we estimate, develop 
10,000,000 horse-power hours down 
the Winnepesaukee River to its 
confluence with the Pesnigervasset 
and of course considerably more on 
down the Merrimack. 

In just such a way were all of the 
one hundred places studied. There 
is a possibility near Keene, Tenant 
Swamp, of making a dam 25 feet 
high and 1500 feet long which 
would make a reservoir five miles 
long and enable all the mills in the 
Ashuelot Valley to dispense with 
coal for power— almost if not en- 
tirely. The Suncook Ponds afford 
a similar storage possibility. The 
dams of each of these places 
would cost about $300,000. As- 
sume cost of operation — amortiza- 
tion and all that — at 10%, which 
would be $30,000. It would in each 
case require only the saving of 
5000 tons of coal at $6.00. to make 



73 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 









Photo by C. ^. tierce. U. S. Geological Surv. 

Ordinarily the Connecticut at Bellows Falls Looks Like This— 



them worth while, while the actual 
saving would be far greater, possi- 
bly four or five times that amount. 
Why not do it and do it now? 

.The two principal rivers of our 
state reach the sea through Massa- 
chusetts. There are important- 
power plants in that state on both 
the Connecticut and Merrimack 
and if water is stored in New 
Hampshire, considerable benefits 
will be assured to these mills. As 
yet there is no legal method to 
compel them to join in the cost of 
storage or pay for its benefits, but 
a number of them are ready and 
anxious to do their part — particu- 
larly is this true of the Locks and 
Canals at Lowell and the company 
at Turner Falls, so a reasonable as- 
sistance can no doubt be assured 
when New Hampshire has some- 
thing to offer. 

The study of our undeveloped 
water powers has shown that 
there are approximately 375,000,000 
horse-power hours on the Con- 
necticut and its tributaries and 
144,000,000 on the Merrimack* 
These figures are large and to a 



layman convey little, but it may be 
put in other words by saying that 
this represents an increase of about 
100% over what is now in use. 
What an undeveloped resource ! 

Five hundred million horse- 
power hours annually, equal ap- 
proximately to one million and a half 
horse-power hours a day — or three 
million horse-power hours for ten 
hours of the day, or, to consider it 
as one unit of power, it means a 
plant of about two hundred and 
fifty thousand horse-power added 
to the state's resources ! 

Water powers are located in par- 
ticular places and for specific uses 
and markets. Therefore, it seems 
better to leave their development 
to private capital; Water storage 
is of general benefit and quite prop- 
erly is a matter the state should 
establish; and water storage if pri- 
vately owned by certain mills may 
be released only as they may de- 
sire, whereas it should be released 
for the benefit of all the mills on 
the stream. 

With the absence of storage of 
flood waters and of stream control 



THE WATER THAT GOES OVER THE DAM DOES NO WORK 



f*MR- 



■ 



, 



Photo by F. J. Lsiake 

-But This Shows Its Appearance During the Flood of 1913 



as it is today, there is less induce- 
ment to the establishment of power 
plants. A considerable time each 
year flood waters pass down stream 
doing no work and at other times 
the streams are so low that auxil- 
iary steam, power is needed. 

Water storage on a considerable 
scale has been established at sev- 
eral places in New England — one 
on the Androscoggin near the New 
Hampshire line and another on the 
headwaters of the Deerfield River 
in Southern Vermont. The storage 
of the Aziscoos dam on the Andro- 
Sco gto m has been developed by 
joint action of the large power in- 
terests on the river at Berlin, Rum- 
ford Falls, and Lewiston ; that on 
the Deerfield by the Connecticut 
River Power Company for its sev- 
eral plants on the Deerfield. Owing 
to the local conditions, a small 
mileage of the river within the con- 
fines of the state and the mutual 
organization of the large mills, little 



mention is made of the Androscog- 
gin in the reports. That river 
is not a New Hampshire problem. 
Neither is the Saco. Its storage 
reservoirs, developed and undevel- 
oped, lie principally in Maine. 
Maine has a law, the constitution- 
ality of which has not been passed 
upon as yet, that electric power 
cannot be transmitted beyond the 
state line. It is theoretically pos- 
sible to take Maine power to Mas- 
sachusetts, and Maine has enor- 
mous power resources, but such a 
power must needs pass through our 
state. This is a question which 
sooner or later must be adjudi- 
cated. 

The recent decision of the United 
States Supreme Court holding that 
the Pennsylvania anthracite tax is 
constitutional may have a bearing 
on the question, but, of kindred 
nature, the question arises if New 
Hampshire may not tax users in 
Vermont for Connecticut River 



so 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



water power, for 

the river to its "--^- 

west bank belongs 1 ■-;■ 

to New Hainp- p ' . . 

shire. In the re- I 

port on Water > 

Storage rendered | 

to the Legislature ) . - 

of 1919, the water j - 

power and stor- [ .' . 

age on the An- , 

droscoggin is fully I 

reported by Wal- ? , ': 

ter IT. Sawyer, the „, T . . n 

\ . - ' . The Dam At Coxtoo 
consulting- Lngi- 

neer in charge of the work, show- 
ing how that problem was analyzed 
and handled in practice. In ad- 
dition plans and policies under con- 
sideration and in effect particularly 
in Wisconsin are touched upon in 
this report. 

The New Hampshire problem 
scem.5 to call for a different method 
on account of the importance of the 
smaller rivers in the aggregate and 
of 'the large number of compara- 
tively small mills. It would be 
difficult to get all interested to 
unite in. policy or share the finan- 
cial requirements on a theoretical 
basis. Therefore, some state policy 
must be- resorted to. The plan 
laid down in the report and which 
has as yet, after four years of pub- 
licity, not been objected to except 
as to some detail, which was to be 
expected and desired, has these 
recommendations : 

1. That water storage should be 
developed by state authority. 

2. That the state should lend 
its credit by the issuance of bonds, 
but that no work should be under- 
taken until long time contracts for 
the payment of stored water should 
be made by responsible power 
plants. 

3. That such payments must in- 
clude the full interest paid by the 
state on the bonds, plus a sinking 
fund and plus cost of operation 



and upkeep. All this 

M should not amount 

' 1 to over ten per cent 

I — or, tor example, 

[ the construction of 

£ dams costing Sl,- 

' 000,000, at ' least 

1 $100,000 a year 

-«•■ - . would have to be 

■■••" ■•■'■.' -Vr*'^ '•' shown in contracts 

■ W* % "-'^-'- ■'■ ior water. 

4. That the value 

-;-.v .;■.*" ^ ;; 'c '■■■ of stored water be 

r, translated into coal 

:ook River Park 

saved. 

I quote from the report as fol- 
lows : 

"In conference with power companies 
it is gratifying' to learn that they are will- 
ing to pay liberally for water power as a 
substitute for coal. Several have said they 
would pay for coal saved by water, for 
example, at $3 per ton when coal costs $4. 
In this report M r. Pierce has worked out 
the Suncook Conservation in order to in- 
dicate how an analysis should be made. 
If, for example, it is found that ten thou- 
sand tons of coal can be saved in a cer- 
tain river basin if the flow is more equal, 
the mills should be willing to pay at least 
thirty thousand dollars per year, which 
would be ten per cent on a cost of three 
hundred thousand dollars. Coal must be 
provided at each of the mills on the river 
during the dry season, whereas if storage 
is provided at the head waters the power 
can be used at the successive dams the 
year round, and as these mills are located 
one below the other, the same storage de- 
velopment applies to all of them. The re- 
lation of cost of construction, rainfall, 
area affected and benefits must be studied 
in each case. Each project should be at 
least self-sustaining. This ten per cent 
above referred to may be approximated 
as consisting of five per cent for the use 
of the money, two and a half per cent, 
for amortization, and two and a half per 
cent for costs of operation and control. 
By the issuance of long term bonds the 
amortization of two and a half per cent 
per annum will pay the original cost in 
forty years. Some developments will un- 
doubtedly prove to be the means of adding 
to the state treasury. How will the money- 
be secured? Unquestionably the cheapest 
way is for the state to lend its credit by 
the issuance of bonds. These may be is- 
sued in small or large amounts depending 
on work; to be undertaken annually. The 



THE WATER THAT GOES OVER THE DAM DOES NO WORK 81 



people of the state would have no added 
burden and benefits of the improvements 
would be secured at a minimum cost. In 
normal times the state can secure money 
at less than five per cent, the cost of oper- 
ation may not be as much as two and a 
half per cent, so the total cost may be 
nearer eight per cent than ten per cent. 

Coal is materially higher than 
when the report was written, so 
the problem is more important to- 
day. Coal may decline but it now 
seems improbable that it will get 
down to S4, delivered at New 
Hampshire mills, tor a long time. 
Several hundred thousand tons of 
coal can be saved yearly. If 
twenty-five to thirty per cent is 
taken off the average coal price as 
a basis of water value the mills 
have saved that to start with which 
would mean a million or more di- 



rectly saved to them, and the fig- 
ure might be twice as much. 

In course of time when the bonds 
are amortized the state will have 
a very considerable source of in- 
come from such a storage develop- 
ment and meantime cannot lose un- 
less certain dams are washed away, 
which is hardly worth considering 
even as a possibility. 

5. The work ought to be placed 
in' the hands of the Public Service 
Commission, who can do it with 
little increase of organization and 
minimum of expense. 

If a beginning is made by creat- 
ing some storage at one or two im- 
portant places, the plan can be 
tested and it can be quickly as- 
certained if the benefits prove what 
it is believed thev will be. 



A SIMILAR PLEA 

From Another Source 



S the magazine goes to press 
% there comes to us a news- 
-**- paper clipping which has a 
definite bearing on the subject of 
which Mr. Leighton writes. It in- 
cludes a statement by an engineer 
interested in the plans for the de- 
velopment of the Blackwater valley 
proposed by a firm in Massachu- 
setts. We quote only a few para- 
graphs from the statement which 
appeared in the Boston Herald of 
Sunday, January 28: 

'"The importance of the develop- 
ment, of the water power resources 
of Xew England, it its mills are to 
survive in competition with the 
South, has become pretty clearly 
recognized. 

"As Xew England has no supply 
of coal within its borders it must re- 
ly upon the coal. hauled in from out- 
side states or else make use of the 



water power resources which na- 
ture has provided within its bounda- 
ries. The importance of this is par- 
ticularly clear in the case of the New 
Hampshire textile mills which are 
not located on tidewater and which 
must therefore depend on expensive 
railroad coal. 

"The South with its coal mines 
close to its mills has a great advant- 
age over Xew Hampshire and New 
England in this respect. It is a 
crying shame to have any part of the 
rainfall which falls in the upper re- 
gions of the great river systems of 
Xew England go by water power 
plants without adding its quota to 
the power developed there. 

"The value of the water of the 
Blackwater river to the Merrimack 
river plants is in the ratio of two to 
one — that is to say, for every kilo- 
watt of electrical energy that can be 



82 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

developed on the Blackwater. two river can be conserved for use dur- 
kilowatts will be developed in the ing dry periods of the year, it will 
plants already existing en the Mer- assist already existing textile mills 
rimack." at PenacoOk and Manchester, public 
"The importance, therefore, of utilities at SewaH's Falls, Garvin's 
making the river do all the work Falls and Hooksett, as well as the 
of which it is capable cannot be textile mills at Lowell and Law- 
overestimated. If the .Blackwater rence." 



GRIEVE NO MORE 

By Miriam Vedder 

Grieve no more that love should fly 
Swiftly at it came to bless, 

Hearts enough love passes by — 

Here it paused with gentleness. 

Does the rose tree's scarlet head 
Move less sweetly to the air 

That a butterfly, now sped, 

Rested for a moment there? 



LONELINESS 

By Dorothy E. Collins 

I am not much afraid to be alone 

Though darkness settle with the winter rain. 
I poke my merry little fire again 

And laugh to hear the cracked old stairway groan. 

But there's a horror in the sense of eyes 

At gaze upon one through the window-glass, 
And I abhor the terrible winds that pass, 

Wailing their sorrow to the empty skies. 

Although I love what makes this house a home — 
Warm rugs, deep chairs, low windows, heavy books, 

And Eve no wish for travel, but to roam 
The valley and the hill on which it looks, 

How warm my heart and still my hands would be 

W r ere you beside mv little fire with me. 



J5 



PETER LIVIUS, TROUBLE MAKER 

Newly Found Facts About Governor Went worth's Old Enemy 

By Lawrence Shaw Mayo 




an 



artful 



sen 



sibl< 



dustrious, dangerous man, 
and I most certainly would 
have bought him had I not too 
unwisely relied on my integrity for 
defense and support." This was 
GoYernor John Wentworth's opinion 
of Peter Livius, his one-time enemy, 
almost twenty years after Livius's 
attempt to oust him from the gover- 
norship of New Hampshire. Went- 
worth was writing to Jeremy Bel- 
knap, the historian, and it is reason- 
able to suppose that the many adjec- 
tives he used to describe the man's 
character were carefuly chosen. If 
Belknap had not thought it necessary 
to tell the story of that pre-revolu- 
tionary controversy, the name of 
Peter Livius would have passed into 
oblivion as it deserved to do. But 
since the historian has preserved his 
unpleasant memory, it may be worth 
while to collect and recite the few 
known facts of his career. 

In those delightful volumes of 
Portsmouth tradition familiarly known 
as "Brewster's Rambles" the date 
and place of Peter Livius's birth 
were set down about seventy-five 
years ago ; and whatever biographical 
dictionaries mention Livius at all 
v :em to have taken over this data 
Without question. Presumably Brew- 
w '"er possessed evidence that Peter 
Livius was born in 1727 at Bedford, 
England; but conclusive proof of a 
different time and place has recently 
come to light. Among the "Lang- 
don Manuscripts," preserved in the 
library of the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania, are some family notes 
written in the well- formed hand of 
Peter Lewis Levitts, the father of 
Peter Livius, the Trouble-Maker. 
From thi 



reliable contemporary ac- 



count we learn that Peter Livius was 
born July 12, 1739, at Lisbon, Portu- 
gal. His father was a German, nay 
more — lie was a Prussian from Ham- 
burg- And as he tells us that his 
ancestors lived in or near Hamburg, 
one is inclined to doubt Brewster's 
statement that he was "of a Saxon 
family of distinction." Plowever 
that may have been, young Peter's 
mother was neither Prussian nor 
Saxon, but either English or Irish. 
Susanna Humphry she was, and her 
birthplace was Water ford in the 
south of Ireland. The elder Levitts 
(for so he spelled his name) tells us 
that he was born in Hamburg — or, 
as lie writes it, "Hambro" — August 
18, 1688, and that he took up his 
abode in Lisbon, November 9, 1709. 
He is reticent as to the cause of his 
migration, but there are records in- 
dicating that he became a merchant 
there. And though he does not state 
how or where he became acquainted 
with Miss Humphry, he seems to 
have been in no doubt regarding the 
date of their marriage, June 15, 1728. 
Young Peter was the sixth child 
of this couple. Like most eighteenth 
century children he had smallpox 
at a very early age. Happily for 
himself and for his family he sur- 
vived. Then, when he was hardly 
old enough to be out of the nursery, 
his mother took him to England and 
"put him to school at Air. Sheron- 
del's at Chelsea." The father gives 
us the date for this, too — February 
10, 1745. Peter was not yet six 
years old. Apparently he withstood 
homesickness as well as he had pass- 
ed tli rough smallpox, for a year later 
his father records that he is still at 
Chelsea and in good health. The 
next we hear of him is in April 



84 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



1754, when he returned to Lisbon. 
At fourteen, therefore, Peter Livins 
seems to have terminated his school- 
ing. Vet according tv Adams's An- 
nals of Portsmouth lie became a man 
of "liberal education;'' and it is rea- 
sonable to suppose that the honorary 
degree of Master of Arts which 
Harvard College conferred upon 
him in 1767 was based upon some- 
thing more substantia! than his ap- 
parent wealth. At all events, in the 
autumn of 1754 he entered upon his 
apprenticeship with Messrs. Dca and 
Company in Lisbon. Id is term was 
to be five years, but it suffered a 
rude interruption. On November 1, 

1755, occurred the Lisbon earth- 
quake. The offices of Messrs. Dea 
and Company were destroyed by tire 
in that catastrophe, and it was five 
months before they resumed busi- 
ness—Peter Livius with them — "at 
Alcantara, near Lisbon." Here, on 
April 4, 1756, the elder Livius's 
record of his son Peter's progress 
ends. 

Seven years later, in the summer 
of 1763, Peter Livius turns up in 
Portsmouth, New Hampshire, hav- 
ing married in the meantime -Miss 
Anna Tufton Mason., According to 
local tradition young Mr. Livius cut 
quite a figure in the provincial capi- 
tal, tie rode in a coach, resided in 
a painted house, owned a country- 
seat on the shores of Lake Winni- 
pesaukee,* and otherwise gave the 
impression of affluence. Although 
he was still a young man, being less 
than twenty-five years old when he 
came to New Hampshire, he may 
have possessed a good deal of prop- 
erty. Yet he does not appear 
among the principal tax-payers of 
Portsmouth in 1770. And from the 
fact that his finances were reported 
to be "in a disordered state" in 1771, 
it is not unlikely that his earlier ap- 
parent opulence consisted largely of 

♦For accounts of Livius's Tuftonbo 
and X. 218. 



his wife's prospects. She was one 
of the daughters of Colonel John 
Tufton Mason, the gentleman who 
had sold his ancient and dubious 
claim to much New Hampshire terri- 
torv tor a substantial sum in the 
1740's. 

Having obtained from the town of 
Portsmouth the exclusive- right to do 
so. Mr. Livius dammed up the water 
course in Islington Creek and erect- 
ed at least two grist-mills on it. In 
exchange for this privilege, he built 
a toll-free drawbridge across the 
creek and agreed to maintain it at his 
own expense. All this was very 
well, but some other activities of Mr. 
Livius were not so commendable. 
There was. for instance, his peculiar 
altercation with Mr. Thomas Martin 
in regard to the ownership of a negro 
boy named Duke. In the spring of 
1764 Mr. Martin was about to de- 
part for England, taking with him. 
for one reason or another, £40 or £50 
which belonged to his ward, an or- 
phan relative who was also related 
to Mrs. Livius. Being a conscien- 
tious guardian, he took care to insure 
his ward against loss, if an accident 
should happen to himself, by mak- 
ing a conditional bill of sale of his 
negro boy to Mr. Livius. If Mr. 
Martin were prevented from return- 
ing to New Hampshire, the bill of 
sale was to become effective and the 
orphan reimbursed. Having made 
this arrangement, he sailed for Lon- 
don, with a clear conscience and 
plenty of ready money. 

Upon his return from England he 
naturally asked Livius to give back 
the bill of sale, as he had promised 
to do in the receipt he had given at 
the time of the transaction. In fact, 
according to Mr. Martin's deposi- 
tion, he "often asked him for it, but 
always had for answer that he had 
mislaid and could not find it." The 
years went by. Then one day a law- 

ro residence, see Granite Monthly, V. 194, 



PETER LIVIUS, TROUBLE .MAKER 



85 



vers clerk appeared and informed 
Mr. Martin that Mr. I. iritis had pre- 
sented the bill of sale and had asked 
for a writ to demand the surrender 
of the negro hoy. Before issuing the 
writ, the clerk's chief had thought he 
would ascertain whether Mr. Mar- 
tin "had any objection to his doing 
it." Not unnaturally Martin flared 
up. "I returned for answer," his 
deposition tells us. "that I had none; 
that if Mr. Livius chose to do a 
thing that would make him more in- 
famous (or to that purpose) than he 
at present was. I had no objection." 
Although he spoke in heat, Mr. Mar- 
tin meant just what he said; for at 
the time of the original transaction 
he had taken care to take a receipt 
for the hill of sale from Livius. and 
h that receipt, which happily he still 
ret- lined, was an explicit statement 
of the terms of the deal. When the 
lawyer learned this, he advised Mr. 
Livius accordingly and "dissuaded 
him from his designs." This episode 
did, not lead to Mr. Martin's recov- 
ery of the menacing hill of sale, hut 
L-ing a true Yankee he found an- 
"'her method of spiking his adver- 
sary's guns. To use his own words, 
he "recorded the Receipt in a Notary 
Pub-lick's office to. hinder any evil 
( . onsequenxre that might happen by 
my Loseing the receipt and Expose 
me to the Mercy of said Livius's 
honour." 

Not so businesslike nor so .for- 
tunate was another Portsmouth gen- 
tleman. This was Samuel MofTatt., 
*'ho was the husband of Mrs. Liv- 
»u$£. sister. Like almost every one 
else in town MofTatt was at first daz- 
zled by the free-spending newcomer 
Who had married Anna Mason. In 
jact it was indirectly through Mof- 
W. and directly through a friend 
*& MofTatt's in Bristol, England, that 
Peter Livius procured his appoint- 
JJJen to the Council that surrounded 
wpvernor Benning . Went worth. But 
wt is another story. Well would it 



have been \or Samuel MofTatt if his 
dealings with Mr. Livius I tad ended 
there. However,. it was not to be so. 
Soon after Livius's appointment to 

the Council, MofTatt and George 
Meserve admitted him as a third 
'partner "in the Brig Triton, which 
Vessel was fitted out at Boston with 
a Cargo for the Coast of Guinea & 
Cost Three thousand four hundred 
& fifty pounds Sterling, and was 
carried on in the name of Meserve 
& MofTatt only." Livius's third cost 
him £1150. He paid MofTatt £600 
at one time and took his receipt for 
it. At different times he paid in the 
balance — £550— and then took a re- 
ceipt for the whole amount— £1150 — 
but kept the receipt for the £600 "as 
he hadn't it about him at the time 
of taking the last Receipt." MofTatt 
let the matter go. 

The Triton sailed for the coast of 
Africa, laden presumably with rum. 
for that was the best medium of 
trade in that part of the world. 
There she exchanged her freight for 
a cargo of negroes, and headed for 
Jamaica, where her master expected 
to make a handsome profit by selling 
the negroes to the sugar planters of 
that island. On their passage across 
the Atlantic, however, many of the 
negroes died ; and the prospective 
profit of the partners was turned in- 
to a loss. When this unpleasant 
news reached Portsmouth. - MofTatt 
communicated it to Livius, and Liv- 
ius appeared to accept his share of 
the loss with cheerful resignation. 
After all it would hardly exceed 
£200, he said. 

But a little later his philosophical 
mood gave way to sharpness. There 
was nothing in writing to show that 
he was a partner in the ill-starred 
enterprise. And there were receipts 
in his possession that could be made 
to indicate that he had merely lent 
£1150— or rather £1750— to Samuel 
Moffatt. In the course of time, 
therefore, Mr. Livius notified his vie- 



86 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



tim that he had his receipt for a 
large sum of money, and that unless 
an immediate settlement was made he 
should be obliged to "pursue such 
measures as would secure himself." 
Moffatt was alarmed, and rightly so. 
Through a third party he replied 
that if Liviu's would return the £600 
receipt and pay what he owed on a 
separate account, he would give him 
security for the true balance. This 
Livius declined to do. Instead he 
took out a writ against Moffatt for 
£200. apparently on the ground that 
this amount represented the interest 
due on £1750 for which he showed 
receipts. "Moffatt, getting intelli- 
gence thereof, confined himself to his 
House ; and rather than be held to 
Bail for so large a sum became 
Bankrupt." Thereupon Livius, whose 
scheme would have been largely de- 
feated if the man had actually gone 
into bankruptcy, withdrew his writ. 
In place of it, he sued him in three 
different actions. As a net result 
of these legal proceedings, it is a 
pleasure to relate, Mr. Livius won 
nothing, whereas Mr. Moffatt came 
away with the troublesome receipt 
for £600, and "recovered his Costs." 
Soon after he came to Portsmouth 
Livius had boasted to John Parker 
that if he were a member of the 
Council he "would oppose the Con- 
duct of the governor and Council in 
general." Benning Wentworth was 
then governor, and perhaps there 
was some justification for Livius's, 
sentiments. Yet, whatever his griev- 
ance may have been, he does not seem 
to have fulfilled his promise after 
taking his place on "the Board" in 
May, 1765. Instead he vented his 
displeasure on George Meserve. 
Meserve, a native Portsmouthian, had 
the misfortune to be appointed stamp 
distributor for New Hampshire 
under the notorious Stamp Act. He 
was in England at the time of his 
appointment, but returned to America 
late in the summer of 1765. Learn- 



ing of the extreme unpopularity of 
the Stamp Act before he landed, he 
resigned his office forthwith ; and 
upon his arrival at Portsmouth he 
made a second resignation in public 
before going to his own house. This 
was as it should have been, no doubt, 
and Mr. Meserve would have kept 
out of trouble if, when his commis- 
sion arrived some time later, he had 
refrained from mentioning its receipt. 
Unfortunately for himself, he felt 
constrained to show it to the gover- 
nor and to some other public officers. 
Then came trouble. The Sons of 
Liberty assembled, took possession of 
the offending commission, and obliged 
Meserve to take oath "that he would 
neither directly nor indirectly attempt 
to execute his office." 

Although Mr. Livius was a mem- 
ber of the Council and held his office 
directly from the Crown, he did not 
hesitate to identify himself with the 
popular side in these episodes. The 
governor and the other councillors 
were content with a discreet neutral- 
ity; but not so Peter Livius. There 
is a deposition showing "that so long 
as George Meserve, Esq., the Stamp 
Master, disclaimed acting in his of- 
fice, so long said Levitts was his fast 
Friend and did all in his power to 
protect him. But as soon as said 
Meserve received his Commission & 
showed it to the Governor, Secre- 
tary, & other officers to indemnify 
himself, said Levius Joined the pop- 
ular Clamor against him & became 
his Inveterate Enemy — That when 
said Meserve petitioned the General 
Assembly for Redress of his Losses. 
said Levius was chosen Chairman of 
a Committee to hear him ; and, as 
said Meserve frequently told the De- 
ponent in the time of it, he not only 
as such treated Him in an haughty, 
imperious manner within doors, but 
publickly in the Street & insulted 
him, and finally challenged him." 

Livius's threat that he would run 
counter to the governor and the rest 



PETER LIVIUS, TROUBLE MAKER 



87 



of the Council was not carried out 
while Benmiig Wentworth was in 

power. But after that gentleman 
had heen superseded in office by his 
nephew John Wentworth. Mr. Livius 
decided that the time was ripe for 
insurgency. The first open break 
came in June. 176S, when the As- 
sembly passed and sent up to the 
Council a bill asking the governor to 
render an account of that part of the 
'provincial revenue known as "pow- 
der money"— how much had been re- 
ceived and how it had been expend- 
ed. The Council nonconcurred. and 
the bill was killed. Alone among 
the councillors, Peter Livius took the 
part of the Assembly. Moreover he 
insisted that the grounds for his dis- 
sent be entered upon the Journal. 
No conclusive action was taken up- 
on the latter point, but the privilege 
was denied him for the time being. 
Besides being a member of the 
Council Mr. Livius was a judge, ap- 
pointed presumably by Governor 
Berining Wentworth. At any rate 
he was a justice of the Court of 
Common Pleas for a number of 
years, his administration in this field 
corning to an abrupt end in 1771. In 
that year the province was divided 
into counties, and it became neces- 
sary to issue new commissions to the 
judges. Governor John Wentworth 
found this an opportune moment for 
appointing another in the place of 
Mr. Livius, who had performed his 
judicial duties with notorious par- 
tiality. On at least one occasion it 
became known that Livius had given 
legal advice to the defendant in a 
case which was to come before him 
!,, r judgment. The plaintiff pro- 
tested. Livius replied that at the 
tune he had given his advice he was 
not aware that he was to sit upon 
the case. Naturally this did not sat- 
isfy the plaintiff, who rejoined, " 'As 
the Matter now Comes on, and you 
have already given the party your 
Opinion against me, I should think 



it out of all Character or Dishonour- 
able for you to set* (or words to that 
purpose). Whereupon the said Liv- 
ius gave his Word and Honour that 
he would not Set; but after the Tryal 
came on, he insisted upon Sitting & 
acting as Judge in the Cause." As 
things turned out, however, the case 
was put off to another day,, when it 
so happened that Mr. Livius did not 
sit. But for this happy outcome 
Livius does not seem to have been 
responsible. 

John Sullivan, who later became 
General Sullivan, did not hesitate to 
express his opinion of Peter Livius 
as a dispenser of justice. Sullivan 
was a prominent lawyer of Durham, 
and it may be that his views were 
colored, or shaded, by memories of 
a day in July, 1766. when Livius, 
representing the Council, brought to 
the Assembly a petition signed by a 
number of persons from Durham 
and other towns "against Mr. John 
Sullivan for evil practices in him as 
an Attorney at Law." However 
that may have been, at a later date 
Sullivan, under oath, spoke his mind 
as follows : "I have, for some years 
before he was set aside from Act- 
ing as a Justice, Observed his opin- 
ion ever to be in favour of his inti- 
mate friends, and where he had no 
friends immediately interested in the 
Dispute I have observed his opinion 
to be in favour of a favorite Law- 
yer, without attending to the Merits 
of the Cause; which observation I 
have not only made myself but have 
it Generally from Gentlemen of the 
fairest Character." 

Having been set aside by Gover- 
nor John Wentworth, Livius deter- 
mined that he would bring about the 
governor's downfall. As the story 
of his attempt to do so is told in Bel- 
knap's History and elsewhere, the 
reader need not be bored with its 
repetition here. The controversy be- 
gan in March, 1771, was carried to 
England a year later, and was ulti- 



88 



TUE GRANITE MONTHLY 



mately settled iri favor of Governor 
Went worth in August. 1775. The 
writer has discovered no document 
proving that Livius's intention was 
to gain "the governorship of Xew 
Hampshire for himself: but is it like- 
ly that merely his penchant for mak- 
ing trouble for others induced him 
to go to England and' to give the 
prosecution of the case his personal 
attention? There are strong indi- 
cations, though no absolute proof. 
that he fully intended to supplant 
John Wentworth in the governor's 
chair. The amazing thing about the 
controversy is that he all but suc- 
ceeded. Almost as astonishing, un- 
less one is conversant with the men- 
tality of Lord Dartmouth, was the 
decision of the Colonial Secretary to 
send Mr, Livius back to New Hamp- 
shire to be chief justice of the pro- 
vince, after Wentworth had been 
vindicated by the Privy Council, 
Dartmouth actually signed the war- 
rant directing ,Governor Wentworth 
to make the appointment ; "but this." 
wrote Wentworth in after years, 
"upon more mature consideration 
was thought likely to produce trouble, 
and he [Livius] had a more lucra- 
tive office in Canada." 

Livius seems never to have return- 
ed to New Hampshire, although his 
wife and children still resided there. 
Instead he read law at the Middle 
Temple, and was admitted to the 
English bar in 1775. He had a 
good head for the law. Even his 
enemies in Xew Hampshire admitted 
that his decisions as a judge were 
excellent. — when none of his friends 
was directly or indirectly concerned 
in 'the cases brought before him. He 
must have given the impression of 
unusual intelligence in other branches 
of learning, too. for he was elected a 
Fellow of the Royal Society in April, 
1773. Not long after this he receiv- 
ed the honorary degree of Doctor of 
Civil Law from Oxford University. 
John Wentworth had been awarded 



the same distinction in 1766. It 
seems to have signified little except 
the good graces of the academic 
powers. 

Mr. Livius very much wished to 
be elevated to the head of the provin- 
cial judiciary and to he despatched 
to New Hampshire in 1774. But 
Lord Dartmouth kept him waiting 
many months. Then came word 
that he was to go to Quebec as a 
judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas. Thither he sailed in the sum- 
mer of 1775. arriving safely "after 
a tedious, difficult, and dangerous 
voyage of one hundred and twenty- 
six days." He found the province 
in great confusion. An army of 
American rebels was threatening 
Montreal, and it was not at all cer- 
tain that the Canadians would not 
join them in opposition to the rule of 
the mother country. In November 
Montreal surrendered. In Decem- 
ber the invaders under ^Montgomery 
and Arnold appeared before Quebec 
and laid siege to it. Then came the 
desperate assault and the defeat of 
the Americans. "During the siege 
oi Quebec by Mr. Arnold," wrote 
Wentworth to Belknap, "part of his 
house, being properly situated, was 
used as a guard-house. On the at- 
tack, his servant was in action ; and 
when over, Mr. L. himself appear- 
ed. He also sometimes before the 
assault walk[ed] up to the walls. 
Upon the repulse of the Americans, 
he wrote home a pompous account of 
his services. Tlis house a guard- 
house, he himself often at the wheel- 
barrow in repairing the fortifica- 
tions, and at all other times with a 
brown musquet doing duty with & 
encouraging citizens.' These things 
were artfully told to the K. just in 
the moment of joy for the defeat of 
the enemy and safety of jthe city, 
which was much apprehended ; and 
it being suggested that the Chief Jus- 
ticeship of Quebec was vacant, it 
was immediately given to him. The 



PETER LIViUS, TROUBLE MAKER 



89 



fact was. that lie was remarkably shy 
on all the active business, as I was 
toid by a gentleman present thro' the 
whole, and only appeared to save ap- 
pearances, wbich be afterwards so 
well improved." 

Among the Americans captured 
at Quebec was a New Hampshire 
captain, Henry Dearborn of Not- 
tingham. Mr. Livius befriended him, 
and be was given leave to go home 
on parole. In return for this cour- 
tesy the revolutionary authorities al- 
lowed ' Mrs. Livius and her four 
children to leave New Hampshire 
and join the head of their family at 
Quebec. In July, 1776. they board- 
ed the schooner Polly and departed 
from Portsmouth in peace. 

Almost a year later Livius inter- 
ested himself in the welfare of an- 
other American soldier, but this time 
he took care not to be so open in his 
altruism. The object of his solici- 
tude was General John Sullivan of the 
American Army. To him he wrote 
a Jong letter, dated June 2, 1777. 
From the revolutionists' point of 
view this was not the most encourag- 
ing period of the war. Plowe was 
in possession of Xew York City, and 
Burgoyne was descending from Can- 
ada. The bearer of the letter seems 
to have been an authorized envoy 
sent to General Sullivan on other 
business. What became of him we 
clo not know, but on June 16th Liv- 
ms's letter was removed from the 
wise bottom of a canteen and was 
read by General Schuyler at Fort 
Edward. The letter is much too 
long to quote in its entirety,* yet 
parts of it surely must find a place 
»n any paper on Peter Livius. 

After dwelling upon the hopeless- 
ness of the American cause, "the fu- 
tility of all hopes of effecutual for- 
eign assistance," and the certainty 
°f Sullivan's personal ruin, the 
writer of the letter proposed a meth- 
od whereby he could save his ''family 
*It is printed in full in Farmer and 



and estate from this imminent des- 
truction."' "It is, in plain English, 
to tread back the steps you have al- 
ready taken, and do some real, es- 
sential service to your king and 
country." Nor did Mr. Livius hesi- 
tate to suggest what immediate form 
this "essential service" might as- 
sume. "In the meanwhile," he 
wrote, "endeavor to give me -all the 
material intelligence you can collect 
(and you can get the best), or if you 
find it more convenient you can con- 
vey it to General Burgoyne, and by 
your using my name he will know 
whom it comes from without your 
mentioning your own name." For 
Sullivan to explain away his recan- 
tation would be an easy matter. 
"That you embarked in the cause of 
rebellion is true ; perhaps you mis- 
took the popular delusion for the 
cause of your country (as many 
others did who have returned to their 
duty) and you engaged in it warmly; 
but when you found your error, you 
earnestly returned, you saved the 
province you had engaged for from 
devastation and ruin, and you ren- 
dered most essential services to your 
king and country : for which I en- 
gage my word to you, you will re- 
ceive pardon, you will secure your 
estate, and you will be further amply 
rewarded." 

At this point Peter Livius drops 
out of Xew Hampshire history. But 
the glimpses we get of him in Que- 
bec show him to have been consis- 
tent throughout his career. He was 
appointed chief justice of the pro- 
vince in 1776, and his appointment 
carried with it membership in the 
Council. One of the first questions 
that came before the Council was 
that of issuing an ordinance that 
would establish a reasonable and uni- 
form schedule of fees. The salaries 
of most of the Canadian office-hold- 
ers had recently been bountifully in- 
creased, and to General Carleton, 

Moore's Historical Collections, 11, 204-207. 



90 



THE 



AXITE MONTHLY 



the governor, it seemed only r : ^:r 
that the people should benefit there- 
by. The salary of the chief Justice 
was £1200 plus £100 as a member of 
the Council and £200 as judge of the 
vice-admiralty court, making a total 
of £1500. It seems as if this amount 
supplemented by a low schedule of 
fees, ought to have been sufficient 
income for even a chief justice living 
in Quebec in the last quarter of the 
eighteenth century. But Mr. Livius 
thought otherwise. A letter from 
the governor tells the story. 

"I have had the pleasure to per- 
ceive that there are some who require 
no law but their own integrity to 
keep them within the limits of jus- 
tice and moderation; unfortunately 
it is far otherwise with many, and 
in this province there is now no rule 
of regulation of fees of office, but 
each man for himself is guided by 
his own desire for gain, — which of 
late has broke out with greater 
keenness than heretofore. 

"Many! of the gentlemen of the 
Council saw the necessity of an Or- 
dinance, which, at the same time that 
it authorized what was reasonable, 
awarded proper punishments to de- 
ter those whose avarice might induce 
them to disregard or elude it: This 
business, so reasonable and neces- 
sary, was continually intercepted by 
motions and speeches quite new in 
this province, and more suited to a 
popular assembly of the Massachu- 
setts than to the King's Council for 
Canada. 

"Mr. Livius, Chief Justice, took 
"the lead, greedy of power, and more 
greedy of gain, imperious and im- 
petuous in his temper, but learned 
in ways of eloquence of the New 
England provinces, valuing himself 
in his knowledge how to manage 
governors, — well-schooled, it seems, 
in business of this sort." 

Livius's opposition to the governor 
was not confined to this one instance. 
Carleton was a military man and he 



ruled Canada accordingly. In the 
early years of the Revolution the 
province of Quebec was permeated 
with insurgency, which, after the 
surrender of Burgoyne, became once 
more a real danger to the British 
government. In order to make his 
administration as efficient as he 
could, the governor-general had ap- 
pointed an executive committee of 
the Council, which virtually took the 
place of the larger hoard. With the 
help of this committee — a sort of 
privy council — Carleton carried the 
province safely through a critical 
period. But Livius was not includ- 
ed in its membership. In April, 
1778. the chief justice attacked the 
legality of the executive committee, 
and demanded immediate remedy. 
Garleton's patience was exhausted. 
On May 8, 1778, he dismissed Liv- 
ius from the head of the judiciary, 
and hence from the Council. Inevi- 
tably another Livius controversy ap- 
peared in Downing Street. Carle- 
ton, in disgust, declined to defend 
his course before the Privy Coun- 
cil. Livius presented has side of the 
case, was sustained, and the office 
of chief justice was restored to him 
with extended powers. 

But Peter Livius did not return to 
Canada. On one pretext or another 
he remained in England, enjoying 
the salary of his office while its 
duties were performed by others. 
This agreeable arrangement, due 
largely to the indulgence of Lord 
George Germain, continued until 
1786, a period of eight years. Then 
not only was Livius superseded, but 
General Carleton, who had been out 
of civil office since 1778, returned to 
Canada as governor of Quebec and 
with the title of Lord Dorchester. 
Nine years later the Gentleman's 
Magazine, under date of July 23, 
1795, recorded among other recent 
deaths — "On his way to Brighthelm- 
stone, Peter Livius, Esq., late Chief 
justice of Canada/' 



'1 1 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



The Heart of Monad nock 

By Elizabeth Weston Timlow 
Boston, B. J. Brimmer Company 



p^ITE only justifiable way to re- 
view this bonk is to take a cue 
from the jeweller's art and 
string pearls — quotations — but, para- 
doxically, it can't be done in the space 
which even the most generous editor 
would allot to a review. Besides, one 
can't "review" a prose poem like, 
"The Heart of M'onadnock." 

In the spring of 1918 a certain 
"dollar a year" man in Washington, 
dropped out, and was no more seen 
for months. Being on the inside, he 
knew how little really had been done. 
He knew that after a year at war the 
United States had but three hundred 
thousand troops of all branches in 
France ; he knew that Germany was 
about to launch that great thrust 
towards Amiens. He pleaded and 
preached in vain, and then, instead 
of going mad, he slipped away to the 
Adirondack's. The mountains saved 
him from dying, like "Bobs," of a 
broken heart. That man's over- 
wrought condition is still with us to- 
day. Thousands of generous souls 



and kniijhtlv minds are daily 



agoniz- 



ing over conditions which they can- 
not alter, cannot alleviate, and which 
only time can better. 

For these, "The Heart of Monad- 
nock" was written. You don't need 
to go to Monadnock alone of moun- 
tains to correct your mental or 
moral astigmatism ; any good moun- 
tain will do! But you should take 
along "The Heart of Monadnock" in 
one pocket, to balance Selden's "Table 
i alk" or Bacon's Essays or a copy 
of Emerson or an Atlantic Monthly 
with one of William Beebe's articles 
in the other. 

Speaking of Beebe reminds one 
that the author has, like him and like 



John Burroughs, an equal interest in 
every living thing. Of the two 
eagles which have made their home 
for years on Dublin Ridge, driving 
their young each year to nest in some 
less- favored spot, she happily voices 
the thought of their "swimming in 
the sapphire ocean of space." 

Never have I read a finer or grand- 
er description of a thunder-storm 
than that contained in the seven pages 
beginning on page 72; none of the 
morbid horror and stage bogeyisms 
of a Poe, unhappy when not in a 
perpetual state of goose-flesh. Rather 
the healthy thrill and urge that come 
over so many of us at the breaking 
out of heaven's warfare. Read her 
storm tale to the accompaniment of 
the storm-music in "William Tell." 
and vour eye will flash, your nerves 
tingle, and the old berserker that yet 
dwells in us all will long for a part 
in the combat, to be borne oft at 
last to Valhalla by the watchful 
Valkyrie. 

The inside covers of the small 
volume have plans drawn to scale, 
of every path, pinnacle, and view- 
' point on and about Monadnock and 
his five giant sons — those great 
shoulder-buttresses that are the steps 
of "The Wise Old Giant's" throne. 
These paths and views are dwelt up- 
on and amplified in the text, and 
that makes the book a guide to bet- 
ter acquaintance. 

People who are mucking about in 
the mire of 'realistic* novels will be 
glad to know about "The Heart of 
Monadnock :" it is one book they 
won't have to buy to keep up with 
Greenwich Village. 

Erwin F. Keene. 






JUDGES FOR THE BROOKES MORE 
POETRY CONTEST 




HE interest shown by our 
readers and our contributors 
in the Brookes More Poetry 
contest which ended with the De- 
cember, 1922, issue has been very 
gratifying It is not going to be an 
easy matter for the judges to pick out 
the winning poem. We are fortunate, 
however, in having secured as judges 
three persons who know poetry both 
from a practical and from a critical 
standpoint : all three write poetry ; 
two of them are teachers of litera- 
ture, and the third is an editor on a 
magazine whose reputation for ex- 
cellent verse as well as prose is un- 
equalled. These three judges are: 

Miss Florence Converse, one of the 

editors of the Atlantic Monthly, 

Mr. Carl Holiiday. professor of 

English at the University of 

Toledo, 



Mr. Frank Prentice Rand, professor 

of English at Amherst College. 

Miss Converse is known as the 
author of several hooks, mainly on 
devotional and social subjects. Her 
last volume is a book of miracle 
playfc, "Garments of Praise." Mr. 
Holiiday numbers among his books 
a volume on "Woman's Life in Co- 
lonial Days" which, though pub- 
lished a number of years ago, still 
has a steady popularity. Mr. Rand's 
friends who enjoyed his volume of 
poems entitled "Garlingtown" will 
be glad to know that a new book 
of verse, "Weathervanes," is an- 
nounced for early publication by the 
Cornhill Publishing Company. 

These judges are now at work 
and we hope next month to be able 
to announce the winner and print 
again the winning poem. 



OUR CONTRIBUTORS 

In This Issue 



The political ambitions and strug- 
gles of other days were not so far 
different from those which fill our 
newspapers today. Peter Livius the 
Trouble Maker has his modern in- 
carnations. Therefore, his storv, 
written by LAWRENCE SHAW 
MAYO, who is well known to New 
Hampshire readers as the author 
of the biographies of Jeffrey Am- 
herst and. John Wentworth, is of 
interest to those whose study is hu- 
man nature as well as to historians. 
Mr. Mayo tells us that he came up- 
on the material about Peter Livius 
while he was working on the 
Wentworth biographv. 

when george' b. leigh- 

TON presented to the Legislature 
in 1919 the report of the commis- 
sion appointed in 1917 to study 



New Hampshire's undeveloped water 
powers, much interest was created 
throughout the state. This interest, 
however, was not as productive of 
action as it should have been. In 
the article which Mr. Leighton has 
written for the Granite Monthly 
this month, he sets forth again the 
plea that New Hampshire shall rea- 
lize the potential power of her 
streams and conserve it and use it 
to run her mills. 

HENRY B. .STEVENS ,is Ex- 
ecutive Secretary of the Co-opera- 
tive Extension Work at New Hamp- 
shire College. To use his own fig- 
ure, he is one of the superintend- 
ents in the Education Plant and the 
article which he has written is a 
personally conducted tour through 
the factory. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



r 



| ■ v 

B .......... 

General Frank Streeter 



GENERAL FRAXK STREETER 

, Enlightened and successful leadership 
»n many line? of public and private en- 
deavor characterized the life of General 
1 rank Sherwin Streeter, who died at 
J»s home in Concord. December 11, 
•922. Admitted to the New Hampshire 
oar in 1877, after a period of study with 
™t late Chief Justice Alonzo P. Car- 
penter, he soon gained, and retained to 
["« end, a leading place among the best 
Known trial lawyers in the East. To 
enumerate even the more important 
p- ; e_s with which he was connected as 
fading counsel would require much 
^pace. His last work as a lawyer was 



the investigation, for the Attorney Gen- 
eral of the United States, of the affairs 
of the Atlantic Shipbuilding Corpora- 
tion at Portsmouth; and, as a sequel, 
with characteristic public spirit, he gave 
valuable service, gratuitously, to the 
state of New Hampshire in relation to 
the industrial situation at our seaport 
city. 

Other good work for the national 
government was done by General 
Streeter as a member for several years 
of the International Joint Boundary 
Commission. 

Never an office-seeker, Mr. Streeter 
was a staunch Republican in politics, a 
diligent worker for the success of his 



94 * '5 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



party and influential in its councils. 
Among the honors which it bestowed 
upon him were those of president of the 
Republican state convention and dele- 
gate to the Republican national con- 
vention. 18^6; and member of the Re- 
publican national committee. 1907-8. 
He was a member of the Legislature of 
1885; served as judge advocate general 
on the staff of Governor Charles A. 
Busiel; and was president of the consti- 
tutional convention of 1902. 

During the World War General 
Streeter. as president of the New Hamp- 
shire Defense League and member of 
the executive committee of the official 
New Hampshire Committee on_ Public 
Safety, gave without stint of his time, 
money, ability and energy to the service 
of his country. 

Other indications of Mr. Streeter's 
public spirit and of its appreciation by 
his fellows are found in his presidency 
of the New Hampshire Historical So- 
ciety, of the State Bar Association, and, 
for 20 years, of the Wonotancet Club, 
Concord's leading social organization. 

But, after all, General Streeter's name 
and fame will endure longest — and this 
will meet his own desire — in connection 
with education. Of Dartmouth College, 
from which he graduated in 1874, and 
which bestowed upon him the degree 
of Doctor of Laws in 1913. he was for 
30 years a trustee. During this period, 
which witnessed the renaissance and 
wonderful growth of the college, he 
was the. "right hand man" of President 
William J. Tucker and President Ernest 
M. Hopkins to an extent which Doctor 
Hopkins gratefully acknowledged in his 
address of eulogy at General Streeter's 
funeral. 

As chairman of the sub-committee on 
Americanization of the Committee of 
Public Safety. Mr. Streeter gained an 
insight into the workings of the public 
school system, which aroused his in- 
terest in its opportunities and needs. 
A little later, as president of the new 
State Board of Education under Gov- 
ernor John H. Bartlett, he realized those 
opportunities and filled those needs to 
an extent which placed New Hamp- 
shire in the front rank of forward-look- 
ing and forward-moving states on edu- 
cational lines. 

Frank S. Streeter was born in East 
Charleston, Vermont, August 5, 1853, 



the son of Daniel and Julia (Wheeler) 
Streeter. He married Nov. 14, 18/7, 
Lilian, daughter of Chief Justice Alonzo 
P. and Julia R. (Goodall) Carpenter. 
She survives him, with their children, 
Julia (Mrs. Henry Gardner) and 
Thomas W., and his sister, Miss May 
Streeter. 



EMMA G. BURGUM 

On January 9, 1923, Emma G. Bur- 
gum, stricken with pneumonia, died in 
Concord at the age of 97. Mrs. Bur- 
gum who was the oldest resident in 
Concord was the adopted daughter of 
Countess Rumford. Born in Loudon, 
April 20, 1826. she came to Concord as 
a young girl, and lived there until her 
death. She was an active worker irs 
the North Congregational Church and 
was the oldest member of The Women's 
Benevolent Charitable Society of the 
church. 

Mrs. Bur gum is survived by two 
daughters. Mrs. Sarah R. Noyes, Mrs. 
E. H. Lane, and three sons, John F., 
Charles PL, and Edward Burgum, 



ELISHA RHODES BROWN 

On December 25, 1922 Elisha Rhodes 
Brown. President of the Stratford Na- 
tional and Savings Bank, died in Dover 
after an illness of several months, at the 
age of 75. Mr. Brown was a member 
of a notable Rhode Island family of that 
name which furnished governors of the 
state and founded Brown University. 
Mr. Brown entered the Stratford Na- 
tional Bank as a clerk more than 50 
years ago and was successively promot- 
ed to cashier, vice-president and presi- 
dent. At the time of his death he was 
the president of the Concord and Ports- 
mouth Railroad and director of the 
Maine Central. He had also served as 
director of the Boston and Maine and 
Concord and Montreal. 

A member of the First Parish Con- 
gregational Church, he long held the 
office of senior deacon. He was an Odd 
Fellow, 32nd degree Mason, and was 
affiliated with the Moses Paul lodge. 

He is survived by three sons, Harold 
W., Raymond S., and Philip C. Brown, 
all of Dover. 



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In This Issue—MAKING TEACHERS AT KEEN! 
its per copy 



$2.00 per vea 



Vol. 55 



GRANITE 

MONTHLY 




No. 3 



MARCH 1923 

THE MONTH IN' NEW HAMPSHIRE 



Of* 



ft 



The Defeat of the 48 Hour Law 

OX February 14th the much talk- 
ed about 48-hour week measure 
for women and children passed 
the Mouse by a vote of 2S8 to 163. 
Twenty-eight Republicans joined the 
Democrats in support of this bill, 
while eighteen Democrats took sides 
with the Republicans in voting "No." 
THe bill then came before the Senate. 
Many were the queries; many the 
wophesies as to what this body would 
rio. But when on February 28th the 
bill was defeated by a vote of ten to 
hvefve no one was at all surprised. 
It was expected from the beginning. 
ami it is exactly what most people 
"tWesavv when the Democratic House 
majority refused to co-operate with 
t' e Republican Senate by accepting 
uie fact-finding commission plan in- 
troduced by Mr. Bass. 

And so ends the most controversal 
»»$ue, the most bitter fight of this 
legislature. Many will sigh with re- 
*fc! that this bill has been disposed of 
|e r a time at least. But two years 
"WTO now comes another election at 
^bich will be chosen not only a legis- 
lature but also a President and a 
United States Senator- Already the 
I^mocrats who believe they won this 
Action on the 4S-hour question are 
J*Whusiastically preparing to make 
~vu* law the political issue of the 1924 
^upaign. That it will be for the 



next few years the principal political 
issue and that Republicans must be 
prepared and ready to meet it is un- 
avoidable and certain, 

The Amendment to the 
Constitution 

TpOR the first time since the conven- 
-*- ing of the legislature the 48-hour 
issue has a rival in interest and public 
attention. The proposed amendment 
to the constitution, which will give the 
legislature power to reorganize the 
state tax system, now holds the center 
of the stage in Concord. 

On January 31st the House with the 
large majority of three hundred and 
nine to forty-two voted to call the 
Constitutional Convention. A few 
days later the Senate passed the reso- 
lution, and on February 17th the 
Constitutional Convention met and in 
a few hours' time voted to submit 
this measure to the people on town- 
meeting day, March 13th. 

It is a curious fact that, with a 
Democratic House, a Republican 
Senate, the Governor, the Constitu- 
tional Convention, and such an or- 
ganization as the New Hampshire 
Farm Bureau all ardently supporting 
this amendment, the majority of the 
press throughout the state, led by the 
Manchester Union, is violently and 
actively opposing it. 

That there should be a re-organiza- 



98 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



tion and a reform of taxation in New 
Hampshire everyone agrees- The tax- 
ing power of our constitution was 
fixed in 1784, at a time when only 
physical and tangible property ex- 
isted. Since ,then, intangible property- 
has grown \o be equal in value to 
tangible property. But, on account 
of the limitations placed on our leg- 
islature, this intangible property, 
such as stocks and bonds, cannot be 
made to bear its fair share of the tax 
burden. The result is that such 
property as real estate, livestock, etc. 
has to carry, not only its own share 
of taxes, but a large proportion of 
the taxes which should be carried by 
intangible property. 

For instance, though it is true that 
there is practically an equal amount 
of tangible and intangible property in 
this state, yet in 1922 real estate, paid 
a tax of $11,000,000, while bonds and 
notes, bank stocks and corporate 
stock paid only $100,000. 

There is no disagreement as to the 
injustice and serious menace to the 
prosperity of the property owners. 
large and small, that results from this 
condition. There is no disagreement 
as to the necessity of remedying this 
situation. The disagreement arises 
from the wording of the amendment. 
Its opponents claim that this wording 
gives the" legislature too much power. 
They do not trust the legislature and 
fear radical action with the passage 
of a general income tax if this amend- 
ment is accepted by the people. 

This amendment, they declare, to 
be "wide open" and that, as the Man- 
rhcstcr Union says, its effect would 
be to give the legislature "complete, 
unlimited authority to draw upon the 
resources and income of the citizens 
of the state whenever, however, in 
what amount they see fit." To this 
the supporters reply that the propos- 
ed amendment in no way gives such 
power to the legislature. The fact, 
they argue, that under this amend- 
ment any bill before becoming law 



must receive the approval of not 
the legislature but the Senate, q • 
governor and the Supreme Court fur- 
nishes checks and balances enough \r 
insure the people against any hast} ; 
radical tax legislation and they poind 
to the fact that in this opinion thfe 
are upheld by such eminent legal ati 
thorities as Judge James Remick an 
Judge Charles Corning. 

While such papers as the Lacw\ 
Democrat, the Granite State Free New 
the Exeter News, the Milford Cabm ' 
and finally, the Manchester Union avr 
all writing editorials denouncing th:. 
amendment, and appealing to tl 
people to defeat it, the majority ci 
the House of Representatives and 
many prominent men are with equal 
enthusiasm supporting and speaking 
in its favor. A group of men, for in- 
stance, including Raymond B. 
Stevens, Judge Charles Corning, 
George M. Putnam, President New 
Hampshire Farm Bureau. Senator 
Benjamin H. Orr, Senator Walter 
Tripp, Ex-Governor Albert O. Brown, 
John R. McLane, Speaker William 
J. Ahern, Judge James W. Remick. 
John G. Winant, James C). Lyfofd, 
and Ex-Gov- Robert P. Bass, recent 
ly made a joint statement which re- 
ceived wide publicity. "This amend* 
ment," they announced, "would set- 
tle all questions as to the legality oi 
a graduated inheritance tax, and 
would enable the legislature safeh 
to impose reasonable rates on inher- 
itances. Also it would give our leg- 
islature power to levy a tax on gaso- 
lene, which has already been enacteo 
in fourteen states and is being con- 
sidered by other neighboring state- 
in New England. The addition- 
revenue so obtained would make ■ 
possible to reduce the unfair burden 
laid upon real estate and tangible 
property by reducing direct state 
tax.... The purpose of the amend- 
ment is not to give the legislature 
more money to spend but to enable 
it to distribute the existing burden 



111. i>i V./. 



XL X -> i\i 



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more widely and equally 

"The proposed amendment should 
not be regarded as 'wide-open.' In 
no sense does it remove all restric- 
tions from the Legislature. The 
word 'reasonable' is still retained 
and the Supreme Court would un- 
doubtedly overrule any tax law that 
was unjust, arbitrary, or confisca- 
tory. Any new tax law would have 
to be passed by the House, by the 
Senate, signed by the Governor, and 
finally upheld by the Supreme Court. 
This amendment in no sense enlarges 
the power of the Legislature to ap- 
propriate money. It has unlimited 
power now to appropriate money. 
It does, however, give the Legisla- 
ture the power to equalize and fairly 
to distribute taxes and make all 
classes of property bear their fair 
share of the public burden. 

"Neither is this proposed amend- 
ment new or revolutionary. It would 
merely give to our Legislature the 
same power to distribute the burden 
of taxation equitably that is exer- 
cised by the Legislature of most of 
the' other states of the Union/' 

The Manchester Union and 
Mr. Lyford 

I JNE of the spicy occurrences in 
connection with a fight over the 
proposed constitutional amendment 
has been a lively passage of words 
between Mr. Lyford and the Man- 
chester Union- It all started with a 
news article in the Manchester Union 
on February 20th which accused Mr. 
Lyford of sending out 130.000 circu- 
lars in support of this amendment at 
the expense of the citizens of New 
Hampshire. This aroused Mr. Ly- 
tr >rd's ire. and he informed the legis- 
lature that these circulars had been 
J rinted at the request of the legis- 
lative department who in turn had 
been directed by the Constitutional 
Convention "to prepare and furnish to 
nve Secretary of State. . . ,a statement 



of reasons for the submission of this 
amendment. " Whereupon the House 
unanimously and enthusiastically 
passed a resolution endorsing Ah. 
Lyford's action. 

This little controversy has con- 
tinued with unabated energy. Finally 
Raymond Stevens of Landaft was 
drawn in when the MancJiestcr Union 
charged him with favoring a general 
income tax. In answer to tin's Mr. 
Stevens, speaking before the House, 
said, "It is very improbable that any 
income tax would ever be imposed in 
Xew FTampshire which would tax 
wages and farmers' incomes." 

"There are two forms of income 
tax," he declared. "One a general 
income tax upon all incomes, which 
may be either a substitute for a 
general property tax or in addition to 
it, the second, a limited income tax, 
which is supplemental to the property 
tax and aims to secure a fair contri- 
bution from those classes which are 
not reached by the ordinary property 
tax. It is this limited form of income 
tax which I have advocated. . . .If this 
amendment is adopted I hope to see 
this legislature pass such a limited 
income tax, and also increase the 
rates of taxation upon inheritances 
and levy a tax upon gasolene. None 
of these reforms can be made without 
an amendment to the constitution. 

"I hope," he continues, "sufficient 
additional revenue may be secured so 
that the direct state tax may be wholly 
or at least mostly abolished. This will 
automatically reduce the burden of 
taxation now laid upon real estate and 
tangible property from ten to twelve 
per cent. . .1 want to state the reasons 
why I prefer the general amendment 
to the limited amendment. Our sys- 
tem of taxation is more unequal and 
unjust than that of any other state 
in the Union. Practically the whole 
burden of taxation is placed upon real 
estate and tangible property. With 
one exception all the wealth of the 
state represented by investments 



100 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



escapes taxation, arid that class is the 
one class least able to bear the burden 
of taxation, namely. — savings-fc 3 nk 
deposits.'' 

An Interesting Meeting 

ANOTHER very timely meeting w& 
held by the New Hampshire Civic 
Association on February 28th in Con- 
cord to discuss the proposed constitu- 
tional amendment. Prof. Rice of Dart- 
mouth, Hon. Raymond B. Stevens. G. 
M. Putnam, President of the New 
Hampshire Farm Bureau, were the prin- 
cipal speakers. The discussion which 
followed was extremely animated. Mr. 
Stevens, Henry H. Metcalf of Concord. 
John H. Foster, the State Forester, and 
Alfred T. Pierce supported the amend- 
ment while Ex-Gov. Felker, Walter B. 
Farmer, and Clarence E. Carr took the 
opposition. 

Mr. George H. Duncan considerably 
cleared the atmosphere of legal techni- 
calities and learned discussion by de- 
claring that it was no use at this time to 
discuss whether or not one approved or 
did not approve of the wording of this 
amendment, that the amendment could 
not now be changed, and that the 
question before the people was whether 
or not they would accept this amend- 
ment and relieve the heavy burden of 
taxation which falls on tangible proper- 
ty or whether they would refuse to pass 
it and permit this condition so harmful 
and unjust to continue for the next five 
or more years. 

Other Bills of Interest 

EIGHT years ago Manchester lost 135 
1 babies, for every thousand bom. to- 
day only 95 die in even thousand. 

This remarkable lowering of Man- 
chester's infant mortality came about 
as a result of the municipal maternity 
work which has been carried on in 
that city for the last eight years. And 
there is now before the legislature a 
bill which if passed will enable this 
work, so successful in Manchester, 



bo he extended throughout the state 
The bill calls for an appropriation of 
nearly $8,000 and provides for co- 
operation with the Federal Govern- 
ment under the Sheppard Townei 
Act. Such co-operation would mean 
that maternity work would be con- 
ducted through our State Board of Health 
under Federal supervision and that 
we would receive from the Federal 
government a sum of over $12,000 
making a total of over $20,000. tht 
minimum amount, according to the 
proponents of the bill necessary if 
this work is to be carried on through- 
out the state. 

This bill has been endorsed by the 
Xew Hampshire Federation of Woman's 
Clubs, the X. H. Women's Christian 
Temperance Union, the State Parent- 
Teachers Association, and is being sup- 
ported and advocated by the three women 
legislators at Concord. There has. 
nevertheless, arisen considerable oppo- 
sition to the bill, the chief objection 
being that by tfhus accepting Federal 
assistance we surrender our state rights. 
The supporters of this bill, however, 
point to the fact that 42 other states 
have accepted this Federal assistance and 
that since we already accept Federal aid 
for nine other purposes, such as for our 
highways, for the eradication of bovine 
tuberculosis, for the gypsy moth work. 
etc.. they see no reason why we should 
not accept such Federal aid for the work 
of saving our babies. 

There are three other bills which are 
receiving much interest, and over which 
there has been a great deal of contro- 
versy and differences of opinion. These 
include a bill which will permit amateur 
and uncommercial sports to be played 
on. Sunday ; a bill which provides that 
vaccination for school children shall not 
be compulsory and a bill which has been 
introduced by the railroad which caH> 
for the discontinuance of two branch 
lines of the B. & M. Railroad, the Man- 
chester & Milford Road and the Suncook 
Valley Road. 



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R. Wright— Tilton, N. H. 

The Popularity of Winter Sports Has Rolled Up Like a Big Snowball 



THE CARNIVAL SEASON IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

What Winter Sports Have Done For the State 



I "DARTMOUTH entertained one 
J thousand guests at her thirteenth 
annual Carnival this year. La- 
conia estimates that over five thou- 
sand people participated in her winter 
sports the week end of February 10. 
When Manchester held her celebra- 
tion, the schools of the city and many 
of the business houses declared a half- 
holiday. 

These few facts about the carnival 
season just closing" are taken at ran- 
dom from the newspapers of the past 
few weeks, but they serve to show 
how firm a grip the carnival idea has 
upon New Hampshire. And the idea 
is the development of the last dozen 
years. How did it come about? 
&ew Hampshire winters have not 
changed. There have always been 
the same drifts of crisp white snow, 
the same clear blue skies, the same 
brisk, bracing air. But the entire at- 
titude of people toward winter has 



undergone a transformation nothing 
short of miraculous. The popularity 
of winter sports and carnivals has 
rolled up like a big snowball, and it 
is still increasing. How did it start? 
Some dozen years ago a boy enter- 
ing Dartmouth brought with him a 
pair of home-made skis and a bound- 
less enthusiasm for skiing. Possibly 
he. more than any other one person, 
is responsible for the movement, for 
as founder of the Dartmouth Winter 
Sports Club, he originated the Car- 
nivalat Dartmouth, the forerunner of 
all the carnivals throughout the state. 
Much credit is due him. His achieve- 
ment may be taken as one more in- 
stance of what a man with an en- 
thusiasm can accomplish. But he 
didn't do it singlehanded. It takes 
the* dry tinder of popular receptivity 
as well as the spark of genius to kindle 
such a fire. The conditions were 
right, Dartmouth started the ball 



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Manchester Mingled Summer and Winter Sports in Her Spectacular Diving 

From a Forty-Foot Ledge 

rolling, and the country as a whole people venture to take part in the 
responded with a vigor which was as sports. The season just past has been 
.surprising as it was enthusiastic. the most successful yet. To list the 

Each year more towns and cities New Hampshire carnivals would be 
fall into line. Each year new features next to impossible. There are some 
Each year more which are now well established annual 
events like those at Dartmouth, and 
Laconia and Newport. There were 
city carnivals, like that at Manchester, 
and carnivals in the smaller villages. 
Tamworth, North Conway. Jackson, 
Concord. Claremont, Bristol, Tilton, 
j (afrrey, Gorham — merely listing the 
./ names of some of them is enough to 

C P eive an impression of the variety of 

I the events. And it is safe to say that 
I not one carnival committee completed 
-; : . v its work without storing up a grist of 

% ideas for making next year's celebra- 
tion bigger and better than this year's. 
The carnival enthusiasm has by no 



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introduced. 


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means reached its peak yet. 

In some respects carnivals are as 
Its Nor So Cold In The Water alike as peas. The parade which 

starts proceedings, the ski-jumping, 



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The New England Skating Association 

the tug of war, the races on snow- 
shoes, the coasting and tobogganing, 
the carnival bail — these with modi- 
fications appear wherever carnivals 
are given. They are always popular, 
always productive of fun and good 
fellowship. 

With this fundamental similarity, 
however, goes an originality which 
makes each carnival distinctive, quite 
apart from any other event. Some- 
times these distinctive features have 
little or no direct connection with 
winter sports in _ themselves — like 
Manchester's carnival movies or Dart- 
mouth's loud -speaking radio which 
supplied music for the .skaters. Some- 
times they consist of unusual exhibi- 
tions by professionals or semi-profes- 
sionals. At North Conway one inter- 
esting feature was the ski-jumping by 
a father of sixty and his son aged 
eleven, the oldest and the youngest 
ski-jumpers in the country. The Xew 
England Skating Association made 
Laconia the scene of skating exhibi- 
tions unequalled in the whole state. 
At Gorham the presence of a fine team 
of Eskimo dogs helped to make the 
carnival a success. And Manchester 
found itself featured in every roto- 



Quimby — .Laconia 

Made Laconia the Scene of Its Exhibitions 

gravure section in New England by 
the daring mingling of summer and 
winter sports by the boys who again 
and again made a forty-foot dive from 
a snow-covered ledge into water 
which could be kept from freezing 
over only by constant work on the part 
of men stationed at the foot of the 
ledge for that purpose. Most interest- 
ing of all, however, were the special 
features which developed out of the 
individual character of the town— 
Bristol's ox parade, Newport's deer 



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Moody — Bristi 

Two Entries at the Bristol Carnival 






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Above: It isn't as easy as it looks! 
Ski jumping at the Manchester Carni- 
val. 



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Left : Gorham introduced a fine team 
of Eskimo dogs at her carnival. 

Photo by Moody 



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Below: "The best possible form of 
community activity.'' Part of Bris- 
tol's carnival. 

Photo by Shorey, Gorliam 



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Above: This manimoth sled was one 
of the most popular features of the 
carnival at Manchester. 






Right: An Arctic dog sledge in New- 
Hampshire hills. 

Photo by Shorey, Gorham 



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Below : Ready to start for a cross- 
country hike. 









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Boston 

The Most Skilful Sportsmen Come to Grilt Occasionally 



drive, etc. There is a community 
flavor to such events. 

All- this means a tremendous boom 
to New Hampshire prosperity. It 
means that the state, which for years 
has been New England's most popular 
summer resort, has become an all-the- 
year-round vacation land. The ad- 
vertising value of the carnival idea 
is being exploited to the fullest ex- 
tent by our boards of trade, our 
chambers of commerce, our news- 
papers, our hotels, our stores, by the 
railroads, by the manufacturers of 
sports equipment, even by the de- 
signers of style.-., though Collier in a 
cartoon in the Boston Herald is 
moved to question whether knickers 
were made popular by carnivals or 
vice versa. 

This is all legitimate publicity. But 
if that were all there was to it one 
might have reason for concern. There 
is something repugnant to a New 
Englander in the idea of commercial- 
izing the natural beauty of the 
country. If our winter sports are 



nothing more than devices to tickle 
the fancy and open the purses of our 
friends from out of the state, is it 
after all worth the candle? A passing 
fad, a brilliant publicity idea, — but 
is it anything more? 

For your answer you have only to 
go to a New Hampshire town — al- 
most any town will do — -on a Sat- 
urday afternoon. You will have to 
go outside the main streets of the 
town to find the people : the cen- 
tral square will be almost deserted. 
But at a convenient meeting-place on 
the outskirts of the town you will 
probably find a group with .snowshoes 
and skis, a good-natured group of 
assorted ages and sizes— and cos- 
tumes. These are Community- Hikers, 
iead\- to start off across the fields for 
a tram}> of about five miles. In Con- 
cord, where the idea has been tried 
out for several years now, that group 
sometimes includes one hundred or 
more. 

Walking a few rods further you will 
come upon an open field with a ski- 






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There is Exhilaration in the \Yoods in Winter 



jump and a toboggan chute and a 
crowd of rapid-motion enthusiasts 
swarming up and down the hillside. 
You will see entertaining exhibitions 
if you stop to watch— more enter- 
taining by far than those which are 
featured in carnivals. The equipment 
of the field, in nine cases out of ten, 
belongs to the community, is kept in 
order by the com.rn.uity, and is at the 
disposal of any one who uses it with- 
out abusing the privilege. Tilton 
boasts a toboggan chute on which the 
speed is slightly more than a mile a 
minute. Laconia has one which is 
nearly half a mile long. It is not 
difficult to imagine how incessantly 
those chutes are in use while the snow 
lasts. 

In such community activity, spon- 
sored by the community and main- 
tained for the community, is to be 
found the best development of the 
popularity of winter sports. Out on 
the ski runs and toboggan chutes, the 
skating ponds and the snow-covered 
meadows i.s being stored up energy 



and health which are more truly com- 
munity assets than the receipts which 
directly or indirectly accrue from car- 
nivals, however brilliant they may be. 

Whenever the people of a commun- 
ity get together in any wholesome 
activity the morale of the community 
is strengthened. We discovered that 
in war times, we tried more or less 
successfully to carry the idea over 
into peace times through organized 
"community play" and by "community 
singing," and we have found in winter 
sports the best possible form of com- 
munity activity. 

This is true for one very simple 
reason : winter sports allow no onlook- 
ers. Baseball and football are out of 
the question as community games be- 
cause they enlist the active brain and 
muscle of a very few players ; the rest 
of .us sit on the grandstand and shout 
instructions. Most of us rather like to 
get our exercise by proxy, and during 
the summer months we can do so 
comfortably. But the enthusiast who 
gets pleasure out of standing on the 



108 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



ice in a biting- north wind watching 
an ice hockey game, or who will 
shiver in a snowdrift in admiring at- 
tention while a ski-jumping exhibi- 
tion is in process is rare. That sort 
of thing is. fun for a few minutes and 
then the cold begins to get in its work. 
No one can enjoy skiing or skating 
or coasting or snowshoeing or any 
other form of winter sports from the 
sidelines ; he has to get into the game 
to feel the tingle and zest of it. 

It takes effort sometimes to make 
a start. Assuredly no spectacle was 
ever so ridiculous as a novice on skis 
or skates or even snow shoes. And 
the novice is painfully conscious of 
that fact when he starts. But he 
gathers his courage in both hands. 
He decides to try the ski run. He 
starts. It is not so bad as he thought. 
He is getting on famously. He hopes 
that people are watching his progress 
to see how successful lie is. Some- 



thing happens. One ski starts explor- 
ing on its own responsibility.... 

As he digs himself out of the smother- 
ing snow he looks around sheepishly 
for the crowds of derisive spectators. 
There are none. They are having too 
many troubles of their own to watch 
the tumbles of a beginner. His self- 
consciousness vanishes. He is fuliv 
initiated into the army of Winter 
Sports Enthusiasts. 

Taken as a single incident that is 
trivial enough, but repeated as it has 
been thousands of times this winter it 
has a social significance which might 
furnish the subject for a Doctor's 
thesis in Psychology. America is a 
self-conscious country, hampered and 
handicapped by the fear of being spon- 
taneous. Is it not possible that, by 
helping to lift this self-consciousness, 
our winter sports are building the 
mental health of the nation as well as 
its physical well-being? 



FILLED MILK 



ilLLED milk is a name that the 
majority of citizens have become 
familiar with during the past few 
months. It refers to a certain sub- 
stance made up of a compound of skim- 
milk and cocoanut oil. It is manu- 
factured by separating the butter fat 
from the whole milk and substituting 
in its place, cocoanut or vegetable oil. 
This is a very profitable business for 
the manufacturer ; butter fat, worth 
approximately fifty cents per pound, 
is replaced by cocoanut oil, worth from 
six to ten cents per pound. The busi- 
ness has been growing by tremendous 
bounds until a yearlv production of 
86,000,000 pounds has been reached. 
Filled Milk is very injurious to health. 
Such an authority as Dr. E. V. 
McCollum of Johns Hopkins Universi- 
ty, testified before Congress that an in- 
fant fed a few weeks on this product 
would develop the rickets. The rea- 
son for this lies in the fact that when 



you remove butter fat from whole milk, 
it takes 90% of a particular class of 
vitamines which are very essential to 
the health and growth of infants and 
growing" children. 

House Bill No. 94 in the New 
Hampshire legislature, if passed, would. 
prohibit the sale and manufacture in 
this state of filled milk. It is essential 
that this bill should pass for both 
health and economic reasons. 

A bill similar to this has been enacted 
in eleven states and the constitution- 
ality of the law upheld in three of these 
States. This legislation is endorsed 
by organizations representing the great 
majority of citizens in New Hampshire. 
These organizations are the New 
Hampshire Farm Bureau Federation, 
the Grange, the Federation of Labor, 
the League of Women Voters, the 
Dairymen's Association and many other 
organizations of local, state and na- 
tional character. — H. S. B. 



PROMINENT 
LEGISLATORS 

RAYMOND B. STEVENS (D) 

Landaff 
Committee on Ways and Means 

Committee on Labor 
A T the beginning of each week, 
* " dunning his shaggy coat and 
piling bag and baggage on his 
boy's toboggan, he catapults down 
from his snowy mountain fast- 
ness into political New Hamp- 
shire. A similar vigor, direct- 
ness, and force characterize his 
motions after he reaches the 
Capital. In the New Hampshire 
House and in the National Con- 
gress, as vice-chairman of the U. 
S. Shipping Board, and in his 
recent independent stand for a 
fact-finding commission, Mr. 
Stevens has shown himself a 
statesman who puts public wel- 
fare above personal advancement. 



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Chadbourne 



ROBERT P. BASS (R) 
Peterborough 
Committee on Ways and Means 
^'THE leading exponent to be 
found in the entire north- 
east in the battle for the cause 
of social and industrial justice" — 
That's what Roosevelt called him 
back in 1912. He was Governor 
cnen — one of the youngest 
Governors New Hampshire has 
ever had, and one of the few 
who left a perfect record of per- 
formed platform pledges. Roose- 
velt's words come back with 
special force this session because 
of Mr. Bass's hard fight for a 
fact-finding commission on the 
48-hour law, his personal investi- 
gation culminating in his stand 
as Republican champion of the 
law, and his active interest in the 
alleviation of the farmer's tax 
burden. 



110 



HE GRANITE MOM HLY 



i 



GEORGE H. DUNCAN (D) 

Jaffrey 
Committee on National Affairs 

Committee on Railroads 
Committee on Ways and Means 
X OU have seen those picture 

puzzles of seemingly orthodox 

landscapes labeled "Find the 

cat." Once found the concealed 
outlines are so clear one wonders 
at the blindness of those who 
look at the picture without seeing 
them. The "cat" in Mr. Duncan's 
landscape is the Single Tax. He 
traces its principle back to Moses 
and forward to the niillenium. 
No wonder he watches the strug- 
gles of the legislature with a 
slight air of amusement. A stu- 
dent of men and affairs, it is safe 
to say that he knows more about 
more bills before the House than 
any other person in the Legisla- 
ture or out. 



. . _ _ .. . . 



GEORGE A. WOOD (R) 
Portsmouth 
Committee on Labor 
Committee on Ways and Means 
^VOU may use my photograph 
if you wish, but the really 
important pictures in our family 
are these — " and Mr. Wood pull- 
ed from his pocket a set of pic- 
tures of the two-year-old girl who 
is probably better known in New 
Hampshire legislative circles than 
any other young woman of her 
age in the state. Mr. Wood is 
variously known as "Betty Jean's 
grandfather," "Mary I. Wood's 
husband" and as one of the 
most fair-mindied of our legisla- 
tors. He has made his third 
term notable by his able support 
of the 48-hour law. 



., ^ 



L 



ALFRED O. MORTENSEN 
(D) 

GORHAM 

Committee on Labor 
'TVHIS earnest young electrician 
from Gorham represents a 

new element in New Hampshire 
politics — the labor leader with an 
intellectual grasp of economic 
principles and of the psychology 
of law-making. Making his po- 
litical debut in a clean-up cam- 
paign in his own town, he has 
come to Concord this winter with 
the determination to see industrial 
issues handled fairly and squarely. 
Although' a newcomer, lie has al- 
ready made himself known by 
his clear and forceful speeches 
on the floor of the House. 



■ 



I 



I 

] 











If 








• 
■ 








> 
















1 














J 


















1 








i i 
ir 








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i ' j 








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1-1 






WILLIAM E. PRICE (R) 
Lisbon 

Committee on Revision of 

Statutes 

Committee on Rules 

T ISBON has an unwritten law 

that no man shall go to the 
Legislature two consecutive ses- 
sions. However, having found 
in Mr. Price a representative 
combining the broad outlook of a 
scholar — he holds degrees of A. 
B. and A. M. from Brown — and 
the keen business judgment of a 
successful manufacturer, the town 
was wise enough to return him 
for a second term. He would 
have been speaker had the Re- 
publicans controlled the House, 
and he was one of the ablest op- 
ponents of the 48-hour law. 



II. 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



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I . ' § 



JOHN G. WINANT (R) 

Concord 
Committee on Labor 
THE Young Schoolmaster in 
Politics is a favorite subject 
for novelists. But when one adds 
to John Winant's teaching career 
at St. Paul's and his already no- 
table record both in the House 
and in the Senate, some Texas 
oil adventures, a California 
ranch, and war experience which 
began with enlistment as a pri- 
vate and concluded with com- 
mand of a squadron in the Air 
Service — Well, an author con- 
fronted with that wealth of ma- 
terial would speedily be reduced 
to distraction similar to Mr. Wi- 
nant's when genius start? to burn 
and his 48-hour friends have 
kidnapped his stenographer. 



PC) Rl U X A T X O RM A X o 1 X 
(D) 

La co xi a 

Committee on Judiciary 

Committee on National Affairs 

Committee on Rules 

W/HEN Robert Jackson used 
to conduct Democratic ral- 
lies in Laconia some years ago, 
there was among his hearers, ap- 
prehensive lest Air. Jackson ac- 
complish all the world's - work 
before he could grow up, a 
dark-eyed French Canadian boy. 
who learned English when he was 
ten years old. This boy was For- 
tunat Xormandin. He is a 
Democratic representative from 
a normally Republican ward, but 
he owes his election not to the 
"landslide" but to a well-estab- 
lished habit on the part of his 
neighbor.-, to depend on him in 
matters of this sort. 



Z.J 









■6 

1 a 



EZRA M. SMITH (R) 
Peterborough 

Committee on Judiciary 
YJE'S the oldest member of the 

Legislature — in years only. 
For one has only to listen to his 
extemporaneous speeches on the 
floor of the House to realize 
that, in alertness of interest and 
keenness of judgment, he is among 
the youngest of the crowd. He 
first came to the House in 1871 
and he has been present six ses- 
sions since that time, with one 
term in the Senate. From his 
first appearance his chief inter- 
est has been in taxation meas- 
ures. The ovation given him on 
his birthday was one of the in- 
teresting features of the present 
session. 



^ 



I 1 



ROBERT WRIGHT (R) 
Sanbornton 

Committee on Judiciary 
\Y/ 7 HEX Robert Wright runs 

for the state legislature he 
works up more enthusiasm in 
Sanbornton than a presidential 
campaign. Which, at first 

thought, seems surprising for he 
is known as one of the -most si- 
lent men in the House. He ac- 
complishes much with few fire- 
works, as those who know of 
his work as chairman of the 
judiciary committee in 1919 can 
testify. This is his fourth ap- 
pearance in the House. He's 
been there every term but one 
since 1915. 



\ I 



; 



Ill 

AN ANTHOLOGY OF ONE POEM POETS 

Compiled by Arthur Johnson 

Ralph Waldo Emerson once said, as have been selected, though it is not pre- 

suddenly as the thought struck him sumed their authors have not, in some 

when he and a friend of his, who long cases, written other poems which, to 

ago described it to me, were hunting for some tastes are of equal or perhaps even 

a lost poem together: "1 should like to greater merit. It is probable that some 

have an anthology of the one-poem at least of the poems here published 

poets!" — in sympathy with which fugi- will be collected later in book form, 

tive wish the poems to be published un- Suggestions will be welcome. - 
der this heading from month to month — A. J. 



THE WHITE MOTH 

By A. T. Quiller-Couch 

// a leaf rustled, she would start: 

And yet site died, a year ago. 

How had so frail a thing the heart 

To journey where she trembled so/ 
And do they turn, and turn in fright, 

Those little feet, in so much night? 

' ' ' r • ■■ : 'I • 

: — 

The light above the poet's head 

Streamed on the page and on the cloth, 
And twice and thrice there buffeted 

On the black pane a white-winged moth 
'Twas Annie's soul that beat outside 

And "Open, open, open !" cried : 

"I could not find the way to God; 

There were too many flaming suns 
For signposts, and the fearful road 

Led over wastes where millions 
Of tangled comets hissed and burned — 

I was bewildered and I turned. 

"O, it was easy then ! I knew 

Your window and no star beside. 

Look up, and take me back to you !" 

— He rose and thrust the window wide : 

'Twas but because his brain was hot 
With rhyming; for he heard her not. 

But poets polishing a phrase 
Show anger over trivial things ; 

And as she blundered in the blaze 
Towards him, on ecstatic wings, 

He raised a hand and smote her dead ; 
Then wrote "That 1 had died instead !" 



POEMS US 

IDENTITY 



Somewhere— in desolate wind-swept: space- 
In Twilight-land— in No-man's land- 
Two hurrying Shapes met face to face, 
And bade each other stand. 

"And who are you?" cried one, agape. 
Shuddering in the gloaming light. 

"1 know not," said the Second Shape, - 
4 T only died last night!" 



THE PARTING 

By Michael Drayton 

Since there's no help, come let us kiss and part — 
Nay, I have done, you get no more of me ; 
And I am glad, yea, glad with all my heart, 
That thus so cleanly I myself can free. 
Shake hands forever, cancel all our. vows, 
And when we meet at any time again, 
Be it not seen in either of our brows 
That we one jot of former love retain. 

Now at the last gasp of Love's latest breath, 
When, his pulse failing, Passion speechless lies, 
When Faith is kneeling by his bed of death, 
And Innocence is closing up his eyes, 
— Now if thou wouldst, when all have given him over, 
From death to life thou might'st him yet recover. 



HERACLITUS 

By William Johnson Cory 

They told me, Heraclitus, they told me you were dead, 
They brought me bitter news to hear and bitter tears to 

shed. 
I wept as I remember'd how often you and I 
Had tired the sun with talking and sent him down the sky. 

And now that thou art lying, my dear old Carian guest, 
A handful of grey ashes, lung, long ago at rest, 
Still are thy pleasant voices, thy nightingales, awake ; 
For Death, he taketh all away, but them he cannot take. 






'■'L^J.^. 






Potatoes dug from ten 
produced 13 pounds, eohsisti 
stock at right produced -V^ 



amnion stg« 
unmarketal 



. Th 
potai 



d seed at left 

c the common 



consisting of -■'< marketable and 14 unmarketable ones. 



THE COLLEGE AND POTATOES 

A Movie of the Extension and Experiment Service at Work 

By Henry Bailey Stevens 



NSTEAD 



might have dealt with chicken: 



potatoes this article 
or 

dairy cattle or apples or home 
economics. In all of these lines — 
and others — the strands between the 
State College and New Hampshire's 
20,000 farms are being woven more 
tightly; but there is not time to speak 
of everything, and potatoes alone may 
well, as the boys say, constitute a 
"mouthful." In fact, I am tempted 
not to make it an article at all but 
rather a moving-picture. 

Suppose that you are seated in 
cinema darkness, and that you are 
looking not at The Granite Monthly, 
but at the screen. First let there 
flicker for a moment the windows 
of an ivy-covered brick laboratory 
strangely shot through by the radiance 
of a setting sun. Behind the glass 
a tall black figure stands turning up- 
side down the contents of a vial and 
closely scrutinizing them. This, the 
caption informs you, is the State Ag- 
ricultural Experiment Station at Dur- 
ham. 

In an instant the scene shifts to a 
busy office. A young man at a desk 
talking hurriedly to a farmer in over- 
alls. A stenographer calls the young 
man to the telephone. Energetically 
he speaks into it. This is a county 
agent's office in one of the ten county 
Farm Bureau centers of the state. 



Then you see a lone weather-beaten 
farmhouse with a road winding to it, 
tall maples, a big barn and a cosy 
atmosphere that makes the pianist 
down front break spontaneously into 
"A Little Gray Home in the West" 
or its latest successor. And suddenly, 
as if connecting all three of these 
scenes, appears a row of smooth, well- 
shaped potatoes linked together to 
form a long chain. "Educated pota- 
toes" the film calls them. You real- 
ize that in some mysterious way they 
are to bind together the laboratory, 
the county agent's office, and the farm. 

It is the fall of the year 1918. Seated 
around a table are some of the mem- 
bers of the Experiment Station Coun- 
cil — F. W. Taylor, veteran agronomist, 
large-framed, with bull-dog jaws and 
a sense of humor; O. Butler, un- 
believably tall and lank, a specialist 
in plant diseases, educated in France, 
with twinkling eyes under steel- 
rimmed spectacles; W. C. O'Kane, 
nationally known as an entomologist 
and writer, facile, with an alert man- 
ner, togged for a cross-country tramp ; 
J. H. Gourley, clean-cut, bald-headed, 
keen-eyed, whose apple investigations 
have brought increasing fame. 

Take a close-up of the man who is 
speaking, as he leans back in a swivel- 
chair. Of medium build, clean-shaven, 
gentle-eyed, with a bald lane over 



HE COLLEGE AND POTATOES 



117 



EXTENSION 
ORGANIZATION 



KEY 



the top of his head, he is 
easily the most unassum- 
ing and yet perhaps the 
most quietly determined 
man in the room. This 
is {. C. Kendall, director 
of both the Experiment 
Station and the Exten- ■ 
sion Service. Twenty- 
live years ago John Ken- 
dall came to Durham to 
enter college as a student 
from a Harrisville farm 
with only a bicycle, eight 
dollars in his pocket and 
an undefined zeal for New 
Hampshire's farming in 
his heart. The years 
have taken away the bi- 
cycle and perhaps the 
eight dollars ; but they 
have given a point to the 
zeal. The Country Gen- 
tleman recently stated 
that more than any other 
man in the state he had 
had his finger on the 
pulse of New Hamp- 
shire's agriculture. 

'"Gentlemen," he says, 
"we have got to do some- 
thing about our potato 
production. New Eng- 
land as a whole has been 
increasing its acreage. 
Maine has nearly doubled 
hers, but we have been 
slipping. We are close 
to the market with a bulky crop 
that cuts down through freight 
rates any advantage of the West. 
What is the matter? And what 
can the Experiment Station do about leaf-roll. Scab and rhyzoctonia are 
it? prevalent. Our farmers do not even 

Discussion waxes slowly. It is not protect themselves from late blight. 








iWslS So.e 



The Way Extension Work Has Spread 
Over New Hampshire 

likes to use phrases like this — "is 
disease control. Most of the potato 
stock in the state is suffering from the 
degeneration maladies —.mosaic and 



a matter of acreage, but of the amount 
produced per acre. If so, why is our 
average production so low on this 
basis? Finally the floor goes to Dr. 
Butler. 

"It seems to me that the limiting 
factor here" — he is a scientist and 



1 he most pressing need is an intro- 
duction of certified seed, and of a 
campaign for the use of Bordeaux 
mixture." 

Now the discussion becomes keen- 
er. There are conflicting reports 
about certified seed; some of it pro- 



118 



GRANITE MONTHLY 






• > 



'. 



. 












Some of the Potatoes Raised by Charles E. Martin oi 

COLEBROOK — THE FlRST CaPJ.OAD OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Grown Certified Seed Ever Sold in the State. 



After a few weeks he re- 
ports to Direetor Ken- 
dall. 

"There is a man in 
Maine named Hamlin." 
he says, "I like the looks 
of the reports of his 
sto.ck. But he doesn't 
answer my letters." 

"Telegraph him." snys 
the director. "Tell him 
we'll take all the pota- 
toes he's got." 

Down on a sleepy 
farm Mr- Hamlin is in 
no hurry to answer his 
correspondence. He sits 
calmly with the assur- 
ance of a man who be- 
lieves that the world 
will come to him, He 
has been perfecting his 
potato stock for years, 
and lie is aware of the 
fact that there will be no 
trouble in disposing of 
it. Finally he writes la- 
boriously his terms. They 
are accepted. at once. 

The next season trial 



on the College farm 



duces big crops, some of it doesn't, plots of certified seed are in evidence 

The source of it must be investigated. 

There are problems to be solved in 

connection with the use of Bordeaux 

mixture. But the conference fades 

away with instructions to Dr. Butler 

to go ahead. 

In his spare time Dr. Butler likes 
to spray snap-dragons, likes to cover 
them with large glass bell-jars and 
determine the action of the sun. This 
evening you see him walking around 
among the flowers, lifting a bell-jar 
here and there and examining the 
plant beneath. He is planning his 
campaign. 

Then, in the morning, begins a 
patient hunt. There is nothing spec- 
tacular about it, nothing but letters 
and lists and dictation. He sends 
out inquiries carefully, determined to 
find the best certified seed available. 



Competing with 
them are plots of good native stock. 
On other plots are being conducted 
spraying experiments — one strength 
of Bordeaux mixture here, another 
strength there, with variations in the 
number of applications. Visitors come 
and wander around among the rows. 
In the fall, it seems evident that cer- 
tain conclusions can be drawn ; but 
the trained investigators of the Ex- 
periment Station have been disil- 
lusioned too often to draw hasty in- 
ferences. One season's work is not 
enough for decisions which will have 
a far-reaching effect. Furthermore, 
it must be clear that the results could 
be obtained under farm conditions. 

And, so it happens that one day 
when he is free of class-work at the 
College and can leave other investi- 



THE COLLEGE AND POTATOES 



19 



gallons dialing with ap- 
ple scab, white-pine bhs- 
Ler-rust and the in- 
creasing array of other 
plant diseases. Dr. But- 
ler climbs into a machine 
at Exeter with County 
Agent Don Ward. Mr. 
\\ ard. like many other 
county agents, drives a 
Ford car as if he were 
playing auto polo. He 
does not intend to waste 
much time on the road ; 
and it is fun to watch 
them as they dive into 
wooded stretches, and 
shoot up over hills and 
down into valleys. It 
is not many minutes be- 
fore they are at the farm 
of Mr. James Monahan 
of East King;- ton. There 
they make arrangements 
with Mr. Monahan, a 
<tock}- farmer and one of 
the best ''co-operators" 
in the state- There may 
have 'been a time once 
when Mr. Monahan scoffed at col- 
lege professors and the science that 
the)' taught; but if there was, it has 
passed. He listens attentively, re- 
spectfully to thefr plan, and takes 
them out to the held where he plans 
to plant several acres of potatoes. 

"You think you already have some 
pretty good potatoes, don't you, Mr. 
Monahan?" says Mr. Ward, with a 
smile in his eye. "Well, we believe 
we can show you something." 

"Yes?" He is not entirely con- 
vinced yet that this certified seed 
from Maine is necessarily better than 
his own. He too has been proud of 
his potatoes. 

"We'll run them in alternate rows," 
says Dr. Butler, "first a row of non- 
certified, then a toav of certified. And 
we'll treat them both, so far as spray- 
ing and cultivation go, absolutely 
alik 



v-; t. 



i 



Fred A. Pe. 






V 



e. 



slee or Merrimack, N. H., and Some of 
His Certified Seed Potatoes 

"Agreed," says Mr. Monahan, "will 
you make good the difference if I 
win?" 

They drive off laughing. This is 
the first trip in connection with the 
project. Every detail of planting and 
spraying is carefully supervised. By 
midsummer, Mr. Monahan, as he 
looks over the rows and sees how the 
certified stock out-tops the neighbor- 
ing rows, is convinced. By digging 
time in fall, there is a good deal of 
excitement. As the digging machine 
goes up and down the field, it turns 
up to the light, row after row of 
smooth, white tubers that will grade 
"fancy," neither too large nor too 
small. Both sets of rows are yield- 
ing high,* but clearly the. certified seed 
has proved its worth. Carefully each 
row is bagged and weighed with 
scientific accuracy. At the last, stand- 
in by the scales, Dr. Butler reckons 



120 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



up the total. The non-certified .seed 
has yielded 302 bushels to the acre, 
which would ordinarily be considered 
a very good showing; but the certi- 
fied has produced 416 bushels to the 
acre! 

"Now you step on the scales,'" says 
Mr. Monahan to Dr. Butler with Hi- 
bernian humor, 'Til best you're ten 
pounds bigger than you were Yester- 
day!" 

A few weeks later the extension 
agents of the state are in Durham for 
the annual extension conference. 
Dairying, fruit, poultry, lime and 
legumes, farm management, boys' and 
girls' club work, clothing, food and 
health, home improvement, forestry, 
cooperative marketing — work along 
all of these lines is planned; but 
among other things, potatoes have 
their inning. In the office of County 
Agent Leader E. P. Robinson the 
agricultural agents sit around a long 
table. Young men they are, most of 
them, hardened to unending demon- 
strations and evening meetings and 
community baked-bean suppers. Col- 
lege trained, and usually farm-bred, 
they are the connecting link between 
the scientific workers at the college 
and the United States Department of 
Agriculture on the one hand and New 
Hampshire's hard-headed farmers on 
the other. 

Carefully, logically, Dr. Butler tells 
the results of his experiments. Sa- 
gaciously the extension agents map 
out their plan of campaign. Director 
Kendall, feeling that another move is 
being made on the checker-board, 
gives calm guidance; is as ready now 
for bold tactics as he was before for 
conservative ones. Every county is 
eager for demonstrations. 

"We'll want 500 bushels in Sullivan 
County," says Wells of Claremont. 

"Merrimack County will want 
1,000," adds Pea.slee of Concord. 

It is as if a leash of trained hunt- 
ers were unloosed. These men are 
the salesmen of the new farm move- 



ment, hustlers, bent on putting the 
good thing "across." When they get 
back to their county offices in Lancas- 
ter, Woodsville, Keene, Milford, La- 
conia, Rochester, Conway, etc., they 
start a running tire of circular letters, 
press material, and messages to the 
Farm Bureau project leaders with 
whom they keep in constant touch. 
All told, orders for over 6000 bushels 
of certified seed are placed. Further- 
more, agents do not ask the farmers 
to take their word for the value of 
certified seed. On sixty-five farms, 
well scattered up and down the state, 
they start demonstrations comparing 
the improved stock with common 
potatoes. Every one of these demon- 
strations acts as a center of influence, 
reaching out to tell the farmers of its 
locality in the unmistakeable lan- 
guage of experience what certified 
seed can really do. 

Not only do the agricultural agents 
spread the idea among adult farmers, 
but the junior extension agents take 
it to the boys' and girls' clubs. Over 
in Merrimack the neighbors come and 
look with amazement at what young 
Fred Peaslee's potatoes are doing 
Fred, together with his four sisters, 
has been enrolled in club projects 
for several years. He, too, had felt 
that he knew something about pota- 
toes. To be sure, he had not been fa- 
miliar with mosaic, leafroll and some 
of those strange potato diseases ; but 
he had been willing to bet that his 
own potatoes would stand up well 
against this new-fangled certified 
seed. He is willing to grin now as he 
shows the neighbors his patch with 
the certified-seed rows standing out 
like young pine in a meadow. When 
he digs them in the fall, they beat his 
old stock by more than two to one. 

All over the state in the fall simi- 
lar success is reported. Returns from 
forty-nine demonstrations show an 
average increase of seventy-one bush- 
els per acre from the use of the "edu- 
cated" seed. If the whole 6000 



Ill C ^^LUlVVir, 



i .^ i 



bushels imported into the state did 
as well — and there is no reason to 
suppose they did not — this meant an 
increase in the .state's crop of 30 .(XX) 



w 



lee, does it after 



bushels. Figure it 
tars, and it is easy 
single project 
meant to the 
wealth of the 
state. But the 
final value is r 
not so readily g 
estimated, for 
there is a com- M 
pound inter- Fj 
est here of 
a very high 
rate. Work 
conducted on 
this scale could 
not help but 
have a pro- 
found bearing 



at as many dol- 
to see what this 



m 



fi 



.^./i L-' ; is?^ 



LABORATORY 



YYh 



Experiments Are Made 



upon the agricultural practice of the 
next year and succeeding years. This 
campaign took place in 1921. In 
1922, the extension agents had no 
difficulty in placing certified seed on 
900 farms in the state. Again they 
ran demonstrations. 101 of them, tell- 
ing the news to more farmers, making 
a wider and wider spread of influence. 

Once again digging time repeated 
the story : an average increase this 
season of 62 bushels per acre. 

Meanwhile, our friend of the Ex- 
periment Station, Dr. Butler, has 
been encouraging careful growers to 
raise potatoes which will pass in- 
spection as New Hampshire certified 
seed. He sets a high standard, will 
wipe a grower off the slate whose 
field shows more than five per cent 
affected by mosaic and leaf roll com- 
bined. But this strict standard, ad- 



easicc, noes it ancr a sum 
mer's back-aching work, and on the 
strength of the proceeds is able to 
enter Xew Hampshire College as a 
student in the fall, lie expects to 
earn his way through to a degree by 

repeating the 
pe rf orniance. 
Best of all, 
certified >ntd 
g r o w i n g i s 
started i n 
earnest up in 
the Colebrook 
section. This 
a r e a , j u s t 

south of Dix- 
ville Notch, 
w here t h e 
growing sea- 
son is short 
and rapid, is 
in reality the 
Aroostook of Xew Hampshire. Soil 
and climate combine here to give the 
tubers the optimum for development. 
On the farm of Charles E. Martin 
last fail they picked up a bushel bask- 
etful! without moving from one spot. 
in some parts of the field the yield 
is over 500 bushels to the acre. Mr. 
Martin gazes at them quizzically 
through large glasses. He has never 
seen a sight like this before in all his 
fifty years of potato growing. 
Neither, he is frank to admit, has Dr. 
Butler. They trot over the field hap- 
pily, like miners who have struck 
yellow dirt; and Mr. Martin rushes 
off the first carload of New Hamp- 
shire certified seed in the history of 
the state at several times the price 
for common stock. 

And now, so garrulously lias my 
tale run on, I hnd I have not by 



hered to over a period of years, would any means told the whole story of the 
place New Hampshire certified at a 
premium in the seed markets of the 
country. Furthermore, the few grow- 
ers who succeed in passing the Ex- 
periment Station's inspection are well 
repaid for their efforts. The club boy, 



potato work of the past few years, 
but only that part of it which deals 
with certified seed. Nothing at all 
has been said of the important spray- 
ing experiments with Bordeaux mix- 
ture, which, when carried out into 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



the field by the extension agents, 
showed thriving green rows beside 
untreated ones that stunk with rot. 
Nor have the tests of dusting appli- 
ances been mentioned, which promise 
to save the fields of small growers 
unable to buy the high-powered 
spraying equipment. How can any- 
one hope to give an adequate idea of 
the work of the Experiment Station 
and the Extension Service if one pro- 
ject alone runs over the '"reel length?" 
And there are so many other pro- 
jects—the important work with lime 
and legumes, the apple orchard in- 
vestigations and demonstrations, the 
international!}' famous nutrition ex- 
periment, the aggressive poultry cull- 
ing campaign, the cooperative mar- 
keting work, the building up of cow- 
testing- associations, the farm man- 
agement studies, the clothing" con- 
struction schools, the inauguration 
of rural dental clinics, the demon- 
strations of home conveniences, — one 
gets out of breath naming them. 

During the past year the Extension 
Service, which, by the way, combines 
the forces of the State College, the U. 
S. Department of Agriculture and the 
county Farm Bureaus, arranged a 
total of 2292 demonstrations, in New 
Hampshire; and the meetings at 
these demonstrations, entirely aside 
from hundreds of other meetings not 
of the demonstration type, were at- 
tended by over 42,000 people. The 



work reached 196 of tike townships of 
the state. 

This spread of activity has largely 
been made possible by the interest 
and enthusiasm of the farm people 
themselves. Over 1000 men and 
women are serving on committees to 
further extension projects. 

But revenons aux pommes do terrel 
Xo moving picture theater would 
tolerate such digressions. The end 
of the potato is not the digging of it, 
nor the marketing of it, nor the stor- 
ing of it. So look at this family 
about the dining table. Here is the 
ultimate consumer. Father is just 
about to put the serving fork into a 
pile of steaming baked spuds. Beautiful 
potatoes these are, smooth, without 
blemish of scab or scurf, not too 
large nor too small ; and when you 
cut them open, there is no hollow 
black heart at the center, nothing but 
a fragrant white mealiness that takes 
butter the way a sunset takes the 
•sky, blending it harmoniously. And 
look ! Already young Robert is hold- 
ing up an empty plate. "More, 
please," says this voracious Oliver- 
Twist. Give him another one, 
Father, and let the camera man take 
a fade-away of it, so that at the last 
we are looking down as through a 
tunnel at a single perfect potato. A 
Green Mountain the}- call it, but 
White Mountain would be more ap- 
propriate; for it is a New Hampshire 
certified product ! 




Parked For A Country Field Day 



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Looking North Along Elm Street From the Rooe of the Amoskeag Bank Building 



I,' | 



TWENTIETH CENTURY MANCHESTER 

Is the Queen City "Finished?" 



By Vivian Savacool 



T1T7E hear a great deal said of late 
yl/ to the effect that Manchester 
has seen its best days, that 
the South is taking its textile busi- 
ness, the West its shoe industries, 
and that the city's prosperity will 
soon be only a memory. Remarks of 
this kind resemble prophesies made 
twenty years ago, if the following in- 
cident recently related to me is indi- 
cative of the feeling at the beginning 
of the twentieth century. 

The head of; the Credit Department 
of what was at that time the largest 
wholesale dry goods house in the 
United States and the largest dis- 
tributor of cotton manufactured goods 
on the American continent, said that 
his house had money invested in a 
Department Store in Manchester in 
holdings of preferred stock and a 



large sum in open account. All of 
this they wished to withdraw be- 
cause, to use his exact words, "Man- 
chester is finished." His reason was 
that the cotton mills must move 
South to compete "with the industry 
growing up there under more advan- 
tageous conditions than New Eng- 
land could offer and that, without the 
textile industry, the city would revert 
to insignificance. Such a statement 
from a man whose business it was to 
be in touch with the industrial con- 
ditions in every part of the country, 
could not help but cause alarm and 
apprehension to those who had the 
future development of Manchester at 
heart. 

But was the credit man right? We 
all know that Manchester has seemed 
to flourish during: the last twenty 



124 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



/ 



m 




^feS fcS «#- " : 



'The Most Unique Offering for the Extension of Culture is the 

Institute of Arts and Sciences'' 



years, that the population has in- 
creased from 56,000 in 1900, to 
78,000 in 1920, and the following- table 
shows more striking- development. 

Industries 





1900 


1920 


Per cent 




Employees 


Employees 


of increase 


Textile 


13,000 


16,500 


26% 


Shoe 


2.000 


8,300 


316% 


Miscellaneous 


3,255 


3,386 


4% 



Average increase 54% 

These figures need no interpreta- 
tion except perhaps to say that the 
increase of 4% made in industries 
other than textile and shoe was gained 
in spite of a loss of 350 employees 
when the Manchester Locomotive 
was absorbed by the American Lo- 
comotive Works and left the city. 
The important fact is that by 1920 
the various industries had increased 
54% since that day twenty years be- 
fore when Manchester was pro- 
nounced "finished." 

If still further proof is needed, the 
city banks confirm and strengthen 
our growing belief that the credit 



Manchester Bank Deposits 

Per cad 
1900 1920 of increase 

National $3,551,467.00 $9,923,434.00 1797c 
Savings $15,999,732.57 $47,269,760.87 110% 

Increase of money seems more re- 
assuring of prosperity to many than 
increase of population, but here we 
have them both with which to face 
the credit man. In addition there is 
the tremendous development in the re- 
tail business in the city. One striking 
example is found in the growth of 
the Barton Company which is the 
largest Department Store not only in 
Manchester but in New England 
north of Boston, and which is one of 
the finest and best equipped stores in 
the country. Its history has been so 
interesting that it is a temptation to 
relate it in full, but there is only 
space now for a brief sketch. The 
store was the enterprise of a young 
man, Otis Barton, who came to Man- 
chester in 1850 with a capital of 
S100. From this small beginning, 
the store grew, steadily gaining a 
business record and a reputation of 
integrity that are the basis of its sue- 



TWENTIETH CENTURY MANCH ESTER 



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'The Carpenter Memorial Library is One of the Finest 

For Its Size in the Country" 



cess. In 1904, Mr. William E. 
Querin took over the business and its 
growth continued even more rapidly 
in spite of the fire in 1914, which com- 
pletely destroyed the old building. 
It seems incredible, but is true that 
the number of employees of the Bar- 
ton Co. lias increased from twelve in 
1900 to two hundred and fifty. While 
Manchester ■ supports so flourishing 
and hue a store, we cannot become 
unduly pessimistic about the economic- 
conditions of the city. 

Among many other stores which 
bespeak prosperity are the James W. 
Hill Co., the Charles A. Hoitt Co., a 
very fine and progressive furniture 
concern, and the John B. Varick Co., 
which is both a. wholesale and a retail 
house. They are all in fine build- 
ings, have a complete and well as- 
sorted stock, and conduct their busi- 
ness under the most progressive 
methods. 

Then, to approach the question 
from a different angle, there is the 
other side of Manchester's develop- 



ment, all that it offers its citizens for 
educational and cultural advantages. 
The most unique offering for the ex- 
tension of culture and knowledge 
which Manchester supports is pre- 
sented by the Manchester Institute 
of Arts and Sciences. The institu- 
tion occupies a beautiful building giv- 
en by Mrs. Eu-nea B. French, and is 
fully equipped for all the courses it 
offers. There is the Fine Arts De- 
partment offering sixteen courses, a 
Music Department, Domestic Science 
Department, Natural and Social 
Science Sections, and the Literature 
Section, which includes work in 
French, Spanish, and Dramatic Ex- 
pression, as well as in English Liter- 
ature. For five dollars, each member 
is entitled to enter as many classes as 
he desires and to attend the numerous 
concerts and lectures on current 
events, art, and literature given dur- 
ing the year by well known and au- 
thoritative speakers. 

It is also most encouraging to see 
the increasing influence of the library 



126 



THE GRANITE MONTH!/ 



under the guidance of Miss Winchell, to learn, and fully compensates those 



the Librarian, 



and increasing 



Its steady growth 
effort cannot help 
but bring about far-reaching, helpful 
results. Many changes we rind are 
due to the new library building, the 
Carpenter Memorial Building, which 
is the gift of Mr. Frank P. Carpenter, 



in charge for the thought and energy 
which i.s being put into their part of 
the work. Quite as ardently does 
Miss Winchell dream of success in 
founding many such deposit stations 
as are already started in East Man- 
chester and Goffs Falls. These sta- 



MH 



and is one of the finest for its size in tions are open certain days and hours 
the country. Constructed 01 white each week, in an endeavor to get 
marble on an elevated spacious loca-" books out to the people. Many more 
tion, it faces Concord Common, about assistants and more money are needed 
which it is 
hoped in time 
new build- 
ings will be 
grouped to 
make a civic 
center. The 
home of the 
library and 
its equip- 
ment today, 
is valued at 
$1,250,000. It 
is not neces- 
sary to ex- 
plain - why 
more ef- 
ficient, pro- 
gressive, and 
stirring work 

can be conducted in this building 
than in the old structure, built in 
1871, and so~ ecclesiastical in archi- 
tecture as to be dim, congested, 
■S- 





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A New Civic Enterprise — 
The Carpenter Hotel As It Will Look 



to equip a 
n u m b e r of 

stations until 
the dream is 
realized and 
every person 
in Manches- 
ter is within 
a mile of a 
source of 
books. A pro- 
gressive and 
commendable 
dream ! 

S i m i 1 a r 
1 e a p s a n d 
b o u n d s are 
being made 



and confusing. The library itself is 
growing lustily. About $3,000 i^ 
spent annually for new books mak- 
ing the general collection good, prisingly short period proved inade 
while the Art Department, partly quate, crowded, limited. 



b y those 
whose work- 
it is to make, the schools of Manches- 
ter as tine as possible. High school 
accomodations have been an unex- 
pected problem during the last few 
years. Again and again building's de- 
signed to take care of reasonable 
growth for future years have in a sur- 



because of its liberal endowment 
fund, is decidedly above the aver- 
age for a library of the size. The 
Children's Room also deserves spe- 
cial mention and praise for the suc- 



It may seem that we have departed 
a long way from that pessimistic re- 
mark of the financial prophet, but 
surely all development along the line 
I have just shown is as great evi- 



cessful effort it makes to attract and dence of prosperity as banking depos- 

hold children of all ages and nation- its or retail sales, and groups itself 

alities. The fact that as many as with these to show how far from dead 

four hundred children often gather Manchester has proved itself to be 

there between six and nine o'clock, in the last twenty years. Is it safe to 

shows their interest and eagerness conclude that similar remarks and 



i Yv iLN iibi ii 



1 U K i M A ;\ 



LK 



dire prophecies that we hear today 
will prove equally fallacious? 

We do not wish to be foolishly and 

Mindly optimistic bin to realize that 
with the intelligent co-operation of 
all her citizens, Manchester can sur- 
mount her problems in a difficult 
time, and, with the splendid advance- 
ment of the past twenty years for a 
foundation upon which to build, con- 
struct a finer, more progressive: and 
prosperous city. 

Jt is true that competition with the 
South in the textile industry is keen. 
Cotton mills have sprung up through- 
out the South, and these firms have 
many obvious advantages, against 
which, however, those of New Eng- 
land, which have made the section so 
powerful in the cotton world, can 
hold their own if every one will co- 
operate. New conditions have arisen, 
but we are not alone in be- 
lieving that New England industry, 
through increased efficiency, through 
that initiative and resource heretofore 
characteristic of our business men, 
must and can overcome any economic 
handicap which may exist now or in 
the future. ''No management which 
manages," declares Henry W. Denni- 
son of Dennison Manufacturing Co. 
in speaking on the problem of 48-hour 
week in New Hampshire, "wishes to 
run forever in the same grooves. The 



best management steps out and meets 
the future, the merely good meets the 
demands of the times.'' 

Of this co-operation, of this capa- 
city of our business men competently 
to meet all future demands it seems 
Mr. Frank Carpenter and others are 
sure enough to be willing . to invest 
^1,000,000 m a new civic enterprise, a 
hotel. For many years Manchester 
has severely felt the need of a really 
hue hotel. Several attempts have been 
made to meet this commercial and 
social want, but the time has not 
seemed right until now. Can we not 
receive this as an augury of good 
times coming? Can we not also find 
encouragement over the prospect of 
a new Country Club ? We cannot 
forsee now what other steps will be 
taken for the general welfare, but the 
unforeseen has happened in the imme- 
diate past, and with a bad interval 
completed and a new period starting 
auspiciously we can hope with some 
confidence, provided we will help, that 
the next twenty years will carry us 
an equal distance forward. 

It is not hard to foretell that citi- 
zens of Manchester in 1943 will smile 
as wonderingly and indulgently on the 
gloomy prophecies of 1923 as we 
do today on the doom pronounced 
on Manchester bv the credit man 
in 1900. 



COLONIAL DAMES MAKE PRIZE OFFER 



The readers of this magazine will 
be interested in the announcement by 
the New Hampshire Society of the 
Colonial Dames of America of a prize 
of one hundred dollars for the best 
monograph on a subject from the his- 
tory of New Hampshire prior to the 
year 1775. 

Competition for this prize is open 
to any person who is a resident of 
New Hampshire or a student (grad- 
uate or undergraduate) of Dartmouth 
or of the New Hampshire State Col- 



lege, or of St. Anselm's College. 

To meet the requirements the mon- 
ograph must contain at least 10,000 
words. It must be prepared in a 
scholarly manner with full foot-note, 
references to authorities, and with a 
complete biblography. 

All manuscripts must be in the 
hands of the chairman of the Com- 
mittee of Historic Research by De- 
cember 1. 1923. This Committee will 
be glad to give further information 
to those interested. 



US 
THE BROOKES MOKE PRIZE WINNER 

Helen Mowe Philbrook Is Given Award 

OUR editorial prophecy that the appearing in the 1922 issues of the 

judges in the Brookes More con- Granite Monthly goes to Helen 

test were not going to have an easy Mowe Philbrook for her poem, "The 

task to select the winner was amply Turning of the Tide" appearing in the 

fulfilled. March issue. Miss Philbrook lives 

Miss Converse in the Atlantic in California now but she really be- 
Monthly office in Boston. Dean Holli- longs to Tilton, N. H., where her 
day in the University of Toledo, and family lived for many years. 
Professor Rand at Massachusetts In addition to the prize winning 
Agricultural College read and studied poem, the judges were of the opinion 
the files of the magazine and made that special mention should be made 
their selections. Then they exchanged of the following poetry: New Houses, 
lists — and were dismayed at the by Cora S. Day; Return, Spring 
variance shown. It seemed almost Flame, and Last Days, by Harold 
impossible to come to a decision. But Vinal ; To Those Who Come After, 
they went at it again, and by weigh- by A. A. D ; My Song That Was a 
ing and considering and analyzing Sword, by Hazel Hall; Haven of Lost 
they at last reached an agreement Ships, by Erwin F- Keene ; My 
which we know will meet the approval Arcady, by E. R. Musgrove ; Sonnet 
of all our readers. (on the Commonplace), by Louise P. 

The award of fifty dollars for the Guyol; Dreams, and The Alien, by 

best poem in regular metrical form Lilian S. Keech. 



THE TURNING OF THE TIDE 

The Prize Winning Poem 
By Helen Mowe Philbrook 

We talked, the half-remembered sea beside, — 

Blent with our words its murmurous voice and low 
Idly we watched the silvering grasses blow. 

And now a sail the beryl harbor ride. 

And now a tilting curlew, circling wide. 

One moment thus — the next the wind's warm flow 
Quickened and chilled ; cried one with eyes aglow, 

"Oh hark! It is the turning of the tide!" 

With far clear call the great deep veered once more 
With swelling breast to the forsaken shore; 
The sea flower drooping in its emptied pool 
Lifted and lived in flooding waters cool. 

So felt I once faith's turning ebb tide roll 
Across the withering blossoms of my soul. 



Ut>y 06ii tray dauyhienk^* 'rj:izzzf!z::^^*7; 



have o room ir? 77?e p "^ 

dorm"j?or> f r - — ' 5h 



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Rooms In Dormitories Are So Scarce That More Than Half 
the Girls Must Live Elsewhere 



MAKING TEACHERS AT KEENE 

A Problem Which Presses for Solution 

Illustrations by Muriel Cox 



It's a long wet walk each morn to breakfast, 

It's a long walk at noon. 

It's a long dark walk on rainy evenings 

From the library to our rooms 

If the wise men our parents s r -nt to Concord 

Had to tramp like you and me. 

They'd be glad to vote appropriations 

For Keene' s dormitory. 

SO sing the students at Keene Nor- 
mal as they tramp back and forth 
in the deep snows of this hard 
winter from the 
school grounds, 
where the}- all 
meet for - recita- 
tions and meals, 
to their rooms 
scattered through- 
out the city. For 
r o o m s in the 
school durmitory, 
eagerly sought 
and over crowd- 
ed, are so scarce 
that more than 
one-half of the 
girls must seek 
living quarters 
elsewhere. 

T he Normal 
School at Keene 
has in fact grown 



it- 
no t 




J 







so rapidly that it now finds 
self in the serious situation of 
having rooms enough to house its 
students, nor dining room space 
large enough to properly feed them. 
Such a condition is not only proving 
detrimental to the training and 
instruction given at the school itself, 
but is vitally affecting the welfare and 
efficiency of our 
whole public 
school system. 

"The one most 
essential improve- 
ment necessary, in 
order that we may 
have sufficient 
trained teachers 
for our schools," 
declares the New 
Hampshire State 
Board of Educa- 
tion, "is the con- 
struction of an ad- 
ditional dormitory 
in connection with 
the Keene Nor- 
mal School." and 
a bill lies before 
the legislature rec- 



130 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Gel" up! /i5- rny 
= t'ur/9 1 to ffeep! „ 

-J S3 





29 JS&yml 






T©£*i 



-4L 



The Growth of the Normal School Has Outstripped Housing Facilities 



onimending- an immediate appropria- 
tion of $225,CO0, for the construction 
of such a dormitory and for increased 
dining' room capacity. 

$225,0001 It is quite a large sum 
for a state of the size of Xew Hamp- 
shire, and at a time when strict econ- 
omy and a cutting down of expenses 
is not only a popular demand but a 
governmental necessity. 

What is this situation, this problem 
which our state board of education 
thinks so serious and of such import- 
ance? Many of us know very little 
about our Normal schools, their needs 
and problems. Many of us know lit- 
tle about the intimate relationship be- 
tween good and well equipped normal 
schools and the right education for 
our children. And yet it is upon us, 
citizens of Xew Hampshire* through 
our representatives in the legislature, 
that all responsibility must rest for 
the best usefulness and efficiency of 
these normal schools. 

We have in the state two normal 
schools, Keene and Plymouth, both 
of which are crowded beyond their 
capacity. The growth of the Keene 
Normal School indeed has been phe- 
nomenal. Starting only twelve years 
ago with 26 students, it has increased 
at such a rate that in 1922 it had an 
enrollment of 281. 

But though the school has thus 
grown nearly 300 per cent the appro- 



priations for maintenance in the same 
length of time have only increased 
about ICO per cent, with the result 
that the demand for trained teachers 
and the growth of the normal school 
have far outstripped any housing fa- 
cilities now available. Two very un- 
fortunate .situations have arisen from 
this condition; a shortage of trained 
teachers in the state and a real hard- 
ship and handicap to the students and 
faculties of the schools themselves. 

The Keene Normal School can 
house in its own dormitories less than 
one half of its student body. The 
others board in rooms scattered 
throughout the city at a cost to the 
state which next year will amount 
to 813,000, and which results in a per 
capita cost to the state nearly twice 
as large as that of rooms in the dor- 
mitory building. The dining-room 
space too is so small that meals are 
now served in two shifts. 

All this not only makes it extreme- 
ly difficult for the management in 
planning its school program, etc., but 
it causes a very unsatisfactory situa- 
tion in respect to the proper super- 
vision of the girls, which is not only 
desirable but is expected by the 
parents. It has also involved a real 
hardship on the .students who in all 
kinds of weather are obliged to go 
back and forth from their rooms to 
meals and recitations. 



1..VI 




One Phase of the Problem of Unprepared Teachers 



Perhaps even more serious is the 
shortage in our state of trained teach- 
ers resulting- from this lack of hous- 
ing facilities. Of the two thousand 
teachers in our elementary schools 
fully one-third are practically un- 
trained. Every year we have to fur- 
nish to our public school system about 
350 new teachers. Of these only a 
little over one-third are furnished by 
our normal schools. One-third of the 
vacancies are filled by teachers from 
other states who come here only 
temporarily, and who usually want to 
return to their own states when op- 
portunity arises, and the remaining 
third are untrained. How to furnish 
two hundred additional teachers from 
our own schools? This is the prob- 
lem which the state board thinks of 
such importance and so necessary to 
the welfare of our public school sys- 
tem. 

That one-third of our public school 
teachers are untrained is an unfortu- 
nate condition and one that all must 
agree should not be permitted to con- 
tinue. Untrained teachers mean poor- 
ly instructed children. We want our 
children in New- Hampshire to have 
as good an education and as good a 
preparation for meeting life as the 
children of Massachusetts or other 
states. "We can at once assume," 
says the State Board of Education, 
"that all the people of New Hamp- 



shire believe in good .schools. The 
welfare of the state in the next gen- 
eration depends on the right educa- 
tion of the boys and girls of this gen- 
eration The foundation of our 

whole school system rests upon the 
quality of our teachers and their qual- 
ity is largely dependent upon the 
training and instruction given in our 
state normal schools." 

New Hampshire has a right to be 
proud of her normal school in Keene. 
Under the able and progressive man- 
agement of Wallace E. Mason, the di- 
rector, during the twelve years of its 
life, it not only has come to be 
eighth in size of the eighteen New- 
England Normal Schools, but now 
ranks among the best of this country 
in respect to academic standing. 
One of the especially well thought 
out and thorough departments of the 
Keene Normal School course is the 
practice work. Through a very fav- 
orable contract made with the local 
school board the Keene Normal 
School students have the oppor- 
tunity of having eighteen weeks de- 
voted to this important side of the 
training; that is, the actual practice 
in teacing in the schools. This is an 
especially long period of time as 
many of the New England normal 
schools are able to give only twelve 
weeks to such work. 

The tuition is free, the only stu- 



u. 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 




cient expense being $5 per week, 
which covers the cast to the state for 
hoard. Eacli student, however, is 
required to teach in the state the 
same number of years that he or she 
attends the normal school. Failing 
to do. tin's, a fee of $100 must be 
paid for each 
yean In this way 
the state is .able 
to more surely 
get a reasonable 
return on the 
money it expends 
in training teach- 
ers. 

There is a splen- 
did atmosphere in 
the school of hard 
work and earnest 
purpose. The stu-. 
dents are of course 
drawn from the 
very best class of 
young people in 
the state, and any- 
one visiting a 
gathering' of the 
student body is 
impressed with 



kis and the necessary material 

"bacon bat." 

for social life, there is a glee 



and : 

for a 

As 

club. 

club, the V. W. C. 
club, the French 
Club, etc. There 



a 



debating 



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b 



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a happy, healthy 



Meals Are Served in Two Shifts 



A 



part or 



all 



of 
of 



orchestra, 

A., the de La Salle 
club, the Outing 
are social parties 
and dances held 
in the school hall 
and there are the 
"Sunday Morning 
Sings" and the 
Sunday evening 
firelight gather- 
ings. In this con- 
nection one of the 
interesting courses 
of instruction given 
to the entering 
students is a class 
in customs and 
manners, where 
recognized rules 
of etiquette, good 
manners and social 
usages are ex- 
plained and also 
taught. 

All this goes 
to make two or 
three years of 



group they are. 
of them earn a 
their expenses. Last year the stu- 
dents earned $1,800 working in the 
serving room, waiting on the table, 
etc.. and over $1,500 by acting as 
substitute teachers in the neighbor- 
ing towns. 

The students come to Keene to 
work, but in their spare moments 
much is done for their physical and 
social welfare. There is, for instance, 
a gymnasium, a school physician, a 
school nurse, a physical director, and 
a dean who keeps a constant watch 
over the health of each student. 
Outdoor sports are encouraged, and 
it is not an uncommon sight to see on 
a Saturday a group of thirty or more 
members of the Outing Club starting 
off for a winter's hike with snowshoes 



hard work and pleasant, wholesome 
recreation never to be forgotten, 
years which develop the student 
into a trained efficient and com- 
petent teacher, prepared intelligently 
to conduct a school and usefully and 
gracefully to take her place in any 
community. 

Rut things have come to a stand- 
still now with the Keene Normal 
School. There are adequate school 
rooms, housing facilities, and in fact 
a full equipment for turning out many 
more teachers if there were but suit- 
able housing facilities. In other 
words, by increasing the present plant 
to the proper unit the school could 
provide all the teachers needed by the 
state each year at a less expense per 
capita than ever before has been ac- 
complished in New Hampshire. 



\ K 1 N ( r T E A C I i I : . R S A T K E E I\ E 



133 



Without this additional dormitory 

-.pace and increased dining room fa- 
cilities the Normal School at Keene 
must not only cease 
to grow but the 
public school system 
in New Hampshire 
must continue to 
struggle under the 
handicap of untrained 
and unprepared teach- 
ers. 

What will the New 
1 Iamp.shire legislature 
do in meeting this 
situation? 

"A study of public 
education in N e w 
Hampshire/' declares 
Huntley N. Spaulding, 
chairman of the State 
Board of Education, 
"shows an almost un- 
interrupted progress 
for a long period of 
vears with a decided 



L'i; 



skier for a moment a backward step.'' 
"My experience with the different 

legislators this year has led me to 
believe they are. as 
HI a whole, men who 
! are taking their re- 
sponsibilities serious- 
ly and are anxious 
to do what they be- 
lieve is for the inter- 
est of the State of 
New Hampshire, hav- 
ing in mind always 
that the State is sure 
to receive value for 
any expenditure of 
of money. I believe 
they will give this 
subject sufficient con- 
sideration and come 
to the conclusion 
that the construction 
of this dormitory 



Under the Progressive Maxage- 

ment of W. E. Mason, the 
School Has Come to Rank High 



would be a very great 



advance during the past four years 
under the present educational law, it 
would ' be hard to believe that the 
present administration would con- 



contributory factor in 
the development of 
the educational facilities of the 
State, thereby making New Hamp- 
shire a better place in which to 
live." 



A PRAYER FOR A NATION 

By Carl Holliday 

What was it for— that agony of strife, 

That hurricane of death, that tide of blood 

So lately swept across our shores of life? 

What was the meaning? Why that vexed flood 

Of sorrow, scorn, remorse, and prayer, high vows 

Of nobler days to come? When all around 

A fiercer lust for gold ! That which endows 

The soul with light but laughed to scorn ! The wound 

Of toilers opened sore again by Gain 

Insatiable ! False propaganda, lies, 

Conspiracies of silence o'er the stain 

Where, crushed with wealth, a nation's 

God, stay Thy hand ! In patience, stay 



Ideal dies ! 
Thy hand! 



Spare yet from sottish greed our native land. 



\ A 4 









-.7. 



* 









... ' -*k„-.: ■ . -. m*. .. . .■-,-■ 

The Old Name is Still Attached to the Ashley Ferry 

WHEN CLAREMONT WAS CALLED ASHLEY 

Is There a Historical Basis for the Tradition? 
By George B. Upham 



HE name Ashley is a familiar 
one in Claremont. Even late 
comers know it as attached to 
the old and interesting ferry across 
the Connecticut chartered in 1784. It 
seems probable that the Ashleys had 
operated this ferry several years prior 
to obtaining a charter. It is still in 
operation and a picturesque relic of 
the past. 

Of the seventy grantees, common- 
ly called proprietors, named in the 
town charter, October 26th, 1764, 
the Ashleys. Colonel Samuel, Captain 
Oliver and Lieutenant Samuel. Jr.. 
were the only ones who ever came 
to live in Claremont. The Town His- 
tory tells little about them, and even 
less about the east and west line, six 
miles long, which came to bear their 
•name. Since this line may have had 
something to do with the temporary 
attachment of their family name to 
the town or locality, it seems worth 
while to state where and what it was, 
and is. for in common with the re- 
markable persistence of property 



lines the world over, many property 
boundaries in Claremont are fixed to- 
day by this Ashley Line. 

On the Proprietors' Map of Clare- 
mont, drawn on a sheepskin, proba- 
bly in the fall of 1766, or winter of 
1767, may be seen a line parallel to 
and about five hundred and eighty 
rods north of the town's south 
boundary. This straight line crosses 
the Great Road near the schoolhouse 
at the fork of the roads about half a 
mile southwesterly from Claremont 
Junction, and half a mile north of the 
road branching to the ferry, crosses 
the Bible Hill road a few rods south 
of the trolley line, cuts Sugar River 
twice a little north of its sharp right- 
angled bend about a mile east from 
the village. — the easterly of the two 
cuts is near the mouth of "Quobbin- 
night Brook," — and again crosses 
the river very near the Newport 
line. 1 

On the Proprietor's Map the land 
north of the Ashley Line looks very 
different from that south of it; for 



WHEN CLAREMONT WAS CALLED ASHLEY 



135 



north of the line nearly all of the land 
is marked out into numbered paral- 
lelograms representing fifty and hun- 
dred acre lots, while on the south 
the space is left blank. This is due 
to the fact that at the first meeting 
of the Proprietors all of trie land 
south of the line had been appropri- 
ated in very large shares by officials 
of the colony and influential proprie- 
tors; most of it was held by them in 
common ; while at the second meeting 
of the Proprietors, a few weeks later, 
a committee had been appointed to 
"lott out ye remaining [northern] 
part of said Town in such manner as 
they shall judge most proper and re- 
turn a Plan thereof to the Proprie- 
tors." The small lots north of the 
line were distributed to Proprietors 
of lesser consecjuence. 

At the first meeting of the Proprie- 
tors, February 2 ? 176/, the large tract 
south of that line, nearly one-third of 



if .set off in shorter and wider par- 
allelograms. The remainder of the 
large tract south of the line, contain- 
ing about five thousand acres, was 
set off to fourteen influential Proprie- 
tors including the three Ashleys. ap- 
parently to be held by them in com- 
mon until they should agree upon a 
division of the. land ; but no division 
was ever made, for before the settlers 
came, Col. Ashley had bought all or 
nearly all of the land south of the 
line except the Governor's farm. It 
is, therefore, not .surprising that the 
line became known as the Ashley 
Pine, nor is it, with such ownership 
and the prominence of the family. 
surprising that the town, or at least 
the southern half of it. became known 
for a time as Ashley. That the three 
Ashleys were prominent in the Prov- 
ince, later the State, also in the 
County and Town, is attested by sev- 
eral hundred entries in the records, 



the entire town, and containing more many of them printed in the volumes 



than seven thousand acres, had been 
set off as follows : Five hundred 
acres in the southeast corner to the 
Governor ; three hundred and fifty 
acres each to his brother, brother-in- 
law and nephew, — all members of the 
Governor's Council, — three hundred 
and fifty acres each to Lieutenant 



of New Hampshire State Papers. In 
Claremont's charter Samuel Ashley 
was appointed to give notice of the 
first Meeting and was also appointed 
the Moderator thereof. " Fie acted in 
that capacity at both the first and 
second meetings of the Proprietors. 
He, his sons and his coadjutator, Col. 



Governor John Temple, Col. John losiah Willard, managed the business 

of the newly fledged township in a 
way to suit their own fancies, friends 
and fortunes, particularly the latter, 
for. prior to the Revolution, the busi- 
ness was mainly speculation in land. 
Col. Ashley was named as a gran- 
tee in the charters of Dupplin, later 
Lempster, of Winchester and Hins- 
dale, all in 1753; of Grantham in 1767; 
of Grafton in 1769; of Jefferson in 
1772; also of .several townships in the 
New Hampshire Grants, now Ver- 
mont ; among these historic West- 
minster in 1752. and even more his- 



Goffe and Col. William Byrnes. 
These two colonels had long been 
prominent in affairs, military and civil, 
in western New Hampshire. The six 
three-hundred-and-fifty acre allotments 
were, curiously enough, set off in 
narrow strips more than five miles 
long, extending east from the Gover- 
nor's farm to the Newport line, but 
they were only thirty rods wide. 
Perhaps it was thought that in long 
narrow strips the recipients would be 
more likely to receive a fair share of 
hill and meadow, field and forest, than 



(1) The tradition, heard related in the writer's boyhood, was that Quobbinnight Brook received 
its quaint name (See WalHr.g's Map of Sullivan County. 1860.) from the following circumstance: 
Residents of a place called Quobbin in Massachusetts had come up to spy out the) land with a view- 
to "squatting," and had camped near the I rook. Purchasers of land rights from the Proprietors, 
learning of this intention, had no desire for their company. They accordingly gathered at nirrht in 
the near-by woods, discharged their muskets aid imitated Indian war-hoops. The Quobbinites 
hastily departed, never to re-turn, Th.§ unique character of the name lends credence to this tradition. 



36 



TH E Gfc A N IT E MONTH LY 



toric Windsor in 1761. In the Wind- 
sor charter Col. Ashley's name was 
the first of the grantees; he was ap- 
pointed Moderator, and. as in the 
charter of several other townships his 
sons, Oliver and Samuel jr., were also 
named among the grantees. 

The personal and private work of 
the Ashleys was, as we have seen, 
dealings in charters and lands. Their 
public work was, mainly, in that 
great world event, the American Rev- 
olution. Col. Ashley was a member 
of the several Provincial Congresses 
convened at Exeter in 1774 and 1775, 
later a member of the General As- 
sembly of the State. In May 1775 he 
was selected one of the nine who con- 
stituted the famous Committee of 
Safety for the Province. In January 
1776 he was elected a member of the 
Council which with the Committee of 
Safety to a large extent managed the 
government and affairs of the state 
during the Revolution He raised a 
regiment of which he was commis- 
sioned colonel. In March 1779 he 
wa.s chosen one of the two represen- 
tatives to the Continental Congress ; 
but for some reason declined to 
serve ; perhaps, like many others dis- 
gusted with the inefficiency of that 
body, he felt that he could be of more 
service by continuing his work in the 
state and in the army. On the day 
of sending in this declination he was 
appointed one of a committee "to 
confer with Ira Allen. Esq., agent 
for the people of the place called Ver- 
mont.'' He was appointed a mem- 
ber of many other important com- 
mittees by the General Assembly. 

At the head of his regiment he 
marched to the defence of Ticonde- 
roga in May 1777; he served as Brig- 
1 ade Major on the staff of General 
Stark, and continued in the service 
under General Gates until the sur- 
render of Burgoyne at Saratoga. 
A letter from General Gates, no very 



certain compliment, commends his 
work in that campaign. He probahlv 
did as much if not more than any 
other subordinate officer in the 
prompt mustering of the very efficient 
New Hampshire troops during the 
Revolution. His eldest son, Oliver, 
represented "Clairmont" in the Fourth 
Provincial Congress. On July 1st 
1775, Oliver, with Jonathan Childs of 
Lyme, was appointed to confer with 
the Congress in Massachusetts, and 
the Assembly in Rhode Island and 
Connecticut, respecting "the situation 
of Ticonderaga, Crown Point & 
Canada & the Frontiers of New York 
& New Hampr, . '. . . & relative to any 
plan of operations in those parts." 
From the official report that he 
traveled 976 miles — a long distance 
on horseback, — in the discharge of 
his duties between May 17th and 
November 16th. 1775 we gather that 
Captain Ashley was fairly active at 
that time. He was captain of the 
Claremont company which marched 
from "Number Four" on August 17. 
1777, to fight at the battle of Benning- 
ton, his brother Samuel Jr., was a 
lieutenant in the company. This 
necessarily brief relation does scant 
justice to the efforts of the Ashleys 
in the settlement of the town and in 
the Revolution; but it suffices, in 
some degree, to show why the locality 
might have been called by their 
name. 

But, was it ever called Ashley? 
What evidence can be produced to 
prove the assertion and if produced 
with what degree of certainty can 
such evidence be relied upon? 

Of local evidence we have, at pres- 
ent, none to offer, and little of any 
sort emanating from places nearer 
than London and Paris, but from those 
cities we have contemporaneous maps, 
compiled by the best cartographers 
then living. 

To be continued 



' •- 



THE EDITOR STOPS TO TALK 

About the Good Old Days 



ISHES and dusting have a philo- 
sophic effect upon us. We al- 
ways recite poetry, preferably 
psalms, over a dishpan, and in the pro- 
cess oi getting the Granite Monthly 
moved into its new quarters in the 
Patriot Building, dusting and cata- 
loguing cuts and books and putting old 
files to rights, we have been evolving 
a philosophy of moving which in our 
estimation will compare favorably with 
Thomas Carlyle's philosophy of clothes. 
We haven't worked out details yet. 
We've got only as far as the main 
thesis which is that living to-day is like 
living in the midst of a perpetual furni- 
ture moving, performance. One is 
neither here nor there. Hence con- 
fusion which would be resolved to sim- 
plicity could one move the clock back- 
wards or forwards a few vears. 



For instance, there may be some satis- 
faction in living when the U. S. Army 
Air Service gets the upper hand of 
man's old enemy weather. In those 
days Dartmouth, desiring fair weath- 
er for carnival day, won't have to go to 
the expense of weather insurance. 
They'll just send up an air-sweep to 
electrocute the clouds and clear up the 
blue. 

Assuredly the times to come have 
some advantages. 



On the whole, however, our vote is in 
favor of moving back the clock to the 
Good Old Days. 

And strangely enough we believe a 
secret ballot of the Legislature would 
reveal a similiar lack of the progressive 
spirit. Not a few of the law-makers 
sigh — we have heard them— for the 
good old days when voting was simpli- 
fied by the presence of the high oracle 
just across the street, when a man's 
first duty was to his political boss— 
and there was no second duty, 



Which is not to say that no one can 
get instructions on voting to-day. There 
is the solemn Vox Popidi known as 
"party mandate," evoked with earnest 
prayer wherever legislators congregate. 
And there are other "instructions....'' 
But they all lack the finality and some- 
thing of the odor of sanctity of the 
Good Old Davs. 



Politics were real adventure then. 

Only the other day a member of the 
present legislature told us that his first 
taste of politics came when, as a boy of 
fourteen, his father, a political leader in 
his little village, sent him through the 
autumn woods one night to carry a mes- 
sage to a farmer, who with his two 
grown sons lived in a lonely little cabin. 

The message was — 

"Father says tell you he'll give you 
sixty dollars for your three cows this 
year." 

The old farmer smiled shrewdly and 
stroked his chin. 

"You tell your Dad I've been offered 
seventy-five dollars for them cows this 
year." 

And the boy — -who was a politician 
even in those days — swallowed hard 
and said : 

'Tn that case, Father said I was to 
offer you seventy-five dollars for your 
three cows." 

"You tell your father that he shall 
have the cows !" 

And with no mention of politics, no 
bothersome arguments about issues or 
personalities, the political deal was 
closed and the boy went home to report 
a successful campaign to his father. 

The teller of the story is an earnest 
and upright statesman. He would 
scorn to traffic in votes to-day. But as 
he tells the story of that moonlight ride 
years ago his eyes light up with gleam 
of regretful reminiscence and longing 
for the Good Old Days, 



3S 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Romance and picturesqueness belong 
hack there. Not so very far hack sonic 
of it. The other evening at the Gover- 
nor's Ball we saw the Governor's staff 
standing behind the receiving line in 
drab khaki uniforms. Governor's staffs 
used to be resplendent in gold lace. The 
war changed that. 

And they tell us that time was when 
Governors reviewed troops from the 
back of a prancing white horse. That 
custom, we understand, was abandoned 
because of the death of the only horse 
in the state with a spirited but gentle 
prance. But it was a good custom 
while it lasted. 



All these pictures appeal to us. But 
the one around which our memory — 
vicarious memory, that is. collected from 
the tales of those who have really known 
the past — plays most fondly is one of 
the early days of the Granite Month- 
ly when the editor used to solicit sub- 
scriptions through the countryside. In 
an old buggy, behind a leisurely old 
horse, he made his* way along the sunny 
country roads, stopping at the farms 
along the way. Sometimes his sub- 
scribers gave him eggs and potatoes to 
pay for the subscriptions. Sometimes 
there were home-made toys for the 
little daughter who sat beside him in 
the old buggy. And as he went along 
from house to house, he built up friend- 
ships with the people to whom, each 
month, he sent out his magazine. 

That's what we envy him. We'd 
give a good deal to be able to drop in to 
see you for a social call this afternoon 
and let you tell us just what you'd like 
to see done with the Granite Month- 
ly. Perhaps we shall do it one of these 
days. Meanwhile we can only thank 
those of you who are kind enough once 
in a while to write us friendly letters,. 
and to assure you that the office of the 
Granite Monthly is never such a 
busy place that the editors cannot stop 
to chat with friends of the magazine. 
Drop in and see us when you come this 
way. H. F. M. 



Announcements 

The time limit on the prize contest 
tor high-schno! boys and girls, an- 
nounced in the October issue of the 
Granite Monthly, has been extended 
to May 1. This will give our con- 
testants a little more time to polish 
oil their work and some good essays 
should result- _ 

We have been fortunate in secur-" 
ing as judges for this contest three 
persons who are well qualified for the 
work from both a literary and an 
educational standpoint. Mr. Harlan 
Pearson, former editor of the Granite 
Monthly, certainly needs no intro- 
duction to readers of this magazine. 
Mrs. Alice S. Harriman of Laconia 
and Air. Walter S. May are both mem- 
bers of the State Board of Education. 
Mr. May is Deputy Comrni.ssioner. 
Airs. Harriman has been active in 
many forms of public service, includ- 
ing woman's club work. 



We are very glad to announce that 
Miss Vivian Savacool, who is the 
author of "Twentieth Century Man- 
chester" in this issue, has consented 
to undertake the management of our 
book review department. 



There is a rapidly growing opinion 
on the part of those who have studied 
Xew England's farm situation that if 
we are to continue to maintain our 
agricultural positon we must do it not 
by attempting to turn out great 
quantities of material as the great 
western states do, but rather by put- 
ting our energies toward quality pro- 
duction. An example of what is al- 
ready being done along these lines 
here in Xew Hampshire is afforded 
by our dairy industry. The series of 
articles on "Leading Dairy Herds" 
which will begin in the March 
Granite Monthly will tell the stories 
of some of the important ventures 
winch have succeeded. No herd will 
he included in this series which is not 
being" conducted on a business basis. 



» •> \ 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 

Steel 

By Charles Rum ford Walker 

Boston, Atlantic Monthly Company 



N the spring of 1919. a young- man 
just returned from France looked 
out across the mud of Camp Eus- 
tis and tried to map out the new fu- 
ture ahead of him. With the idealism 
born of his war experience, he de- 
manded of that future something- 
more than a livelihood. He wanted "a 
chance to discover and build under 
the new social and economic condi- 
tions." He found this chance in en- 
listment as a private in the industrial 
army of America's basic industry, 
steel : he went to work on an open 
hearth furnace near Pittsburg. 

As he worked he set down, simply, 
directly, without any attempt to ex- 
ploit a theory, without retouching the 
of his pictures, a simple 



line; 



cle of every day 



enrom- 

if sizzling nights : 
of bosses, friendly and unfriendly; 
of hot back-walls and a good first- 
helper; -of -fighting twenty-four-hour 
turns; of interesting days as hot-blast 
man ; of dreaded five-o'clock risings. 
and quiet satisfying suppers ; of what 
men thought, and didn't think." 

It is safe to say that "Steel" will 
appeal to you. It is not so easy, 
however, to tell just what you will 
find in it. Some, perhaps, will find 
chiefly the charm of letters home from 
a New Hampshire boy, a vivid de- 
scription of a unique and colorful ex- 
perience, through which a familiar 
personality is seen and enjoyed. 

Others will find an epic of a great 
industry — there are passages of sheer 
dramatic power equalling, if not sur- 
passing, anything which Herges- 
heimer has written. "Air express train 
shot into view in the black valley- — 
I thought of the steel in the locomo- 
tive, and thought it back quickly into 
sheets, bars, blooms, back then into 
the monumental ingots as they stood, 
nery from the open-hearth pouring, 



against a night sky. Then the glow 
left, and went out of my thinking. 
Each ingot became a number of wheel- 
barrow loads of mud, pushed over a 
rough floor, Fred's judgment of the 
carbon content, and his watching 
through furnace peepholes. The la- 
dlefuls ceased as steel, becoming 
thirty-minutes' sledging through stop- 
page for four men, the weight of man- 
ganese in my shovel, and the clatter 
of the pieces that hit the rail, sparks 
on my neck burning through a blue 
handkerchief, and the cup of tea I had 
with Jock, cooked over hot slag at 
4:00' a. m. 

Still others will see in the book an 
arraignment of an industrial system— 
an arraignment poignantly summed 
up in the words of the Italian third- 
helper — "To hell with the money, no 
can live." 

But perhaps those to whom the 
book will mean the most are those 
who read it simply as a tale of men 
working together, and who find its 
primary value in its human quality, its 
quick sense of the significance of 
small events. One incident is enough 
to illustrate the point and to give the 
keynote of the book: 

As third-helper on the open hearth. 
Mr. Walker's job was to carry out 
the orders of the Anglo Serbian sec- 
ond-helper who, in moments of stress, 
delivered these orders in a mingled 
stream of profanity, Serbian, and 
broken English. Clinging to a few 
familiar words, the third-helper ex- 
ecuted the instructions, as he under- 
stood them, only to find, time after 
time, that he had missed the point 
entirely. 

"It suddenly occurred to me one 
day, after some one had bawled me 
out picturesquely for not knowing 
where something was that I had never 



140 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



heard of, that this was what every 
immigrant Hunky endured ; it was a 
matter of language largely, of under- 
standing, of knowing the names of 
things, the uses of things, the lan- 
guage of the boss. Here was this Ser- 
bian second-helper bossing his third- 
helper largely in an unknown tongue, 
and the latter getting the full emo- 
tional experience of the immigrant. I 
thought of Bill, the pit boss, telling 
a Hunky to do a clean-up job for 
him ; and when the Hunky said, 
'What?' he turned to me and said: 
'Lord! but these Hunkies are dumb.' 



"Most o( the false starts, waste 
motion, misunderstandings, fights, 
burnings, accidents, nerve-wrack, and 
desperation oi soul would fab away 
if there were understanding — a com- 
mon language, of mind as well as 
tongue.' 1 

"Steel" has a special interest for 
New Hampshire people because Mr. 
Walker is a son of Dr. Charles R. 
Walker, who was a well-known and 
well-loved physician in Concord. Mr. 
\\ alker is a Yale graduate and is at 
present associated with the Atlantic 
Monthly. 



OUR CONTRIBUTORS 

In This Issue 



MISS VIVIAN SAVACOOL, who 
writes of "Twentieth Century Manches- 
ter" with such confident optimism, is a 
new graduate of Smith College in the 
class of 1922. Coming back to her 
home at a critical time in the history of 
the city, she has been interested to study 
into the matter and look at the begin- 
nings and causes of conditions. The re- 
sults of her studies appear in this article 
and the article which will be published 
next month. 

MR. GEORGE B. UPHAM'S his- 
torical articles have been for years a 
valuable and popular feature in the 
Granite Monthly. This month he 
begins a series on some little known 
phases of the history of his old family 
home — Claremont. The series has to do 
with the almost legendary time "When 
Claremont was called Ashley" but Mr. 
Upham has .some maps to bring the 
legends to a solid basis of fact. 

Last month MR. HENRY B. STE- 
VENS of New Hampshire College 
appeared in capacity of factory superin- 



tendent of New Hampshire's "Educa- 
tional Plant." This month he has 
shifted his job to that of moving picture 
producer. The scenario — "The College 
and Potatoes" — shows graphically the 
vital relation which has come to exist 
between the state college and the agri- 
cultural welfare of New Hampshire. 

MR. ARTHUR JOHNSON who is 
compiling for the Granite Monthly an 
"Anthology of One Poem Poets" is well 
known as a writer of short stories which 
appear in many of the most prominent 
magazines, and which have more than 
once been included in Mr. O'Brien's 
anthologies of "The Best Short Stories" 
of the year. Mr. Johnson is also the 
author of "Under the Rose." 

The pen and ink sketches illustra- 
ting "Making Teachers at Keene" are 
drawn by MISS MURIEL COX, who 
is a graduate of the Massachusetts Nor- 
mal Art School and is now head of the 
Art Department of the Keene Normal 
School. 



IT I 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 






- 



Sherman E, Burroughs 



SHERMAN E. BURROUGHS 

_ Sherman E. Burroughs our retiring 
Congressman from the First District, died 
hi Washington on January 27, 1923. as a 
result of an attack of influenza. In his 
death New Hampshire lost one of her 
most enlightened, successful and faithful 
public men. 

He was born in Dunbarton, February 6, 
1870; the oldest son of John H. and Helen 
(Baker) Burroughs. Receiving his gram- 
mar and high school education in the pub- 
he schools, in 1888 he competed in the ex- 



aminations for West Point cadetship and 
won the highest rank,* but owing to the 
wishes of his parents lie declined the ap- 
pointment that resulted and entered Dart- 
mouth College where he graduated in 1894, 
In Dartmouth he won many honors. In 
his Sophomore year he took the second 
Thayer Prize for proficiency in mathe- 
matics and in his Senior year the Rollins- 
Nettleton Prize for oratory. He also took 
honors at the end of his Sophomore' year 
for high standing in the prescribed Greek 
course and in his Senior for his standing 
in philosophy. 



14; 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



After graduation he became the private 
secretary for Congressman Baker and pass- 
ed the next three years in Washington 
where he attended the law school of the 
Columbian University. Here he graduated 
with a Bachelor of Law degree in 1896 and 
a Master of Law degree in 1897. In July 
1896 he was admitted to the Bar of the 
District of Columbia and to the New 
Hampshire Bar in 1897. 

In 1901 he became associated with the 
late David A. Taggart and James P. Tut- 
tie. forming the firm of Taggart, Tattle cc 
Burroughs. In November 1906. Mr. Bur- 
roughs and Mr. Tuttle retired from the 
firm and formed a new partnership known 
as Tuttle ec Burroughs. 

Always a Republican in politics. Mr. 
Burroughs was elected to the State Legis- 
lature in 1901 from the town of Bow. In 
May 1917. he was elected to the United 
States House of Representatives for the 
First District of New Hampshire to fill 
a vacancy caused by the death of Cyrus 
A. Sulloway. At the following election, he 
was elected" to a full term, but declined to 
accept the candidacy for another re-elec- 
tion, wishing to devote himself to his law 
business. 

Air. Burroughs was a member of the 
State Board of Charities and became Vice- 
President of the State Conference of Chari- 
ties and Corrections. He was a member 
of the Childrens Aid & Protective Society 
and a Trustee of the Orphans' Home at 
Concord. He was a member of the Wash- 
ington Lodge of Masons, the old-time Re- 
publican Tippecanoe Club, and Director 
of the Manchester Animal Rescue League. 

In April 21. 1898, Mr. Burroughs mar- 
ried Helen S. Phillips of Alexandria Coun- 
ty. Virginia. He had four sons: Robert 
Phillips. John Hamilton, Sherman Everett, 
Jr., and Henry Baker Burroughs, all of 
whom were born in Manchester. 



EX-GOVERNOR CHARLES M. FLOYD 

On February 3. 1923, Ex-Governor 
Charles M. Floyd, died in Manchester, af- 
ter a short illness of typhoid pneumonia. 

He was born in Derry, June 5, 1861; one 
of a family of eleven children. He attend- 
ed the public schools of Derry and Pinker- 
ton Academy in that town. On leaving 
school he entered the clothing store of his 
brother in Haverhill, Mass., gaining there 
the experience which later led him to pur- 
chase a clothing store in' Manchester. 

In 1906, he was elected Governor on the 
Republican ticket. His administration is 
considered one of the most businesslike in 
the history of the state. When he left the 
Governor's chair, he retired to private life. 
but during the War he became State Fuel 
Administrator and last year was re-appoint- 
ed to the same position during the mine 
strike. 

Governor Floyd was a member of the 
Masons. Odd Fellows. Knights of Pythias 
and Elks and was a member of the Derry- 



field and Calumet Club of Manchester. He 
was also a Director of several banking or- 
ganizations and public service companies 
in this .state. 

In 1.8S6, Governor Floyd married Carrie 
E. Atwood of Cambridge, who with his 
daughter, Mrs. James Fellows of Man- 
chester, survive him. 



WILLIAM H. PRENTISS 

On February 10. 1923, William H. Pren- 
tiss, editor and part owner of the Keene 
Evening Sentinel and the New Hampshire 
Sentinel, died at the age of 70 years. 

Mr. Prentiss was the grandson of John 
Prentiss, who founded the New Hamp- 
shire Sentinel, one of the oldest weekly 
newspapers m the state. 

Mr. Prentiss, who was a graduate of 
Cornell University, has been the pioneer 
in many movements for the betterment of 
his district. 



WILLIAM II. C. FOLLANSBY 

On February 9, 1923, William H. C. Fol- 
lansby, died at Exeter, as a result of pneu- 
monia. 

Mr,. Follansby was born in Tilton, May 
1. 1845; the son of William and Alary Lack! 
Follansby. In 1875, he came to » Exeter 
and established a drygoods business in 
which he remained until 1900, when he re- 
tired to devote his time to the Exeter 
Banking Co., of which he was President 
for 17 years. 

Mr. Follansby was well known in state 
politics, being a member of Governor 
Floyd's Council in 1907, and a member of 
the "state Legislature in 1893 and 1895. 

He was a Mason of the Knight Templar 
order and Treasurer of the Star of the 
East Lodge. 

In 1866. he married Ella L. Win slow. 
She died 15 years ago. Air. Follansby is 
survived by a foster daughter. 



JOSEPH D. ROBERTS 

On January 12, 1923, Joseph D. Roberts 
died at his home in South Berwick, Me, 
Born on November 12, 1848 in Rollinsford, 
N. H., he was the son of the late Judge 
Pliram R. and Ruth (Ham) Roberts. 

Mr. Roberts, a democrat, was a member 
of the N. H. State Legislature in 1895 and 
held practically every office in his home- 
town. Rollinsford. 

He was for some years President of State 
Board of Agriculture and was treasurer 
of the State Grange for twenty-five years, 
in which organization he took an active 
part. He was President of the Salmon 
Falls Bank, a trustee of the Rollinsford 
Savings Bank, an Odd Fellow and member 
of the South Berwick Baptist church. 

Mr. Roberts is survived by his wife and 
three sons, John H., Hiram LI. and Joseph 
C, and four daughters, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Crocker, Mrs. Clara Henderson, Miss 
Dorothy Roberts, and Miss Edith Roberts. 



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Vol. 55 



tr 



THE 

GRANITE 

MONTHLY 




IL 1923 



No. 4 



THE MONTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

The Legislature and Taxes 



'OR the third time within a few 



A years the voters have refused to 
ratify a Constitutional Amendment en- 
larging the power of the Legislature 
to distribute taxes more widely. 

The slogans "wide open.'' "blank 
check" joined with the popular cry 
for economy are probably respon- 
sible for 40737 votes in the negative 
and only 20,006 in the affirmative. 

Now that the Amendment is dis- 
posed of ' we are still confronted with levied on the principal of other prop- 
the fact that in 1922 tangible property erty. The answer to these questions 



Legislature is the conundrum which 
the Ways and Means Committee of 
the House is now trying to solve. 

In order to clearly determine the 
exact extent of these powers the Leg- 
islature has asked the Supreme Court 
whether it can levy a tax on gasoline, 
or a graduated tax on inheritances as 
is done in most other states and 
whether it can tax the income from 
investments at a hi«-her rate than is 



paid a tax of $11,000,000. while an 
equal amount of intangible property 
paid only $300,000. 

All are agreed that this gross in- 
iusfice should at once be rectified. 



will determine the measure of relief 
which this Legislature can accomplish. 

The Slieppard-Towiier Bill 
HPHIS bill, which provides for the co- 



Only two methods of lightening the J. operation of the state with the 



burden on real estate are possible. 
The first lies through reduced appro- 
priations by the Legislature. Econ- 
omy should therefore be the watch- 
word of this session. But in that con- 
nection it is well to remember that 
state expenditures represent only 11% 
of our entire tax burden; the remain- 
ing 89% is due to town and county 
appropriations. The second, and 
more hopeful method by which the 
Legislature can relieve tangible prop- 



erty is bv 



finding new sources 



of 



Federal Bureau in the promotion of 
the welfare and hygiene of maternity 
and infancy in New Hampshire, is still 
before the House. It has the sup- 
port in New Hampshire as well as in 
other states of a large number of 
women. The three women legisla- 
tors, for instance, are solidly behind it, 
The principal women's organizations 
in the state have endorsed it, and re- 
cently a statement in its defense ap- 
peared in the press signed by such 
women as Mrs. McDuffee, President 



revenue to carry a part of the load of the New Hampshire Federation of 
whfcn now falls almost exclusively Women's Clubs, Mrs. Lesure, Prest- 
on visible property. dent of the New Hampshire League 
How this can be accomplished un- of Woman Voters, Mrs. Abbott, Pres- 
der the present limited powers of the ident of the New Hampshire Women's 



146 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Christian Temperance Union, and Mrs. 
Henderson, Vice-President of the New 

Hampshire Parent-Teachers'- Asso- 
ciation. 

"This resolution." writes Dr. Ban- 
croft. Chairman of the State Board 
of Charities and Corrections, and ex- 
President of the New Hampshire 
Medical Association, . "stands for the 
conservation of human life. We have 
felt the necessity of conservation of 
natural resources for the past twenty 
years — forest wealth, mineral wealth, 
agricultural resources, etc. This bill 
represents the most important con- 
servation of all, namely, that of hu- 
man life itself. Let us be consis- 
tent. 

"If Federal aid is desirable in se- 
curing health}- swine, cattle, and trees, 
of how much more importance is the 
savage of human life!" 

Some Other Bills of Interest 

HP HE last week of March has been 
■*• a busy one for the House and sev- 
eral bills of importance have been 
disposed of. Two measures, dear to 
the hearts of the Democrats, the bill 
abolishing the women's poll tax 
and the "Home Rule Bill," providing 
for the abolishment of the New 
Hampshire Police Commissioners and 
calling for election by popular vote, 
passed the House after a bitter parti- 
san debate and on strictly party lines 
There was a moment in the career of 
the poll tax bill when it looked as 
though, for the first time tins year a 
Democratic bill of importance would 
be defeated. Ex-Governor Ba.ss 
opened the debate by defending a 
compromise measure which pro\dded 
for a $2.00 poll tax for both men and 
women, instead of $3.00. and then 
called for an extra tax of $2.00 to be 
placed on men for one year- which 
would be sufficient to complete the 
payment of the soldiers' bonus. 
When the Democratic leader. Nathan- 
iel Martin, to every one's surprise 
rose in support of this compromise, 



the chances began to look very badh 
for abolishing the Women's Poll Tax 
But after a tie vote, in the roll cat' 
which followed the Democrats passed 
the measure by a majority of 11. 
Both this bill and tiie "Home Rule 
Bill" will undoubtedly meet defeat in 
the Senate. The Sunday base ball 
bill, however, which would permit un- 
commercial sports to be played Sun- 
day and over which there has been 
considerable controversy, met with a 
very decisive defeat. 

To the casual observer the decision 
of the House concerning the election 
of one of the Representatives from 
Concord was most extraordinary. For 
in spite of the fact that on official re- 
count Mr. Carleton, a Democrat, re- 
ceived seven less votes than Mr. 
Kelly, a Republican, the House 
decided by a vote of 159 to 142 
to seat Mr. Carleton. The Republi- 
cans at. least were amused by Mi. 
Lyford's protest when he declared that 
he had "found nowhere in the Demo- 
cratic platform that it is necessary to 
seat a Democrat who was never 
elected."' 

Still the 48-Hour Issue 

HP HOUGH no one in the New Hamp- 
-*- shire Legislature believes, for a 
minute, that anything more can be 
done to settle the unsettled 48-hour is- 
sue, yet we hear trom time to time or 
attempts on the part of Repubicans to 
carry out their platform pledge of es- 
tablishing a fact-finding commission 
to study the 48-nour question. There 
was. for instance, the fact-finding 
resolution introduced by Mr. Aiken 
of Franklin and supported by ex- 
Governor Bass which was killed by 
a vote of 82 to 156, and then there 
was the Ripley fact-finding resolu- 
tion, providing for a commission of 
five persons to be appointed by the 
Supreme Court to study this question 
and report to the 1925 Legislature. 
It passed the Senate but will certainly 
be killer] in the House. 



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When Harrison was elected President of the United States in 1888, Central Street, 
Franklin, looked like this. 



FRANKLIN: A TOWN, 1828,--A CITY 1896 

A Record of Growth 



EARLY one hundred years ago a 
group of citizens living- toward 
the outskirts of Andover, Salis- 
bury, Xorthfield, and Sanbornton, pre- 
sented to the Legislature a petition that 
they be allowed to form a new town, 
to include parts of each of the four 
villages. They claimed that, whereas 
it was extremely difficult for them to 
participate in the affairs of then- towns 
as matters then stood, they could readi- 
ly do so were the new town center at 
the junction of the various boundaries. 
They pointed out, moreover, the develop- 
ment of industry along the river. 
"There have recently been erected," 
they said, "on the banks of the Winni- 
pesaukee River; within the limits of the 
proposed new town, a paper-mill and 
cotton manufactory, both of which are 
now in full and successful operation. 
From the great falls in this and other 
Streams in that vicinity and the inex- 



haustible supply of water, there is rea- 
son to believe that very extensive man- 
ufacturing establishments and other 
works requiring waterpower will, at no 
distant period, be erected at or near this 
spot, in addition to those already there." 
The arguments were logical and the 
legislature committee reported favor- 
ably on the petition; but because of the 
keen opposition in the various towns 
the bill was jockied back and forth for 



fou 



r vean 



Not until December 24, 



1828, did the -new town receive per- 
mission to organize. 

The general of the fight, Judge G. 
W. Xesmith, whose name stands out in 
Franklin's history as one of her most 
public-spirited citizens, had cannily ar- 
ranged that the boundaries should be 
drawn to include the birthplace of 
Daniel Webster ; so that the "godlike" 
Daniel, having been born in Salisbury, 
became, by legislative decree, a Frank- 



148 



THE GRANITE MOXTHL 1 



Ira native. The Judge 
and others would have 
liked to call the new 
town by Webster's 
name, hut another 
village in New Hamp- 
shire had already 
taken that title, and 
they selected the 
name of Franklin in- 
stead after Benjamin 
Franklin, whose ca- 
reer of public ser- 
vice was still fresh 
in the minds of the 
people. 

Technically speak- 
ing. Franklin's his- 
tory begins at that 
point ; the town 
sprang into being as 



Daniel YV 



ebster 



decree a 



a well-developed flour- 
ishing village, in 
which pioneer enterprise had already 
worked out the beginnings of in- 
dustry and government. Kendall Pea- 
body's paper mill, forerunner of the 
great mills of the International Pa- 
per Company, was already in operation 
and had enlisted in its management the 
skill of the young paper maker 
from Massachusetts. Jeremiah Daniell, 
father of Warren F. Daniell. whose 
services to the town make such a splen- 
did chapter in Franklin's history. The 
paper made in that old mill was largely 
a hand-made product ; the operatives 
received in the neighborhood of fifty 
cent> a week for their labors; but it was 
an up-to-date enterprise and one of 
which the new town was justly proud. 

There was a. postofnee, also, and in 
the "Instructors School," which suc- 
ceeded the famous, though short-lived, 
. Xoyes Academy, Master Tyler was 
giving to the young people a scholarly, 
scientific training at least twenty-five 
years in advance of the average instruc- 
tion of those times. 

A toll bridge across the Pemigewas- 
set connected the "Republican Village" 



: "by legislative 
nklin native." 



| with the newer set- 
tlements growing up 
about the mills. - This 
1. bridge was the pre- 
1 decessor of the Re- 
I publican Bridge which 
is still one of Frank- 
lin's landmarks. The 
[j. rates were: 

1c. person on foot 
3c. horse and rider 
4c. horse and sleigh 
1 6c. sleigh drawn by 
more than one 
horse 
10c. horse and shaiv 
or other carriage 
1 */>c. sheep or swine. 
I and it is said that 
i the thrifty people of 
the town used to ride 
to the end of the 
bridge, tether their 
horses, and walk across, with a con- 
siderable saving of money if not of 
energy. 

For the other activities of the young 
town, the indefatigable Ebenezer East- 
man, justly called the Father of Frank- 
lin, seems to have been largely respon- 
sible. A mill on the Pemigewasset. a 
short distance above "the crotch," a 
flourishing farm, a tavern, and a store — ■ 
these were a few of his interests. And, 
in addition, he it was who gave the land 
On which, in 1822, the first church in 
the town, the Congregational, was 
built. 

In short Franklin began her inde- 
pendent life in 1828 already grown up. 
S<> much so in fact, that nearly twenty 
years before "Daredevil" John Bow- 
man, who had come with the pioneers 
of the 1750's, had found the rumble of 
civilization becoming so loud as to 
drown out the wood voices he loved 'and 
had shouldered his gun and gone on in- 
to the wilderness. His departure marks 
the end of the pioneer period in that 
region — and Franklin did not exist, 
even as an idea, at that time. And yet 



FRANKLIN 



149 



the town may *""" 
justly claim a 
-hare in the 
pioneer history • .. 
of the settle- 
ments at the 

"crotch" of the -.'■ r 

river. £ f ! 

Previous to : ;X" ;; r~ 

1828. the threads , - n [J ]« 

of Franklin's v . " ..' 

history are 1 

tang 1 e d with M [j* |f; 

those of ' the I iSS ' -- * ■' 

tour to w ns p 
which contrib- 
uted, albeit un- The Old Walter Aiken 
willingly, to her Fr fOk?ih Hospital which 
° . not onlv tor hraiikim but 
inundation, her surrounding country. 
history touches 

also the history of Massachusetts, for 
the first heralds of civilization to make 
their way up the Merrimack to the 
"crotch" and then three miles beyond 
were a party of explorers from the 
Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1639 
those explorers laid out thus the northern 
boundaries of Massachusetts as they un- 
derstood the terms of their grant, and in 
so doing they sowed seeds pi strife 
which never came to fruition for the 
reason that before 1749, when Ebenezer 
Stevens was given the grant for the 
founding of Stevenstown, afterwards 
rechristened Salisbury, the long quar- 
rel over the Mason grants had been set- 
tled, and the boundaries of Massachu- 
setts had receded to the place which 
they now occupy. Had the group of 
veterans of the French and Indian 
Waaf&, to whom in 1736 the Common- 
wealth of Massachusetts gave a grant 
of land at the crotch of the rivers, ful- 
filled the conditions of the grant and 
settled on their property, the story 
would have been different, and Frank- 
lin, with other New Hampshire towns, 
would have been involved in the long 
controversy. 

The settlement of Stevenstown, or 
Salisbury, was the first formal settle- 



• pp ment on the land 

1/ ■ which is now 

Franklin. But 

K* 1 ! the group of 

-_/; grantees, among 
j "-'j who m were 



!m3a 



parents of Dan- 
iel Webster, 
v y I who journeyed 

it ' ( 1 from Kingston 

I in 1749 to take 
up their new 
1 5 \ possessions were 

J not the first set- 
\ tiers. To Philip 
Call, Nathaniel 
Homestead is now the Ma loon. and 
does a wonderful work c* 1 i r> 

for all the towns in the Slnkler Bean ' 
who established 

their homes in 
the wilderness in 1748, belongs that 
honor; and the hardships which they 
encountered were many and bitter. Na- 
thaniel Maloon's sojourn in the neigh- 
borhood was brief. He and his wife and 
their three children were taken prisoner 
by the Indians in 1749. carried to Cana- 
da, and, the story goes, shipped in a 
French vessel bound for France. The 
ship was captured by a British man-of- 
war and Maloon and his family once 
more gained their liberty. Philip Call's 
experiences were even harder, for in 
1754 his wife was killed by the sav- 
ages while he stood concealed near by, 
a helpless witness to the tragedy. 

The story of the relations between 
the early settlers and the Indians in 
Franklin or elsewhere has never been 
adequately written. The outlines are 
familiar: first, the Indians in full and 
undisturbed possession, friendly and 
hospitable to the occasional explorer or 
trapper that came their way; second, a 
period of fierce struggle, of blood-curd- 
ling savagery on the part of the red men 
and of almost equal ruthlessness on the 
part of the whites ; and third, the 
triumph of white civilization and the 
disappearance of the red man. It is a 
tragic story; and to many of us it looks 



150 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



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"-'..■-'/ 'I Vv -"' Above — The Mojalaka Country Club, one 

P M , . -;, . "" . : — ' mile from the business center of 

}' '■' < : ' "■'• . Franklin, is rapid!} becoming one or 

., | '-'/'-' ^ '•■' ' ■ '', "')'/ tne most important social organiza- 

':' . -'- [f tions of the vicinity. 

■ ',- ' " ' •'"'" , " " . I • 

Left — -Where Daniel Webster was born. 

Below — Named in memory of Herman 
j. Odell of the Franklin Needle 
Company, Odell Park is a play- 



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I ground for young and old. 



rr^.— - ■• 



FRANKLIN 



151 



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Daniel Webster used to frequent the shores 
of this Lake. He called it Lake Como, but its 
name has since been changed in his honor to 
Webster Lake. It is about one mile wide by 
three miles long", and along its shores are 
many* beautiful summer homes belonging to 
people from Franklin, from other parts of 
New Hampshire, and from many other states. 
Its natural beauty makes it an ideal summer 
resort. 



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15; 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 




Hon 


Frank 


mayor, 


and is 


Court 


of New 



N. Parsons was 
to-day Chief Justice 
Hampshire. 



Franklin's first 
of the Supreme 



nepesaukee and the Pemige- 
wasset join, was a favorite 
camp ground of the tribes; 

cmniiig from either branch 
of the river, or up the Mer- 
rimack, it is probable that 
they rested there, perhaps 
to exchange stories of ad- 
venture with other tribes 
that came that way. It is 
not improbable that those 
"inscribed stones." which 

of 



torm so valuable a 



wn 
part 



Air. Proctor's collection, 
were designed and executed 
in the light of those camp- 
fires and exchanged among 
the tribes as tokens of good 
will. There was one we 
remember, bearing the well- 
defined outline of the river's 
great bend, which might 
well have served the pur- 
pose of a souvenir postcard. 
Looking at these relics 
and thinking of those two 
Indian guides, Pontauhum 
and Ponbakin. who, "well 
acquainted with Merrimack 



like the record of one 
of the white man's ar- 
rogant mistakes. 

It was our privilege 
the other day to stand 
among Mr. F. X. 
Proctor's wonderful 
collection of Indian 
relics. And it did no: 
take much imagination 
to carry our mind back 
from the arrowheads. 
the stone axes,' the 
mortars and pestles ar- 
ranged before us. to 
the original setting for 
these implements, to 
see in imagination the 
campfire of the Wab- 
enaki on the wooded 
banks of the river. 
There where the Win- 







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carrying 

, and in 



Founded in 1871, the Orphans' Home has been 
on its valuable service for more than fifty year.-, 
spite of the serious fire loss of a few months ago is going 
forward to even larger usefulness, 



FRANKLIN 153 



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The new bridge over the Winnipesaukee completed last fall is up-to-the-minute in 

construction, and makes a valuable addition to an already beautiful Central Street. 

river and the great lake, born and bred 
all their daies thereupon," were of such 
indispensable service to the Endicott ex- 
pedition, one wonders whether it might 
nut have been possible to maintain the 
friendly course when the period of set- 
tlement began. But it is one thing to 
plot out a program of education from 
our safe point of vantage; Philip Call 
and his associates, confronted with a 
condition not a theory, solved their 
problem in the way which seemed to 
them direct and practical. Doubtless 
we should have dotie no better. 

The settlement of Salisbury, marks 



• 




1 

the beginning of the growth of the vil- 
lage which was to become Franklin. 
Twelve years later Andover and North- 
1 held were established and in 1764 the 

I first settlers came to Sanbornton. The 
little group of villages, presenting a solid 
front to the wilderness, and protected 
H by a small garrison in the fort, were re- 
lieved of the necessity .of bending all 



Ma^of-F^S; IffiS * If Senlte their energies to self-preservation. By 

in season of 1913. the time the Revolution broke out they 



154 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



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Rev. Stanley Carter Sherman, A. B. Amherst 1912. B. D. Hartford Theological 
Seminary 1915, came to Franklin last December as pastor of Franklin's oldest church, 
the Congregational. Founded in 1822. this church lias a record of more than one hun- 
dred years of service. The ground on which it was built was given by Ebenezer East- 
mar;, on: of the founders of Franklin. Athough damaged by fire in 1902, it was speedi- 
ly restored and looks to-day much as it looked when the citizens of the town first 
built it, a simple white frame building of the sort frequently seen in our New England 
towns. 



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The Christian Church founded in 1838 was destroyed by fire in 1917, and the 
following year this beautiful brick building was built. In the early days the lower 
story of the church was used as the town hall. Rev. Arthur A. Richards, formerly 
of Urbana, Illinois, is pastor here. He is a graduate of Palmer College and Bangor 
Theological Seminary, and although he has been in Frankjin only two months the 
results of his work arc alreadv evident. 



FRANK LIN* 



55 



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The Congregational Unitarian Church was founded in 1879, and toward its build- 
ing Mrs. Persis Smith of St. Louis contributed very generously. Its present pastor, 
Rev. Wilton Ldson Cross, L.L.B., is a graduate of the College of Commerce of East 
St. Louis, 1912, of the Benton College of Law, East St. Louis. 1915. and of the Mead- 
ville Theological Seminary, 1918. He has also done graduate work at the Divinity 
School of the University of Chicago. 






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The Franklin Baptist Church was formed by an amalgamation of the First Baptist 
Church and the Free Baptist churches in 1914. Both churches were first organized in 
1869. After the union of the churches the building of the First Baptist Church was 
used for the united services. Since that time extensive alterations and improvements 
have been made, so that the church has now one of the finest plants in the State for 
the social and educational work of the modem church. The present pastor, Rev. 
Frederic S. Boocly, is a native of New Hampshire, but all his work before coming to 
J'rankliti was in Massachusetts, 



156 



jt^r* «- 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

r~ 'iff 



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Judge Omar A. Towne, owner and editor 
of the Franklin Transcript, is, both through 
his paper and through his personal in- 
fluence, a power in city affairs. 

were so firmly established that they 
could send a prompt response to the 
call to arms. A company of men under 
the leadership of Captain 
Ebenezer Webster started at 
once for the "scene of action, 
arriving just too late for the 
Battle of Bunker Hill. Who 
knows how that famous bat- 
tle would have gone had they 
arrived a day earlier? In any 
case the record of their ser- 
vice during the campaigns 
which followed is one of 
which the town may be proud. 
The natural resources of 
the town led to an early de- 
velopment of industry. In fe 
1794, Daniel Sanborn built ' 
Franklin's first mill on Sal- 
mon Brook. It stood only a 
short time before a freshet 
swept it away, but it marked 
the first attempt to harness 



The Hancock Grammar School. 

At first it seemed as though the river, 
as well as the Indians, resented the com- 
ing of the white man and sought to 
crush out his endeavors. Again and 
again the rising waters or a devasting 
fire swept away in a night the careful 
work in which the whole community had 
been engaged for many months ; for in 
those days the building of a mill, no less 
than the raising of a church, was a 
community affair, accomplished by the 
joint efforts of the citizens. Gradually, 
however, human ingenuity got the 
upper hand. "Boston John" Clark, 



" 






the power of the riv 



ers. 



After a stormy controversy over its location, 
the Franklin High School was built in 1876. 
Last year 208 pupils were enrolled and there 
were 32 in the graduating class. The greatest 
problem of this and the other schools in Frank- 
lin is lack of space. 



FRANKLIN 



157 



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The Nesmith Grammar School. 



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with ins uncanny geniu; 
ing; built dams and bridges where 
others tailed, and it is recorded that 
he charged for his work on the 
building of one most complicated dam, 
$300 — and contracted to supply the lum- 
ber himself. Attracted by the water- 
power possibilities more and more in- 
dustries located along the rivers and 
brooks. The Civil War brought an in- 
creased demand for Franklin's manu- 
factured ^products and accelerated the 
growth of the town for a period. The 
coming of the railroad put her in closer 
touch with the outside world, and in- 
creased the value of her manufacturing 
sites, in less than seventy years, from 
the memorable fight for the town char- 



I 



St.- Mary's Parochial School was established in 1895, 
under the direction of the Catholic Church of Franklin. 



Rodney A. Griffin is President of the 
Retail Merchants Association of Franklin 
which has done much, to promote the busi- 
ness prosperity of the town. 

ter, Franklin had outgrown town gov- 
ernment and her citizens applied for and 
received a city charter. 

The change from town to city in 1894 
was another milestone in Franklin's 
history. Begun under the 
able guidance of Frank Par- 
sons, the first mayor, the last 
thirty years have continued 
the story of gradual, steady 
development and there is 
every reason to believe that 
the next thirty years will 
show an even greater ad- 
vance. 

Franklin is an industrial 
city, but in tracing the thread 
of her business development 
one must not forget the other 
threads which make up the 
war}> and woof of a complete 
life. Franklin's churches, 
and schools, her libraries and 
charitable institutions, her 




iss 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



■ 






'Che Methodist Church was organized in 1871. It has been exceedingly prosper- 
ous since its start. Its present pastor is Rev. - Christian B. Hansen, who is president 
of the Franklin Ministers' Association recently organized for the purpose of fostering 
closer co-operation among the churches. No one can doubt> that under Mr. Hansen's 
leadership the Association, will do much to promote a real comradeship among Frank- 
lin ministry. 



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The Roman Catholic Church was 
organized by Rev. Father Murphy of 
Laconia and is now under the charge 
of Rev. J. E. Finer, . 



Rev. T. VV. Harris of Tilton has 

charge also of St. J tide's Episcopal 
Church in Franklin. The building in 
which this church meets was former- 
ly a library. 



FRANKLIN 



159 



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Franklin's Public Library is one ol the most beautiful buildings in the town. It was 
designed by McLean & Wright of Boston and built in 1907, part of its cost being 
borne by the Andrew Carnegie Foundation. Mrs. Barron Shirley is the present 
librarian, and under her direction the library shows a record which compares 
favorably with libraries throughout the state. There were 50,000 volumes in circulation 
last year, the largest per capita circulation of an}' town library in New Hampshire. 



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pleted 
many 
propo 
with 



he Post 
within 
years b 

rtioned, 

pride. 



Office 
the last 
een mos 

and it 



is the 

year. 
t uitsat 
is not 



newest ot 

It fills a 
isfactorv. 



Franklin's public 
long-felt need, for 
The new building 



It. Wright 

buildings, having been com- 
the former quarters had for 



simph 



Tied, 



to be wondered at that Franklin citizens point it 



-.veil 
out 



160 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



community activities, all these have had 
their share in the building of the city. 
The first church in the town was the 
Congregational, built in 1S22. whose 
original building, though damaged b\ 
fire in 1902, still stand 
Church was the 
next to be built ; 
then followed the 
Baptist, the first 
church in Franklin 
Falls, the Unitarian. 
the Methodist, the 
Episcopal and the 
Catholic. We held 
in our hands the 
other day an old 
diary, written in 
beautiful, old fash- 
ioned penmanship, 
and containing a 
record of Sabbaths, 
— the texts, the 
preachers, the gist 
of the sermons, — and faith which speaks 
more eloquently than any treatise of the 
place of the church in the history of the 
town. The chary belonged to Walter 
Aiken's mother and is now in the pos- 



fending younger children? They voiced 
their protest vigorously in a flier which, 
is a classic of its kind : 

".Are not children, fresh and clean 
from their mother's hands as dolls 



Fhe Christian from a drawer. 



worthy of as good 



' 



school accommoda- 
tions as ladies and 
gentlemen of ma- 
ture r years?. . .Are 
not children an or- 
nament to society?" 
Franklin's Libra- 
ry, completed in 
1907, the successor 
to several smaller, 
but excellent earlier 
libraries, is one of 
the most beautiful 
buildings in the 
town. Situated on 
a rise of ground 
beside the river it 
may be seen for a 
great distance, and the architects, the 
Boston firm of McLean and W r right, 
made the most of this advantageous and 
beautiful location in designing the plans. 
Last vear this library circulated over 



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(c) Putnam 

Looking down on the old Republican 
Bridge. 



of his grandson, Mr. James 50,000 volumes, the largest per capita 



circulation of any town library in the 
state. 

Of the city's humanitarian organiza- 
tions — the Hospital, admirably located 
in the old Walter Aiken homestead, the 



session 
Aiken. 

The school history also deserves a 
chapter to itself. Beginning under the 
scholarly leadership of Master Tyler, 
the school system has grown steadily, 
keeping abreast of the times. The Orphans' Home, . which sustained such 
story is not without its humorous parts, serious fire loss a few months ago, the 
The controversy over the building of Golden Rule Farm for Boys — much 
the high school in the early 1870's, while might be written were not the limits 
desperately serious at the time, furnish- of this article so short. They are all 
ed at least one good laugh for us as beautifully equipped and efficiently man- 
we pored over the contents of the aged and form a practical demonstration 
trunk bequeathed to the Library by Joe of the spirit of good will and brotherli- 
L. Thompson, one-time writing master ness which is characteristic of the town. 



at the school. The main controversy 
was about the location of the high 
school, but there were a few per- 
sons of evident democratic tendencies 
who objected to the building of a school 
to accomodate only high-school pupils. 
Why, they argued, should such dis- 
crimination be shown against the unof- 



Franklin is a city with a great deal of 
civic pride. This is evident to any one 
who sees the fine bridge over the 
Winuepesaukee, completed during the 
past year, or the beautiful new post- 
office. It is evident also in the enthusi- 
asm with which young and old have 
concentrated their energies upon the 



FRANKLIN 



161 



building and development of the new 
Mojalaka Country Club, and in the en- 
terprise which is rapidly making the) 
summer colony at "Webster Lake one of 
the most beautiful summer resorts in 
this part of the country. 

History, as Carlyle once said, is best 
written as the biography of great men, 
and this has been notably true in Frank- 
lin. In another section of the maga- 
zine is the story of one phase of the 
life of the town given in terms of per- 
sonality. - That story could be matched 
by a dozen others. To run through 
the town's great names is to see in pan- 
orama the town's development. Daniel 
Webster's name heads the list, of course, 
but the names of many others stand out 
as only less prominent : George W. Xes- 
mitb, member of the supreme court, 
who wrote Franklin's charter and gave 
the town it's name ; Thomas W. Thomp- 
son, member of both branches of con- 
gress and state treasurer; Austin F. 
Pike, United States Senator; Warren 
P. Daniell, prominent both in business 



and political affairs, member of U. S. 
11 dii s e o f Representatives; A . W . Sullo- 
way, railroad president, state senator and 
founder of one of Franklin's most suc- 
cessful industries; Walter Aiken, in- 
ventor and manufacturer; Judge Blod- 
gett who after twenty-one years of ser- 
vice on the Supreme Court, four as 
Chief justice, served the city as Mayor 
for two years ; Daniel Barnard, Attor- 
ney General of the state; Edward B. S. 
Sanborn for many years a member and 
clerk of the State Railroad Commis- 
sion; Frank X. Parsons, first Mayor of 
the City and Chief justice of the State; 
Omar A. Towne, since the 1890's the 
owner and editor of Franklin's news- 
paper, — these men and many others 
have contributed to make Franklin what 
it is to-day. 

And for the future — that also will be 
written in terms of the lives of the men 
and women now active in city affairs 
and as one runs through the list, one 
realizes just how bright and full of 
promise Franklin's future is. 











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Where the Pemigewasset and Winnipesaukee join to form the 

Merrimack. 



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THE CITY GOVERNMENT OF FRANKLIN 

(Centre front row) 

Mayor Louis H. Douphixet comes from one of the first French families who settled 
in Franklin. For many years he worked in the International Paper Company mills, and 
two years ago the acute industrial situation in Franklin brought him to the front as a candi- 
date of the Democratic party. He was elected first in 1921 and re-elected last fall. It is 
interesting to note that five of the eleven mayors of New Hampshire cities are of French 
Canadian descent. 

City Council 

(Front row left to right) 

Mr. James H. Gerlach is a Republican councillor from Ward 1. Mr. Gerlach is a 
comparatively recent arrival in Franklin, coming to the town from Newton, Mass., where 
he was a contractor for many years. 

Mr. Herbert A. Griffin is a Democratic councilman from Franklin's Republican 
Ward — Ward 1. He is the proorietor of the Main Street Pharmacy and has lived' in 
Franklin most of his life. 

Mr. T. L. Riley, Republican, Ward 1, runs a successful periodical store on the west 
side of the river. 

Dr. Alphoxse Lagace, Democrat. Ward 2. is a well known and honored French 
physician. He served as a lieutenant during the War. 

Mr. Alexander B. Hebert, Republican. Ward 3, is also of French origin, and is the 
proprietor of a garage. 

Mr. Francis T. Douphixet, Democrat. Ward 2. is the brother of the Mayor, and an 
electrician by trade. 

(Second row left to right) 

City Clerk Irving V. Goss. Republican, has occupied this important position for a 
number of years, and has proved himself exceedingly competent in the management of 
city affairs. 

Mr. John H. Thompson, Republican, Ward 3, is Assistant Superintendent of the M. 
T. Stevens Woolen Mills. 

Mr. Eusebe P. Lemire. Democrat, Ward 2. is one of Franklin's prominent French citi- 
zens. He is a baker by trade. 

City Marshal John Manchester is also leader of the Franklin Boy Scouts. 

Dr. James P>. Woodman, Republican councilman from Ward 3, does not appear in this 
picture. He is a leading physician in Franklin, with a remarkable war record. Fie had 
charge of a base hospital in France and at the time the war ended had received the rank 
of Lieutenant-Colonel. 



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A. W. Sulloway, founder of the Sullo- 

way Mills and leading citizen of Franklin. 

NEEDLES AND KNITTING 

The Romance of Franklin's Business 



THE outbreak of the War in 1914 
brought with it the disclosure 
of some rather startling facts 
about our manufacturing and its de- 
pendence upon other nations for some 
of the essentials of production. Many 
of these facts 

became the '. ' ———-,— 

subject of our 
every-day con- 
versation; the t ' _ 
dye-stuff prob- 
lem confronted ' . ' J v . •' 
us at every 
turn and the 
toy famine was 
something the 
seriousness of 
which we all 
could under- 
stand. But 



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there were phases of the situation, no 
less serious than these, which, because 
they were more remote from the every- 
day life of the average man. never be- 
came known beyond a small and spec- 
ialized circle of experts. Many an an- 
xious battle 
~~7 ~" '' was fought in 
those days in 
factories and 
business houses 
throughout the 
land, battles as 
fundamentally 
important to 
the success of 
the A 1 1 i e d 
cause as any 
fought on the 
battlefields of 
France. And 






\ Glimpse ok the Mills 



}~—-:^Si 



164 THE GRANITE MONTHLY 

: ■■-•-■<-:■■■■--:■-— ^ m - mg the production f knitted goods 

up to the demand. 

There are only about a dozen 
factories manufacturing these needles 
today: there were even fewer in 1914. 
I And of them all more than half were 

I centered about the little city of 

Franklin, where the business had 

,,..-• ' : originated - more than half a century 

■ ago. A mere handful of factories 

^ ■• with the .stupendous task of supplying 

thousands of mills running at a tre- 

I \ ...' mendous rate of production! The 

way in which the need was met, the 
almost miraculous increase in produc- 
tion is a story to be told adequately 
only by the men who worked through 
those anxious days. Sitting in their 
offices, now that the smoke of the 
I tight has cleared away, they tell the 
4 story with all the zest of veterans. 
You ma}" hear both sides too. for in 
: -- ... ,. ..^. ,_...,- • - Franklin are both knitting mills and 

tt • i \ •, ,, c ,<- u . ., needle and knitting-machine factories. 

Merrick Aiken, nephew ot Walter Aiken, . ° 

member of the New Hampshire House of And behind all this is another 

Representatives and President and Treas- story— a story of initiative and 
urer ot the fsekia Manutactunncr Company. , • , • , , , ,-• -i 

achievement which goes back to Civil 

in one of these battles Franklin played War days and even beyond. 
a most important part. Back in the 1850*8, in a little shop 
The stupendous task of equipping on the banks of the Pemigewasset, 
the army involved, as all of us know, Walter Aiken perfected two bits of 
the production of enormous quanti- machinery which were of revolution- 
ties of knitted goods. That meant ary significance in the knitting* busi- 
employment for the leisure time of ness — the circular knitting machine 
nimble-fingered women throughout and the latch needle. Stories differ 
the land; but even more it meant a as to the way in which the inventions 
tremendously increased demand to be came about. Perhaps those English- 
met by the factories engaged in the men, Franklin's first ''immigrants/' 
manufacture of underwear, socks, who came to work in the "Stone 
sweaters, etc. There are more than Mill" brought with them from Eng- 
four thousand such mills in this land stories of new developments 
country. The production of all of there which fired the brain of the in- 
them was taxed to the uttermost, ventor. Whatever the impetus, the 
And the greatest handicap they en- creative genius of Mr. Aiken trans- 
countered was the difficulty of ob- lated it into the reality of steel, and 
taining the latch-needles used in their his inventions replaced the old hand 
machines. They had been buying the frame for knitting and the old spring 
needles from Germany. When it be- needle which had been used hitherto. 
came no longer possible to get them This meant both increased speed and 
from that source they turned to the improved product. 

factories of this country and threw The machines which Mr. Aiken in- 

upon them the whole burden of keep- vented and the needles also would 



NEEDLES AND KNiTTiKG 



165 



look antiquated today, if compared 
with the output of firms like the | 
Franklin Needle Company, the N-evins 
Needle Company, the Acme Knitting 
Machine Company, the Seawill Nee- 
dle Company, or with the equipment. 
of the Sulloway Mills. Wonderful 
progress has been made during the 

last fifty vears in the perfecting of | 

- ■ ■ 

knitting machinery- There are ma- 
chines of such intricacy that they per- 
form all the involved and varied oper- 
ations of making a stocking, turning 
it out all complete except for the fin- 
ishing of the foot ; machines that knit 
the fancy jacquard tops so fashiona- 
ble just now; machines that turn out 
all manner of fancy knitting. And 
each advance in the design of the ma- 
chines has made necessaiy adapta- 
tions of the needles. 

No doubt Walter Aiken would be 
surprised could he walk today 1 
through the Sulloway Mills and see 
how that bu-iness has expanded and 
developed. It is our belief, however, 
that his feelings would be less of as- 



tonishment than of satisfaction such 
as a man feels at having his dreams 
fulfilled. Inventors are seers and 
prophets. 

We talked not long ago with a man 
who wanted to write the history 
of America as the history of 
two families — the family of John 
Quincy Adams, statesmen, conserva- 
tives, scholars; and the family of Jack 
London, ever pushing forward to new 
frontiers. The idea is a good one, 
but incomplete, for the story of 
American busines can aLso be written 
in terms of personalities. And the 
history of Franklin business is to a 
surprising extent bound up in the his- 
tory of the Aiken family. They are 
inventors, all of them,-— from Herrick 
Aiken, father of Walter Aiken, who 
conceived the idea of a railroad up 
Mount Washington and even modeled 
an engine which should make the 
climb years before his son, presenting 
the idea to the Legislature with a 






Richard \V. Sulloway, agent of the Sul- 
loway Milts, President of the Franklin Red 
Cross, and actively interested hi all civic 
affairs. 



request for a charter, was greeted 
with derisive cries of "Give him a 
charter to the moon !" to Walter 
Aiken's g J reat-nephe\v, whose inven- 
tive genius not long ago prompted 
him to undertake the somewhat alarm- 
ing engineering feat of constructing a 
windmill from his father's razor 
blades, carefully stolen and hoarded 
under the woodshed. 

Walter Aiken and hi.-, father, Her- 
rick Aiken, may be said to be the 
Fathers of Franklin's manufacturing, 
not only because of their inventions 
and their successful business enter- 
prises, but also because in one way or 
another nearly all of the Franklin fac- 
tories in operation today have re- 
ceived some contribution from the old 
inventors. The business which Walter 
Aiken founded in 1864, and which 
passed to his sons on his death 
in 1893, has almost entirely gone 
in to other hands now, although Mr. 



166 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



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These mills turn out ten thousand dozen pairs of stockings each week. 



Herrick Aiken maintains in Franklin 
the offices of the Nekia Manufactur- 
ing Company, a concern engaged in 
the making of machinery. The shop 
in which the early machines were in- 
vented forms part of the plant of the 
newest Needle factory — the Nevins 
Needle Company — a fact which should 
bring luck to the new enterprise. The 
buildings in which Aiken's Hosiery 
Mills were housed are now owned by 
the M. T. Stevens & Sons Company, 
.who, since about 1870 have been 
manufacturing in Franklin the highest 
grade of woolen cloth. The making 
of needles which Mr. Aiken originated 
is carried on by such firms as the 
Franklin Needle Company, which, 
founded in 1874, and incorporated in 
1882, was for many years the largest 
latch-needle factory in the world; and 
the Seawill Needle Company and the 
Nevins Needle Company which, al- 
though of much later origin, never- 
theless owe a debt, of which they are 
well aware, to the inventions of Mr. 
Aiken. 

The Acme Knitting Machine Com- 



pany is in a sense the successor to 
Aikin's machine shop. Even the G. 
W. Griffin Company, manufacturers 
of Hacksaws, although seemingly un- 
related to Mr. Aiken's enterprises, 
acknowledges a connection, since the 
invention of the hacksaw which forms 
the basis for the industry of the plant 
was made by a worker in Walter 
Aiken's shop. 

Thus closely are the various 
branches of Franklin's business enter- 
prises related, and undoubtedly the 
most interesting story of this relation- 
ship is that which connects the Aiken 
inventions with the great Sulloway 
Hosiery Mills. 

When Walter Aiken manufactured 
his first circular knitting machine, he 
sent it to the Enfield Shakers; his 
second went to Mr. A. W. Sullo- 
way of Enfield. Mr. Sulloway's in- 
terest in the machine led to an interest 
in Franklin, and in 1865, with Mr. 
Fred H. Daniel), he began business 
there. The old "Stone Mill" had 
burned down in 1858 and the time 
seemed auspicious for the building of 



NEEDLES AND KNITTING 



1 PL"* 



a new hosiery mill. The Daniell and 
Sulioway mill began business in 1S65: 
in 1S69 Mr. Sulioway bought out Mr. 
Daniel l's interest. The business has 
grown by leaps and bounds since that 
time. There is little resemblance be- 
tween the up-to-date, finely equipped 
factory which it was our privilege to 
visit the other day, with its output of 
12,000 dozen pairs of stockings per 
week, and the "Stune Mill" its prede- 
cessor, whose old clock stands today 
in Mr. Richard Sulloway's office. 

Franklin owes much to Walter 
Aiken, but if the inventor himself 
could tell what he considered his 



greatest contribution to the welfare 
of the town there can be little doubt 
that he would point to the circum- 
stances through which there came to 
Franklin the man who lias for more 
than fifty years served Franklin's in- 
terests faithfully, not only as a capa- 
ble business man, but also as political 
leader and state senator, as railroad 
president, as bank president, and in 
many other branches of public service 
— Mr. A. W. Sulioway who, even to- 
day, though he is no longer able to 
take a.s active a part as formerly in 
public affairs, may still justly be 
called Franklin's leading citizen. 



MY FISHERMAN 

By Mabel W. Sawyer 
Franklin, N. H. 

Wind sweeps the meadows. Brimming brooks 
Are taking the trout to deeper nooks. 
Low hanging clouds cover the sky — 
Singing, my fisherman passes by. 

White leaning lambs, to lea of the storm. 
Their wool a-wearing, softly warm. 
All through the day, pure drizzling rain 
Sings gently over the country lane. 

Deep in the distance lights appear 
With dusk of day, dark night is near, 
Wind-blown, with fisherman's luck content, 
To sheltering roof man's way is sent. 



Fire-glowing walls reflect delight. 
Outside the storm has turned to night. 
Day in the open, bright, carefree, 
At dark my fisherman seeketh me. 



^ 



"BOSTON JOHN" CLARK 

A Picturesque Figure in Franklin History 



this young land of ours 

are mythological heroes, men 

real enough and historical enough 

sure, hut around whom the imagi- 




and- whose hiosra- 



-&?• 



to he 

nation loves to play 
phy becomes 
gradually en- 
crusted with 
legend. Such 
a character 
was Boston 
John Clark, 
who lived in 
Franklin dur- 
ing the mid- 
die days of M 
the 19th cen- 
tury. 

To-day he 
would he 
hailed as a 
ma the ma heal 
genius - and 
paragraphed 
in all the 
newspapers 
of the coun- 
try. But his 
contempora- 
ries merely- 
recognized his 
ability as odd 
and depended 
upon his un- 
canny apti- 
tude lor fig- 
uring to help 
them with 
the practical 
concerns of 
construction. 

Where others tailed Boston John suc- 
ceeded, and he did so with the aid of 
only his ten- foot pole. Since he could 
neither read nor write his figuring 
was done in his head. His accounts with 
his men whom he employed, his com- 
putations in the construction work he 
accomplished — the only records of these 




A Mathematical 
the Nineteenth 



bridge building and dam 



were in his memory and it never failed. 
The ten-foot pole figures largely in 
the many stories one hears about Bos- 
ton John. It is said that one day some 
boys, knowing how he depended upon 

that pole, and 
thinking to 
' ■:* ■ throw him 

off on his 
computations, 
cut off a 
couple of in- 
ches. Boston 
John, return- 
ing, picked up 
the pole, ex- 
amined it, and 
discarded it 
without com- 
ment. His 
unerr i n g 
mathematical 
s e use t o 1 d 
told him 

s o m e t h i n g 
was wrong. 

Many years 
before psy- 
chologists had 
begun to 
study hypno- 
sis and its- 
possibilities in 
c on tied ion 
with the heal- 
ing of dis- 
ease, Boston 
John Clark's 
power of 
hypnotism was well known in Frank- 
lin. When Mr. Jeremiah Dauiell caught 
his arm in the machinery of his 
paper mill and was in such severe pain 
that he could not sleep, the physicians 
feared he would die. But Boston John, 
using his mesmeric power, put the pa- 
tient into a heavy sleep and with this 
help Nature repaired ..the damage. 

Boston John was thoroughly convinc- 



Genius of 
Century 



"BOSTON JOHN" CLARK 



169 



ed that he held converse with spirits. 
They led him a merry chase sometimes. 
Once when they had set him to digging- 
treasure down On Cape Cod he ran 
afoul of some vigorous objections on 
the part of the owner of the land. It 
was an experience calculated to shake 
the faith of a lesser man, hut Boston 
John took it as another instance of spirit 
guidance and mildly returned home with 
the remark that the treasure though un- 
doubtedly hidden there had already been 
found before he arrived on the scene. 

The last days of his life Boston John 
spent with the Shakers at Enfield, and 



to this period belongs the picture which 
accompanies this sketch. Of course 
Boston John never had a picture taken. 
But one da}' a photographer snapped a 
building in the Shaker Colony just as 
Boston John was passing. In the 
original photograph he appears as a tiny 
figure scarcely more than half an inch 
high. But the print was exceptionally 
good and Kimball's Studio of Concord 
enlarged it. making it possible thereby 
for Franklin people to possess a 
photograph of one of the most unique 
characters in the history of the 
town. 



POEMS BY A FRANKLIN POET 

By Mabel W. Sawyer 



Rain 



Twilight here, 

Twilight and rain. 

Boughs beating, bending with rain. 

Music to you 

With your heart so glad. 

Haunting to you 

When you heart is sad. 

Dropping the rain 

From the trees. 

Drenching and dripping the leaves, 

Dark misty mood 

In this wood 

Brings the rain 

Singing rain. 

Cooling the moss 



Song 

Cooling ferns 

Wetting the wild things in turns, 

Music you hear 

In the brimming brooks 

Rushing o'er stones 

To their deeper nooks. 

See how the trees 

Stand so still 

Greying clouds 

Cling to the hill 

Sweet scented wood 

Solitude 

Brings the rain 

Singing rain. 



The Shower 

Goodness, how it darkens things 
To have the sky a-spreading wings 
To beat against the p>ane ! 
Children hurrying home from school 
Bare their heads to feel the cool ; 
They wade into the shallow pool 
With glee, welcoming rain. 



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A PLAY DAY 

Silas Pettingill Goes Fishing 

By Ellen Barden Ford 
Illustration' by Lucille Conant 



I 



T was late April. The clouds were 
hanging- low on Blueberry Mountain, 
and little wisps of fog were floating 
over the brook that ran through the 
meadow. 

Silas Pettingill stood leaning against 
the old barnyard bars, and looking spec- 
ulatively across the meadow toward the 
brook. The murmur of the swollen 
waters that sounded now near, now far, 
was calling him. as it had called every 
year at that time, since as a tiny boy 
he had gone fishing with his father, and 
had fished patiently for hours at a time, 
with a bent pin for a hook. 

"I suppose Maria will think I ought 
to be cutting bushes to-day over in the 
west lot. but I'll be darned if I will! 
I'm going a-fishing," he said to himself 
decisively. 

In the cosy kitchen, Maria was step- 
ping briskly about . getting breakfast on 
the table. As she glanced out of the 
window she saw Silas leaning against 



the bars, and looking across the 
meadow. 

"I know just as well what he is think- 
ing about as though he had told me," 
said she to herself. "He wants to go 
a-fishing to-day. Well ! I won't say 
any tiling about it, but let him work. It 
won't be half the fun for him if he talks 
about it, as it will if he slips away and 
thinks that he really oughtn't to go, and 
that I don't know where he has gone." 

As she stood looking out of the win- 
dow, Silas went into a shed and came 
out with a hoe and a tin box. He gave 
a stealthy glance at the house, then dis- 
appeared behind the barn. 

Soon he came into the kitchen whis- 
tling cheerily* with a big armful of 
wood. 

''There Maria," said he as he de- 
posited the wood in the box behind the 
stove, "I guess you have wood enough 
to last all day." He washed his hands 
at the kitchen sink, and as he seated 



A PLAY DAY 



\7\ 



himself at the breakfast table, he con- 
tinued, "I wish you would put me up a 
big lunch, Maria, I probably won't be 
baek by noon. Put in plenty of apple 
pie and cheese." 

Later, Maria watched him cross the 
yard to the barn with his lunch pail in 
his hand, and Percy, the big black and 
white cat. following at his heels. 

Soon he was back with Percy in his 
arms. 

"You had better shut Percy up until 
[ have been gone a little while," said 
lie. "1 can't have him tagging me all 
day." 

Maria put the struggling cat down 
cellar, then went out to feed the hens. 
She could hear Silas' cheery whistle in 
the distance, and as she listened she said 
softly to herself with a tender light in 
her eyes, "Bless him ! Pie's nothing 
but a boy after all." 

Silas went leisurely across the mead- 
ow to the brook and followed along the 
bank until he came to a deep, quiet pool. 
A large willow tree leaned over the 
water, and an old, moss-covered log in- 
vited him to rest. He looked around 
him with happy eyes. He could see the 
clean sand through the yellow water, 
and the little shiners darting here and 
there. Across the pool, under the willow 
roots, he caught a glimpse of a trout. 
In an hour lie had caught only one 
small one, then he came back again to 
rest on the old log. 

A sound caused him to turn as Si- 
mon Gay came around a bend in the 
brook some distance away. 

Simon carried a pail in one hand, and 
in the other he had a fishing rod and 
some trout strung on a willow twig. His 
good-natured face broke into a smile of 
delight as he saw Silas sitting on the 
log. 

"I thought perhaps I should find you 
here, Sile," said he, as he deposited his 
pail on the ground and seated himself 
beside Silas. 

"See what T caught as I came along," 
and he dangled six speckled beauties 
before Silas' admiring eyes. 



"You always was a master hand to 
catch fish. Sime. Don't you remember 
when we were boys how you used to 
divide with me when we went fishing, 
because 1 never had as good lack as 
you? 1 only catched one little one." 
And Silas took from his pocket a little 
trout that was so covered with chaff it 
was hard to tell what it was. 

"Percy wanted to come with me ana 
I wouldn't let him, so I thought I would 
carry this home for his supper." 

"You'd better wash the fish before 
you give it to him, Sile, or he won't 
know what he's eating," and Simon 
laughed so heartily that he nearly fell 
off the log. 

"Mother and Rena went over to Mrs. 
Redmonds this morning to spend the 
day, so I just skun out to take a little 
vacation. Strange ain't it, Sile, how a 
woman never seems to think a man 
needs a day off now and then ? Mother 
thinks I am splitting wood." 

"Mother thinks I am cutting bushes 
in the west lot," said Silas with a 
chuckle. "I did intend to until this 
morning. Some way this misty spring 
air, that smells of the ground and all 
the sweet things that grow on it, and 
the sound of the brook, makes me feel 
lazy. I just want to sit here and talk 
with you and rest. Some folks might 
think it strange that two old fellers like 
you and me can have such a good time 
together, Sime, but we do, don't we?' 
and Silas looked at Simon wistfully. 

"Course we do, Sile. We have had 
lots of good times together, and I hope 
we will hive many more. Life 
wouldn't be the same to me without 
you, Sile. I just hope we will fare 
along to the next life about the same 
time, for it seems to me I would be 
lonesome even there without you.' 

The old men looked at each other. 
and for a moment in their eyes there 
shone a prophetic light, giving them a 
fleeting glimpse of a time when one 
must be taken, and the other left. Si- 
mon broke the silence in his matter-of- 
fact way. 



172 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



"1 don't know how you feel, Sile, but 
I'm as hungry as a bear. I know it 
ain't noon, but let's get dinner and eat 
it. Then we can rest and visit. You 
find some wood for the tire, and I will 
get the fish ready to fry." 

Soon a little fire was snapping brisk- 
ly on a large liat rock, and a delightful 
odor of browning fish arose from Si- 
mon's pail cover. Simon took some 
huge slices of bread and butter, and 
some ginger snaps from his pail, and 
Silas contributed apple pic, cheese, and 
a bottle of coffee. 

"Why ! we have a dinner fit for a 
king," said Simon, as he put his beau- 
tifully browned fish before Silas. 

"I never knew a woman, not even 
Maria, that could fry fish so it tasted 
as yours does," said Silas, as he lifted 
a piece with his jack-knife and put it 
on his bread. 

"Don't you remember the first time 
we caught fish and fried them here?" 
said Simon. "We were little shavers. 
Your 'father had set you to piling wood 
in the shed, and mine went to town and 
left me to rake up the front yard. We 
came down here and stayed all day, and 
both got a good licking when we got 
home at night. But it was worth it," 
continued the old man reminiscently. 

The last crumb disappeared from the 
rude little table. The sun came out. 



The mist vanished. 



.no sti 



the old 



men talked. "Don't you remember?" 
prefaced many a story they told each 
other with quiet enjoyment. The long 
afternoon slipped quickly by. The sun 
disappeared behind a bank of clouds, 
and all the world looked gray. The 
hylas began their plaintive music in the 
little pond in the pasture, before the 
old men thought of home. 

"This has been the best day we ever 
had together, Sile," said Simon. "I 
feel ten years younger than I did this 
morning." 

"We are 'old boys' Sime, but a play 
day now seems as good to me as it ever 
did," answered Silas, as he picked up 
his fishing rod and pail and turned 
toward home. 

Maria sat by the kitchen window, 
sewing, when she saw Silas come around 
the barn, with his dinner pail in his 
hand. Percy ran to meet him. Silas 
took something from his pocket , and 
after carefully washing it in the water 
tub, gave it to him. When Silas open- 
ed the kitchen door, Percy ran by him 
and under the stove, from which at once 
issued savage growls, and the vigorous 
cracking of bones. Evidently Percy 
was having a supper much to his liking. 

Silas looked a little uneasy, but 
Maria only said with a twinkle in her 
eye, "Percy must have caught that big 
rat that has been bothering me so long 
in the back pantry." 



FRANCES 

By Dorothy E. Collins 



When Frances was a young thing, 

Mad-cap games she played 
On the sea-gull's eyrie, 

Nor ever was afraid 
Of the cliffs below her 

Where deep-sea breakers rose, 
With green and beast-like shoulders. 

To splash her clinging toes. 



173 



■ 



Walker Haartze Spofford: Holder of World's Record of Milk Production 
for 305 Days. Record 26,333 Pounds. 

HOLSTEINS THAT WIN 

Some New Hampshire Champions 

By H. Styles Bridges 



OLSTEINS, or "The Black and 
• Whites,' 1 as they are enthusiastical- 
ly called by Holstein breeders, the 
country over, are the largest of any of 
the dairy breeds and are noted for their 
production of milk. Xo breed of cat- 
tle can surpass or equal their records 
in the economical or high production of 
this fluid that is so essential and vital to 
the human race. 

Right here in New Hampshire we 
have the honor of having two world's 
champions of this famous breed. They 
are Walker Haartze Spofford, who 
holds the world record for cows of all 
ages and breeds for total milk produc- 
tion in the 305 day class, and Silda 
Creamelle Johanna who holds the 
senior four year record for both milk 
and butter in the same class. Walker 
Haartze Spofford's world's record for 
milk production in 305 days is 26,333 
pounds of milk. 

Just stop and consider what this 
means. It means that in ten months 
time this cow produced more milk than 



seven ordinary New Hampshire cows 
produce in a year; or over 13 tons of 
milk in all. Silda Creamelle Johanna's 
world's record for 305 days is 23,062 
pounds of milk, and 1007.7 pounds of 
butter. 

These queens of the dairy world are 
owned by the Baker Farm of Stratham, 
New Hampshire. This farm is located 
about one mile from Rockingham Junc- 
tion on the main road, between Exeter 
and Newmarket. It was formerly 
known as the old Whitcomb Farm and 
on it many famous horses of racing re- 
nown have been reared. The farm is 
approached by a long lane nearly one- 
quarter mile in length, which leads to 
the farm buildings. The farm itself 
comprises about two hundred acres, and 
is a typical New Hampshire farm. The 
land is about equally divided, between 
pasture and tillage. 

The farm is owned by Edwin H. 
Baker. Mr. Baker purchased it about 
four years ago. We ordinarily v; ^k 
that, when successful business 



174 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



-'..< 



' 



. - 



■ 






Havendale Inka Bower Metchtld: Record 20,450 Pounds of Milk, One Year; 
950 Pounds of Butter. One Year 



cicle to go into farming, it means the 
expenditure of a great deal of money, 
the buying of a high-priced farm, the 
building* of fine buildings, the assembling 
of a herd of high-priced cattle, in fact 
that everything is done to create a show- 
appearance without regard to the 
economical phase of farming. Then, 
according to popular opinion, the owner 
generally sits back and watches things 
progress, usually with his check book 
in close proximity. Mr. Baker is not 
a man of this type. He is running his 
farm not as a hobby but as a strictly 
commercial proposition, and from ob- 
servations and from the records it 
would seem to the visitor that he is 
successful. The Baker farm can be 
correctly classed as among Xew Hamp- 
shire's practical farms. The farm is 
managed by Mr. C. C. Laughton, a 
very thorough and practical farmer. 
Mr. A. L. Frost and Elwin Flanders 
are the herdsmen and are in immediate 
charge of the herd. 

This herd of Holsteins probably 
ranks not only as the best in New 
Hampshire, but as one of the verv best 
in the Eastern States. The herd num- 
bers about eighty head of registered 



animals, of which more than half are 
milking. When milking is mentioned 
on the Baker farm, it has a real mean- 
ing, for they milk many of their cows 
four times a day and get results by it 
too. All the milking is done by hand, 
and, when you consider that some mem- 
bers of this herd milk as high as one 
hundred and eight pounds a day, milk- 
ing means a real job. 

The cattle are kept under ordinary 
farm conditions. Two old-fashioned 
barns have been remodeled to the ex- 
tent of letting in plenty of sunlight and 
a ventilating system has been installed. 

At the Baker Farm they believe in 
the old maxim that "the sire is half the 
herd." 

Their senior herd sire is King Segis 
Pontiac Maartze, an animal of great in- 
dividuality and backing. This bull's two 
nearest dams averaged 34.8 pounds of 
butter in seven days, and his seven near- 
est dams averaged 30.7 pounds of butter 
in seven days. Xot many herd sires in 
the country have such records behind 
them. Colantha Johanna Lad and King 
Segis, two of the Hoi stein breed's great- 
est sires, are his immediate ancestors. 
His worth does not stop with his looks 



HOLSTEINS THAT WIN 



175 



^ 



\*--.. 



thi 



*A 



"The Sire is Half the Herd." King Segis Pontiac Maartze, Senior Herd Sire. 



arid pedigree, for he has some produc- 
ing daughters that are fast winning him 
renown. Several are to be found in the 
Baker herd. One has a record of twen- 
ty-six pounds of butter as a two-year- 
old and others have fine records in both 
milk and butter production. 

The young stock have a fine chance, 
for Manager Laughton believes in feed- 
ing when the animals are young and not 
half-starving the youngsters, as the case 
on many dairy farms. Plenty of the 
right kind of food when they are young 
makes strong vigorous cows that are 
reaJ producers. These cows bear out 
the above statement, for many of them 
weigh between sixteen hundred and 
seventeen hundred pounds. 

1 he crops raised on the farm are 
mostly for forage. In fact all the 
roughage used for feeding purposes is 
home produced. It consists mainly of 
clover hay and corn silage. Manager 
Laughton states that this spring they 
intend to try alfalfa, and he believes 
that it will be a big asset to them if 
they are able to get a stand. 

Nothing is sold off the farm except 



dairy products, and livestock. The 
dairy products are sold principally in 
the form of milk, a retail mill: route 
being conducted in Newmarket that 
disposes of between 200 and 300 quarts 
daily. The remainder is sold in Bos- 
ton at wholesale, but at a fancy price. 
Most of the livestock sold are young 
animals, particular]}' bulls, which are 
sold from farmers' prices up to as high 
as $1,000 a piece. 

The two world's champions are by no 
means the only high producers of which 
this herd boasts, for the majority of 
the cows have records from 20 to 31 
pounds of butter in seven days, as well 
as large yearly milk and- butter records. 
The herd is under Federal supervision 
and the animals all tested and healthy. 
They show every evidence of good care 
and careful management, and are a 
sight that any lover of animals would 
enjoy. 

If you are interested in dairy cattle, 
and particularly in Holsteins, it would 
pay you to take the time to visit the 
Baker farm, the home of New Hamp- 
shire's premier herd of Holsteins. 



176 



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S 







Part of Sauthiee Map. London^, 1776. 



WHEN CLAREMONT WAS CALLED ASHLEY 

it 

Two Old Maps and Their Odd Inaccuracies 
By George B. Upham 



of the Revolu- 



E r 7~ITH the progress of the R 
(%/ tion European interest i 



m the 
theater of the war was greatly 



•opean 



stimulated. As campaigns were con- 
ducted and battles fought in places hith- 
erto unheard of in Europe the demand 
for maps increased. 

It was for some time thought that the 
issue of the conflict would be settled in 
Xew England or on its western borders. 
Mere, quite naturally, the cartographers 
concentrated their attention. The Con- 
necticut River valley was of interest, 
for Xew England might be invaded 
through this natural approach from 
Canada. 

The earliest map issued to supply the 
new demand was published in London 
in 1776. Its full title is 

A MAP OF 

The Province of 
XEW YORK, 

Compiled from Actual Surveys by order of 

His Excellency 

WILLIAM TRYON, Esq. 

Captain General and Governor of the Same, 
By CLAUDE JOSEPH SAUTHIER 
to which is added Xew Jersey, from the 
Topographical Observations 
of C. J. SAUTHIER & B. RATZER. 
Engraved by WILLIAM FADEN, 
(Successor to the late Mr. Thos. 1 Jefferys, 1776) 
The Counties and "Mannors" are col- 
ored in a way to make the map highly 
decorative. It seems strange to see Al- 
bany County reaching from the Dela- 
ware River, the border of Pennsylvania, 
nearly to the Connecticut River back of 
Brattleborough. Two counties, Cum- 
berland and Glocester, extend alon^r the 



Connecticut from Massachusetts to the 
Canada line. Xew York then claimed 
all the territory now Vermont and these 
counties are colored as vividly as those 
on or west of the Hudson. This visual- 
ization, better than any print or words, 
impresses the fact that Xew York once 
exercised dominion as far east as the 
Connecticut River. 

All of Xew Hampshire that is shown 
is left blank except along the Great 
River. Here towns of consequence are 
indicated by circles; larger circles and 
more prominent lettering indicating the 
larger settlements ; Charlestown Xo. 4, 
Ashley and Windsor are thus made to 
appear as of more consequence than 
Unity, "ClearmOunt" and Cornish. Ash- 
ley is placed near the sharp right-angled 
bend in the Connecticut which is seen 
just above the ferry. The name "Clear- 
mount" is placed south of "Sugar R" 
winch is made to rise in a small pond 
about ten miles east of Plainfield. (1) 

Further north we find Lebanon, and 
close to it Dartmouth College with the 
crude suggestion of a large two-steepled 
building. Hanover is five or six miles 
further north. Crossing the Connecti- 
cut into Cumberland County, Xew York, 
we find Ware (now Hartford) op- 
posite Lebanon/ 2 ' Further south are 
Windsor and Weathersfield, as well as 
Ascutney and Caschetchawage (Skitch- 
awaug) Mountains, properly placed. 
A road is shown passing through 
Charlestown and Ashley, crossing the 
Connecticut River near Windsor and 
ending apfuptly at J uill\s (Lull's) Brook 
in "Hart," that is Hartland. 



(1) Sugar River flows from Sunapee Lake at the "Harbor." about midway on its much in- 
dented western shore. With sometimes sharp angles, sometimes winding curves, its clear amber 
waters flow in a general westerly direction. Descending in its twenty miles about 830 feet it 
empties into the Connecticut four miles westerly from Glarembnt Village, and a mile or two -south- 
easterly from the lower slopes of Ascutney. A view of it and of the mountain from Lottery Bridge 
in Claremont is a view to be remembered. See illustration in Granite Monthly. Vol. 52, p. 50. 

(2) Pew know of the existence of Hartford Vermont, but as White Paver Junction it is 
familiar — at least around the railroad station — to hundreds of thousands who have wearily waited 
there. 



178 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 




WHEN CLAREMONT WAS CALLED ASHLEY 



179 



A French map purporting to show 
the theatre of the War between the 
English and Americans, and to have 
been drawn from the latest English 
maps, also shows Ashley, but not Clare- 
mont. It was published in Paris in 
1779 and in one corner is described as 
follows : 

CARTE 
du 
THEATRE L)E LA GUERRE 
Entre les Anglais 
et les Americains : 
Dressee 
d'apres les Cartes Anglaises 
les plus modernes, 
Par M. Brion de la Tour, Ingenieur- 
Geographe du Roi. 
1779 
a Paris 
Chez Esnants et Rapilly, rue St. Jacques 
a la Ville de Coutances. 
The title is embellished by the depic- 
tion of an impossible Indian having the 
physiognomy of a British prize-fighter, 
dressed in a costume of skins and feath- 
ers, the- like of which no Indian ever 
saw. Shod with Greek sandals he is 
seated in the forest with shield, battle 
flags and other European impedimenta 
beside him. 

"Ashley," its circle surmounted by a 
cross indicating the possession of a 
church, is here shown as just south of 
"Pt. Sugar R," (Little Sugar River) 
which should be in Charlestown and 
Unity, several miles south of Ashley. 
It is, however, moved north to take the 
place of the real Sugar River, while the 
latter is, in turn, shoved several miles 
further north and made to empty into 
the Connecticut directly opposite "Mt. 
Asseumea" (Ascutncy) at a place about 
half way between the circles designat- 
ing the locations of Weathersfield and 
Windsor. Claremont and Cornish are 
wholly omitted. "Blowme Down R" is 
properly placed but "Darmouth" is lo- 
cated half-way between PlainfTeld and 
Hanover. 

Over the river from "Darmouth," 
which is placed where Lebanon should 



be, we again find Ware, but on this 
French map engraved "Major Villard's 
uu Ware." Recalling that Hartford, 
on this location, was one . of the 
Hampshire Grants in 1761 ; that the 
King in Council in 1764 declared "the 
Western Banks of the River Connecti- 
cut to be the Boundary Line be- 
tween the two Provinces of New Hamp- 
shire and New York;" and further re- 
calling the fact that the French have no 
W in their alphabet ; we are led to look 
to the New York records for a knowl- 
edge of Major Willard's activities. In- 
vestigation reveals that he had obtained 
a New York charter for Hertford, now 
Hartland, adjoining Hartford on the 
south, and was employed to act for the 
Proprietors of the latter town. He ap- 
parently gave the impression that he 
owned it. It further appears that New 
York was willing, on certain conditions, 
to grant the charter under the name 
Ware, but there were delays, perhaps 
owing to the lack of cordiality between 
the "Green Mountain Boys" and the 
"Yorkers," so the charter was never 
issued. The name given by Benning 
Wentworth remained, except in so far 
as. to the outside word, it was changed 
to White River Junction after the com- 
ing of the railroads. 

Jt will be seen that M. Brion de la 
Tour made as much of a mess of the 
rivers flowing into the Connecticut from 
the west as he did of those flowing into 
it from the east 

Judging by the varied size of the let- 
tering and circles or pentagons Walpole 
"Charles Town" and "Darmouth" w r ere 
the largest towns in this vicinity. Next 
in size were Ashley and Windsor, while 
Weathersfield, Plainfield, and Dantzick, 
now Newbury (much too far north) 
were less populous. The outlet of the 
unnamed lake, Sunapee, is placed at its 
southern end. This unnamed river is 
evidently intended for Cold River for it 
flows into the Connecticut a little north 
of Walpole. The map maker had 
merged Cold Pond with Sunapee. 
To be continued 



AN ANTHOLOGY OF ONE POEM POETS 

Compiled by Arthur Johnson 

Ralph Waldo Emerson once said, have been selected, though it is not 

as suddenly as trie thought struck presumed their authors have not, in 

him, when he and a friend of his some cases, written other poems 

who long ago described it to me. winch to some tastes are of equal 

were hunting for a lost poem to- or perhaps even greater merit. It is 

gether : "I should like to have an probable that some at least of the 

anthology of the one-poem poets!" — poems here published will be collected 

in sympathy with which fugitive later in book' form. Suggestions will 

wish the poems to be published tin- be welcome, 
der this heading from month to month A. J. 

WINDS TODAY ARE LARGE AND FREE 

By Michael Field 

Winds to-day are large and free, 
Winds today are westerl) ; 
From the land they seem to blow 
Whence the sap begins to flow 
And the dimpled light to spread, 
From the country of the dead. 

Ah, it is a wild, sweet land 

Where the coming May is planned, 

Where such influences throb 

As our frosts can never rob 

Of their triumph, when they bound 

Through the tree and from the ground. 

Great within me is my soul, 

Great to journey to its goal, 

To the country of the dead; 

For the cornel-tips are red, 

And a passion rich in strife 

Drives me toward the home of life. 

Oh, to keep the spring with them 
Who have flushed the cornel-stem, 
Who imagine at its source 
All the year's delicious course, 
Then express by wind and light 
Something of their rapture's height! 



SAY NOT THE STRUGGLE NAUGHT AVAILETH 

By Arthur Hugh Clough 

Say not the struggle naught availeth, 
The labour and the wounds are vain, 
The enemy faints not, nor faileth, 

And as things have been- they remain. 



POEMS 181 

K hopes were dupes, fears may be liars; 

It may be in yon smoke concealed, 
Vour comrades chase e'en now the fliers, 

And, but for you, possess the field. 

For while the tired waves, vainly breaking, 

Seem here no painful inch to gain. 
Far back, through creeks and inlets making, 

Comes, silent, flooding it. the main. 

And not by eastern windows only, 

When daylight comes, comes in the light ; 

In front the sun climbs slow, how slowly ! 
But westward, look, the land is bright ! 



THERE WAS A ROSE 

By Sarah Morgan Bryan Piatt 

"There was a rose," she said, 

"Like other roses, perhaps to you. 

Nine years ago it was faint and red, 
Away in the cold dark dew, 
On the dwarf bush where it: grew. 

"Never any rose before 

Was like that rose, very well 1 know ; 
Never another rose any more 

Will blow as that rose did blow, 

When the wet wind shook it so. 

"What do I want?— Ah, what? 

Why I want that rose, that wee one rose, 

Only that rose. And that rose is not 
Anywhere just now ....God knows 
Where all the old sweetness goes. 

"I want that rose so much; 

1 would take the world back there to the night 
When I saw it blush in the grass, to touch 

It once, in that autumn light. 

"But a million marching men 

From the North and the South, would arise, 
And the dead — would have to die again? 

And the women's widowed cries 

Would trouble anew the skies ! 

"No matter. I would not care; 

Were it not better that this should be? 
The sorrow of many the many bear, — 

Mine is too heavy for me. 

And I want that rose, you see!" 
Washington, D. C. 1870 _ 



%:j. 



LEGISLATURES OF THE PAST 

How They Dispatched Their Business Expeditiously 



By Fames O. Lvford 



F is too early at this clay, some three 
weeks before the final adjournment, 
to summarize the work and accom- 
plishments of this . legislature, It may 
be of interest, however, to your readers 
to know some of the reasons why the 
biennial sessions of the New Hampshire 
legislature are more than twice as long 
as the annual sessions used to be. 

A few people remember the former 
annual sessions of the legislature, meet- 
ing in June and adjourning after a ses- 
sion of from four to five weeks. The 
pay of the members was three dollars 
a day for every day, including Sundays. 
that the legislature was in session. The 
members were allowed ten cents a mile 
mileage for one trip from their homes 
to the capital and return. It was before 
the days of free passes on railroads for 
legislators, and the state allowed no 
transportation of members beyond the 
one-round -trip mileage. Except those 
members, who could reach the capital 
on early morning trains and return on 
late afternoon trains, the legislators came 
to the capital at the beginning of the 
session and remained until its close, a 
few of them making week-end visits to 
their homes. There were plenty of 
private houses in Concord where mem- 
bers could obtain rooms, and some 
where both rooms and board were fur- 
nished. Hotel rates were cheaper than 
now and more nearly fitted the pay of 
tbe members. The member who broke 
even on bis salary of twenty-one dollars 
a week was satisfied; and many of them 
accomplished this result. 

After tbe first week, which was given 
up to organization and the inauguration 
of the Governor, the legislature settled 
down to an actual session of four days 
a week, working Friday as it now does 
Thursday, and later in the session hav- 
ing a more than formal session Monday 



evening. Public expectation was that 
the legislature would adjourn before 
July 4th to allow the farmers to begin 
haying; and if for any reason the session 
was delayed beyond this date, the pre^s 
of opposition to the majority party of 
tbe legislature accused that body of ex- 
travagance. A session of only four 
weeks did not materially interfere with 
the e very-day activities of lawyers and 
business men who might be elected to the 
legislature. 'Then again, election to the 
house was regarded by ambitious men. 
lawyers and others, as a stepping-stone 
to further political preferment. 

The rules of the house were framed 
for the dispatch of business and not for 
the convenience of members. The com- 
mittees began work as soon as the}' were 
appointed. If a member desired a 
hearing on a bill he had introduced, he 
was expected to arrange with the com- 
mittee to which it was referred for that 
hearing. The active committees, like 
the judiciary, proceeded to weed out the 
bills referred to them that were without 
merit and report them immediately to 
the house as inexpedient. These re- 
ports were acted upon by the house at 
the same session that they were report- 
ed ; and if the member had an)' pride 
in the bills he had introduced, he had to 
be on hand to defend them before the 
house. Before the second week of the 
session was over, the old chestnuts that 
appeared session after session were 
again laid away in the legislative grave- 
yard. 

As soon as the business warranted, 
the house met at ten o'clock in the morn- 
ing and frequently sat until five or six 
o'clock in the afternoon, while the last 
week of .the session evening sessions 
were held which were largely attended. 
Debates on important measures continu- 
ed for two or three days before a vote 



THE TAX SITUATION 



183 



was taken. The previous question was 
seldom moved and seldom ordered. Full 
discussion was practical because of the 
longer daily sessions. 

There was no journal of the house, 
the newspapers giving in full the rou- 
tine work of that body. The house 
subscribed for three or four of the 
leading newspapers of the state for each 
of its members; and these newspapers 
arranged through their legislative re- 
porters to give the proceedings in de- 
tail. The expense was less than the 
cost of a daily journal, even when the 
legislature voted $100 each at the close 
of the session to the legislative report- 
ers of these newspapers. There was a 
public advantage in the practice of hav- 
ing the newspapers publish the routine 
proceedings that does not pertain to the 
daily journal of the legislature. The 
people of the state were fully informed 
through, the newspapers of all bills be- 
fore the legislature, as they are not at 
present. Several cases have occurred 
this session where committees have re- 
ported upon bills before them and then 
consented to a recommittal of the meas- 
ure for further hearing, because the 
public that had interest therein had only 
a late notice that the matter was before 
the legislature. 

All the daily -newspapers of the state 
had weekly editions of large circulation. 
<o that, while New Hampshire had no 
morning daily, as now, with state-wide 
circulation, these weekly newspapers 
reached a large majority of the people. 
If the member returned home at the 
week-end. his constituents in the coun- 
try towns were sufficiently informed of 
legislative transactions to discuss with 
him the work of the legislature. In ad- 
dition to the routine proceedings given 
in the newspapers, the representatives of 
the legislative newspapers gave a semi- 
editorial comment in their correspond- 
ence of the transactions of the general 
court and of the aptitude on public 
questions of its active members. Some 
of these, like the letters of Henry M. 



Putney to the Manchester Mirror, and 
the reports of Major Manson for sev- 
eral sessions in the old People news- 
paper, were most entertaining and face- 
tious.. Editor O. C. Moore of the 
Naskua Telegraph wrote in a more- seri- 
ous YQin; but L, B. Brown and John 
W. Odlin gave spice in the Patriot to 
all unusual incidents of the legislative 
proceedings. These men had a large 
knowledge of state affairs, and they 
wrote understandingly of subjects be- 
fore the legislature. It was with such 
men that I served my apprenticeship in 
newspaper work. 

Looking back with knowledge upon 
the days of annual sessions, it is easy to 
understand why the sessions were short- 
the debates fuller, the membership more 
representative, and the work as well done 
as now, if not better. It is not so easy 
to see how we could return to the cus- 
toms and procedure of half a century 
ago. We suffer to-day primarily from 
the unwillingness of well equipped 
men to give service to the state ; for ser- 
vice in the legislature over a period of 
three months is a service without ade- 
quate compensation. ■ So long as the 
house is of its present numerical mem- 
bership, no increase of compensation 
will be voted by the people. But public 
service of any kind is very largely a 
matter of individual .sacrifice. A re- 
duction of the size of the house and an 
increase of pay for the members would 
little affect the character of the mem- 
bership. Public spirit must be stimu- 
lated among members of the bar and 
business men, if the New Hampshire 
legislature is to be manned as it Was 
fifty years ago, or even thirty years ago. 
In the session of 1881 w r ere at least 
three ex-members of congress who sat 
in the house, one future secretary of the 
navy and United States Senator, be- 
sides some of the most eminent lawyers 
of the state. 

Railway service to-day, especially in 
the winter season, is detrimental to long 
daily sessions. Seldom is there a quo- 



184 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



rum of the house present until half-past 
eleven, and a considerable number of 
members leave on early afternoon trains 
for home. Out of this time comes the 
lunch hour. A vote must frequently be 
hastened so that members can go home. 
In a house the size of ours, nearly all 
the work must be done by committees, 
and their conclusions accepted or re- 
jected with only a limited debate. Much 
of the important work falls to a few 
committees. There are not enough law- 
yers to equip more than one legal com- 
mittee, the judiciary; and in ail ordi- 
nary sessions the bulk of the bills have 
to be referred to this committee. Since 
the rules were changed a few years ago 
by which all bills appropriating money 
have to go to the appropriation commit- 
tee for revision after other committees 
act upon them, this committee has be- 
come one. of the leading committees. 
This session, the ways and means com- 
mittee, which has charge of revenue 
bills, has attained especial importance. 
The 'majority of the members, however, 
are upon committees having little to do. 
As we do. not under the present rules 
and procedure do much business in the 
legislative hall before the fourth or fifth 
week, it is small surprise that the ses- 
sion in its early days becomes irksome 



to a very large number of members. 

One defect of all legislative bodies is 
the scarcity of members who arc willing 

to do the drudgery of the ses- 
sions, which is never spectacular. 
This drudgery consists in patiently in- 
vestigating the effect of bills introduced, 
comparing the. proposed law with exist- 
ing law, watching the bills reported by 
all committees to see that no unwise legis- 
lation is enacted. This work falls large- 
ly upon the chairman of the judiciary 
committee and those of his immediate 
associates who have had experience in 
legislation. Because of a lack of this 
vigilance the new Hampshire legislature 
has enacted some crude legislation. 

Perhaps I cannot better close this 
hastily written and incomplete article 
than to pay tribute to the present chair- 
man of the judiciaiw committee, 
Nathaniel E. Martin, who at great per- 
sonal sacrifice has not only worked 
legislative days but also over week ends 
in patient investigation of not only the 
bills before that committee, but many 
of the bills before other committees, 
bringing to his work all the ability of a 
leader of the New Hampshire bar. His 
is an example of public service that lead- 
ing lawyers of the state may well emu- 
late. 



;/. 



• *™\ 






...-- -:■'': 



Looking Down Upon the Amoskeag Mills as They are To-day. 

MANCHESTER'S DEBT TO THE MERRIMACK 

What the River Has Done for the Growing City 

By Vivian Savacool 



XIHE results of Manchester's develop- 
ment and success are evident in 
many ways but the cause is perhaps 
more obscure unless one realizes for 
how long a time the Amoskeag Falls 
have been her ally in winning prosperi- 
ty. The grbWfh in retail, banking, and 
cultural enterprises in the city and the 
corresponding increase in population 
spring from the textile industry so firm- 
ly established here because of natural 
resources. The waterfalls are the 
source of Manchester's prosperity and 
of whatever fame she enjoys. The 
beautiful Merrimack since earliest times 
has been the city's greatest asset, first 
in bringing the Indians to settle on its 
banks, attracted by the bountiful supply 
of fish, which were so numerous at the 
falls that the Indians decided to name 
them Namaoskeag, an Indian compound 
made up of namaos, meaning fish and 
eag meaning long, or extended places of 
water. This name was at first applied 
to a large part of the stream, but, as 



fish became more scarce, it was limited 
to the vicinity of the falls. The name 
has persisted as we all know it in the 
English derivation, Amoskeag. 

In course of time white settlers fol- 
lowed in the wake of the Indian to 
trade with them and also to take ad- 
vantage of the beauty and fertility of 
the district. Slowly but surely the In- 
dian disappeared, and, by the middle of 
the eighteenth century, a township with 
the name Derryfield was well establish- 
ed, whose interest it was to protect the 
fisheries, thereby insuring its future. 

But fate, in the guise of the falls, 
was determined on a different future 
for Derryfield. How true it is that the 
natural resources of any region must 
direct its development, for then nature 
and man work together and the result 
is beyond belief. Slowly, to the men 
working by the falls, watching the water 
surge and listening to its roar, came the 
vision, beyond the conception of the In- 
dian, of what such power might do, if. 



1S6 



THE GRAXITK MONTHLY 



controlled by man, it was forced to 
serve him. It was a true vision, for 
now the Merrimack is said to turn 
more spindles than any river in the 
world, a service which, if riot so roman- 
tic, is none the less inspiring and stim- 
ulating to the imagination. 

The first man familiar with the pro- 
cess of spinning and weaving to pro- 
phesy the future of Derryfield was 
Samuel Blodget, a trader of Goffstown. 
He gained some water rights and on 
May 1, 1793, began on the east side of 
the river, a canal and locks, for carry- 
ing freight. On May 1, 1807, the canal 
'-..was finished and opened with joyful 
demonstrations. All that has happened 
in following years seems indirect ful- 
fillment of his prophecy at that time, 
namely, "As the country increases in 
population, we must have manufac- 
turers, and here at my canal shall be 
the Manchester of America." In 1810 
the name of the town was changed 
to Manchester, and from his small 
beginning lias developed one of the 
great cotton manufacturing centers of 
America. 

In the meantime Benjamin Pritchard 
had been busily engaged in a daring en- 
terprise. He had bought a water right 
on the west side of the falls, and in the 
fall of 1805 -he started spinning cotton 
with second-hand machinery in a wood- 
en one-storey building. At first lie was 
unsuccessful but, gaining the help of 
four others, he enlarged the original 
mill and began spinning cotton yarns. 
In 1810, to g?jn more .G&p&m, they ob- 
tained an act of incorporation froTn'fhe 
legislature under the name of The 
Amoskeag Cotton and Woolen Manu- 
facturing Co. Their spinning jenny, 
with only eight spindles, was run by 
power but the picking and carding was 
let out to be done on hand looms by 
women of the neighborhood. A smart 
weaver earned thirty-six cents a day at 
the average rate of three cents per 
yard. 

From 1805 to 1824 some additions 



were made but the venture was un- 
succesful financially. The property 

changed hands twice, passing in 1824 
to a group of men who reorganized it 
tinder the name of the Amoskeag Man- 
ufacturing Go. Tin's last transfer of 
the property was the beginning of con- 
tinued and unbroken success in the 
manufacture of cotton, and, as a result, 
of the prosperous development of Man- 
chester. 

The three first mills were known as 
the Old Mill, The Island Mill and the 
Bell Mill and manufactured shirtings, 
sheetings and tickings. By 1847 these 
three buildings had all been destroyed 
by fire at different times, but they were 
not rebuilt as other mills had taken 
their place. 

The owners, forseeing the need of 
more power and land, had obtained 
most of the water rights at Amoskeag 
and by 1835 all the rights on the Mer- 
rimack between Manchester and Con- 
cord, obtaining also large grants of 
land on both sides of the. river for fu- 
ture mills and the growth of the city. 
Soon they started to lay out streets, 
plant elms, and plot house-lots to sell 
to those wishing to build. Much of the 
orderly, attractive arrangement of Man- 
chester is due to these pioneers of the 
textile industry. 

Now in 1838 a division was made in 
the work. Several men decided to form 
a new company for the manufacture of 
cotton goods alone. They purchased 
land and water rights from the Amos- 
keag. arranged with them for the con- 
struction of a mill, and obtained from 
the Legislature an act of incorporation 
under the name of Stark Manufacturing 
Co. On June 24, 1839, the canal was 
filled for the first time and they began 
to grind cards. On July 21st, "they 
got off two pieces of cloth, having been 
less than one month from grinding the 
cards to the production of cloth." Such 
deliberateness did not last long however. 
By the early fifties more mills had been 
built, equipment increased and improv- 



MANCHESTER'S DEBT TO THE MERRIMACK 



187 



ed. the combined production of which 
was 2.180,000 two-bushel hags, 8,000,- 

000 yards of sheeting, drilling and duck 
annually. The payroll was $30,000 a 
month. This achievement might well 
have seemed the fulfillment of that early 
vision of the settlers, but development 
had not ended, for from 1863 to 1SS0 
the record was one of steady growth 
in every way, in looms, spindles, and 
buildings. By 1880, they were employ- 
ing 950 women. 250 men, and had a 
payroll of $40,000 a month. 

It is interesting to compare the work- 
ing conditions of seventy years ago with 
those of to-day. In the first place, un- 
believable as it may seem, the em- 
ployees worked thirteen hours a day, 
part of the time by lard oil in tin lamps 
set under the looms, as gas was not 
used until 1851. The hours for work 
varied with the season so that there 
were eight different schedules for the 
day's employment of which the few 
below are samples. 

1855 

"From the 1st to the 20th of Novem- 
ber. 
'idie 1st bell rings at 4}i o'clock 
The 2nd bell rings at 5y 2 o'clock 
The 3rd bell rings as soon as the hands 
can see. 

"From the 20th- of November to the 
1st of February. 
The 1st bell rings at 5 o'clock 
The 2nd bell rings at 5 }/> o'clock 
The 3rd bell rings as before. 

"From the 1st of March to the 1st of 
November. 
The hands work before breakfast. 
Closing 
"From the 20th of March to the 1st 
of May. 
As long as the hands can see to advan- 
tage— 

"From the 1st of May to the 1st of 
September. 
Work until 7 o'clock. 



"The dinner bell rings at \2 l / 2 o'clock 

the year round. From the 1st of May 
to the 31st of August the hands are al- 
lowed 45 minutes; from the 1st of 
September to the 30th of April, 30 
minutes. 

These changes go on ' endlessly. It 
is difficult to see how such complicated 
changing schedules could be followed 
when one compares them with that of 
the Stark Mill in 1920. 

"Monday to Friday inclusive — 7:15 
A. M. to 12 M.; 1 P. M. to 5 P. M. 

Saturdav--7:15 A. M. to 11:30 A. 
M." 

The pay was as small as the hours' 
were long. A girl who averaged one 
dollar a day was envied by her com- 
panions, all of whom thought them- 
selves fortunate to be able to save two 
dollars and fifty cents a week above 
board and room rent. The employees 
were all English people from the sur- 
rounding country, simple in habits, and 
in tastes. Although the mill gave little 
time for pleasure from Monday morn- 
ing to Saturday night, they were glad 
to be busy and to earn so much money. 
The French came to Manchester after 
the Civil War, the Swedes in 1882, but 
the great immigration wave did not 
come until after 1905. 

But to resume the story of the mills. 
From 1880 to 1899, the Stark Mills 
were not only doubled in size but 
strengthened financially. Severe com- 
petition was encountered however and 
the Stark mills changed hands several 
times, working under new management 
always with increase in equipment and 
production. Finally in 1913 the com- 
pany became a Massachusetts corpora- 
tion, surrendering for the first time its 
New Hampshire charter and assum- 
ing the name of Intrenational Cot- 
ton Mills with Lockwood Greene & Co. 
as Managers. When America entered 
the World W r ar, The Stark was able to 
meet the demands of the government 
and fulfil them so efficiently that by 
1921, when business was resumed on a 



]&$ 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



peace basis, the Stark Mills' annual 
production was 30,000,000 yards and 

their pay roll tor 1,700 employees, 
$1,500,000. 

Due to financial depression rind other 
reasons, the Stark Mills have been ab- 
sorbed within the last year by the Amos- 
keag, which brings us again to a con- 
sideration of the parent organization. 
What has it been doing in the interval 
which lias so prospered the Stark ? 

This is a question which probably the 
greater number of readers can answer 
readily. We all know how steadily the 
industry has increased with constant ex- 
tension along all lines. Only a detailed 
summary of their career could reveal. 
however, how truly marvelous has been 
the part the Amoskeag has played in the 
life of Manchester, and in the world as 
well, for as early as 1851 the company 
was awarded its first medal for superi- 
ority of goods at the World's Fair in 
London. Scarcely a year passed with- 
out a step forward for the organization 
in acquisitions and production. In 1871 
a new dam was constructed which 
served until recently when another 
slightly below the old in position, far 
wider and more expansive has been 
completed, while plans for still another 
below Goffs Falls are under consider- 
ation. In 1905 the Amory and the 
Manchester Mills were purchased and 
new buildings have been added, the 
largest of which is the Coolidge Mill, 
built in 1909. The many organizations 
for the employees are undoubtedly well 
known and are only mentioned as an- 
other indication of what the Amoskeag 
has become. 

It is unnecessary to list here increase- 
in machinery, spindles, and amount 



manufactured. The only statistics 

given will be the tact that the Amos- 
keag now employs 16,50-0 hands and 
has reached this number through the 
stages shown in the brief table below: 
Table Showing Wages Paid Per 
Yeah at End of 10 Year Periods 

1831— 

1840— . 

1870— 

1880— 

1908— 

1909— 

1850— 

1860— 

1890— 

1900— 

1910— 

1920— 
Recent events in 
tile industry are to< 



$36,298 
74,239 
1,107,428 
1,604,322 
5,096,498 
6,083,257 
487,005 
633,680 
2,435,481 
2,772,811 
6,176,353 
6,370,089 
the life of the tex- 
i vivid in the minds 
of all to need further recital here. Its 
growth is a wonderful history of the 
growth of a city also, and of the plans 
and work of many men throughout 
their lifetime. 

To one family especially does great 
credit belong for the prosperity of the 
mills, to the Straws, who for three gen- 
erations have served as agent. On 
July 26, 1856, Mr. Ezekiel Straw was 
chosen for the responsible place, was 
succeeded by his son Mr. Herman 
Straw, while at present Mr. W'illiam 
Parker Straw holds the position of vast 
importance in the life of so many 
thousands. 

Their effort has been made possible 
and aided by the Merrimack River, 
which now, with our help and thought 
in turn, will make it possible for Man- 
chester to retain the high place she has 
won. 



- f : _ y/ .' ■■ 



J 






^v<s\. _'J. 2-~£ 






THE EDITOR STOPS TO TALK 

About Our Recent Travels 



•• 



HERE was once an old resident 
of Franklin, named Benson, whose 
memory, of unusual keenness, 
went back, so he said, to the days when 
the rivers were nothing but young little 
brooks, which, strangely enough, ran in 
the opposite direction to that which the 
rivers now take. Some say, perhaps 
from jealousy, that Benson's memory 
was helped by generous imbibing of 
hard cider. We are not. of course, in a 
position to vouch for the truth of the 
story. But we are more inclined to be- 
lieve there may be truth in it now that 
we have been in Franklin and know 
something at first hand about the ver- 
satility of those rivers. 

Our sojourn in the city covered three 
days. When we arrived, the rivers were 
quietly murmuring along between well- 
defined banks of new white snow. To 
our untutored eye there were, even then, 
a bewildering assortment of streams, 
but after Mr. Herrick Aiken had drawn 
for us a beautiful topographical map, 
navigation seemed simple. 

And then— the Deluge ! The place 
became alive with rivers. We got all 
mixed up and were in constant fear lest 
we should walk- right down the middle 
of the Pemigewasset under the impres- 
sion that it was Main Street. On the 
whole the walking looked smoother in 
the river. 

The picture of burself picking our 
way gingerly among rioting rivers is 
one of those photographed on our mem- 
ory by our brief stay in Franklin. But 
there are many others. 

There is one of a busy office where 
Mr. Richard Sulloway, with an energy 
eloquent of big business, is testing out 
some yarn, winding it up on a wheel and 
stretching it out on apparatus that looks 
like a cross between a grandfather's 
clock and a penny-in-the-slot weighing 



machine. while we watch fascinated 
from the doorwav. 



There is another of Mr. G. L. Han- 
cock demonstrating graphically, with the 
aid of a thread ripped from his coat- 
lining, the mysteries of the action of a 
latch needle. 

Another is a view from the Library 
window across the river to the western 
hills, behind which, attended by mag- 
nificient sun dogs to the north and to 
the south, the sun i^ just going down. 
We are indebted to Mrs. Barron Shir- 
ley for much valuable help in our pur- 
suit of Franklin's history, but we are 
most grateful to her for our first in- 
troduction to those rainbow pillars of 
the western sky. 



Another picture shows Mr. F. N. 
Proctor, wielding a murderous Indian 
battle axe behind the cashier's cage of 
the Franklin National Bank. Heaven 
help any bank robber who ventures that 
way ! 



A glimpse of the city from the high 
hill where Mr. James Aiken's home 
stands, and where in days gone by they 
used to trap wild pigeons; a picture of 
a curly-headed little girl, who, with flat- 
tering appreciation of the details of our 
costume, welcomed us at the door of 
Mr. Herrick Aiken's house; a mill in- 
terior with long lines of girls happily 
busy at the intricate processes of stock- 
ing manufacture; the clean, white cafe- 
teria of that same mill where lunch for 
the workers is in process of prepara- 
tion—these are a few of the pictures 
which made our short visit an event to 
remember with pleasure. 



We don't like to think how near we 
came to missing it. But that trick of 
mind which keeps one's thoughts run- 



190 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



ning upon details of near escapes, in- 
sistently brings ours back to this ques- 
tion : Should we have dared to venture 
into the town had we read before we 
started the awesome and alarming state- 
ment we later discovered in a dusty 
tome in the Library: "The town has 
produced more brains, other things 
being equal, than any other municipali- 
tv of Xew Hampshire." 

— h: f. M. 
Announcements 

Our cover picture was taken at the 
Webster birthplace in Franklin last 
summer during the time of the meet- 
ing of the Grange. 



Next month — The American Le- 
gion ! Do you know what an im- 
portant work it is doing for New 
Hampshire? Do you know how it 
is helping in civic betterment in our 
towns and cities? The Granite 
Monthly for May will carry the story. 



"Along Came Mary Ami" is the 
title of an interesting article by Miss 
Daisy Williamson of New Hampshire 
State College, which we hoped to 
present to you this month, but which 
we were forced to postpone because 
of lack of .space. But it's coming. 

Were you disappointed last month 
by being unable to get a copy of the 
Granitp: Monthly? Lots of people 
were. The edition sold out almost 
before it was off the press. There's 
one way to avoid such disappoint- 
ments for yourself and your friends. 
The coupon on the contents page of 
the magazine makes it easy for you— - 
"A word to the wise — " 



The Brookes More Prize of $50 
for the best poem published in the 
Granite Monthly during 1922 was 
promptly paid by Mr. More and 
should by this time be in the hands of 
Miss Helen Mowe Philbrook, the 
winner. 



OUR CONTRIBUTORS 

In This Issue 



The New Hampshire Farm Bureau 
is proud of the fact that, according to 
many experts, it receives more pub- 
licity, both in and. out of New Hamp- 
shire, than any other . farm bureau 
in the East. Therefore, it is proud 
of H. STYLES BRIDGES, who as 
Secretary of the Bureau is responsi- 
ble for that publicity. Mr. Bridges 
is a University of Maine man. The 
article on Holsteins is the first of a 
series. Ayershire's next month ! 

A second installment of GEORGE 
B. UPHAM'S account of Claremont's 
early days cannot fail to be of inter- 
est to his manv friends in Claremont. 



COOL, whose second article on 
Manchester's growth appears in this 
issue, are Manchester's young women. 
Miss Savacool begins this month her 
management of our book review de- 
partment. 

JAMES O. LYFORD needs no in- 
troduction to Granite Monthly read- 
ers. One of our leading Republican 
statesmen, he undoubtedly knows 
more about Legislatures past and 
present than any other man living. 

ELLEN BARDEN FORD is a 
writer of charming sketches and 
stories who lives in Lebanon. N. H. 



Both LUCILLE CONANT, whose MABEL SAWYER, who has three 
charming sketch heads the story "A poems in this magazine, is the wife 
Play Day, " and VIVIAN SAVA- of Secretary of State Sawyer, 



Hi 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



Conducted by Vivian Savacool 

The Next-to-Nolhing-House 

By Alice Van Leer Carrick 
Boston. Atlantic Monthly Compatv 



JLJ 



OXG before you finish "The Xext- 
To-Nothing House," you will feel 
the urge to become at once a Col- 
lector. You may have been perfectly 
content with your twentieth century fur- 
niture, reveling in its softness and 
springy -luxury, but before you 'have 
read many pages, you will feel a vague 
discontent stealing over you, you will 
fitfully start to eliminate, alter, and add 
to your furnishings ; and your longing 
for spring will become more intense, 
that you may start out on the road of 
the Collector, leading through the tiny 
hamlet, the secluded farm, and the 
dusty junk shop to an early eighteenth 
century house. This feeling will prob- 
ably pass with the realization that we 
can't all have cosy white cottages in 
which men like Daniel Webster roomed 
while in college and which we may fur- 
nish so that he himself might step into 
it and feel no strangeness on his return 
into a modern world. But whatever 
the feeling of our house may be, we can 
be sure that it pervades throughout, 
that everything harmonizes and com- 
bines to produce one effect, and in her 
hook the author gives many valuable 
hints as to what must be considered to 
achieve success. Location, size, color, 
and arrangement of the room, and a 
sense of what furniture may or may 
not be used together, all are necessary 
details, and as you follow the mistress 
of the Xext-To-Xothing-House on a 
tour of inspection, you see by her vivid 
descriptions and alluring photographs 
how altogether charming will be the 
result. You will undoubtedly choose 
your favorite room, as 1 did, selecting 
much to my surprise, the kitchen. It 
seems to me the greatest of all achieve- 
ments in furnishing to make a kitchen 



attractive, but how could anyone help 
but adore this "unsterilized" colorful 
room which, in spite of antique pottery 
and stenciled chairs, is convenient and 
modern in culinary equipment. The 
most menial tasks must lose a distate- 
f. ulness when performed in a kitchen 
with the air of "spiced cookies" or a 
pan of "gingerbread." 

This eighteenth century house is en- 
tirely livable, and it is one of the fasci- 
nations of the book to see how cleverly 
the modern additions may be installed 
to blend with the dignified simplicity of 
past generations and not detract from 
the "fourposter" atmosphere. 

To all lovers of antiques I recom- 
mend this book, to all interested in mak- 
ing their homes the most delightful of 
places I strongly advise it, and to those 
not included in either class, if there be 
any such., I urge its perusal because of 
the pleasure received from acquaintance 
with the personality of the author. 
Whether or not she can overwhelm your 
protests that eighteenth, century furni- 
ture is not comfortable by awakening 
the artistic in you to a point which will 
disregard downy divans and by explain- 
ing how comfort and art may be com- 
bined, you will enjoy her friendly man- 
ner, her amusing recital of her problems, 
her cordiality. lightheartedness, and 
charm, — the charm with which are of- 
fered her bits of philosophy and her 
wish that her friends may have ''every- 
thing they desire — almost" leaving al- 
ways something for anticipation. 

It is wonderful to know all we read 
is true, that these are real people living 
in a real house whose old green door 
will open to us at the lift of the brass 
knocker and reveal its lovely interior on 
our next visit to Hanover. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 




James W. Henderson 
JAMES W. HENDERSON 

James William Henderson, born in 
Rochester, February 18, 1840, died in 
Dover,- March 15, 1923. 

He was the son of William M. and Maria 
(Diman) Henderson, and was educated in 
the schools . of Rochester and Dover, to 
which latter city his parents removed dur- 
ing his early life, his last attendance being 
at Franklin Academy in Dover. He taught 
school in Rochester and Farmington in 
youth, and learned the printer's trade in 
the office of the Dover Enquirer; was en- 
gaged for some time in the Massachusetts 
State Printing Office and on the Boston 
Journal, and was subsequently employed at 
times in Dover printing offices. 

He took an active part in political af- 
fairs in Dover, for many years, as a Demo- 
crat, and was prominent as a party leader 
in Strafford County, serving as a member 
of the State Committee. In the State 
Convention of 1875, he had the honor of 
presenting the name of Capt. Daniel Marcy 
of Portsmouth as the candidate for Gov- 
ernor, which he did in a forceful and con- 
vincing speech. 

In 1877, Mr. Henderson went to St. 
Augustine, Florida, where he became ex- 
tensively engaged in real estate operations, 
and also continued the study of law, which 
he had commenced in Dover. He was ad- 
mitted to the Florida bar, and subsequent- 
ly to the bar of the U. S. District and Su- 
preme Courts. He served for some time 
as State's Attorney for St. Johns County, 
under appointment of Judge J. M. Baker. 

He married, May 18, 1878, Ellen Comp- 
ton, daughter of Jacob Compton of Chi- 
cago, by whom he had two sons, the first 



born dying in infancy. The second — J.. 
Compton Henderson — born July 8. 1880, 
educated in the public schools of Chicago. 
Phillips Exeter Academy and the South- 
western University, Jackson. Term., is a. 
lawyer in Chicago, where his father was 
for some time associated with him, and 
where he had extensive real estate inter- 
ests, as well as in Dover and St. Augus- 
tine, dividing his time for some years 
among the three places, his wife having 
died April 26, 1909. 

For the past two years lie had resided 
most of the time in Dover, to which city 
he was strongly attached. His death re- 
sulted from pneumonia, and shortly pre- 
ceded the arrival of his son, who had been 
summoned upon his illness. Funeral ser- 
vices were held on Sunday March 18, in 
the Ricker Memorial Chapel at Pine Hill 
Cemetery, under the auspices of Wecoha- 
rnet Lodge. I. O. O. F., of which he was 
a member. 

James W. Henderson was indeed one of 
Nature's noblemen, an honest man, a faith- 
ful friend, a true American citizen, a loyal 
and lifelong adherent of the principles of 
Thomas Jefferson, the father of American 
Democracy. 

H. H. M. 



HAROLD B. FELKER 

On March 9th, Harold B. Fclker, head- 
masten of the Meredith High School, died 
in Meredith as a result of an illness of 
pleursy and pneumonia. Though not yet 
twenty-five years of age at his death, he- 
had already become one of the leading citi- 
zens in his town, and was one of the most 
popular and successful headmasters the 
Meredith School has ever had. 

He was born in Meredith, August 20, 
1898. He attended the Charming and 
Meredith Center schools, later becoming a 
student at the N. II . State College, from 
which he graduated in 1920. While at col- 
lege he was one of the most active and 
popular members of the student body, being 
president of his fraternity, captain oi the 
track team, and member of the popular so- 
ciety, the Senior Skulls. After serving in 
the southern camp during the war, he be- 
came headmaster of the Hancock High 
School in 1920. In June, 1921, he 

-was elected headmaster of the Meredith 
High School, and in August was married 
to Miss Corinne Emerson, a graduate of 
the Kcerie Normal School. 

lie is survived by his father, Commis- 
sioner Andrew D. Felker, his widow and 
a young child. 



JOHN S. BROUGHTON 

Ex-Mayor John S. 
Portsmouth February 9th, at the age oi 
ninety-two years. He was one of Ports- 



RW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



193 



mouth's oldest retired business men. hav- 
ing begun at the age of fifteen years as a 
clerk in a lumber company where; he re- 
mained doing the bookkeeping for ov< i 
sixty years. Tie was a member of the 
common council, the Board of Aldermen, 
in 1879 was a member of the Legislature, 
in 1880 a member of the Senate. It was 
while at the Senate that be cast the decid- 
ing vote for Senator" Gallinger. In 1876 
he was elected Mavor of Portsmouth. 



EDMUND HOWARD ALBEE, D.D.S. 

Dr. Edmund H. Albee. clean oi the dental 
profession in Concord, died suddenly from 
heart failure at his home on Liberty 
Street, on the morning of March 12, 1923. 

He was the sou of Willard S. and Har- 
riett (Marsh) Albee. born in Charlcstown. 
X. H.. Nov. 15, 1863, and a descendant in 
several lines of Revolutionary and Colonial 
War ancestry, including Major Willard, 
commander of the Massachusetts forces in 
the early Wars, and Daniel Marsh who 
served under Washington at Valley Forge. 

Dr. Albee passed his youth on his father's 
farm, and attending the public schools, and 
early commenced the study of dentistry, 
pursuing the same in the office of his uncle. 
Dr. William Albee. at Bellows Falls. Yt., 
and at the Philadelphia Dental College. 
from which he graduated D.D.S. in 1891, 
immediately commencing the practice of 
his profession in Concord, in which he con- 
tinued with great success up to the time 
of his last illness in January of the pres- 
ent year. He was devotedly attached to 
the work of his profession, in which be 
gained wide reputation as a skilful practi- 
tioner, and gave little time to the distrac- 
tions of social and fraternal life. He was 
a member of the Concord District Associa- 
tes of Dentists, of which he was treasurer 
at the time of his decease. He was also an 
active member of the X. H. Dental So- 
ciety, of which he was president in 1914; 
of the Northeastern Dental Association 
and of the National Dental Society. Out- 
side his profession, the only organizations 
to which he belonged were the Concord 
Chamber of Commerce and the N. II. So- 
ciety of Colonial Wars. Fie was a con- 
sulting surgeon of the Margaret Pillsbury 
General Hospital and an attendant at the 
South Congregational Church. 

Of a modest and retiring disposition, he- 
was little known outside the wide circle of 
those who had been his patients in the 
long period of his practice, which exceeded 
that of any Concord dentist now living. 
and by large numbers of whom he was 
held in high personal regard as a man and 
a friend; while he was generally esteemed 
as a public spirited citizen. 

Dr. Albee was united in marriage, De- 
cember 9, 1891, with Miss Lois Hurd of 
Newport, by whom he is survived; also by 
a daughter, Harriett Isabella, born Feb- 
ruary 18, 1903, now a. student at Simmons 






A 



\ 



; 






X. 



..if 



Dr. Edmund H. Albee 

College. He also leaves a sister. Harriett 
Hosmer Albee, pastor of the Congregation- 
al Church at West Stewartstown, who, by 
the way, was named for the noted female 
sculptor, a cousin of Dr. Albee's mother. 
On the occasion of the last rites in 
memory of the deceased, all the dental of- 
fices in the city were closed and the mem- 
bers of the profession a '.tended in a body, 
the bearers being selected from their num- 
ber. — H. H. M. 



SARAH HUNT CLOUGH 
Mrs. Sarah Hunt Clough, wife of Alder- 
an Albert C. Clough. died on March 16th, 
her home in Manchester, as a result of 
ness from pneumonia. Mrs. Clough was 
tive in a number of women's organiza- 
>ns throughout the city, graduating from 
nith College in 1895. She taught at the 
anchester High School until her mar- 
ige. Three daughters survive her, Eliza- 
•th. Marv, and Constance. 



LIZZIE A. DAXFORTH 
Mrs. Lizzie A. Danforth, wife of repre- 
sentative William P. Danforth. died in 
Concord on March 2nd. Besides her hus- 
band, she is survived by her sister, Mrs. 
Kate Smith of Concord. 



CLIFFORD W. BASS 
Clifford W . Bass, former well-known 
business man, died in Portsmouth on Feb- 
ruary 18th. He was one of the best known 
golfers in this state having won four times 
the state championship. He is survived 
by his widow, and two sisters, Mrs. Wilder 
News of Rochester, and Miss Lena Bass 
of Portland. 



tH 




of the Town of Suffivan, New Hampshire 



The exhaustive work entitled, "History of the Tov/n of Sullivan, New 
Hampshire," two volumes of over eight hundred pages each, from the set- 
tlement of the town in 1777 to 1917, by the Rev. Josiah Lafayette Seward, 
D. D.; and nearly completed at the time of his death, has been published 
by his estate and is now on sale, price $16.00 for two volumes, post paid. 

The work has been in preparation for more than thirty years. It gives 
comprehensive genealogies and family histories of all who have lived in 
Sullivan and descendents since the settlement of the tov/n; vital statistics, 
educational, cemetery, church and town records, transfers of real estate and 
a map delineating ranges and old roads, with residents carefully numbered, 
taken from actual surveys made for this work, its accuracy being un- 
usual in a history. 

At the time of the author's death in 1917, there were 1388 pages al- 
ready in print and much of the manuscript for its completion already care- 
fully prepared. The finishing and indexing has been done by Mrs. Frank 
B. Kingsbury, a lady of much experience in genealogical work; the print- 
ing by the Sentinel Publishing Company of Keene, the binding by Robert 
Burlen & Son, Boston, Mass., and the work copyrighted (Sept. 22, 1921) 
by the estate of Dr. Seward by J. Fred Whitcomb, executor of his will. 

The History is bound in dark green, full record buckram, No. 42, 
stamped title, in gold, on shelf back and cover with blind line on front 
cover. The size of the volumes are 6 by 9 inches, 2 inches thick, and they 
contain 6 illustrations and 40 plates. 

Volume I is historical and devoted to family histories, telling in an en- 
entertaining manner from whence each settler came to Sullivan and their 
abodes and other facts concerning them and valuable records in minute 
detail. 

Volume II is entirely devoted to family histories, carefully prepared 

and containing a vast amount of useful information for the historian, 

genealogist and Sullivan's sons and daughters and their descendents, now 

living in all parts of the country, the genealogies, in many instances, tracing 

the family back to the emigrant ancestor. 

The index to the second volume alone comprises HO pages of three 
columns each, containing over twenty thousand names. Reviewed by the 
New York Genealogical and Bicgraphical Record and the Boston Tran- 
script. 

Sales to State Libraries, Genealogical Societies and individuals have 
brought to Mr. Whitcomb, the executor, unsolicited letters of appreciation 
of this great work. Send orders to 

J. FRED WHITCOMB, Ex'r. 
45 Central Square, Keene, N H. 



Please mention tub gkanitk monthi.t in Writing Advertiser* 



,- ' •: 



/ 



MAJOR CHARLES S. WALKER 

Keene [ 

X. H. Department Commander American Legion 
"A doctor by profession, a Dartmouth man by education, and 

a good fellow by divine right!" 

■ f 



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EXETER ' S ' v A 3 1 M E M QRIA! - 

AMERICAN LEGION ISSUE 



cents per copy 



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life and Accident Insurance 



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the New Hampshire Insurance Department, su 
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of life and accident insurance in one policy 
cated by any other company doing business in 
New Hampshire people look elsewhere ? 

What we do for one premium and in one poll 

$5,000.00, death from any cause. 

S 10,000.00, death from any accident. 
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17 



the 



GRANITE 

MONTHLY 



Vol. 55 




MAY 1923 



No. 5 



THE MONTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Iii the Legislature 



THE month of April did not witness, 
as generally had been expected, 
the final adjournment of the New- 
Hampshire Legislature of 1923. On 
the second day of the month the. Su- 
preme Court answered the questions 
submitted to it by the Legislature in 
regard to the constitutional limits 
upon taxation ; saying, in effect, that 
the continued presence in the Consti- 
tution' of the word, "proportional" 
which the voters refused, in March, 
to eliminate by amendment, makes it 
impassible for the Legislature to levy 
graduated taxes. 

This decision by the court made it 
necessary for the Ways and Means 
committee of the House of Represen- 
tatives to revise once more its tax 
reform program, which previously had 
suffered from the negative vote of the 
people on the constitutional amend- 
ment. This necessity, coupled with 
the further fact that the making up of 
the principal appropriation bills had 
to await action on the revenue 
raising measures, has been the main 
cause of the protracted session of the 
General Court; but another factor 
contributing much to the delay has 
been the evil of absenteeism, which 
is noticed especially when the time 
arrives for final action on important 
disputed matters, the Constitution 
requiring a two-thirds vote for valid 
action in the presence of less than 



two-thirds of the total membership of 
the House. 

The open warfare between the 
Republican Senate and the Demo- 
cratic House continued during the 
month, the upper branch killing 
various "platform" bills sent up by 
the other party from the House, in- 
cluding the abolition of the woman's 
poll tax and a number of "home rule" 
measures. The House also decided 
that it was "inexpedient to legislate" 
as to more than a hundred proposed 
acts during April, prominent in this 
list being practically all of the new 
state highway lay-outs asked for from 
all sections. The "budget" bills came 
in from the House Appropriations 
committee at the end of the month 
and carry a total of a little more than 
s : x million dollars for the running 
expenses of the state from July 1, 
1923, to July 1, 1925. The only large 
special appropriation to meet the 
approval of this committee was one 
for $400,000 to make very necessary 
increases in the capacity of the State 
Hospital. 

An interesting proposition making 
its appearance at the very end of the 
session was the request of officers and 
graduates of the New Hampshire 
College of Agriculture and the 
Mechanic Arts at Durham that its 
name be changed to the University 
of New Hampshire. 



198 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Important Appointments 

URING the month the Supreme 
Court named Colonel Edwin C. 
Bean of Belmont as chairman of the 
state tax commission in place of form- 
er Governor Charles M. Floyd of 
Manchester, deceased. Mr. Bean has 
served in the State Senate and re- 
signed as Speaker of the House of 
Representatives in 1915 to accept 
election as Secretary of State, holding 
the latter position until the present 
year. He has had agricultural, mer- 
cantile and banking, as well as official, 
experience. 

Another appointment of the month 
w r as made by Governor Fred H. 
Brown and was that of Irving A. 
Hinkley of Lancaster as attorney 
general in the place of Oscar L. 
Young of Laconia, incumbent since 
1918, term expired. The appointment 
of Mr. Hinkley, who is the youngest 
man in many years to hold the 
position, came as a surprise, as he has 
not been prominent in politics and 
was not one of the many Democratic 
lawyers mentioned in the press in 
connection with the place. He is a 
member of the prominent North 
Country law firm formerly headed by 
the late Senator Irving W. Drew and 
having the late Governor Chester B. 
Jordan and Judge George F. Morris 
of the federal courts among its mem- 
bers. 

Grand Army Encampment 

HP HE 56th annual encampment of 
■*■ the Department of New Hamp- 
shire, Grand Army of the Republic, 
was an event of April in Concord, 
the occasion being honored by the 
presence of the national commander- 
in-chief and other distinguished guests 
and the patriotic organizations affili- 
ated with the G. A. R. holding their 
annual conventions with a large 
attendance. There are now less than 
1,000 surviving members of the Q r 3 n 4 
Army in New Hampshire, 



News Notes 

TOURING the month Governor 
-*— ' Brown issued proclamations for 
Fast Day, April 26, and for Arbor 
Day, May 11. The former holiday 
witnessed, as usual, the opening of 
the baseball season in the state and 
the chief annual function of the year, 
at Nashua, of the Scottish Rite 
Masons of the state, who announced 
their intention to proceed at once 
with the erection of a magnificent 
home for their order in the Gate City. 



C 1 AILURE to arouse public interest 
-*- in Concord in the tercentenary 
celebration this year of the settlement 
of New Flampshire led to a decision 
to transfer the formal literary excer- 
cises in observance of the occasion, 
including an oration by President 
Hopkins of Dartmouth College, which 
were to have been held at the state 
capital, to either Portsmouth or 
Dover. 



N interesting state report made 
public during the month was that 
of the temporary fuel administrator, 
Burns P. Hodgman, of Concord, who, 
during his brief service of two 
months, brought into the state 40,000 
tons of coal at an administrative cost 
of a cent and a fourth per ton. In the 
detail of this remarkably successful 
work Mr. Hodgman had the assistance 
of Miss Mary A. Nawn, from the 
state public service commission. 



HP HE Republican Club of the legis- 
■*■ lature, at its last meeting of the 
session, enjoyed an address by former 
Governor and Congressman Samuel 
W. McCall of Massachusetts, whose 
New Hampshire connections are 
many. He took a position in strong 
support of President Harding's advo- 
cacy of participation by this nation in 
the world court. «=»-H, C. P« 






: 



A memorial of trees is the most beautiful of War Memorials. Then Henry J. 
Sweeney Auxiliary Unit of Manchester planted forty-eight Memorial trees in Stark 

Park last spring. 

FOR GOD AND COUNTRY 

The American Legion, a New Hampshire Asset 



FfHUiEY had gathered in Paris, a group 
| of the finest men the American 
Army produced, for the purpose of 
discussing the betterment of conditions 
for the A. E. F. in France. Young 
Colonel Roosevelt was there, and Major 
Eric Fisher Wood, and many others 
whose names are well known, and as they 
talked one thought was uppermost in the 
minds of all. Very soon they and their 
men were to go back into private life. 
Gradually the bonds which held them 
together in such splendid fellowship 
would grow weaker and the vast power 
of co-operation which had accomplish- 
ed such miracles in war would never be 

turned into peace channels, unless 

The alternative was the idea out of 
which grew the American Legion. 

The meeting at the Allied Officers 
Club in February, 1919, was fol!o\ve4 a 



month later by a caucus at the Ameri- 
can Club in Paris to which were sum- 
moned delegates from all branches of 
the army, representing all parts of the 
United States. And here New Hamp- 
shire Legion history begins, for Major 
Oscar Lagerquist of Manchester wasj 
Xew Hampshire representative at the 
conference, and Major Frank Abbott- 
was also present. These men brought 
back to the United States when they 
came an enthusiasm for the new or- 
ganization and a willingness to work 
hard for its success. Perhaps that is 
one reason why Xew Hampshire beat 
the entire United States in the matter 
of organizing, chartering the first state 
Legion organization in the country. 

The first Legion meeting in New 
Hampshire was held at Manchester on 
May 5, 1919.. This meeting was call- 



200 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



j. ...... , . 



Major Cain addressing the crowd at the Weirs. Among his distinguished 

hearers the photograph shows Governor A. O. Brown, General Edwards, Dr. R. O. 

Blood, and Lemuel Bowles, National Adjutant of Legion. 



ed by Major Frank Knox for the pur- 
pose of sending- delegates to the nation- 
al caucus at St. Louis. Forty-seven 
representatives were present at that 
meeting, and they selected the follow- 
ing delegates : Major Frank Knox of 
Manchester, who was elected chairman 
of the New Hampshire State Branch 
Temporary Committee of the American 
Legion, Jeremy Waldron of Ports- 
mouth, Walter J. Hogan of Manches- 
ter, George Fiske of Manchester, John 
Santos of Manchester, Arthur Trufant 
of Nashua. Hervey L'Hereaux of Man- 
chester, William J. Murphy of Man- 
chester. C. Fred Maher of Laconia, H. 
E. Deschenes of East Jaffrey. 

The St. Louis caucus increased the 
enthusiasm of the delegates and, like 
able business men that they were, they 
lost no time .in putting that enthusiasm 
to work. Before they had reached New 
Hampshire on their return trip, they 
had a plan all outlined for the organiza- 
tion work in the state. The Legislature 



had appropriated $10,000 for the pur- 
pose of providing a Welcome Home 
Celebration for the boys. Major Knox 
went to Governor Bartlett and asked 
that the money be turned over to the 
Legion. The Governor and Council 
granted the request ; the Legion used 
part of the money for a Welcome 
Home Celebration at the Weirs in Aug- 
ust; the rest of the money went for or- 
ganization. 

Under the able direction of Major 
Abbott, the organization progressed by 
leaps and bounds. Laconia, organizing 
on April 6, carried off the first charter. 
Then in quick succession came the 
Henry J. Sweeney Post of Manchester, 
the James E. Coffey Post of Nashua, 
the Gordon-Bissell Post of Keene. By 
the middle of August forty-two posts 
had been chartered with a total mem- 
bership of 3,000 members. 

The first state to organize, New- 
Hampshire was also first to hold a state 
convention. This took place at the 



FOR GOD AND COUNTRY 



201 



. 






' 



Kimball 

These men represent two kinds of New Hampshire Legion Post. A. Wilbur 

Greene (left) is commander of the post at Greenville, a small town post which is a 

force in community affairs. Dr. H. H. Amsden (right) commander of the Concord post, 

leads an equally influential city organization. 

Weirs, August 26, 27, and 28, 1919; and 
General Clarence R. Edwards was the 
guest of honor. The camp ground at 
the Weirs has for many years been the 
rallying place of the New Hampshire 
Veterans' Association, an organization 
composed of veterans of the Spanish 
War and the Civil War. The gather- 
ings had been losing interest of late be- 
cause of the rapidly thinning ranks of 
the members. But now comes the 
American Legion, to carry on in the 
spirit of the old soldiers, and to con- 
tinue the annual encampment, at the 
Weirs, "New Hampshire's School of 
Patriotism." It is a thought which 
grips the imagination. 

The 1919 convention drew up consti- 
tution and by-laws, established head- 
quarters at Concord, elected delegates 
for the national convention to be held 
at Minneapolis in November, passed res- 
olutions favoring adjusted compensation, 
and elected the following permanent of- 



ficers : Commander, Orville E. Cain of 
Keene ; Sr. Vice Commander, Frank A. 
Quigley of Wilton; Jr. Vice Command- 
er, Alan B. Shepard of Deny; Secre- 
tary-Treasurer, Frank J. Abbott of 
Manchester; Quartermaster, Charles W. 
Buzzell of Lakeport ; Sergeant-at-Arms, 
James P. Hartigan of Rochester; Chap- 
lain, Rev. William H. Sweeney of Til- 
ton. 

These state conventions have been held 
regularly since that time. The second 
convention recorded 78 legion posts ; in 
1921 there were 80; and in 1922, 82. 
The officers elected in 1920 were: Com- 
mander, Reginald C. Stevenson of F^xe- 
ter (re-elected) ; Sr. Vice Commander, 
Dr. Robert O. Blood of Concord; Jr. 
Vice Commander, Joseph Edwards of 
Derry; Adjutant, Frank J. Abbott of 
Manchester ; Chaplain, Rev. William H. 
Sweeney of Tilton; Quartermaster, 
Charles W. Buzzell of Laconia ; Ser- 
geant-at-Arms. Aldo B. Garland of Mil- 



^Iffj 



- 



■ I Eg 



SOME SNAPSHOTS 



A parade, — the tramp of march- 
ing" men and the sound of military 
bands, — never fails to stir en- 
thusiasm and patriotism. Under 
the auspices of the Gordon-Bissel! 
Post the ex-service men of Keene 
paraded on Labor Day, 1919. 



(Above) The reviewing stand 
at the Weirs. Governor A. O. 
Brown stands at the center of the 
group. 



(Left) • The City of Keene has 

I been generous to the Gordon-Bis- 

sell Post, giving it not only this 

beautiful home but also money for 

1 its maintenance. 



Ul 



J 



OF THE LEGION 



' '': ^:,i: : ., ' 






A delegation from the Henry J. 
Sweeney Auxiliary of Manchester 
attends military funerals. The 

delegation is made up largely of 
"gold star" mothers. The Henry 
Sweeney Auxiliary of Manchester 
j. Sweeney Unit is the only Unit 
in the state to have adopted a uni- 
form which is worn in parades and 
on occasions like this. 



r- 



m 



\: 



m 



$ a m 



V 



■ ; : "iL 



- 



.' ■ i 



(Above) Commander Walker at 
the head of his Company. 



(Right) The Henry T. Leclair 
Post won first prize in the parade 
which celebrated Greenville's fif- 
tieth anniversary, This float did 
the trick. 






■ 1- " 

IRY JLECLMR P05 

- -:-: -•■•■-■■:■ 



204 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



ton. Those chosen, by the 1021 conven- 
tion were: XTommander, Robert O. 
Blood of Concord; Sr. Vice Command- 
er, Charles S. Walker of Keene ; Jr. 
Vice Commander, Neldon T. Wright of 
Portsmouth; Adjutant, George \V. Mor- 
rill of Concord; Judge-Advocate, 
Maurice F. Devine of Manchester; 
Quartermaster. Charles W. Buzzell of 
Laconia ; Historian. George W. Mor- 
rill of Concord; Sergeant-at-Arms, 
Thomas S. McPolin of Wilton; Chap- 
lain, Wiliiarn H. Sweeney of Til ton. 
The 1923 officers elected last year 
are: Commander, Charles S. Walker of 
Keene; Sr. Vice Commander, William 
E. Sullivan of Nashua; Jr. Vice Com- 
mander, Joseph H. Killourhy of La- 
conia; Adjutant, George W. Morrill of 
Concord ; Judge Advocate, Maurice F. 
Devine of Manchester ; Quartermaster, 
Charles W. Buzzell of Laconia ; His- 
torian, Rev. B. F. Black of Wolfeboro; 
Sergeant-at-Arms, Frank X. Sawyer of 
North Weare; Chaplain. Rev. William 
H. Sweeney of Tilton. 

It is impossible to estimate the value 
of these conventions, both as a means of 
establishing Legion policy for the state 
and as an opportunity of strengthening 
the unity and comradeship which is the 
foundation of the Legion. 

In such fashion then, the Xew Hamp- 
shire . Legion was formed and has 
grown. It has not all been easy. The 
initial spurt of enthusiasm has flagged 
at times; the industrial troubles of the 
state have taken their toll of members; 
and the unfortunate misunderstanding 
on the part of the public in regard to 
the bonus legislation has undoubtedly 
had its effect also. But the Legion is 
making its way. A report from na- 
tional headquarters as this- article is 
written places Xew Hampshire fourth 
in the race for the best record of in- 
creased membership. By the time the 
magazine is in print it may be first in 
the list! 

To go into details about the work of 
the American Legion as a whole would 



require more space than could possibly 
be alloted to a single article. The best 
energies of the organization are at pres- 
ent directed toward the welfare of the 
disabled. It has been through, its 
efforts that Congress, inclined some- 
what to short memory , about the boys 
in the hospitals, has passed such legisla- 
tion as the Sweet and Wason bills. The 
consolidation of the various govern- 
mental welfare boards into the United 
States Veterans Bureau is Legion work. 
Here in Xew Hampshire many a piece 
of beneficial legislation, including that 
which increased the state war gratuity 
to veterans from $30 to $100, has been 
introduced and enacted through the in- 
strumentality of the Legion. 

Another important phase of the work 
is education — education for American- 
ization. In this the Legion works in 
close co-operation with the National 
Bureau of Education. 

The summer training camps where 
young men are given elementary mili- 
tary training are sponsored by the Le- 
gion. Major Blood is in charge of the 
work in Xew Hampshire and Major 
Cain is also active. Three courses are 
given and a boy completing the three 
courses receives a commission in the 
Officers Reserve Corps. 

The work of the Legion is keeping 
green the memory of the boys who died 
"over there" needs no comment. To 
put more solemn significance into 
Memorial Day; to give the boys and 
girls of the country a glimpse of the 
real meaning of patriotism; to make 
them love the flag so much that they 
would die for it — these are among the 
most sacred trusts of the Legion, 
whether it be the great national body or 
a tiny post in a little village. 

In the main tasks of the Legion as 
a whole, Xew Hampshire has co-operat- 
ed splendidly. But that does not tell 
the whole story. For the measure of 
the value of the individual post comes 
in its value as a community asset. Ap- 
plying the test to Xew Hampshire posts 



FOR GOD AND COUNTRY 



205 






EZ 








1 


■ ■■• 



4 

1 



I 



? 



A Group of Prominent Legionnaires 
Front Row: Neldon T. Wright of Portsmouth; Dr. Robert O. Blood of Concord; 



Back Row: M auric 



Dr. Charles S. Walker of Keene. 

J. Devine of Manchester; George W 

Rev. Wm. II. Sweeney of Tilton. 



Morrill of Concord; 



one is surprised and gratified al what 
has been accomplished ; and the future 
looks even brighter. An unselfish or- 
ganization, working for clean politics, 
for community welfare, giving a lift 
here to the boy scouts, and there to a 
charitable society, — what cannot such an 
organization accomplish ? 

To take just a few examples: the 
Newport post, R. A. Shedd, Command- 
er, presents a silver loving cup annually 



in an athletic contest between the Stevens 
High School of Claremont and the New- 
port High School ; the Exeter post, J. 
A. Tufts, Jr. Commander, recently dedi- 
cated a most beautiful war memorial 
designed by that distinguished son of 
Exeter. Daniel Chester French ; the 
Warner post, Henry H. Hall, Com- 
mander, rendered valuable assistance in 
building the road on Mt. Kearsarge and 
built a shelter on the summit; the Green- 



206 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



C. 

Post 



ville post. A. 
Wilbur Greene, 
C o m in a n d e r, | 
brought to the 
town the moving 
p i c t u r e. "Tile 
Man Without a 
Country;" the 
Pittstield post, G. . j 
E. Freese, Com- 
mander, is res- 
ponsible for the [ 
organization of a 
flourishing Cham- 
ber of Commerce ; 
the Contoocook 
post, John Carr, 
C o m m a n d e r, 
although the I 
youngest post in 
the Department, 
handled the ad- 
advertising for ■■ 
the community 
Fourth of July 
Celebration last 
year and brought 

thousands of people into the town, this 
post also holds monthly smokers to 
which the men of the town are invited ; 
the Canaan post, Dr. P. W. Wing, Com- 
mander, is actively behind the boy 
scouts of the town; the North Strat- 
ford post, L. E. Barnett, Commander, 
sponsors worth-while lectures, among 
them one by Donald Macmillan ; the 
post at Woodsville, P. X. Klark, Com- 
mander, promotes athletics and provides 
each Christmas a dinner and party for 
the poor children of the town; the Mil- 
ton post. C. E. "fanner. Commander, 
has distinguished itself by prompt ac- 
tion in emergencies like fires and drown- 
ing accidents ; the Greeneville post, A. W. 
Greene, Commander, plans a series of 
band concerts for the town this summer; 
the Claremont post, J. T. Townsend, 
Commander, has helped stage two Safe 
and Sane Fourth of July Celebrations; 
the Wilton post, Joseph Hurley. Com- 
mander, makes its rooms a gathering 
place for all the men of the town who 



r-^W^y^Z"^ '■"'• **.y?»;w.T -.■,-■ ■ -v : ;: •- TT -'r/rft7: 



F. Meacham of the Riley V 

of Littleton, commands an 

flourishing post. 



Strong 
alert and 



care to pay a 
small sum for 
the use of the 
privileges; the 
Berlin post. H. 
B. Moreau. Com- 
mander, took ac- 
tive part recently 
in the school 
graduation exer- 
cises of the town ; 
the Laconia post, 
J. P. Pitman, 
C o m m arider, 
raised a consider- 
able amount of 
money to help 
the State Hospi- 
tal, and was one 
of the first posts 
of the state to 
hold a "Dad's 
Night ;" the Man- 
chester post of 
Manchester, O. 
A. Lagerquist, 
Co mmander, 
held a benefit for the Children's Aid and 
Protective Society and is planning to 
bring the Boston Symphony Orchestra 
to Manchester for a concert this sum- 
mer; the Concord post. Dr. H. H. Ams- 
den, Commander, holds each year on the 
Sunday just preceding Armistice Day, 
an impressive memorial service to which 
all the town is invited. One could go 
on indefinitely, for there is not a post 
in the state but has in one way or an- 
other rendered community service. 

The posts of New Hampshire are a 
varied group. There are city posts like 
those in Manchester and Nashua and 
posts numbering only a handful of men 
in a small village, like the post at Barn- 
stead which is doing splendid work. 
There are rich posts — until recently the 
Gordon-Bissell post of Keene, Arthur 
Olsen, Commander, held that title with- 
out dispute ; now it is contested by the 
James E. Coffey Post of Nashua, L. A. 
Desclos, Commander, which has just re- 
ceived a generous bequest- -and there 



FOR GOD AND COUNTRY 



207 



are posts which just scramble along 
pluckiiy. There are posts composed of 
nearly 1G0% American stuck, and posts, 
equally patriotic, whose members almost 
without exception are Americans by 
adoption. There is one post, the Evelyn 
Petrie Post of Portsmouth, Mary A. 
Kilroy Commander, which is composed 
entirely of women, the only women's 
post in New England. 

The same divergence is apparent also 
in the matter of Legion homes. Some 
of the posts, notably those at Keene, 
Littleton and Exeter, are installed in 
quarters provided by the town. The 
Keene post, in fact, received from the 
town not only its home but a liberal 
provision for maintenance. Other posts 
have succeeded in buying their quarters. 
Suncook was the first of the smaller 
posts to buy its own home without out- 
side assistance. This is a business block, 
of which the Legion occupies the sec- 
ond floor and rents the first for stores 
and offices. A similar plan has been 
followed by the Tilton post. The home 
of the Sweeney Post in Manchester is 
the envy of posts throughout the state. 
Nearly every post which does not own 
its meeting place is ambitious to do so. 
This aim looms large in the plans of 
the posts at Ashland and Greenville and 
Penacook. 



And of course no article would be 
complete without mention of the social 
activities of the posts. They are count- 
less in number and unlimited in variety, 

and serve the double purpose of money 
getters and fellowship promoters. Le- 
gion balls are listed among the activities 
of nearly all the posts; minstrel shows, 
movies, vaudevilles, theatricals, musi- 
cal shows — Dover's production of "Miss 
Springtime," for instance — fairs and 
carnivals — Concord put on a very suc- 
cessful one in 1920— these are all popu- 
lar Legion activities. The supplying of 
wholesome recreation may be counted as 
not the least of the Legion's accomplish- 
ments. 

The dream of those army officers in 
Paris has become a reality. The Amer- 
ican Legion stands to-day, an organiza- 
tion of young men banded together for 
the purpose of carrying over into peace 
the unselfish patriotism and idealism 
which inspired them to war service. 
Definitely non-partisan and non-political, 
it has yet upon its shoulders a respon- 
sibility greater than that of any party 
in the country. The movements which 
the American Legion supports are bound 
to succeed ; the policies of government 
which win its disapproval are foredoom- 
ed to failure. Plow is this stupendous 
influence going to be used ? 



On the March 






Maurice F. Devine 
By his own admission he can make a 
speech on any subject at any time. 

THE LEGION: MAKER OF AMERICANS 

An Interview With the Man In Charge 

N the train arriving in Man- Devine, the head of the Legion's 
Chester at 5:30 (if it is on time) Americanization work in the state. I 
one has for a very brief portion had come to Manchester to interview 



of the trip a horde of strange trav- 
eling companions. They are opera- 
tives from the mills Just north of the 
city, men and women, clad in the 
garb and chattering the language of 
faraway lands. Some, Hungarians 
and Italians, are swarthy, with skins 
so ancestrally tanned that our north- 
ern climate has never affected them ; 
others again, Poles and Finns, are ex- 
tremely fair with almost colorless 
hair. They seem strangers in a 



Air. Devine with more or less levity, 
lor surely, I had believed, of all the 
states in the Union good old Yankee 
New Hampshire is the farthest from 
having an alien assimilation problem. 
The crowd on the train disillusioned me. 
"There are 20,000 of them here in 
Manchester," said Air. (once Cap- 
tain) Devine later in the ev r ening — 
all foreigners without a proper knowl- 
edge of American spirit and institu- 
tions. The Legion is trying to see 



strange land, a feature but not a part that they get that knowledge and get 



of the New Hampshire scene. 

It was on this train that I was 
rolled into the "Queen City" one 
bleak evening of last March, and the 
experience served as a good introduc- 



it as soon as possible." 

Maurice F. Devine is a tall, pleas- 
antspoken young man with a distinct 
gift of self-expression. As he flows 
along, his captivated listener is com- 



tion to my meeting with Maurice F. pelled to admire the wisdom of the 



THE LFCION: MAKERS OF AMERICANS a 



209 



i 



i 






S> 



The Camp at the Weirs has beeji called New Hampshire's School of Patriotism 



men who chose him for the leader- 
ship in the educational work of the 
Legion. 

"It has been widely and wrongly 
understood," continued the young 
lawyer, "that the Legion is the enemy 
of our foreign-born population, be- 
cause of its stand on immigration and 
the foreign language press. Noth- 
ing could be further from the truth. 
The Legion has, and always has had, 
the best interests of the alien at 
heart. 

"But the trouble is that the for- 
eigner, even he who has settled in 
America permanently, has not be- 
come American either in character 
or citizenship. He has lived in colo- 
nies of his own, speaking his own 
language, reading his own news- 
papers, bringing up his children, not 
as Americans, but as Russians, Ger- 
mans, Poles, as the case may 
be. He has felt himself not an 
American but a stranger in a hos- 
tile country, and has proved irre- 
sponsible, ready for any trouble or 



disorder, ready to believe any anti- 
American propaganda. 

"And yet all this is not the fault 
of the foreigner .so much as it is that 
of the native-born American who has 
neglected his education, left him to 
look after himself (after working 
hours), and then expected him to ab- 
sorb, mysteriously, from the air per- 
haps, the essence and spirit of Ameri- 
canism. The Legion is out to alter 
that. 

"We want to curtail the foreign 
language press because it gives the 
alien worker here a foreign view- 
point on life. It is easier for him to 
read, and consequently he prefers it 
to the American papers. He reads 
every day, let us say, 'The Albanian 
News.' Every editorial begins 'We 
Albanians.' Everything on the front 
page concerns the doings of Alban- 
ians in Boston, in Ossining, in Tur- 
key. The impressionable child grows 
up with the idea, T am an Albanian,' 
instead of T am an American,' and 
the harm is done. We can never have 



210 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



a harmonious, contented country 
while it is populated by forty differ- 
ent self-conscious races. 

"We want to stop immigration al- 
together for five years and were back 
of the present limitations on immi- 
gration, because among other things 
the .steady human stream flowing 
from the other side prevents aliens 
already here from becoming Amer- 
icanized. 

"We believe that more ceremony, 
greater dignity, should be attached 
to the assumption of citizenship by 
the foreign born. The average for- 
eigner who becomes a citizen, ac- 
quires his citizenship in a very per- 
functory manner, a few words are 
said to him and, Presto! he is an 
American citizen! He cannot take 
very seriously something given away 
so lightly and casually. 

"We want naturalization tests and 
ceremonies that will mean some- 
thing. We want the naturalized 
alien to be really lit for citizenship, 
and we want him to be proud of it. 
More, we want one hundred per cent 
naturalization among foreigners res- 
ident in this country. 'Naturaliza- 
tion Weeks' in December, campaigns 
of education and appeals similar to 
the Liberty Loan drives, have proved 
a great success in many communities 
throughout the 



*#. 



i 



"We are 

propaganda 
ing forcible 
vision of the 
can government, 
we are opposed 



against 

preaeh- 

super- 

Ameri- 

as 

to 



i 



v 



everything contrary 
to the ancient ideals 
of the nation. 

"We wish to keep 
the flag flying over 
every school in the 
country, because it 
means a lot to us and 
we want it to mean a 
lot to every school 
child, whether of 



American or foreign-born parents. And 
we wish to make the study of the United 
States Constitution compulsory in every 
school of every grade. 

"We want to maintain the ideal- 
ized view of American history in the 
elementary schools because we believe 
that to the very young a noble tradi- 
tion is more important than exact 
facts. We want our children to look 
back upon the nation's founders as 
heroes, because, we want to give them 
models to look and live up to. That 
about explains our stand on this much 
discussed question of school history 
books. 

"As to the Legion's practical Amer- 
icanzation work in this Department," 
here Mr. Devine blushed modestly 
and apologetically, but without cause. 
"Of course we have been handicapped 
by lack of funds and available work- 
ers. But we are steadily spreading 
our Americanism propaganda. We 
are giving illustrated lectures on 
Americanism throughout the state. 
We are trying to co-operate with the 
public schools and all the organiza- 
tions in the state which are interested 
in this work. 

"Finally, we have introduced into 
the Legislature a bill providing for 
the compulsory teaching of the Con- 
stitution of the United States in every 
school in the state. 

"Is there anything 
more I can tell you? 
Have I said anything 
you can use in your 
Granite Monthly 
article?" \ 

And we, when we > v ^ , • : _ ,j 
suddenly remembered \ J . >- ~~\ 
we were speaking 
with the Judge Advo- y 
cate of the New 
Hampshire Legion, f , $ 

were about to shout \ '- J 

appreciatively at Mr. 
Maurice J. Devine, 
"You've said a mouth- £ ■-*■ 
full" ^-— —:-■:: 



' f* k - 



ffr 



Mas. Flora L. Spaulding 

Preside:.: of the New Hampshire De- 
partment American Legion Auxiliary and 
National Vice-President. 

BEHIND THE LINES 

The American Legion Auxiliary at Work 



C?(fTr had been so active in various 
I branches o: Woman's Club 
work that I half expected, 
when I went out to the Brst con- 
ference of the Auxiliary in 1919, that 
1 was going to find a lot of my old 
friends. There was hardly a familiar 
face there. That's one of the most 
striking things at >ut this work to 
me. It seems to aret the women 

active 



to-rtimU 



rticuiar 



who haven't been 

in other lines. It's a deuiocratiq 
group, too, a cross-section oi the 
womanhood of the country just a> the 

Legion is a cross-section of its man- 
hood. I have college women and pro- 
fessional women among my workers; 
and I have equally enthusiastic mem- 
bers who can scarceiy speak English." 
• Mrs. Flora Spaulding-, President of into 
State Auxiliary and Vice President the 



of the National organization, is so full 
of enthusiasm for the work of the 
American Legion Auxiliary that she 
carries her interviewer along with 
her to a vivid realization of the sig- 
nificance of this work. 

"Is the Auxiliary definitely con- 
nected with the Legion?" I asked. 

"It's an entirely .separate organiza- 
tion, but its constitution prevents it 
from taking a stand in opposition to 
the Legion, of course. 

"The movement originated," Mrs. 
Spaulding went on, "at the very be- 
ginning of Legion affairs. The wom- 
en's organizations who had done war 
work believed that they should have 
authority to organize along the lines 
of the Legion. They wanted to carry 



peace the sort of work back of 
Lines they had done during the 



?1? 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



* /... - 



war. They ap- 
plied to the tem- 
porary National 
Organization at 
St. Lonis ; the 
matter was re- 
ferred to a com- 
mittee and favor- 
ably reported to 
the convention at 
Minneapolis, 
which authorized 
the formation of 
the organization. 
At that 1 1 m e 
there were 1342 
units of Ameri- 
can Legion Aux- 
iliary, with 11,- 
C€0 members. 
When the first 
Auxiliary [Con- 
vention was held 
at Kansas City 
in 1921, the num- 
bers had increas- 
ed to 3,653 units 
and 131,000 mem- 
bers. And last 
year at New Or- 
leans reports 
showed 5,375 units 
and 190,635 members, 
units in Mexico, x\laska 
France and Cuba as well 
United States." 

Mrs. Spaulding smiled: "That gives 
you some idea of the way the work 
ha> progressed. 

''As for our work in New Hamp- 
shire. It has been largely hospitali- 
zation work up to this time. They 
say that the peak of war disability 
won't be reached until about 1927. 
And it is so easy to forget what the 
boys suffered, The Auxiliary has to 
be constantly watchful. We aim 
that not a single New Hampshire .boy 
in a hospital anywhere from Maine to 
Mexico shall be without some one to 
look out for him in a friendly way — 
send him remembrances . at Christ- 



's 
has 



Dr. Zatae L. Straw 
National Committee Woman for New 
Hampshire: President of the Henry J. 
Sweeney Auxiliary Unit of Manchester: 
Daughter of a doctor, and a doctor her- 
self. "There were eight of us in my im- 
mediate family practising medicine at one 
time," she says. And that does not in- 
clude her younger daughter who is also 
on the way to becoming a doctor. 

including 

Panama, 

as in the 

flying 
ducine 



mas, write to him 
and things like 
that. Some units 
have been very 
g e nero u s i n 
adopting these 
boys. 

"Last year the 
units in New- 
Hampshire raised 
and spent $10,000 
on relief work. 

"Another thinj 
the Auxiliary 
done is to pro- 
vide outlets for 
the products of 
soldiers in the vo- 
cational schools. 
The government 
teaches the men 
handwork b u t 
does not provide 
the mechanism 
for turning that 
handwork into 
money. Last year 
at the New Eng- 
land store in Bos- 
ton $36,000 was 
turned back to 
the boys who had 
sent their handwork there to be sold. 
"Then there is the work we do in 
Americanization. Keeping the Hag 
over our schoolhousQS. intro- 
simple but effective ceremo- 
nials to be used in the naturalization 
of citizens, teaching the etiquette of 
the flag, encouraging the teaching of 
English in night schools. You see, 
quite aside from the part which each 
unit plays in its own community, we 
have enough to do to keep us busy. 
"We don't think the Legion could 
get along without us now. They tell 
us so at any rate. And we are hop- 
ing that the time will come when 
there isn't a single 'bachelor post' in 
New Hampshire. We have fifty-two 
units now and there are about eighty 
posts, so you see it isn't an impossi- 



BEHIND THE LINES 



213 



ble aim. It can be clone." 

■'But the work must keep you most 
fearfully busy," I said, 

In answer Mrs. Spauding took me 
into her "office," a little room bearing 
all the earmarks of- an executive 
sanctum. 

"The woman who cleaned here the 
other day," said Mrs. Spaulding, 
"sniffed at that pile of papers to be 
hied and said; 'You shuah must get 
paid handsome for all dat wuhk!' 
She couldn't understand why any 
one should bother with it otherwise ! 



I have here complete card catalogue 
records of all the New Hampshire 
units. My successor is going to find 
no loose ends or tangled threads if I 
can help it." 

And as we left the house we had 
added to our original impression of 
Mrs. Spaulding as a charming woman 
an admiration for her as a competent, 
efficient executive, who has given to 
her Legion Auxiliary work, as only 
her friends fully understand, more 
of her strength than she had to ex- 
pend. 



WHAT AUXILIARY UNITS DO 

In Their Own Communities 



| fTAPPY is the Legion Post which 
has its Auxiliary. Out of the ca- 
pacious pockets of the unit, as 
from the inexhaustible bag of the 
Swiss . Family Robinson, come so 
many of the things which help the 
Legion that a bachelor post is at an 
inevitable disadvantage. The Auxili- 
ary units are fairy godmothers to the 
posts ; for instance, the Newport unit 
waved its wand and forthwith there 
were piano and whist tables for the 
post rooms ; by a similar magic the 
units at Peterboro, Berlin, Deny, 
Concord, East Jaffrey and many other 
places helped by furnishings and flags 
and funds to make the Legion head- 
quarters livable and pleasant. 

Another activity, also of the fairy 
godmother type, is directed toward 
individuals rather than whole posts, — 
the "adopting" of ex-service men in 
hospitals. The units at Alstead, Wil- 
ton, Antrim, Lisbon, Manchester 
(Manchester Unit), and Dover are 
among those which have taken un- 
der their particular care lonely boys 
and have made their hospital days 
happier by letters, little remem- 



brances and friendly good cheer. 

When a Legion Post proposes a 
good work the Auxiliary is first to 
contribute, and oftentimes it seems 
that the women are more successfully 
resourceful in the matter of raising 
money than the men. When the Mil- 
ford post recently voted to equip a 
playground, the unit immediately 
voted $50 toward that purpose, and 
that incident is repeated many times 
in every town. The methods of 
raising money are many : socials, 
suppers, whist parties, dancing 
parties, food sales, tag days, poppy 
drives, etc., have all been tried suc- 
cessfully. Dramatics have formed 
an important part of the activity of 
many posts, notably Antrim, New- 
port, Londonderry, Dover, Lisbon 
and Peterborough. 

And perhaps all would agree that 
the relief work carried on by the units 
is of the most lasting importance. 
Fuel, food, Christmas baskets, toys for 
the children — these have all been dis- 
pensed through units, and the en- 
couragement and good cheer which 
they have given cannot be measured. 



an 









■ 



\ 



\% 



STATE EXECUTIVE BOARD OF THE 
AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY 

A Group of Leaders in Auxiliary Work 



(Front row left to right) 

MRS. ABB1E JONES of Concord is Mer- 
rimack County Organizer and State Chair- 
man of Americanism, one of the most im- 
portant branches of work which the Aux- 
iliary is doing. 



public activities prove that, though cooking 
may be one of her most valued accomplish- 
ments, it is by no means the only one. The 
Manchester Unit of Manchester recently 
showed its appreciation of her work by giv- 
ing a party in her honor. 



MRS. GERTRUDE E. HAWLEY of 
Manchester, State Secretary, combines with 
her work for the Legion Auxiliary a suc- 
cessful business of her own. She is active 
in the D. A. R., the Ruth Chapter of the 
Eastern Star, the Business and Professional 
Woman's Club, and many other kinds of 
club work. She was one of the delegates to 
the last National Auxiliary Convention. 



MRS. ALMA D. JACKSON of Woods- 
ville handles the funds for the Department 
as State Treasurer. It requires a compet- 
ent person to do this, for a good deal of 
money goes through the Department's hands 
in the course of a year. Mrs. Jackson is 
equal to the job, and she manages to find 
time also to take part in the many activities 
of her own town. 



MRS. FLORA L. SPAULDING of Man- MRS. EMMA ABBOTT of Derry repre- 
chester, State President and National Vice sents Rockingham County, a county which is 
President says, "The one thing I really can one of three in the state to be 100% organ- 
do in this world is to cock." But her many ized. That in itself tells the story of Mrs. 



AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY 



215 



Abbott's efficiency. She is past-president of 
the Derrv unit. 



(Second row left to right) 

MRS. HARRIET HOSFORD of Woods- 
ville is Secretary and treasurer of her own 

unit as well"' as being county organizer for 
Grafton County. She is one of the most 
active workers in Woodsville, which is it- 
self one of the most active towns in Auxili- 
ary work in the state. 



MRS. GLADYS DAVISON of Woods- 
ville is State Chairman of Publicity and 
president of the Woodsville unit. Both she 
and Mr. Davison, who has been a Republi- 
can representative in the House this year, 
are exceedingly active in Auxiliary and Le- 
gion work and Woodsville's place in Legion 
affairs is in large part due to their efforts. 



MRS. EULA SMART of Lacouia is the 
Belknap County organizer and the best com- 
mentary on her work is the fact that Bel- 
knap County is 1007c organized ; that is, 
there is not a single bachelor post in the 
county. 



MRS. NELLIE F. BAGLEY of Newport 
is also a representative of a 100% county — 
Sullivan County. Mrs. Bagley is one of the 
business women on the board and her work 
for the Auxiliary is doubly commendable 
because of the many other demands on her 
time and energy. 



successful business college and be president 
of the Frank E. Booma Unit of Portsmouth 
seems like enough work for one person ; but 
Miss Wright finds time also to be chairman 
of the local Civic Council, to act on the 
board of directors of the City Club, to keep 
the historical records of the New Hamp- 
shire Legion Auxiliary — and even to do a 
little china painting for diversion. Even 
that list doesn't do justice to the number 
and varietv of her interests. 



MRS. ELIZABETH TREFETHEN of 
Manchester is County Organizer for Hills- 
borough County and also treasurer of the 
Henry J. Sweeney Post of Manchester. 



MRS. JESSIE S. WOODMAN of Mil- 
ford is State Chaplain of the Auxiliary and 
an enthusiastic worker in her own unit. 



MRS. CHRISTINE B. McCLELLAN of 

Berlin is past-president of her unit as well 
as county organizer for Coos County. 



DR. ZATAE STRAW of Manchester is 
National Committee Woman for New Hamp- 
shire and President of the Henry J. Sweeney 
Unit of Manchester. 



MISS CHARLOTTE E. WRIGHT of 

Portsmouth is State Historian. To run a 



Two members of the Board not included 
in this picture are MRS. EULA H. BUCK- 
ley of Dover, State Vice President of the 
Auxiliary and Chairman of Hospitalization, 
which is, of course, the most important kind 
of work which the Auxiliary undertakes at 
present; and MRS. JENNIE F. WELLMAN 
of Keene, organizer for Cheshire County. 



ONE HUNDRED PER CENT POSTS 

Of the New Hampshire Legion 



The following American Legion Posts of 
New Hampshire have already enrolled for 
1923 all the members enrolled in their res- 
pective posts during past years: 

Nashua, Rochester, Ashland, Suncook, 



Wprner, New London, Winchester, Hinsdale, 
Troy, Alstead, Farmington, Salem, Enfield, 
Brookline, Henniker, Manchester (Manchester 
Post), Canaan, Tilton, Newmarket. The 
others are fast coming into line. 



A PORTRAIT GALLERY OF LEGIONNAIRES 



t 

EL 



The Three First Commanders of the Department: Knox,, Cain and Stevenson 



i 



"For God and Country we associate ourselves together for the following 
purposes: 

"To uphold and defend the Constitution of the United States of America; 
to maintain laic and order; to foster and perpetuate a one hundred per cent 
Americanism ; to preserve the memories and incidents of our association in 
the great war; to inculcate a sense of individual obligation to the community, 
state and nation; to combat the autocracy of both the classes and the masses; 
to make right the master of might; to promote peace and good will on earth; to 
safeguard and transmit to posterity the principles of justice, freedom and democ- 
racy; to consecrate and sanctify our comradeship by our devotion to mutual 
helpfulness/' 

— Preamble to American Legion Constitution. 



A PORTRAIT GALLERY OF LEGIONNAIRES 



MAJOR FRANK KNOX 
Manchester 

First Department Commander, 1919. 
^TVTOT ex-service but service men 
until we die," said Major Knox, ad- 
dressing the first state convention at the 
Weirs in 1919. and this is the ideal which 
as first Department Commander he built 
into the new organization from its very 
beginnings. Perhaps no man had a larger 
share in laying the foundation;-, for the 
N. H. Legion, and when Major Knox puts 
his hand to a task, whether it be the or- 
ganizing of a Legion, the building of a 
newspaper, or the defeating of a Constitu- 
tional Amendment, one may be sure the 
work will be handled efficiently and vigor- 
ously. 

Fie is a thorough believer in the future 
of the Legion. He says: "The American 
Legion is, in my judgment. America's 
greatest bulwark against the numerous and 
insidious enemies of American institutions 
who now flourish under so many names. 
The greatest field for usefulness which 
stretches before the American Legion in 
the years to come lies in the perpetuation 
of the spirit of 1917 and 1918. The per- 
petuation of that spirit which saved the 
world in those years is the most vital con- 
cern of true Americans!" 

Major Knox is a hard fighter and an 
able business man — and it is not yet made 
manifest what he shall be. 

MAJOR ORYILLE E. CAIN 
Keene 

Department Commander, 1920 

f *yOU let me write- myself up" said the 
Mayor with a twinkle in his grey 
eyes "I'd say — 'Went to France in 1918; 
back in 1919. Glad to be home!'" But 
this veni-vidi-vici type of account leaves too 
much unsaid. We venture to fill in a few 
of the gaps. 

Major O. E. Cain, Mayor of Keene and 
past Commander of the Department of New 
Hampshire, is a real old soldier with a rec- 
ord which goes back to 1900 and includes 
service on the Mexican border as well as in 
France. New Hampshire Department 
Commander in 1920, he had much to do 
with shaping the policies of the new or- 
ganization; and as member of the National 
Executive Committee was active in push- 
ing through Congress the Sweet and 



Wason bills securing compensation for the 
disabled veterans. 

He believes that the chief tasks of the. 
Legion in the years just ahead are hos- 
pitalization, Americanization, and adequate 
preparedness. He believes that the Le- 
gion's strength is the character of its lead- 
ership: "The men who are at the head of 
it are looking to the welfare of the coun- 
try rather than to their individual desires." 

MAJOR REGINALD C. STEVENSON 

Exeter 

Department Commander, 1921 

'THE only man in the history of the New 

Hampshire Legion who has held the 

office of Department Commander longer 

than one term: that is Major Stevenson's 

record. For he was elected to fill out the 

term of Commander Cain who resigned and 

re-elected for a full term by the next state 

convention. 

One of. the delegates to the first national 
caucus at St. Louis, one of the prime 
movers in the organization both of the 
state legion and of his local post, which 
he has served as commander in years past, 
Major Stevenson's Legion service has been 
marked by the same quiet, thorough-going 
devotion which characterized his service 
overseas as Assistant Quartermaster in the 
First Army Headquarters Regiment. 

MAJOR CHARLES S. WALKER 
Keene 
N. H. Department Commander 
American Legion 
(Frontispiece) 
A LWAYS interested in military affairs 
Dr. Charles Walker was commissioned 
in the medical department of the First N. 
H. Infantry in 1911, served on the Mexican 
Border in 1916, and in the World War was 
commanding officer of the Medical Supply 
Unit of the 26th Division. He organized 
the Gordon-Bissell Post at Keene and was 
its first commander, the man largely res- 
ponsible for the efficiency and business- 
like manner in which the post is run. 

"The American Legion," he says "is des- 
tined to be the one organzation in the 
United States that stands for Americaniza- 
tion and insists that the foreign-born shall 
be able to read and write the American 
language. This is to be accomplished 
through our schools and is nation-wide in 
its scope." 



218 



THE GRAXITE MONTHLY 



« 



L... . 



MAJOR FRANK ABBOTT 
Manchester 

Department Adjutant, 1919-21. 

/~\H, T had just come home from stren- 
uous service with the 103rd Field 
Artillery and ray health was sort of smash- 
ed up and I had to have something to play 
with, that's all!" Thus Major Frank Ab- 
bott, first Department Adjutant, describes 
the trifling task of organizing the New 
Hampshire Legion. Of the 81 posts in 
New Hampshire, Major Abbott had a fin- 
ger in the organization of not less than 76. 
He was on hand when the Legion started, 
attended the Paris meeting and the first 
caucus at St. Louis, and helped put the 
new organization on its feet. 

"And then I had to get busy and earn 
some money for my family," says the 
Major. But although his duties as Trans- 
portation Manager for the Amoskeag do 
nor leave him much time for outside in- 
terests, he is still loyally for the Legion. 
"The young brains of the country," is the 
wav he describes it. 



MAJOR JOSEPH KILLOURHY 
Laconia 

PROM one end of New Hampshire — of 
New England in fact — he was known 
as "The little man with the big voice," and 
his good humor, buoyancy and absolute 
squareness won friends for him wherever 
he went, whether he was fighting at St. 
Mihiel and the Argonne, or acting as mem- 
ber of the Governor's staff, or occupying 
that most difficult of all diplomatic posts, 
that of referee at an athletic contest or um- 
pire at a ball game. 

There has been ' in New Hampshire no 
man with such a grip on the hearts of his 
fellow Legionnaries, and when Major Kill- 
ourhy was killed in an automobile accident 
last October, his death was mourned not 
only by Post No. 1 of Laconia, which he 
had served as Commander for three years, 
but by every Legion man in New Hamp- 
shire. 



r 



A PORTRAIT GALLERY OF LEGIONNAIRES 



219 



DR. ROBERT O. BLOOD 
Concord 

Department Commander, 1922 

1LTIS shortest title is M. D.. his longest 
Civilian Aide to the Secretary of War 
in Charge of Military Training Camps As- 
sociation for the State of Xe\v Hampshire. 
And in between these there are titles a- 
plenty. The War gave him the right to 
sign himself Major Blood. D.S.C. and 
brought him also the Croix de Guerre and 
two citations for bravery in the second 
battle of the Marne and Chateau Thierry. 
Kis Legion titles comprise that of National 
Vice Commander, Past Commander of the 
Department of N. H.. Commander of Post 
21 of Concord July 1919- July 1922, Dele- 
gate to the National Conventions of 1921 
and 1922. And in private life he is known 
as member of the surgical staff of the Mar- 
garet Pillsbury Hospital, Concord, and a 
physician whose large and growing prac- 
tice speaks well for the confidence which 
people have in his ability. 



■ I I 1 










m* s 






:. 



Kimball 



MAJOR GEORGE MORRILL 
Concord 



Department Adjutant 



rr ^IVE me those 2,000 members, this 
year, I lie awake nights thinking 
about them." That is the way Major 
George Morril! accepted his re-election as 
Department Adjutant last August, and his 
speech points out the fact that he is a hard 
worker for the good of the Legion in New 



Hampshire. To him bclon 



gs n 



uch of the 



credit for New Hampshire's standing in the 
membership contest being held by the na- 
tional organization: latest reports place this 
state fourth in the race. 

Major Morrill has been a member of the 
National Guard since 1907. He served on 
the Mexican border, and during the World 
War was Captain in a quartermaster corps. 
He was elected Department Adjutant in 
1921 to succeed Major Abbott, and was re- 
elected in 1922, 



220 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



; 



% 



COLONEL WILLIAM E. SULLIVAN 

Nashua 
Senior Vice-Commander of the Department 

\ 7 OU'D pick him as a military man at 
first sight — iron-grey hair, level brows 
under which are keen grey eyes, smiling 
sometimes when the rest of the face is 
serious, a firm chin and thin mobile lips. 
a well set-up, soldierly bearing. 

And you would be right; for the Senior 
Vice Commander of the Department of 
New Hampshire was a Lieutenant Colonel 
in the National Guard before most of the 
present Legionnaires had learned the first 
rudiments of handling a gun. His service 
overseas is a story of clear-headed efficien- 
cy such as one would expect of him. He 
has been active in Legion work in New 
Hampshire from the beginning and he se.es 
not only its glories, but its problems. 

''The motives of the Legion have been 
a good deal misunderstood, sometimes wil- 
fully/' he says, "but I don't believe in 
arguing about it or fighting back. We are 
just going along demonstrating quietly 
what we are really out for; and public 
opinion will take care of itself. It always 
does." 



MAJOR OSCAR LAGERQUIST 

MA^XHES'^ER 

* r \~OU VE done a D good job, and 

Em going to do something for you!" 
Thus. General Edwards to Captain 
Lagerquist. Q. M. C. when he had accom- 
plished what no man in the American army 
had ever accomplished before — the feeding 
of a hdl division of 27,000 mm and 7,000 
animals or; a road march — And that is how 
he comes to be Major Lagerquist. 

To-day he sits quietly in an insurance of- 
fice, but one notices the crisp incisive man- 
ner of the soldier of General Edwards' 
staff who considered the provisioning of 
40.0C0 men as all in the day's work. 

He was the first Legionnaire of the state, 
having been detailed to attend the Paris 
caucus. And when the Manchester Post 
of Manchester was founded in 1919 he was 
unanimously chosen Commander, an office 
which he still holds. 

"It is my belief," he says, "that the Le- 
gion will be increasingly a force and factor 
in cleaning up politics and driving out the 
elements which are trying to destroy our 
government." 



!&fe£ 



;3&\ 

NEW HAMPSHIRE'S LABOR COMMISSIONER 



\ Strong IMan and a Big Job 



NTERVIEWING the Commis- 
sioner of Labor, when first sug- 
gested to the young - journalist, 
seemed a terrifying task; long before 
the interview was over it had become 
a rare pleasure, for John S. B. Davie. 
practical creator and head of the Bu- 
reau of Labor, is not only a hard- 
working, fear- 
less and sue- ' ' 
cessful execu- 
tive, 
above 



cled Scotchman is 
and past master of 
of hard knocks, and 



a graduate 

the school 

has learned 



great 
alitv. 
On 



he is 

all a 

person- 



fi r s t 



sight the rug- 
ged, .square- 
framed veter- 
a n of the 
State House 
seems a n 
"Iron - Man," 
and it is with 
a sensation of 
poetic justice 
that on e 
learns he was 
indeed an iron 
moulder and 
President of 
the N e w 
H a m p s h i r e 
Federation of 
Labor when 
appointed to 
h i s present 
position in 
1911, by Governor Ba.ss. But some- 
thing more than the sheer strength 
which speaks in every line of Davie's 
face and frame has kept him at his 
post throughout several changes in 
administrations and something more 
than mere fighting ability has en- 
abled him to make innumerable 
friends and settle countless disputes. 
John Davie, hard-headed, hard-rhus- 



to understand men and their squab- 
bles; but in no school has he ever 
had' to learn 'the brand of "human 
kindness" which he claims is the ke\ 
to all labor troubles, and which has 

made him so 
general! y 
liked through- 
out the state. 
When Gov- 
ernor Bass, in 
1911, sought 
a staunch and 
yet practical 
labor man to 
head the new- 
ly-formed Bu- 
reau of Labor, 
he called up- 
on Davie. w T ho 
had received 
from organ- 
; ized labor in 
I New Hamp- 
j shire the 
highest office 
I within its 
power to be- 
stow, and who 
had been ex- 
ceedingly ac- 
tive in the 
creation o f 
the new Bu- 
reau. T h e 
found an ab- 
be fore hi in, be- 



John S. B. Davie 



new Commissioner 
solutely novel task 
cause, although there had been Labor 
Commissioners prior to 1911, their 
powers had been so limited that the 
office had confined itself to the gath- 
ering of .statistics. Chapter 198, Laws 
of 1911, abolished this toothless old 
department and substituted a very 
different sort of State Bureau. 



222 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



The Commissioner was given pow- 
er to visit the manufacturing, mechan- 
ical and mercantile establishments of 
the State, at any time, to see that the 
laws relating to the employment of 
help were complied with and that rea- 
sonable sanitary and hygienic con- 
ditions were maintained. 

The Bureau of Labor was given the 
power to compel the observance of 
the prescribed number of hours of 
labor (then fifty-eight, now fifty- 
four, and perhaps to be forty-eight). 
It was given power to administer 
certain parts of the employers' liabil- 
ity and workmen's compensation act 
which was placed on the statute 
books during the 1911 session. 

The Bureau of Labor was also given 
the power to investigate strikes or 
lockouts upon application and to ad- 
just them or have them submitted to 
arbitration and to make public its 
findings, thus bringing the great force 
of Public Opinion to bear upon the 
offending party. 

The young Bureau and the new 
Commissioner were taken lightly at 
first, especially by those employers 
who did not know Davie personal!}'. 

Mr. Davie believes that you should 
first endeavor to administer a law, 
then, if the parties will not comply. 
enforce it, inflicting the penalties pre- 
scribed. Fie believes in warning of- 
fenders and giving them time to rec- 
tify their shortcomings. Early in his 
term some employees thought that 
this was a sign of laxness on his part, 
and that Davie was an easy-going 
man, a mere placeholder who neither 
barked nor bit. whose warnings could 
be disregarded with impunity. They 
were soon set right on that point. 

Manufacturers soon found that the 
Commissioner was clothed with some 
authority, for early in his work he was 
obliged, by the attitude of four or 
five employers, to hail them into 
court and inflict the penalties pre- 
scribed in the laws they were vio- 
lating. Some of these cases were con- 



cerned with hours of labor. Since 
those days Davie has never been 
forced to call upon the courts to back 
him up. 

A practical mechanic himself, 
Davie is administering the factory 
inspection law with a true under- 
standing of the worker's needs and 
yet a sense of what is and what is not 
practicable for the employer. Ow- 
ing to the hue co-operation of em- 
ployers and employees of the state as 
a whole he has not been obliged, 
since this law went into effect, to en- 
force any of its penalties through the 
courts; nevertheless New Hampshire 
factories stand second to none in the 
Eastern States. 

January 1st. 1912, Chapter 163, 
Laws, of 1911, An Act in Relation to 
Employers' Liability and Workmen's 
Compensation became effective and 
imposed certain additional duties on 
the Labor Commissioner. Under 
Section 3 of the act employers who 
desire to work under the compensa- 
tion features of the act are required 
to file a declaration of acceptance 
with the Commissioner of Labor and 
satisfy him of their financial ability 
to comply with the succeeding sec- 
tions of the act. Twelve employers 
tiled their declarations of acceptance 
during the two first years. This part 
of the work has grown from twelve 
to over 4,600 declarations. This scant 
dozen declarations, with ail the other 
data of the department was filed away 
in a little wooden case which was 
then the whole ''files" of the Bureau 
of Labor. Today two big office rooms 
on the third floor of the State House 
are lined with steel filing cases. Com- 
missioner Davie, with justifiable pride, 
preserves the little old cabinet which 
once housed all the Bureau's papers, 
and displays it to visitors as a symbol 
of the Bureau's growth. 

The man, by his firmness and in- 
dependence, has made some enemies. 
Some of the more extreme labor lead- 
ers thought that, as a former work- 



NEW HAMPSHIRE LABOR COMMISSIONER 



223 



ing man, Davie would be with labor 
right or wrong in all industrial dis- 
putes, and they have sometimes been 
disgruntled by his fairness and im- 
partiality. Some high-handed em- 
ployers, accustomed to doing things 
their own way without ' check or in- 
terference did not like some of the 
rulings made by the Commissioner, 
but the great sane majority, both -of 
employers and empoyees, has learned 
to respect and like him. 

Davie is a practical idealist; practi- 
cal through experience, an idealist in 
his faith in human nature and the 
Golden Rule. He believes with all 
his soul in the common interest of 
capital and labor, and has no sympa- 
thy either for the shirker or the slave- 
driver. He believes in the closest 
co-operation of the workers and the 
employer to the mutual benefit of 
both. His judgment in industrial 
crises has been absolutely disinter- 
ested and motivated only by a love of 
fair play. These qualities have made 
him a respected and much called upon 
mediator in threatened, and actual 
strikes and lockouts. To use the 
words of the Commissioner, 

"Under the provisions of Section 4, 
of the act which re-organized the Bu- 
reau, the Commissioner of Labor up- 
on application is authorized to act as 
mediator between an employer and 
employees on questions relating to 
wages or conditions of employment 
in any establishment where ten or 
more people are employed. Regard- 
less of the provisions of this statute 
we are confronted from time to time 
with controversies which might pos- 
sibly have been avoided had both par- 
ties in our industrial life used the 
provisions of the act for settling af- 
fairs of this kind. . The commissioner 
is authorized to render a decision in 
such controversies within five days 
after the completion of the hear- 
ing, copies of which are sent to both 
parties and one kept on file in the 
Bureau of Labor. 



The act further provides that in 
any case where the parties fail to 
agree through the efforts of the Com- 
missioner, he shall endeavor to secure 
the consent of both parties in writing 
to submit their differences to the 
State Board of Conciliation and Arbi- 
tration. Our State Board of Concil- 
iation and Arbitration is composed 
of one employer, one member' of or- 
ganized labor, and one who repre- 
sents the public. The decision of said 
Board is final and binding on both 
parties lor six months or until sixty 
days after either party has given the 
other notice in writing that they will 
not be bound by the same. 

An appropriation is provided where- 
by the members of this board receive 
compensation only while they are 
actually engaged in the adjustment 
of controversies between employers 
and employees. 

Employers and workers of the 
State of New Hampshire should pro- 
ceed under the provisions of this act 
before resorting to a strike or lock- 
out. 

The intent and purpose of that part 
of the law which provides for taking 
up any difference that may arise re- 
lating to conditions of employment 
or rates of wages is, in so far as pos- 
sible, to eliminate from our indus- 
trial life the strike or lockout as a 
means to settle such differences. 

The strike or lockout is not the 
proper way to settle controversies 
between employers and employees. 
Both parties in our industrial life 
should realize that trying to settle a 
dispute by a strike or lockout is al- 
ways unsatisfactory and unneces- 
sarily expensive to both sides. The 
general public, although primarily not 
directly involved in a controversy, is 
bound to suffer when such a contro- 
versy continues for any great length 
of time. 

"With such a law on our statute 
books let us all strive to the end that 
New Hampshire will be an example 



224 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



to all other states in the elimination 

of the strike and lockout as a means 
to settle an industrial dispute." 

During- Commissioner Davie's ad- 
ministration ninety-two of these in- 
dustrial disputes have been brought 
to his office for adjustment. Forty- 
nine of these were amicably settled 
through the Commissioner himself. 
eight by the State Board, nine 
through other agencies, seven be- 
tween the parties, sixteen were lost 
by the operatives, one company went 
out of business and two are still 
pending. Think of it! Ninety-two 
great controversies, which caused 
large financial losses to both capital 
and labor, nearly all of which were 
brought to a conclusion through the 
advise and impartial work of one 
man. Add to the above, eleven con- 
ferences held before the Commis- 
sioner which resulted in an adjust- 
ment of the differences without re- 
sorting to the strike or lockout and 
it rounds out a remarkable record in 
this line of endeavor. 

By his honesty and efficiency 
Davie has saved scores of lives and 
great sums of money. He has averted 
tie-ups which would have caused 
enormous inconvenience to the peo- 
ple of New Hampshire, the consum- 
ers. But the State, believing that a 
good man can never have too many 
tasks to attend to. laid another on his 
shoulders in 1917 by establishing a 
State Free Employment Office, free 
alike to the man wanting a job and 
the employer wanting a man. Xot 
only was the Commissioner hence- 
forth to see that there was fair play 
to the working man, that he worked 
under decent conditions and for hu- 
mane hours; but he was to surpervise 
the bringing together of employers 
and unemployed, to become the 
great State Job Finder. 

Davie smiled his mellow smile and 
went to his increased task. Fie is 
ever willing to serve more fully, and 
work well; he has been brought up 



on it. He made as fine a success of 
employment as he already had of 
compensation,' inspection and arbi- 
tration. During the World War the 
United States Government, through 
Federal Director Clarence F. Carr of 
the United States Public Service Re- 
serve, came to Commissioner Davie 
with a request for 1,698 men for 
emergency shipbuilding, New Hamp- 
shire's quota. Through the co-opera- 
tion of the State Free Employment 
Service with the Federal Director 
there were enrolled 2,500 men, 1,600 
of these men were placed on emer- 
gency work at no expense to the Fed- 
eral Government and at a cost to the 
State of less than a dollar a man. 

In the years since the establish- 
ment of the State Free Employment 
Office over two thousand positions 
have been filled, but the Commis- 
sioner is not satisfied. He would like 
to see the employment service ex- 
tended to meet the full needs of the 
State, but for that purpose larger 
appropriations and I'ederal co-opera- 
tion would be required. There is a 
constant drift of labor from one state 
to another, and unless free employ- 
ment service is provided throughout 
the country, New Hampshire's Em- 
ployment Office would be swamped 
by all New England's unemployed. 
Nevertheless one can easily see the 
enormous saving, to both worker and 
employer, by the co-operation of all 
of the states and the Federal Govern- 
ment in perfecting .some method of 
clearance. 

On first entering the office of Com- 
missioner Davie, I made a great er- 
ror. ''This Department, I under- 
stand," said I, "is a sort of butter be- 
tween capital and labor." The Com- 
missioner, being a modest and courte- 
ous man, assented with a nod, as he 
crammed his well-colored old pipe 
with tobacco shaved off a plug, but 
certainly the Bureau of Labor is 
something much more than a buffer 
between classes- in New Hampshire. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE LABOR COMMISSIONER 



!2 c 



It is a connecting and guiding link- 
as well as a lubricator, a link of in- 
telligence and honest understanding 
of both parties. Lt is a source of 
guidance toward the common end : 
prosperity of all classes. Davie sees 
clearly and works to keep both horses 
pulling together and headed right. 
He uses the gentle pull of Reason 
and the cutting whip of Law and 
Public Opinion on one and the other 
without discrimination. Lie hates 
and discourages equally the em- 
ployees who talk of "smashing things 
up' 5 and the owners who speak of 
'starving them into submission.'' In 
short, he has tried to make the Bu- 
reau of Labor a vital and beneficent 
factor in the industrial life of New 
Hampshire. 

However, a great deal remains to 
be done in labor work here, and 
Davie and ex-Governor Bass, two 
prime movers in the re-organization 
of the Bureau, would like to see the 
splendid work accomplished during 
the past eleven years under this law 
continued. The workmen's compen- 
sation law, the first in the East, has 
become a little antiquated and needs 
revising to meet present day living 
conditions. There should also be a sec- 
tion board to administer the law. 

The scope of the Employment Ser- 
vice, as has been pointed out, should 
be enlarged when conditions in sur- 
rounding states make such enlargment 
practicable. Above all there should 
be more use made of the Bureau's ar- 
bitration facilities before and not after 
strikes have begun. In all directions 
the work of the Labor Bureau can 
and will be expanded during the 
next ten years, and its natural growth 
should be fully as great as that of the 
past decade. 

Of all the important and varied 
tasks that he has accomplished since 
the beginning of his term, Davie 
takes greatest pride in his factory in- 
spection work, and considers it one of 
the most vital. He began this work 



in 1911, without a single assistant, 
and alone, sandwiching in trips of in- 
spection between periods of office 
work. That year he visited 300 
large factories and brought about a 
great many improvements in hy- 
genic conditions and a great increase 
in safety devices. For six years he 
continued this "lone wolf" type of 
work, defending the lives and health 
of New Hampshire's industrial la- 
borers practically single-handed. In 
1917 the legislature passed a law pro- 
viding for the safety and health of 
employees in factories, mills and 
workshops authorizing the employ- 
ment of two inspectors to assist 
Davie in his factory inspection work. 
Ever since the Bureau of Labor has 
annually visited over 900 factories, 
improving the safety and hygienic 
conditions of more than 80,000 people. 
In 1921 the law was amended to in- 
clude mercantile establishments and a 
woman inspector was added to the 
Commissioner's staff, who was as- 
signed by Davie to inspect the stores 
and restaurants of the state and see 
that the shop girl got as decent work- 
ing conditions as her sisters in the 
factories. This woman inspector vis- 
ited approximately 700 establish- 
ments last year, which brings the 
total of working places under the 
Labor Bureau's inspection to about 
1,600. The inspection branch of Com- 
missioner Davie's office, you see, has 
grown almost as much as the com- 
pensation work since he was appoint- 
ed eleven years ago. 
. The thing about this tremendously 
important part of his function which 
pleases Davie, however, is not its 
mere extent ; it is its efficiency. In- 
surance men say that New Hamp- 
shire factories are as a whole the saf- 
est in the East, and such is Davie's 
personality that he has achieved this 
result without a single costly legal 
fight. In neighboring states the fac- 
tory inspection laws have caused more 
long-drawn-out, expensive litigation 



2j6 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



than any other portion of the labor 
code. Davie modestly attributes his 
success to the intelligence and willing- 
ness to co-operate of New Hampshire 
employers and employees, but I do 
not think I shall give them cause of 
offence if I say that the same man 
could have obtained the same results 
anywhere. Commissioner Davie is 
eminently fair to both parties in this 
as in other phases of his work; 
and the knowledge that he demands 
only what is just, and will not take 
one tittle less than he demands, has 
largely influenced the stand of em- 
ployers on his recommendations. 

Davie believes that healthy, con- 
tented employes are a firm's greatest 
asset, and that therefore employers 
should be only too glad to do their 
utmost for improved working condi- 
tions. Like a certain famous Dart- 
mouth College professor he believes 
that co-operation is the keynote of 
the universe, and that it contains the 
solution of almost all our problems. 
He firmly professes belief in the com- 
mon interest of laborer, employer and 
consumer, and works for the one good 
of all. Combining this fine, optimis- 
tic doctrine with an aggressive per- 
sonality he has made some enemies, 
a great many- friends, and above 
everything a great practical and tan- 
gible success in his work. 

Under him the Bureau of Labor has 
grown from the infant descendant of 
a political loafer's job, to a strong 
young giant, influencing for the bet- 
ter the entire industrial growth of the 
state. Davie started with one as- 
sistant; now he has six under him. 
But through it all he lias remained 
the same quiet, unassuming and hard- 
working man. 

He is heart and soul, head over 
heels, engrossed in his job, and his 
great desire is that his work as Com- 
missioner of Labor of the State has 
been to lay a foundation upon which 
permanent friendly industrial rela- 
tions can be established between em- 



ployers and employees of the state. 
When finally his service for the State 
is completed, if, through his efforts, he 
has been a factor in making condi- 
tions just a little better, he will con- 
sider that his service for the State has 
been worth while. He knows life 
and his job and never becomes irri- 
tated over unjust criticism. 

The writer believes from the above 
record that the present Commissioner 
is the type of man New Hampshire 
or any other State can ill afford to 
lose from her service. 

For many years the Bureau of 
Labor of New Hampshire has been 
known nationally. The Twentieth 
Annual Convention of the Association 
of Officials of Bureaus of Labor Sta- 
tistics of America was held at Con- 
cord, N. H., July 12-16, 1904. The 
Bureau has always been a member of 
a national association, although the 
association has changed its name by 
the amalgamation of the National 
Association of Factory Inspectors 
and the Association of Officials of Bu- 
reaus of Labor Statistics of America, 
it now being known as the Associa- 
tion of Governmental Labor Officials 
of the United States and Canada. The 
department is well known throughout 
the country and Canada. Mr. 
Davie has always held important 
committee assignments in the nation- 
al conventions and has, during his 
term of office, with the exception of 
two years, been a member of the ex- 
ecutive board which is composed of 
the officers elected at the annual con- 
vention. The New Hampshire Com- 
missioner at the present time holds 
the office of First Vice-President of 
the National Association, which, to 
the writer's mind, is a distinct honor 
to the State. " 

The Bureau is also a member of the 
International Association of Public 
Employment Services and, through 
the Commissioner, has always taken 
an active part in conventions of this 
national association. ■ — A. J. L. 



w 





_ ¥, p -j- 




~ «*V 






THEIR SON 

A Story of Americanization 
By Bertha Comin.s Ely 



THEY both idolized the boy. No 
uncertainty, that. But how dif- 
ferently ! 

Ma Lempi's pride ful eyes softened, 
noticing the new library book on the 
kitchen shelf. Not so Pa Lempi's. His 
flashed in anger: His mouth grew hard 
and ugly, while his shoulders set de- 
fiantly. Longer and harder farm tasks 
he gave the boy ; but somehow they got 
done. Ma Lempi saw. to that. 

Each morning she was Sulo's alarm 
clock, for how could he hear one, mak- 
ing the figures every night, long after 
Pa Lempi loudly slept! 

Every night, she. cautiously rose on an 
elbow lest she disturb her slumbering 
spouse, and peered fondly through the 
partly opened kitchen door at Sulo's 
head, bent under the lamp. She sank 
back content, after that glimpse, a ma- 
donna smile making her face beautiful. 

The matter of shoe:, was difficult. It 
taxed Ma Lempi's ingenuity repeatedly. 
Pa Lempi usually went without. So 



did Ma— then, why couldn't their son? 

"What's good 'nough for us, 's good 
'nough for him. You make him no 
good," Pa Lempi would fling at her. 

But Ma Lempi was a mother first and 
a wife afterward. She knew a thing or 
two, a woman's intuition, that. 

He should have socks too, if possible ! 
she thought. 

Sulo objected. "You shan't go with- 
out for me, Ma," he said. 

He was troubled about his mother's 
leathery feet hardly distinguishable in 
the fresh earth, where she stood, an as- 
paragus knife in her hand. 

"I am shod like a queen, my Sulo. 
Didn't you bring 100 on the card, this 
week!" she replied, her ample unconfined 
bosom shaking with knowing mirth. 
They understood each other, those two. 

Pa Lempi's gruff Voice interrupted 
the little confidence: "I'll be glad when 
you get the age, sixteen; not long from 
now. A day's work you can do then." 

A frightened glance swiftly swept Ma 



228 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Lempi's wooden face, but unseeing Pa 
Lempi continued: "The books! What 
good are they ? . It's the strong hands 
that do it," and he examined his own 
horny ones with satisfaction. . 

That season the new asparagus beds 
brought forth great luscious stalks. Day 
by day, they were exchanged for more 
money than Pa Lempi had ever seen 
before. He hid part of it from Ma, but 
she knew. She hadn't bent hot weary 
hours over the brown earth for nothing. 
She had a plan, but she held her peace. 

Then came strawberry time, and 
Sulo's every minute out of school was 
needed to harvest them. The great red 
berries hanging on their slender stems 
above the hay litter must be picked care- 
fully and packed closely to prevent bruis- 
ing. They brought a better price so. 
Pa Lempi knew Sulo picked faster, 
packed better, than he. He gloated over 
it. "We'll have bigger farm/' he said, 
"when you help all the time.'*' 

Sulo smiled, "The more I study, the 
better I ean make it," he answered. 

"Books don't know. It's work that 
tells ye," Pa Lempi retorted, uncon- 
vinced. 

Money was being quickly stowed 
away for the bigger farm. A fine ap- 
ple crop was anticipated, when the prom- 
ising fruit stopped growing. It appear- 
ed blighted. Pa Lempi couldn't under- 
stand it. He had sprayed as others had. 
He talked with his neighbors. He be- 
came alarmed, and pointed out the con- 
dition to Sulo. 

Sulo, now a senior in the near-by 
Academy was hoping to go to the State 
Agricultural College. Pie had heard it 
talked about at school. He had studied 
the catalogue and longing filled his soul. 
One time he brought a catalogue home, 
and explained it to his mother. Pa 
Lempi sensed mischief, when he saw 
their two heads together. 

"What now !" he thought, and later, 
he found the catalogue and burned it. 
He took matters in hand after that and 
hid unfamiliar books that Sulo brought 
home. 



"The boy is mad!" he exclaimed. 

But to his neighbors met at: the cor- 
ner store; to his friends encountered in 
bartering ; at church or meetings, praise 
of his son was continually in his mouth, 
and he always added: "Pretty soon, he 
be on the farm all the time; then we 
have big one." 

The farm stood off the main road, 
under the beetling brows of a low moun- 
tain. When the Lempis' secured it, 
carrying a big mortgage, it seemed 
pretty hopeless. After long days of 
toil, however, the farm began to show 
results. 

Besides the flourishing asparagus and 
strawberry beds, were others of small 
vegetables. A long straight row of 
tomatoes, each plant tied neatly to a tall 
pole, foreshadowed a compensating re- 
turn. Corn and potatoes covered sever- 
al acres. Among the hardy brakes and 
sweet fern, two cows kept the. struggl- 
ing grass down. 

Mornings, summer and winter, Sulo 
saw the sun rise while doing the chores. 
Later in the day, he trudged three miles 
to school. Always, at the crest of the 
mountain, before taking the other side 
at a trot, he looked back on the farm 
nestled in the valley. Always, he glow- 
ed with resolve, that he would help make 
it the best farm possible. He knew he 
could learn how, if his father would give 
him time. 

The blight in the apple orchard troubl- 
ed Sulo. He told his Professor about 
it. "Why not write to Washington?" 
he suggested. 

Sulo didn't understand, but began to 
hope. 

The Professor helped him write the 
letter, explaining the condition in the 
orchard. Sulo said nothing about it at 
home, not even to his mother. After 
that, every day he hopefully took the 
mail from the oblong tin box at the 
crossroad, when it held the flag signal 
erect. At last came the expected letter. 
It described the enemy and explained 
how to exterminate it. 

Oblivious to all about him, studying 



THEIR SON 



229 



the letter's contents, Sulo was startled 
by his father's heavy hand descending 
in wrath on his shoulder. 

"At the books ! When the farm is 
going to ruin! You care not, my God!" 

Sulo lurched, but regained his feet 
and warded, off the second blow, just in 
time. Meeting his father's anger with 
a smile, he said : 

"See here. We have it from Wash- 
ington. We can save the crop." 

Pa Lempi listened unbelieving, while 
Sulo explained; then slowly 'his ,face 
lighted with hope. He grabbed Sulo 
by the arm harrying him out of the 
door and across the gardens. They 
broke into a run nearing the orchard. 
Breathless, they hunted for the offend- 
ing slug. Sulo was the first to discov- 
er one, then Pa Lempi held another be- 
tween his fingers. 

''We'll kill 'em; now we know," he 
yelled excitedly. 

Ma Lempi, curious, had followed 
closely behind and heard Pa Lempi. 

"Ah!" she exclaimed, "The school! 
It helps." 

Pa Lempi nodded his head in assent, 
thoughtfully. 

Ma Lempi gave her son a wink of 
understanding ; then trudged back to her 
waiting tasks. 

A few days before the end of school, 
Pa Lempi took from the R. F. D. box at 
the crossroad a square envelope. He 
handled it gingerly ; wiped his earth- 
stained hands on his overalls and 
opened it. 

The contents meant nothing to him, 
until he discovered Sulo's name. His 
face glowed. He laid the envelope on 
the kitchen table. 

Ma Lempi coming from the field to 
prepare dinner, saw it. She too discov- 
ered Sulo's name and joy filled her 
heart. 

When their son returned from school, 
he explained that he had gained honors 
and was to speak on graduation day. 

From that time, a slow but subtle 
change took place in Pa Lempi. 

He drove with Ma Lempi to the city, 



miles away, losing willingly a precious 
day during hay time. He produced a 
roll of bills and pointed to a shoe shop. 
Not much was said. It wasn't their 
way, but she understood and shop after 
shop they entered together. 

Graduation Day arrived at last. Sulo 
was already seated in the row of honor 
students on the platform, when he spied 
his father and mother enter the hall. 
She was resplendent in a summer silk, 
and hat with flowers; he, in a fine new 
suit. Timidly, they found seats near 
the front. 

Unaccustomed ito the gayly dressed 
audience ; awed by the beautiful laurel 
and rose decorations, stirred by the or- 
chestra, their one outstanding joy was 
a consciousness of .Sulo, seated self- 
possessed on the platform. 

When Sulo advanced to the front of 
the platform and stood under the rose 
arch and began to read his essay: "Some 
Finnish Customs," Pa and Ma Lempi 
were unmindful of their surroundings, 
transplanted to the land of their birth. 
They nodded understanding!}- to Sulo 
who seemed to be talking directly to 
them. Could it be their son, who stood 
in such honor before them! 

Then came the conclusion : "Though 
the customs of the old country are deep- 
ly cherished; still, here in America are 
others of equal value, and great oppor- 
tunities await those who have the de- 
sire and determination to grasp them. 
Success awaits those having the right 
spirit, and nothing really stands in their 

way I wish especially to thank 

my teachers and schoolmates, who have 
been such a wonderful help to rne." 

Amid the genuine applause that fol- 
lowed, none was more enthusiastic than 
Pa or Ma Lempi's. They nodded to 
each other. They smiled openly at their 
son, who sat modestly in his place. 

Sulo's heart stopped going like a trip 
hammer, and glowed thankfully. Sud- 
denly, he realized how young and hap- 
py his mother looked and that his 
father's vigorous clapping meant ap- 
proval and consent. 



AN ANTHOLOGY OF ONE POEM POETS 



Compiled by 

Ralph Waldo Emerson once said, 
as suddenly as the thought struck 
him, when he and a friend of his, 
who long ago described it to me, 
were hunting for a lost poem to- 
gether: <: l should like to have an 
anthology of the one-poem poets !" — 
in sympathy with which fugitive 
wish the poems to be published un- 
der this heading: from month to month 



Arthur Johnson 

have been selected, though it is not 
presumed their authors have not, in 
some cases, written other poems 
which to some tastes are of equal 
or perhaps even greater merit. It. is 
probable that some at least of the 
poems here published will be collected 
later in book form. Suggestions will 
be welcome. 

A. J. 



BEDOUIN SONG 

By Bayard Taylor 

From the Desert I come to thee 

On a stallion shod with fire ; 
And all the winds are left behind 

In the speed of my desire. 
Under thy window I stand, 

And the midnight hears my cry : 
I love thee, I love but thee, 

With a love that shall not die 
Till tlie sun grows cold, 
And the stars arc old, 
And the leaves of the Judgment Book unfold! 

Look from thy window and see 
My passion and my pain ; 
I lie on the sands below, 

And I faint in thy disdain. 
Let the night-winds touch thy brow 

With the heat of my burning sigh, 
And melt thee to hear the vow 
Of a love that shall not die 
Till the sun grows cold, 
And the stars are old, 
And the leaves of the Judgment Book unfold! 



My steps are nightly driven, 

By the fever in my breast, 
To hear from thy lattice breathed 

The word that shall give me rest. 
Open the door of thy heart, 

And open thy chamber door, 
And my kisses shall teach thy lips 
The love that shall fade no more 
Till the sun grozvs cold, 
And the stars are old, 
And the leaves of the Judgment J^ook unfold! 



POEMS 231 



LOVE AND TIME 

B Y I - U I S E I M G E X G I ' I X E Y 

The frost may form apace. 

The roses pine away : 
If Lyce's lover see her face 

Then is the summer's day. 

A word of hers, a breath, 

And lo ! Ilis heart shall seem 

To peer far down where life and death 
Stir like a forded stream. 

O Time beyond avail 

That hast with Love to bear 
Till thy last eve dance down the gale 

With no star in her hair : 

Spirit of outgrown fear, 

Dethroned but undestroyed, 

Plow bitter yet fur thee to hear 
(Cast under in the void) — 

Love wake the solar chime ! 

Love turn the wheel of Night ! 
Thou art so little, ashen Time, 

In Love's eternal might. 



IN THE BOOK THAT YOU HAVE READ 

By Sophie Jewett 

I need no pencilled margin line ; 

By subtler emphasis, 
Paee after paere, I can divine 



k &' 



Your thought of that and this. 



I know that here your grave lips smiled 
The smile that Beauty brings ; 

And here you listened where some wild 
Age-smitten forest sings. 

Here your brow 7 wore the world-old pain 

No poet may forget ; 
And here you stayed to read again ; 

Here, read through lashes wet. 

So, leaf by leaf, until, I deem, 
Your darkened eyes forsook 

One shining page, because your dream 
Was lovelier than the book. 



=23^ 



<r 



. 






: us l?H 



r ii i 






The Sawyer Herd and Farm Buildings 

OVER THE TOP WITH AYRSHIRES 



A Farm Where Father and 



Sons Are Working Together 



By H. Styles Bridges 



YRSHIRES are making good in 
New Hampshire. Striking evi- 
dence of this fact can be found 
in the many successful herds through- 
out the state. They are rugged and 
hardy, and thrive in our vigorous cli- 
mate, and on our rocky hillside past- 
ures. Ayrshires are natives of Scot- 
land and as a rule, where they are 
found in this country today, they 
seem to bring the Scotch thrift with 
them. One of the outstanding herds 
in New Hampshire is owned by X. H. 
Sawyer and Sons of Atkinson. The 
Sawyer herd is composed of forty 
purebred animals of a very uniform 
type. They run largely to white in 
color, and the mature cows average 
better than one thousand pounds each 
in weight. They have large syste- 
matic udders with well placed teats. 
The herd as a whole is a sight any 
dairyman would like to see. 

The Sawyer farm is known as Wil- 
low Cottage Farm, and is a typical 
New England farm of two hundred 



and thirteen acres. The farm is di- 
vided into about eighty acres tillage, 
and the remainder pasture. The 
buildings are modern with all up-to- 
date improvements. Located on the 
farm are three homes occupied by Mr. 
Sawyer and his two sons, respective- 
ly ; a line example of what ownership 
of more Xew England farms should 
involve. The sons, Arthur and Clif- 
ford, each have a joint interest in the 
farm and are both graduates of the 
Xew Hampshire Agricultural College. 
They are striking examples of gradu- 
ates that are putting their training to 
a successful test in practical agricul- 
ture. Both sons take an active part 
in the community life, Arthur serv- 
ing as selectman of the town of At- 
kinson. 

Herbert N. Sawyer, the father, is 
one of the best known men of X T ew 
Hampshire and one of the State's 
leading citizens. He holds the offices 
oi .Master of the State Grange, Vice- 
President of the State Farm Bureau 



OVER THE TOP WITH AYRSHIRES 



133 



r ^~w F..vj;.| 



ga ~*-Z 



X 



* 1 i 






Three Winners of the Sawyer Herd; All on Advanced Registry Work. 



Federation, and Vice-President of the 
Rockingham County Farmers' Ex- 
change; 

The actual management of the herd, 
farm, and marketing is divided among 
•he three. The herd is composed of 
msny outstanding animals of worth 
asd promise. Thirteen cows are now 
on test in Advanced Register work, 
and from the records to date,, it looks 
as it they would finish 100% strong, 
tor all are running far ahead of the 
requirements and give evidence of 
finishing with safe and wide margins 
to sr^re. 

Osse of the interesting animals is 
Besintmi! Vira, 9 years of age, who 
! as three daughters in the herd who 
are ia A. R. work. She has in the 
fTLff fifes of March and April milked 
ir>ear\y 3000 lbs. of 4.4% milk. Her 
«feT£Sp$iers are typical of their dam in 
"yP**- - T -& beauty, and are real pro- 
flboBSj Vira Bell milking 4578 lbs. in 
129 4v~s to date, and Lone Oak Queen 
WSjJbs. in 211 days. Another promis- 
-<■' w&aiig cow is Peggs of Lone Oak, 
* sfaee year old, whose test has run 
Y dsreV 133 days, and who has pro- 
<4aeseA m this time, 5440 lbs. milk. 

% '■t herd i.s an exceptionally high 
"Tfc$i\jY9 cue for the breed; the average 



for the past year running around 4.3% 
fat. 

The herd's senior sire is White 
Nell's Good Gift, a bull of excellent 
type, weighing 1800 lbs. He is an 
active, vigorous animal, showing tine 
quality and style. He was sired by 
Lessenessnock Gem's Good Gift, an 
A. R. sire who is the sire of Aga- 
wan Hargrave with an Advanced 
Registry record of 14,937 lbs. milk and 
also Lotus Jean Amour, an A. R. cow 
with a record of 10,625 lbs. milk and 
407.74 lbs. fat. The record priced 
Ayrshire cow of the breed, selling 
for $1800 at the National Ayrshire 
sale, grandsire is also grandsire of 
this bull. Lessenessnock's Good Gift 
has 9 A. R. daughters with 20 com- 
posite records which average 10,500 
lbs. milk and 450.54 lbs. 'fat. The 
dam of the herd sire is White Nell 
of Beverly, who is backed by A. R. 
records equally as good as the sire. 
The Sawyers plan to make an A. R. 
sire of this bull. The cows are milked 
three times a day and now the milk- 
ing is by hand, as the milking machine 
has been discarded since going into 
A. R. work. 

The roughage for feeding purposes 
is raised on the farm and is in the 



234 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



,. 



£ 




Lone Oak Queen: Record 6,753 lbs. milk in 211 da} 



form of good clover hay and corn si- 
lage. Last year a start was made in 
alfalfa and the crop was so success- 
ful and the effect of its feeding value 
so noticeable that this year it is 
planned to put in ten acres. The trial 
plot of alfalfa was grown as a dem- 
onstration under the direction of the 
Rockingham County Farm Bureau 
and the Extension Service of the New 
Hampshire State College. Various 
cash crops are raised to supplement 
the income from dairying and to 
work into the crop rotation. Po- 
tatoes, tomatoes, 
squash and fruit 
make up these cash 
crops, all are grown 
under up-to-date 
methods and good 
results are obtained. 
The farm has a 
wonderful market 
for its dairy pro- 
ducts in the near- 
by city of Haver- 
hill, Massachusetts, 
where a big reputa- 
tion lias been won 
for quality products. 
A large retail milk 
route is conducted 
and the milk sold at 



fancy prices. All 
milk put out is sold 
as from tuberculine 
tested stock and un- 
der cap and seal. 
Special attention is 
given the supplying 
of baby milk for 
which there is a 
steady growing de- 
mand. 

The young stock 
of the farm show 
signs of exceptional 
thrift and excellent 
care. Mr, Sawyer 
states that the hard- 
iness of the calves 
and the extreme 
ease with which they can be raised 
is in his opinion one of the big 
assets of the breed. They are rarely 
bothered by the disorders that so 
frequently bother the young of other 
breeds. Plans are being made to raise 
all the heifers for the time being, 
until the farm reaches its capacity of 
registered stock. The surplus bulls 
are sold at reasonable prices to farm- 
ers both for heading purebred herds, 
and for building up grade herds, 
The herd is under state and federal 
test for tuberculosis. 






■ ! 



- 






■,,^^-A 



Senior Herd Sire: White Nell's Good Gift. 



OVER THE TOP WITH AYRSHIRES 



^JD 



At Willow Cottage Farm they 
seem to have solved one of the big 
problems of profitable dairying, that 
is, in making a start with registered 
animals from the right foundation 
stock. There is little question but 
what the success or failure of every 
farm with purebred stock depends 
somewhat upon the quality of the 
foundation stock and in .this respect 
the Sawyers have made an excellent 
start. Their herd is one that would 
command attention anywhere and one 
that gives evidence of great promise 



in the future. The farm is in every 
respect an ideal example of what 
more New England farms should be. 
The progressive practices used, the 
business-like method with which 
everything is conducted, the fine pure- 
bred herd, the successful growing of 
cash crops, and best of all the fine 
co-operation and joint ownership of 
father and sons, all go to make this 
farm an excellent paying proposition, 
an ideal home, and an asset of which 
the State of New Hampshire may 
well be proud. 



IN THE SPRING-TIME 



By Andrew 
Commissioner 

*A I HIS the natural tendency of the 
I human mind to desire to see 
something growing out of doors 
as the Springtime season of the year 
approaches, and most folks want to have 
a part in helping to make things grow. 
Ambitions expand like swelling buds 
and bursting corollas, and he who be- 
comes inspired will be found digging in 
the garden, raking up the lawn, planting 
the seed, not because he delights in or 
loves the work especially, but because 
He joys in seeing things grow. It is 
Mother Nature's call to her children 
to cuddle close to her warm breast 
again. 

Life out of doors in the Springtime is 
vibrant with those necessary elements 
that revitalize and make new the de- 



L. Felker 
of Agricidturc 

pressed and wearied nerves, strengthen 
and make active the brain, harden the 
flesh and build up athletic muscles ; in 
fact it is the true growing season of the 
mind and the body, and the Easter time 
for development and growth of the 
Soul. 

There is no one who toils for pleasure 
or profit under a more enlightening and 
life inspiring environment, than does the 
farmer. His lot is cast in the midst of 
living, growing things, and he, in fuller 
measure than any of his fellows, has a 
larger share in the training and develop- 
ing of those God-given essential elements 
which with his aid arid care, respond to 
a renewed and larger usefulness in the 
economy of life. 

Hail, all hail the Springtime ! 



236 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 




Part of the Map of New York, including part of New England. — London, 1779. 



'X37 



WHEN CLAREMONT WAS CALLED ASHLEY 

HI 

Two English Maps of Revolutionary Times 
By George B. Upham 



k N English map of New York, pub- 
\ l.ished in 1779, includes the Hamp- 
shire Grants and a narrow strip of 
western New Hampshire. It is en- 
titled 

AN 
accurate MAP of 
NEW YORK 
in NORTH AMERICA 
from a LATE SURVEY 
It shows no settlements east of the 
Connecticut River except Charlestown 
and Ashley. The precise location of 
the latter is indicated by a small cir- 
cle placed between two unnamed 
streams, unmistakably Sugar and 
Little Sugar Rivers. 

Another wartime map was pub- 
lished in the Political Magazine 
London, Vol. I, p. 670 in October 1780. 
Its title is:' 

A NEW AND ACCURATE MAP of 
the Province of 
NEW YORK and Part of the 
JERSEYS, 
NEW ENGLAND and CANADA 
Showing the .SCENES of our 
MILITARY OPERATIONS during 
the present WAR. 
Also the NEW ERECTED STATE OF 
VERMONT 
This shows Ashley and neighboring 
towns exactly as on the English map 
of 1779, except that the name Spring- 
field, Vermont, is added, appearing in its 
proper place between Rockingham and 
Weathersfield ; better known as Bel- 
lows Falls. Black River is shown rising 
in Dunmore Lake and flowing up, over 



and down from the Green Mountains. 

Xo undue New York influence 
effected the drawing of this map, for a 
lor the most part, correctly positioned 
dotted line shows its eastern boundary, 
and east of that is plainly engraved: 
THE HAMPSHIRE 

GRANTS 

or the New Erected 

STATE OF 

VERMONT 

Parts of each of the above described 
maps showing Ashley and the upper 
Connecticut River Valley are published 
herewith'. For the use of the originals 
we are indebted to Mi". Horace Brown 
of Springfield, Vermont, who possesses 
the finest private collection of early 
American maps known to the writer. (1) 

For early maps of Vermont we 
must look, as we have seen, to the 
early maps of New York. This is, of 
course, excepting the rare Blanchard 
and Langdon map of New Hampshire, 
including the Hampshire Grants, pre- 
pared for publication in 1761 before 
Claremont was settled or chartered. 
About a quarter of the land after- 
wards included in Claremont is there 
shown as a part of Buckingham, a 
township whose charter was soon for- 
feited. (See Granite Monthly, vol. Li, 
p. 500.) 

The map .of New Hampshire pre- 
pared for publication in 1773 and 
1774, by Samuel Flolland, Esqr., "Sur- 
veyor General for the Northern Dis- 
trict of North America," is the most 
accurate contemporaneous map of any 



(1) Mr. Brown and Mr. II. G. Tupper, also of Springfield. Vt., happened one afternoon to call 
at the same hour upon the writer at his summer home in Ciaremont. After listening- to their dis- 
cussion of rare colonial maps, with the occasional mention of an original owned by one or the 
other, he finally ventured to ask; 'Tees every resident of Springfield possess a collection of early 
American maps? 1 ' From Mr. Brown instantly came the answer, •"Why, over there it's a prere- 
quisite for voting." 

Mr. Brown carries his interest in things historical so far that his house, owned for genera- 
tions in the family, is a most carefully preserved, and only where necessary restored, early New 
England farmhouse. Everything about it, every piece of furniture-, furnishing and almost every 
utensil in it is such as was to be found in the best New England farmhouses of a century or 



?38 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 







Vo 







Part of Map Published in the Political Magazine for October, 1780. 



WHEN CLAREMONT WAS CALLED ASHLEY 



239 



of the thirteen colonies. Holland lived 
in Portsmouth and had the oppor- 
tunity of studying the plans attached 
to all the Wentworth charters-, show- 
ing the outlines of the towns with 
courses and distances. Holland avid 
his assistants had traveled widely in 
New Hampshire, so his map shows 
all the roads, mostly bridle paths, 
then existing; the larger dots along 
the roads indicate houses. Holland, 
of course, made no mistake in placing 
the name Clareniont in prominent 
letters within the boundaries of the 
town shown by him, but in small 
fetters he placed the name "Ashleys" 
east of the Great Road and not far 
from the ferry. Near this are two 
'r.yAse. dots, one is probably that of 
the house owned by the Pu'tnams, 
the other is about at the site of the 
residence of Mr. Christopher, long 
owned by the late John Bailey. It 
was on or near this spot that Captain 
Oliver Ashley lived. Another dot in- 
dicating a ! house then owned 'by the 
.Ashley s is - north of the sharp rig*ht- 
angled bend in the river above the 
terry. This was on the terrace over- 
looking the meadow a few rods beyond 
where the beautiful well-marked but now 
abandoned road leads up the hill to 
the sites of the "Jones" and "Woodell" 
h nisfes; Here the name "S. Mitchell" 
appears on the Welling map of Clare- 
niont published in 1851. This Ashley 
house has long since gone but around 
its site the lilacs still grow vigorous- 
ly. These houses were plainly visible 



rom the Connecticut. 



oyagers 



birch canoes, dugouts and skiffs 
>"w them, perhaps obtained provisions 
from them, and called the place Ash- 
kv or Ashleys. 

H the London geographers had the 
drawings made for Holland's map 
' by did they ignore the name Clare- 
saont, and make other mistakes that 
Slight have been avoided by using 
them? Probably the drawings were 
°tot available until after the Treaty 
— Peace. Perhaps in the hurried de- 



parture of the Governor and his 
friends they were left in Portsmouth; 
perhaps they were placed and re- 
mained in the private possession of 

Paul Wentworth, a wealthy resident 
of London, for it was by his direction 
and at his expense that the" map was 
engraved and published in 1784. Had 
Holland's drawings been accessible to 
the London geographers they surely 
would have made use of them, and we 
should see some indication of it in the 
maps published during the Revolution. 

How, it may be asked, did knowl- 
edge of the name Ashley find its way 
to London, supplanting the name 
Claremont given in the charter twelve 
years before the earliest of these 
maps was published ? The geogra- 
phers were eager for information. 
British officers, pent up in Boston, 
later in New York and Philadelphia, 
could give little aid. But over the 
unguarded northern boundaries of the 
Hampshire Grants swarmed scores of 
British spies, and in the other direc- 
tion went scores of Tories eager to 
impart all information in their power 
to give. Haldimand, the Governor- 
General of Canada, possessed a well or- 
ganized Secret Service, most creditable 
from the British point of view. 

Charlestown — No. 4 was settled in 
1740 and owing to its situation in the 
Connecticut River valley, its fort and 
occupancy as a military post, it was 
during the Revolution. ■ from a military 
point of view, the most important in- 
land town in all New Hampshire. 
British spies frequently visited it. 
They may long have known about the 
place on the river called Ashley; if 
not they could have learned of it in 
Charlestown. In this way the name 
was probably carried to Quebec, 
thence to London. 

Of one fact we may rest assured, 
viz.: that the London geographers 
would not have marked this place 
Ashley on their maps had they not 
been reliably informed that it was thus 
called by people living in or near it. 






CURRENT OPINION 

A Page of 

The American Legion 

In the American Legion this country 
has a most powerful influence against 
the spread of communistic and radical 
doctrines. Here's more power to the 
■Legion's strong right arm. — Free; Press, 
Smncrsworth. 

It's Worth Five Dollars 

We believe that ex-Governor Bass's 
suggestion, that, instead of abolishing 
the poll tax for women, the tax for 
both men and women be reduced to 
$2.00 and the women be relieved of 
the temporary additional tax for the 
soldiers' bonus, is an excellent one. 
Personally, we think that a $5.00 poll 
tax is none too large anyway. There 
is not a single resident of either sex 
who does not derive that much benefit 
from our well lighted, well paved, well 
policed streets and all the other mu- 
nicipal - improvements which have cost 
so much money. Each resident ought 
to be expected to bear some small 
share in the expense of this great 
municipal plant. But anyway, if that 
is too much, it should be reduced for 
men, as well as women, rather than 
letting the men pay and relieving the 
women of it altogether. — Rochester 
Courier. 

Some Guesses About Governors 

Chester B, Jordan of Keene or 
Arthur P. Morrill of Concord were 
picked as likely Republican candidates 
for governor of New Hampshire in 
1924, by Former Governor Bartlett 
while in Concord a few days ago, and he 
said the candidate should be a young 
man. Mr.. Jordan is a son of a former 
governor of New Hampshire, and Mr. 
Morrill was a candidate for the nomina- 
tion in 1920 and was badly defeated by 
Mr. Goodnow of Keene. The latter 
was defeated by Gov. Brown at the 
last election, but there really doesn't 
seem to be any good reason why he 



IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Clippings 

should not run again if he cares to, as 
he made a good campaign and would 
probably have been triumphantly elected 
except for the fact that it was a Demo- 
cratic year and he happened to be run- 
ning on the wrong ticket. — Laeonki 
Democrat. 

Playing Politics 

The people of Xew Hampshire want 
partisanship at Concord stopped. It is 
time to consult the good of the state. 
He serves his party best who does that. 
Time spent in passing bills it is known 
the other house will reject is wasted. 
Partisanship should end with filling the 
offices. That was properly done. Good 
men retired ; as good men fill their 
places. Nobody can complain. But 
stop there.- — Granite State Free Press. 

The Water Power Bill 

Support of a bill for development of 
water power resources in our state is 
meeting with much favor in our legis- 
lature and may be enacted at this 
session. The movement looks to be of 
vital importance in affording some re- 
lief from the present unendurable 
situation in regard to the coal supply 
as relates to our industries. 

Ex-G-overnor Bass is sponsor for the 
bill which contemplates a new state 
policy in respect to the development of 
storage reservoirs. Under the terms of 
this bill, the state is to extend its credit 
for such storage development on the 
condition that the users of the addition- 
al water so provided voluntarily make 
contracts to purchase such additional 
water at reasonable rates. Such con- 
tracts would cover all interest and 
amortization charges on the investment, 
as well as cost of operation and main- 
tenance. 

The amount of the appropriation is 
small ($205,000), but enough to test 
and work out the practical details of 
procedure. — The News & Critic. 



-&*£• 



OLD HOME WEEK AND THE 

NEW HAMPSHIRE TERCENTENARY 



By Henry H. Metcalf 



IT has well been said that the three 
sweetest words in the English 
language are "Mother, Home and 
Heaven," Certain it is that the most 
cherished memories of early life are 
those that cluster around the homes 
of our childhood and youth; while the 
recollections of the neighborhood and 
community life of the time, and the 
scenes amid which that life was 
experienced, are among the most un- 
fading and highly cherished that come 
to the ordinary mind. 

The lovt of home is, indeed, one of 
the strongest and most characteristic 
sentiments of civilized people, and it 
was because of this fact, unques- 
tionably, that Governor Frank West 
Rollins, during the first year of his 
incumbency, in 1899, conceived and 
carried out the idea of the establish- 
ment of Old Home Week in mid- 
summer, v/hen the various towns and 
communities throughout the .state, 
should call back their absent sons and 
daughters who had gone out into 
other states and communities to make 
their way in life, to enjoy a season of 
rest, recreation and social reunion 
among the scenes and friends of early 
life, in the old home towns. He well 
knew that through such agencies, 
the love of, and loyalty to, their na- 
tive towns and .state would be 
strengthened and intensified in the 
minds of these absent children, and 
that the resultant benefit to town and 
state alike would be of no small ad- 
vantage'. 

It was on the sixth day of June, 
1899, that a meeting was held in 
Representatives 5 Hall, in the State 
House, for the purpose of organiz- 
*ng an Old Home Week Association, 
the invitation having been .sent out 
by the State Board of Agriculture, 
at the suggestion of Governor Rollins. 
Several hundred people, from all sec- 



tions of the state, were in attendance 
at the meeting, which was called to 
order by Governor Rollins, who spoke 
at some length outlining the purpose 
for which the meeting had been 
called, and was followed by many 
other prominent citizens, all favoring 
the organization of a permanent Old 
Home Week Association. 

A committee of five, of which Na- 
hum J. Bachelder of Andover, then 
Secretary of the State Board of Ag- 
riculture, was chairman, was appoint- 
ed to submit a plan of organization. 
The plan presented and adopted, in 
tile form of a constitution and by- 
laws, provided that the organization 
should be known as the "New Hamp- 
shire Old Home Week Association," 
to membership in which any resident 
of the state, or any person born 
therein, should be eligible. The ob- 
ject of the association was "to pro- 
mote the welfare of New Hampshire, 
by increasing the interest among her 
citizens, and among natives of the 
state located in various parts of the 
world." It was provided that local 
Old Home Week Associations might 
be formed and managed under such 
rules and regulations as the State. As- 
sociation might prescribe. 

Officers of the State Association 
were chosen as follows : 

President — Governor Frank W. 
Rollins of Concord; vice presidents — 
Joseph B. Walker, Concord; Joseph 

D. Roberts, Rollinsford ; John W. 
Sanborn, Sanbomville ; Charles Ale- 
Daniel, Springfield ; Bertram S. Ellis, 
Keener George T. Cruft, Bethlehem; 
Gordon Woodbury, Manchester; 
True L. Norris, Portsmouth ; Charles 

E. Tilton, Tilton; Chester B. Jordan, 
Lancaster: treasurer — IT. H. Dudley, 
Concord; secretary — Nahum J. Bach- 
elder, Andover; executive commit- 
tee — -Edward N. Pearson, Concord; 



242 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



William H. Stinson. Dunbarton ; 
Henry H. Metcalf, Concord. 

The matter of fixing the date of Old 
Home Week for that year — 1899 — 
was referred to the Executive Board, 
consisting of all the officers named. 
by whom it was subsequently fixed 
for August 26 to September 1, in- 
clusive. 

Local Old Home Week Associa- 
tions were prompt!}" organized in 
various towns throughout the state — 
sixty-seven in all. in most of which 
some one day in the week was set 
apart as "Old Home Day," on which 
occasion the people of the town and 
natives thereof from abroad, were 
called together in some appropriate 
place, for social reunion, and enjoy- 
ment of exercises pertinent to the oc- 
casion. 

The selection of Saturday as the 
opening day of Old Home Week was 
made with the idea that on the even- 
ing of that day bonfires should be 
kindled. on the mountain and hill tops, 
or highest points of land in the va- 
rious towns, signalizing the welcome 
to returning pilgrims, and carrying 
the greeting of one town to another 
throughout the state. There were 
many hundred of these beacon lights 
kindled in the state, on that first Old 
Home Week in New Hampshire, and 
although the custom has, unfortu- 
nately, been abandoned quite gener- 
ally, there are some towns in which 
it is still observed. 

The local celebrations during the 
first Old Home W r eek, included some 
of a most elaborate order, involving 
parades, music, fireworks, etc.. aside 
from interesting sneaking exercises, 
at which addresses were given by 
distinguished speakers residing in the 
state, and others, equally distin- 
guished, returning- from abroad to the 
homes of their nativity. Among the 
most notable of these observances 
were those in Concord, Newport, 
Walpole and Dunbarton. 
. The Concord observance opened 



with a meeting of residents and vis- 
itors in Phenix Hall, on Wednesday 
evening, August 30, a concert by the 
Third Regiment Band and the Schu- 
bert Quartette being the first feature. 
Hon. Joseph B. Walker. President of 
Concord Old Home Week Associa- 
tion, presided, and brief addresses 
were made by Hon. John Kimball, 
Very Rev. John E. Barry of the St. 
John's Catholic church. Hon. Sylves- 
ter Dana of the Municipal Court, 
Hon. L. D. Stevens, and Hon. Moses 
Humphrey. On the following day, 
Thursday, was witnessed one of the 
greatest and most imposing parades 
in the history of the Capital City. G. 
Scott Locke was Chief Marshal, and 
the Third Regiment Band led the pro- 
cession, followed by a platoon of po- 
lice. Governor Rollins and staff on 
horseback. Gen. J. H. Tolles and 
Cols. Scott, Upham and Tetley of the 
First Brigade. N. H. N. G., several 
companies of the Guard, G. A. R., and 
a great number of marching organ- 
izations, including the Fire Depart- 
ment, the various fraternal societies, 
etc. Most conspicuous was the repre- 
sentation of the B. & M. railroad 
shops by a marching delegation of 
650 men in uniform. Following these 
were decorated carriages, floats, and 
all sorts of unique turnouts, from pony 
teams to a magnificent 24-horse team 
entered by George. L. Theobald. 

The general exercises were held in 
Phenix Flail at 2 p. m.. the meeting 
being called to order by President 
Waker, who introduced Plon. Charles 
R. Corning as chairman for the oc- 
casion. Addresses of welcome were 
given by Mayor N. E. Martin in be- 
half of the city, and Governor Rollins 
for the state. The orator of the day 
was Hon. James O. Lyford, Naval 
Officer of Boston, who was followed 
by Senator W 7 illiam E. Chandler, 
President William J. Tucker of 
Dartmouth College, Prof. Charles F. 
Bradley of Evanston, Ilk, Hon. Na- 
poleon B. Bryant, and others. An 



OLD HOME WEEK 



243 



original poem, "The Hills are Home," 
written for the occasion by Edna 
Dean Proctor, was read by the author. 
The exercises closed with singing of 
"Home, Sweet Home'' by tiie audi- 
ence. 

Following the exercises a reception 
was held in Doric Hall at the State 
House, under the direction of Albert 
B. Woodworth, Chairman of the Re- 
ception Committee, at which the Gov- 
ernor was assisted by the members 
of his .staff, several thousand people 
paying their respects to the chief ex- 
ecutive, while a concert was given 
outside by the consolidated bands of 
the day. 

It was estimated that twenty 
thousand people lined the streets 
during the time of the parade, while 
ten thousand witnessed the grand dis- 
play of fireworks, set oft on the 
Stickney field in the evening, which 
closed the day's programme. 

At Newport, where there was a 
great gathering, and a most impres- 
sive demonstration, the entire Main 
Street being elaborately decorated, 
and a great parade carried out, 
Judge Jesse M. Barton presided, and 
the orator of the day was Rear Ad- 
miral George E. Belknap, the town's 
most distinguished son. The Wal- 
pole observance, which was scarcely 
less imposing, was under the direc- 
tion of T. Nelson Hastings, then pres- 
ident of the State Senate, as president 
of the day, and addresses were made 
by a number of eminent natives, 
among whom were Rev. John Bars- 
tow of Medford, Mass., Prof. Frank- 
lin W. Hooper of Brooklyn and 
Judge Henry E. Howland of New 
York City. At Dunbar ton, Col. 
William H. Stimson of the State 
Executive Committee and president 
°f the local association directed the 
exercises, which included addresses 
] } Y a number of distinguished visitors, 
including Governor Rollins and Sen- 
ator. Chandler, and numerous emi- 
nent natives, a large and enthus- 



iastic crowd being in attendance 
At all these town observances there 
were present many natives from 
abroad, some of whom had not visit- 
ed the homes of their childhood for 
years, and in many cases there was a 
revival of interest on their part which 
operated to the material advantage 
of the old home town, evidenced by 
subsequent .gifts in the shape of li- 
braries, school buildings, parks, foun- 
tains, etc. 

In many of these towns the local 
associations have been continued, 
and annual Old Home Day observ- 
ances have been held. In others 
there have been celebrations once in 
two or three years, and in some oc- 
casional!}", "as the spirit moved;" 
while, unfortunately, in others, for 
want of public spirit and local pride, 
the idea has been abandoned. A num- 
ber of other towns, however, that did 
not originally adopt the plan, have 
fallen into line. In Concord the local 
Association soon went into "disue- 
tude ;" but, under the auspices of the 
State Association there has been a 
largely attended Old Home Sunday 
service in Rollins Park, each year for 
the last fifteen years or more, with 
able speakers and excellent music, the 
various churches co-operating. 

The expense incident to the work 
of the State Association was met, 
during the incumbency of Governor 
Rollins as President and N. J. Bach- 
elder as Secretary, from the state ap- 
propriation for the work of the Com- 
missioner of Immigration, which of- 
fice was held by Mr. Bachelder in 
connection with that of Secretary of 
Agriculture, it being recognized that 
nothing could more effectually ad- 
vertise the State than the mainten- 
ance of the Old Home Week insti- 
tution, which although not perma- 
nently adopted in other states, has 
been taken up in many localities 
throughout the country, and is to be 
copied in Nova Scotia the present 
year. 



244 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



In 1913, when there was a political 
overturn in the State and the Immi- 
gration Bureau was abandoned, the 
Legislature voted a .standing appro- 
priation of $300 toward carrying on 
the work of the Association, and per- 
manently fixed the date of Old Home 
Week for the week following the 
third Saturday in August, which 
comes this year on the 18th day of 
the month. At the annual meeting in 
1914, Governor Rollins and Secretary 
Rachelder retired from their respec- 
tive offices and Henry H. Metcalf 
and Andrew L. Felker, Commissioner 
of Agriculture, were respectively 
chosen President and Secretary of 
the Association, and have since con- 
tinued. 

As the first white settlements in 
the state were made at Portsmouth 
and Dover in 1623, and the Ter-Cen- 
tenary, or 300th anniversary of the 
same would occur in 1923, the Asso- 
ciation, deeming it desirable that some 
fitting and proper observance of the 
same should be held, was instru- 
mental in securing the passage by the 
General Court, in 1921, of a Joint 
Resolution providing for the appoint- 
ment of a Commission, headed by 
Governor Albert O. Brown, to take 
the matter -in hand and make the pre- 
liminary arrangements for an appro- 
priate celebration during Old Home 
Week- of the present year. The Com- 
mission, as named, in addition to Gov- 
ernor Brown, included Aaron G. 
Whittemore of Dover, Charles S. 
Emerson of Milford, Henry H. Met- 
calf of Concord, Harry T. Lord of 
Manchester and J. Winslow Peirce of 
Dover. Henry H. Metcalf was 
elected Secretary. 

Taking up the work in hand, the 
Commission, after careful considera- 
tion, and due consultation with the 
authorities in Portsmouth and Dover, 
formulated a plan which involved 
appropriate observances in those two 
cities, where the first settlements 
were made, on Monday and Tuesday 
of Old Home Week, following Old 



Home Sunday service? in the churches 
throughout the state, with a final cele- 
bration at the Capital, with ob- 
servances mid-week in all towns 
throughout . the State where sufficient 
public spirit should be aroused to in- 
sure the same. 

It was voted to extend an invita- 
tion to President Ernest M. Hopkins 
of Dartmouth College to deliver the 
Anniversary Address, which imita- 
tion was accepted by Dr. Hopkins, 
and it was decided that the address 
should be given in Concord. Un- 
fortunately, through lack of interest 
on the part of the business men of 
the city, as represented by the Cham- 
ber of Commerce, the Concord ob- 
servance has been abandoned, al- 
though the City Government had 
voted an appropriation to meet the 
necessary expenses, and it has been 
arranged that the address shall be 
given at Portsmouth or Dover at the 
opening of the week. 

A number of towns that have not 
before observed Old Tlome Week 
made liberal appropriations for the 
present year with a view to the Ter- 
centenary Celebration, among them 
being Charlestown, Whitefield, Mil- 
ford and Stratford, the latter two 
voting S1C00 each. Stratford, it 
should be said, will at the same time 
celebrate its own 150th anniversary, 
and dedicate a memorial to its soldiers 
in the various wars of the nation. 
Xorthwood will also celebrate its 
150th anniversary, in connection with 
the State celebration, on Wednesday 
of Old Home Week.' 

The State of New Plamp.shire has 
never before celebrated an .anniver- 
sary of its settlement. It is devoutly 
to be hoped that at this time there- 
will be awakened such a spirit of pa- 
triotic pride, as will insure a royal 
welcome to a great host of returning 
sons and daughters in all parts of the 
State, and demonstrate to the world 
the fact that the "Home Fires" are 
still aglow among the old Granite 
Hills. 



ioS 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 

Conducted by Vivian Savacool 
Tiser River 
By Arthur O. Friel 
Harper Bros. 

HE adventures on Tiger River ferent in setting, we can not help but 
produce much the same effect on feel the same fever of impatience and 
grown-ups that fairy stories do excitement over the treasure hunt 
r, children. At first they all seem that is experienced in reading "Treas- 
inreal and impossible, but the fasci- ure Island/' and also the same satis- 
laiion grows, and soon we begin to faction over the result of all the in- 
hrill with the weirdness of it all and trigue and desperate adventure. 
o find n so natural that we expect Each incident stimulates our fancy 
o see a head-hunting Indian or a 
iger loom in the corner. These dan- 
gers and many others more uncanny 
ron front the five men, Knowlton, 
: :-!r:'. McKay, Tim, and Jose, the 
ratlaw, when they decide to follow the 
figre yacu through all the dangers of 
he ranele into which hundreds have 



to greater capacity for enjoyment of 
the unreal, until, by the time the ex- 
plorers meet the "Things," green 
spectres with spears, the imagination 
is undaunted and swallows these too, 
gloatingly waiting for new feasts of 
improbability. 

It is a long jump from New Hamp- 
:eared and from winch only one shire to the Andean regions of the up- 



razed man has returned. Undaunt- 
d by dire warnings, they are de- 
errained to' explore the River of 
-lissmg Men to find gold, of course, 
mt most of all to satisfy the love of 
dventure which burns hotly in the 
teart of each, and it is to all kindred 



per Amazon, but Arthur Friel, once 
attending Manchester High School 
and later a teacher there, has bridged 
the gap and given to us in this book 
his reaction to the luxurious beauty, 
the lurking dangers of Nature and of 
savages, and the romantic spirit of 



prits. longing for romance, that this the jungle. All of this is very pleas- 

': will most appeal. White In- ant to peruse during an evening of 

iians, tigers, and jiveros they baffle recreation, but I doubt if even the 

n the most unique encounters and are lure of gold could induce many of us 

quaJly steadfast in maintaining their to follow the trail of the Tigre yacu 

ivri! against the maddening mysteries through its sinister shadows and 

f Dead Man's Land. ominous darkness as described in Mr. 

Although inferior in style and dif- Friel's book. 



Vacation Days 

By Willis G. Buxton 



?W-r 

+&p r, 

ftry Quo 



would all wish for just such 
cation days as Mr. Buxton and 
e have enjoyed, but, since such 
rs are impossible to many, ac- 
of the travels of others are al- 
f interest as entertainment and 
don for the day when we too, 
to see the wonders of the world. 



All would-be travelers will find antici- 
patory delight in "Vacation Days," Mr. 
Buxton's book, and those who are sat- 
isfied to do all their traveling while 
reading comfortably at home will also 
enjoy these letters, giving, as they do, 
a detailed description not only of the 
.beauty of California and Europe by a 



246 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



most enthusiastic and appreciative voy- 
ager, but of any such systems of edu- 
cation, religion, or civic government 
which might be helpful suggestions to 
the people of New Hampshire. 

The author describes the scenes he 
sees, the pictures and statues he views, 
and even those lectures of especial in- 
terest which he hears, so that we gain 



unusual and varied information with 
the added attraction of Mr. Buxton's 
own reaction to his experiences. 

To any who may not know Mr. Bux- 
ton wc wish to say that, as a resident 
of Penacook, New Hampshire, the let- 
ters in this hook were written to his 
townspeople and will have especial in- 
terest for all living in New Hampshire. 



THE EDITOR STOPS TO TALK 

About Spring and Soldiers 



N very rare occasions our mind 
J runs smoothly along a single track, 
gliding with well-oiled ease from 
idea to idea. But that is not at all the 
case when the first breath of spring 
comes in at our windows. The April 
sun melts our mentality along with the 
snowdrifts, and leaves our thoughts as 
diffuse as May breezes. To settle down 
to editorial conversation seems next 
door to impossible. 



We might write about the Legislature, 
which to-day seems to be out for the 
non-stop dancing record for the United 
States. But by the time the magazine 
is in print police interference or the 
more cogent urge of spring planting will 
undoubtedly have put a stop to the sport. 

We might follow the time-honored 
custom of other editors and write of 
spring in the country, the bounding 
brooks, the burgeoning buds, the blur- 
bung birds. But we are never quite 
sure of our ground in these matters. 
For instance, what kind of bird is an 
alfalfa? We never can tell. Like 
Christopher Morley, the best we can do, 
when some one suddenly asks us the 
name of some upstart songster on a high 
branch of the old apple tree, is to mur- 
mur something about a "forsythia 
bursting into song" and change the sub- 
ject as soon as possible. We under- 
stand our limitations. We leave the 
hymns of spring to the farmer as he 



leisurely hitches his Ford to his plow 
and in the freshness of the early morn- 
ing mingles the hum of his engine with 
the myriad voices of awakening year. 



Or we might write of the American 
Legion, which has been our chief con- 
cern of late. It has impressed us for 
two reasons : first, because of its un- 
bounded energy, which even spring 
seems powerless to abate, and second, 
because of its contagious atmosphere of 
public service— a man who has served 
his Legion post or Department is, more 
than other men, willing to listen to the 
call of duty whether it lead him to the 
Governor's mansion, the national Sen- 
ate, or even the White House in Wash- 
ington. It is splendid to see such de- 
votion. 



We feel more at home writing along 
these lines, for of course we have had 
military experience as a member of an 
unofficial S. A. T. C. Auxiliary Unit 
during the War (We were in college at 
the time). And moreover in those 
spring days of 1917 some one had the 
brilliant idea of turning our college out 
for military drill, just to develop esprit 
de corps and joie de vivfe and a lot of 
things like that. When men speak of 
the terrors of war, we think of that in- 
cipient Battalion of Death as it strag- 
gled and struggled to and fro across the 
greensward in the spring sunshine, the 
high feminine voice of the commandir'o 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



247 



officer mingling with the anguished cries 
of some lost soul, possibly, a staid facul- 
ty member, who, in the general con- 
tusion of right foot and left, had found 
herself suddenly deserted by the bat- 
talion and left to execute military man- 
euvers alone. 

But even here we are not so sure- 
footed as we ought to be. Our knowl- 
edge of military terminology failed us 
completely when we started out after 
materia! for our article. Last week we 
entirely corrupted a Board meeting 
of the Legion Auxiliary by insis- 
tently referring to the Auxiliary 
Units as ''posts." Before the af- 
ternoon was over all the officers pres- 
ent were struggling with an irresistible 
desire to call them "posts," too. We 
don't want to run the risk of corrupt- 
ing the entire Legion organization by 
bm inaccuracies. So perhaps we'd bet- 
ter dismiss that subject also, and aban- 
don the idea of 
~n.~T>s for this month. 



writing Editorial Re- 



Bat, if you will notice, the page is al- 
ready full. And if you desire a pre- 
cedent for this manner of writing, we 
"-". -_-.jd refer you to your Cicero. It's an 
' I : trick of the trade ! 

— H. F. M. 



Announcements 

The Exeter War Memorial, a pict- 
ure of which appears on the cover 
this month, is the work of Daniel 
Chester French, a distinguished son 
of Exeter, who counts it as one of 
the best pieces of work which he has 
done. It was dedicated on July 4, 
1922. It's inscription puts into words 
very beautifully the spirit in which 
the monument is erected : 

with 

Veneration for Those Who Died 

Gratitude to Those Who Live 

Trust in the Patriotism of Those Who 

Come After 

The Town of Exeter Dedicates this Memorial 

To Her Sons and Daughters of the World 

War. 

It is with much this .same spirit 

that the GRANITE MONTHLY 

offers this issue as a tribute to New 

Hampshire veterans in this month 

which brings Memorial Day. 

The essay contest for high school 
boys and girls brought some very 
interesting results. The contest 
closed May 1, and the judges, Mr. 
Harlan Pearson, Mrs. Harriman and 
Mr. Walter May will probably be 
able to make the award very shortly 
now. 



OUR CONTRIBUTO 

In This Issue 



\b 



MR. H. STYLES BRIDGES, Sec- 
f-fcfesTY of the Farm Bureau, turns his 
ajCt€grtion to Ayrshires this month in 
-ffa&r second article on Dairy herds. 



. Tlbe man who i.s working hardest 
"w rr.L'ke New Hampshire Tercenten- 
ary year a memorable one is H. H. 
frl&TGALF. His article in this mag- 
9#XTt$ gives not only plans for the 
fc*$^kiation but also the history of the 
m6v£«xent. 



MR. GEORGE B. UPHAM'S 
third and last article on "When 
Claremont Was Called Ashley" an- 
swers the question which readers have 
asked themselves: "How did the 
name Ashley come to the knowledge 
of the foreign map makers?" 



MRS. BERTHA COMINS ELY, 
author of "Their Son" in this, issue 
lives in Greenville, N. H. She shows 
a sympathetic understanding of one 
of our state problems. 



2ft 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



GEORGE H. KENDALL 

With the death of George H. Kendall on 
April 14 at Nashua, the state has lost the 
last of the 1 stage-coach drivers who used to 
drive a six horse team between Crawford 

Notch and Fabyans before the railroad 
came. Mr. Kendall was about 76 when he 
died. In the early days he was employed 
by Baron and Merrill, hotel proprietors of 
the White Mountains; of late years he has 
worked for the Boston and Maine as a sta- 
tionary engineer. A native of Franconia, 
he lived in Nashua about 25 years. Re- 
served in the Civil War, although he was 
only nineteen at the time, and ranked as a 
sharpshooter in Company I 18th N. H 
Volunteers. He is survived by his widow, 
one son, Walter M. Kendall of Boston, 
and one adopted son, George Angell Ken- 
dall of Nashua. 



FRED A. PRAY 

Word has recently come to Somersworth 
of the death in Vladivostok of Fred A. 
Pray, formerly of Somersworth, and in re- 
cent years First Vice Consul in the United 
States Consul's office at Vladivostok. His 
death was due to blood poisoning. Mr. 
Pray was born in Somersworth in 1867, 
educated in the public schools there and in 
the B'ostexn business college. He went to 
Vladivostok in 1893 and was for some years 
in business there before he was appointed 
vice consul in 1916. He is survived by a 
daughter. Dorothy, two sisters, Mrs. Sarah 
Smith of Vladivostok, and Mrs. J. H. Aus- 
tin of Berwick, Me., and one brother, Moses 
H. of Somersworth. 



MRS. MATILDA L. COLE 

On April 3, Mrs. Matilda L. Cole, for 
thirty-five years a resident of Concord, 
died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. 
J. Edward Silva. Mrs. Cole was a mem- 
ber of St. Paul's Episcopal Church. She 
leaves, besides a daughter, two sons, George 
of Boston and Benjamin of Concord, and 
two sisters and two brothers. 



MRS. EDWIN L. HALEY 

After a brief illness with pneumonia, Mrs. 
Edwin L. Haley died in East Rochester on 
April 6. Mrs. Haley was prominent in 
social and fraternal circles of the city to 
which she came some years ago from W. 
Buxton, Maine. She is survived by her 
husband, one son, ex-Representative Law- 
rence. E. Haley, two daughters. Fredona 
Myrtle and Georgia; a brother, Charles E. 
Rounds of Bristol, and two sisters, Mrs. 
Georgia Hun ton and Mrs. Fred A. Cum- 
mins of Saco, Maine. 



MRS. MARY J. N. BEAN 
At Concord on April 3, Mrs. Mary T. N. 
Bean, widow of Frank E. Bean, died at 
the home of her daughter, Mrs. E. W. 
Rove, after a long illness. Mrs. Bean was 
a large property owner in Penacook and in 
former years was associated with her hus- 
band in business there. She is survived 
by her daughter, and son. Harold of 
Penacook; also a brother Mr. George A. 
Noyes of Concord. 



MRS. ANNE KENNEDY 
Mrs. Anne Kennedy, one of Dover's old- 
est residents died on April 10 at the age of 
96 years. Mrs. Kennedy was born in 
Richmond, Va., but had lived in Dover for 
75 years. She is survived by one brother. 



BYRON K. WOODWARD 

On April 16, Byron K. Woodward, resi- 
dent of Concord for 42 years, died in that 
city after a long illness. He was a mem- 
ber of the Nathaniel White Council O. U. 
A. M. He leaves a widow, two sons, John 
K. and Earl A. of Concord; a daughter, 
Mrs. Robert J. Provencal of Concord; two 
brothers, Frank of Laconia and Walter of 
Michigan: and a sister, Mrs. Grace Mallard 
of Concord. 



DR. ALBERT LACAILLADE 

Dr. Albert Lacaillade, one of the leading 
dentists of Laconia, died in that city on 
April 6. Dr. Lacaillade was a native of 
Lawrence, Mass., and a graduate of Balti- 
more Dental College. Before coming to 
Laconia. he practised dentistry in Law- 
rence and Montreal. He leaves a widow 
and three children, Paul, Marguerite and 
Jacquiline. 



GEORGE M. GATES 

On March 30, George M. Gates, veteran 
of the Civil W r ar and prominent citizen of 
Plaistow, N. H., died after a short illness 
with grip. He leaves a widow, two sons 
and a daughter. 



JOHN J. SHAPLEIGH, 

On April 16, after a brief illness with 
pneumonia, John J. Shapleigh, a retired 
merchant of East Rochester, died at his 
home in that town. Mr. Shapleigh had 
lived in East Rochester for 25 years and 
was about 66 years old when he died. He 
was a member of the Cocheco Lodge I. O. 
O. F. and a member of the Bethany Metho- 
dist Church. His widow; one daughter, 
Miss Doris Shapleigh, an instructor at La- 
salle Seminary; one brother, Nicholas of 
East Rochester; and three sisters. 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 249 

DON C. CHAPPLE GEORGE H. TARLTON 

I ■:■■ Z. Chappie, resident of Concord for George H. Tarlton, aged 69. of Newfields, 

20 :-"- -^ Jii that city on April 3 at (iic . (l ; n that town on April 16. Mr. Tarl- 

th* ag* «* 69 years. He was a native of ton was } )orn j n Newington, but had lived 

- - " °t» ■*'*; ^ 1S g. urv £*rc by a since boyhood in Newfields where he was 

• : '. ; daughters. Mrs. Frank Beaure- prominent in musical circles, and where he 

.■-■■'■ - z jsastlord, \t., and Mrs. George he i d the ^ ce f selectman in 1915-1919. 

: :. .: s^aitord, \ t., and a son. Clinton, He was a member of the Universalis! 

oi Ureal Harrington, Mass. Church, and of the Fraternity Lodge, I. O. 

q p }-T| 5 w i(J ONV survives him. 

OSCAR H. BISHOP 

Qs.cz.? R. Bishop, builder, aged 41 years. 

■ lied i- his heme in Nashua on March 28. MRS. MARY E. NELSON 
I ::s *---.a.:.- had been failing for a number 

of years hut he had until very recently Mrs. Mary E. Nelson, widow of Freeman 

been zhle to attend his business. He leaves J. Nelson, died April 16 at the Centennial 

a v, : .*•: ■: ssd eight children, as well as four Home for the Aged, Concord, N. H., at the 

' -i -'.: ars i.-r i ' two sisters. age of 86 years. 



Fhe Concord S* P. C. A. 



INCORPORATED UNDER THE LAWS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE 
needs the help of every person in the state to stop the cruelties that are inflict- 
ed -" cur dumb animals. With this help, the sufferings and torture of the ani- 
ittsJts L~ New Hampshire can be overcome. The cattle shipments on the trains 
can be made humane. The tracers in old horses can be driven out of business. 
Car.'? will not be left in pastures until Christmas. 

. The S. P. C. A, of Concord have this work well started and with 
the support of the people will carry it through. 

In Making Your Will Remember the S. P. C. A. 



Telerhc-e 2216-W 

. BLA! 
i 

! 

1 

i 

r, :;chtk main 
i 


"The Rose Studio" 

SI.CME M. GERRISH 

PUBLIC STENOGRAPHER 


STREET 


CONCORD, N. H. 



3 




IIST 

ef the Town of Sallivan, New Hampshire 



The exhaustive work entitled, "History of the Town of Sullivan, New 
Hampshire," two volumes of over eight hundred pages each, from the set- 
tlement of the town in 1777 to 1917, by the Rev. Josiah Lafayette Seward, 
D. D.; and nearly completed at the time of his death, has been published 
by his estate and is now on sale, price $16.00 for two volumes, post paid. 

The work has been in preparation for more than thirty years. It gives 
comprehensive genealogies and family histories of all who have lived in 
Sullivan and descendents since the settlement of the town; vital statistics, 
educational, cemetery, church and town records, transfers of real estate and 
a map delineating ranges and old roads, with residents carefully numbered, 
taken from actual surveys made for this work, its accuracy being un- 
usual in a history. 

At the time of the author's death in 1917, there v/ere 1388 pages al- 
ready in print and much of the manuscript for its completion already care- 
fully prepared. The finishing and indexing has been done by Mrs. Frank 
B. Kingsbary, a lady of much experience in genealogical work; the print- 
ing by the Sentinel Publishing Company of Keene, the binding by Robert 
Burlen & Son, Boston, Mass., and the work copyrighted (Sept. 22, 1921) 
by the estate of Dr. Seward by J. Fred Whitcornb, executor of his will. 

The History is bound in dark green, full record buckram, No. 42, 
stamped title, in gold, on shelf back and cover with blind line on front 
cover. The size of the volumes are 6 by 9 inches, 2 inches thick, and they 
contain 6 illustrations and 40 plates. 

Volume I is historical and devoted, to family histories, telling in an en- 
tertaining manner from whence each settler came to Sullivan and their 
abodes and other facts concerning them and valuable records in minute 
detail. 

Volume II is entirely devoted to family histories, carefully prepared 
and containing a vast amount of useful information for the historian, 
genealogist and Sullivan's sous and daughters and their descendents, now 
living in all prats of the country, the genealogies, in many instances, tracing 
the family back to the emigrant ancestor. 

The index to the second volume alone comprises 110 pages of three 
columns each, containing over twenty thousand names. Reviewed by the 
New York Genealogical and Biographical Record and the Boston Tran- 
script. 

Sales to State Libraries, Genealogical Societies and individuals have 
brought to Mr. Whitcornb, the executor, unsolicited letters of appreciation 
cf this great work. Send orders to 

J. FRED WHITCOMB, Ex'r. - 
45 Central Square, Keene, N H. 



Please mention the .gkanite month:. y in Writing Advertisers. 



i 

I 



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Kiy. ; :.-^; .-.■;.-4"- :..•■:£■ ■' : '. : ,'.^ :: ; ;'".-;.';'; ;>.' ."'.;,-' : 'L";' ■". -—:''" ■■'■^: ; -'>i*3 

Boston & Maine 

A Glimpse of Lake Sunapee 

As summer comes the thoughts of many busy people the country over turn 
toward this spot., one the most beautiful of Nev. Hampshire's many summer colonies. 



^— ^-^ 



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erry 5 < : - 



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This [j 

per GOD 



ON THE HEAD WALL OF TUCKE.RMAN RAVINE 

;siie~-THE HIGHEST PATH IN NEW ENGLAND 



per year 



£.±'i> 



THE 

GRANITE 

MONTHLY 



Vol. 55 




No. 6 



JUNE 1923 

THE MONTH IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 

The Legislature Adjourns 

junction point, 



rPHE principal event of the month of 
■*- May; 1923, in New Hampshire, 
came early in its course, when, at 3 
o'clock in the morning of Saturday, 
May 5, the Legislature was prorogued 
by Governor Fred IT. Brown after a 
session of 122 days. Its final week, as 
is usually the case, saw decisions hastily 
given upon the most important legisla- 
tion of the session and some much-de- 
bated matters left in unfinished business. 
The Governor signed all of the acts and 
resolves presented to him with the ex- 
ception of a $225,000 bond issue for a 
new dormitory at the Keene Normal 
School. From this measure he 

withheld his signature, and as it came to 
him on the last day of the session the 
e fleet was a "pocket veto." 

The official volume of Session Laws 
will be less bulky than usual and is now 
in preparation by the law reporter, 
Crawford D. Henning, Esq., of Lan- 
caster. It will be included in the gen- 
eral revision of the statutes, provided 
for by the recent legislature, which will 
be a work requiring considerable time 
for its completion. Meanwhile, heads 
of various state departments have given 
to the public summaries of, and instruc- 
tions regarding, new laws of whose ad- 
ministration they have the charge. 

One of the new statutes whose good 
effects already are apparent is that reg- 
ulating the shipment of cattle; com- 
plaints to the S. P. C, A, at Concord, a 



as to cattle car condi- 
tions, having been reduced from a large 
to a very small number. 

An interesting state publication, given 
timely issue by the co-operation of the 
departments of highways, forestry and 
fish and game, is a new road map of 
New Hampshire, up to date in all par- 
ticulars and having in the text upon its 
back much necessary information d?or 
tourists and others. 

Death of John J. Donahue 

A sad feature of the month's news was 
the death at his post of duty of John 
J. Donahue, state insurance commission- 
er. While testifying in court at Man- 
chester, in a suit in which the depart- 
ment was concerned, he dropped dead. 
The department having been without a 
deputy commissioner and chief clerk for 
some time, the immediate filling of the 
vacancy was necessary and at the next 
meeting of the governor and council 
Governor Brown named for the place 
his personal friend, Postmaster John E. 
Sullivan of Somersworth, who was at 
once confirmed by the council and took 
up the duties of the office the next day. 

Commissioner Davie 

Re-appointed 

A T the same meeting, Labor Com- 
•^siorier John S. B. Davie, first ap- 
pointed to that office in 1911 by Gov- 



254 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



ernor Robert P. Bass, was re-appointed 
and confirmed for another three year 
term. Those who read the appreciative 
article upon his work in the May Gran- 
ite Monthly will understand the bene- 
fit which will come to the state From 
his continuance at the head of the labor 
bureau. The fact that Commissioner 
Davie is a Republican and Commissioner 
Sullivan, a Democrat, indicates the con- 
tinuance of the peaceful compromise 
conditions . which have prevailed in the 
council chamber under tin's administra- 
tion. 

The board of trustees of the state 
sanatorium at Glenclifre submitted to 
the governor and council at this same 
meeting their nomination for superin- 
tendent of Dr. Robert M. Deming, for 
the past two years a member of the 
staff at the state hospital in this city, 
and it was approved. Doctor Deming 
saw over-seas service in the World War. 

Spanish War Veterans Celebrate 

,NE of the few fine days in May, 
1923, was assigned by the weather 
man to the 25th anniversary celebra- 
tion, on the 17th, of the departure from 
Concord for Chickamauga of the First 
New Hampshire Regiment of Volun- 
teers for the War with Spain. A sur- 
prisingly large number of survivors of 
the regiment came to the capital on that 
day, for a parade, banquet, business 
meeting of the department of New 
Hampshire, U. S. W. V., public exer- 
cises in Representatives' Hall at the 
state house and other features. From 
a stand erected on the state house plaza 
the parade was reviewed by Governor 
Brown, attended by his staff and coun- 
cil, and Mayor Chamherlin, accom- 
panied by the board of aldermen. The 
most impressive moment of the day 
came when the veterans massed behind 
their standards before the stand and 
renewed the oath of allegiance which 
they took a quarter of a century ago. 



The speakers at the public meeting in 
the evening were the governor and the 
mayor and Congressmen Rogers and 
Wason. During his visit to the capital 
Congressman Wason took occasion to 
deny reports of his ill health which have 
come from Washington and to say that 
he expects to be a candidate for renomi- 
nation in 1924. 

THER stimulants of political inter- 
est during the month were the ad- 
dress at Manchester by Senator William 
E. Borah of Idaho, upon invitation of 
the New Hampshire Civic Association, 
and the return to his home state from 
Europe of Senator George H. Moses, 
overflowing with opposition to Presi- 
dent Harding's proposal that the United 
States shall participate in the World 
Court of Justice. 

On the heels of Senator Borah's ad- 
dress came a spirited meeting by the 
friends of the League of Nations at 
which Mr. John G. Winant was elected 
chairman of the work for the League in 
New Hampshire. There is evidently 
enough difference of opinion on 'this 
matter to make it an interesting issue 
during the coming months. 

T the annual meeting of the New 
Hampshire Old Home W r eek As- 
sociation, President Henry H. Metcalf 
was re-elected and Governor Brown 
was named as first vice-president. Mr. 
Metcalf has secured as chief orator of 
the tercentenary celebration, in August, 
of the settlement of the state. Judge Les- 
lie P. Snow of the supreme court, who 
takes the place which President Hop- 
kins of Dartmouth expected to fill, but 
finds himself unable to do so. 

HP HE purchase by Henry Ford of a 
■*- garnet mine in the town of Danbury 
presages, it is hoped, the industrial de- 
velopment, hitherto retarded, of that im- 
mediate section of the state. 

H. C. P. 



xs 5 



" ■/>. :;■■"*"■ -"■■-•:.-;^ 



Senator William E. Borah 

Who spoke before distinguished audience in Man- 
chester May 24, under the auspices of the 
N. H. Civic Association. 

SENATOR WILLIAM E. BORAH 

An Interview 
ENATOR Borah," I 



??OENATC : said 

. j going to tell New Hampshire 
people about you. What do you 
think I'd better emphasize?" 

The Senator smiled that characteristic 
crooked smile of his and pushed his hair 
back from his broad forehead. 

"My conservatism." he said. "I 
think that would most please a New 
Hampshire audience, wouldn't it?" 

"They don't consider you conserva- 
tive." 

"But I am you know. Though I 

suppose " he smiled again "I 

suppose they don't regard any one who 
wants to recognize Russia as a con- 
servative." 

"We're inclined to think, anything 



that touches Russia at all is radical." 

"Russia itself is radical enough, to be 
sure ; but for the United States to rec- 
ognize the government of Russia is a 
conservative act, backed by such pre- 
cedents as Washington's recognition of 
the Committee of Public Safety of the 
French Revolution. The present gov- 
ernment in Russia, imperfect as it is, is 
the form of government under which 
140,000,000 people have been living for 
six years, and from all indications they 
are going on living under it for some 
years to come. Whatever we may 
think about the government it's the part 
of conservative good sense to accept the 
situation as it is and make the best of 
it." 



256 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



There is one surprising and refresh- 
ing thing about William K. Borah, the 
Irreconcilable Senator from Idaho, and 
that is his absolute independence of ap- 
proach to public problems. In a day 
when most of us have time only to re- 
gard the labels of things, he bases his 
opinions on his own research into their 
inner contents. Confronted with the 
Russian situation neatly tied with red 
ribbon and labelled, "Radical : Do Xot 
Touch," he deftly unties the wrappings 
and sorts from the contents some phases 
which may be stamped "Conservative.'' 
The "International Brotherhood" label 
on the League of Nations did not satis- 
fy him either. When he got through 
his careful investigation of how the 
wheels went round he turned away from 
the idea with the surprising statement 
that he opposed it, not because of its 
unattainable idealism, but of its mili- 
tarism. This is disconcerting alike to 
materials who scorn the idea of ever 
bringing the wOrld out of war, and to 
idealists .who see in the League, inef- 
fectual as it is at present, a glimmer of 
hope in a dark world. If our pet sheep 
are only wolves in sheep's clothing it still 
seems indecent to unclothe them. It is 
even more disconcerting to have him 
suddenly challenge the peacemakers of 
the world by demanding that they 
show their sincerity by daring to pro- 
nounce War a crime. Brought up on 
stones of splendid warfare, is it any 
wonder that we hesitate to put the ban 
upon the institution ? 

"We shall never have world p^ace" 
said the Senator earnestly, "until we 
are willing to pursue it with the same 
audacity and boldness with which we 
are wont to pursue war. You cannot 
overcome nitric acid with cologne water. 

"What the world needs now is a 
Cromwell or a Peter the Great who will 
lead for peace as the great generals of 
the past led for war." 

But pending the arrival of that leader, 
the Senator from Idaho is not being 
idle. He has launched upon the waves 
of public opinion his idea that the solu- 



tion of international relations involves 
three preliminary steps— the codification 
of international law, the outlawry of 
war, and the establishment of a real 
world court which, like the Supreme 
Court of the United States, though with- 
out power to enforce its decisions 
against states, has nevertheless a power 
which the existing court of the League 
of Nations does not have, namely, the 
power to try a case and render a de- 
cision without first having obtained the 
consent of the party against whom ac- 
tion is brought. We shall hear more 
of the idea in the coming months. The 
Senator's ideas have a way of gathering 
momentum long after he has turned his 
attention to other things. In response 
to my question as to whether the World 
Court issue was to figure largely in the 
coming campaign, he said : 

"If it does it will be unfortunate. It 
will only have the effect of unnecessarily 
splitting the Republican party. There 
isn't any hurry really, you know. Even 
if we went into the League Court which 
now exists, we couldn't do anything 
until the next election of judges in 1930. 
And there are a lot of matters which 
are of immediate 'importance here at 
home. We've got to put our own 
house in order if we are to be of any 
use internationally. That's what I'm 
studying on now, and I am expecting to 
work on these problems with even more 
concentration during the next few 
months." 

When the Senator talks of study and 
concentration he means what he says. 
However much one may disagree with 
his conclusions, one cannot but admire 
the breadth of the foundations on which 
they are builded. one cannot but res- 
pect the scholarly character of his re- 
search, the painstaking accumulation of 
all the facts bearing on the situation. 
and the assimilation of those facts in 
the great brain that works within the 
square shaggy head. When he spoke to 
the N. H. Civic Association on May 24, 
he remarked whimsically, "No one be- 
lieves the statements of an Irreconcilable 



SENATOR WILLIAM 



CORAH 



257 



unless he can produce proofs so, al- 
though they are cumbersome, I brought 
along the papers to support my case." 

"I hope _ these domestic problems/' 
continued Senator Borah, "are going to 
be the main concern of the coming 
campaign. Transportation, economy in 
the expenditure of public money, and 
perhaps most of all a satisfactory solu- 
tion of the control of .public ultilities 
and the protection of the public against 
extortion- — unless we solve these mat- 
ters we are going to be in a more seri- 
ous situation than we are in at present. 
Bolshevism is not a religion, nor a creed, 
nor a form of government. It is a 
disease which is engendered wherever 
oppression and injustice long prevail. 
If the people who are concerned about 
the infiux of propaganda from Bolshe- 
vist Russia would only help in the solv- 
ing of some of these problems of ours 
the}' would not need to worry." 

The interview came to an end all too 
soon, but as we drove along the streets 
of Manchester toward the hall where 
the Senator was to deliver his address 
to the Civic Association, I ventured one 
more question, 

"What brought you into politics, Sen- 



ator Borah? 

"The fact that Boise, Idaho, wasn't 
big enough to allow me to reach the 
point in the legal profession there which 
I wanted to reach. If I had been born 
in a large city things might have been 
different, for my" first love and my 
greatest interest even now is the law. 
Perhaps I should simply have gone 
ahead in that field. As it was, I want- 
ed greater scope and I decided to take 
a course in politics. And here I am.'' 

We were driving through Manches- 
ter's residence section with beautiful 
tree-shaded homes on either side of the 
road. The Senator pointed one out. 

"It's good to see a house with lots of 
space around it. In Washington we 
just crawl into the big apartment houses 
from the sidewalks. A man who is 
used to the spaces of the West never 
gets used to it. It somehow seems to 
cramp one's thinking." 

And these two remarks gave me the 
finishing touch to my impression of 
Senator William E. Borah — a man used 
to the open spaces, for whom the whole 
world is not too broad a professional 
field, and to whom the loneliness of in- 
dependent thought has no terrors. 

— H. F. M. 



The Ainosk 

The announcement that the great 
Amoskeag Manufacturing Company 
with some 14,000 employees has pro- 
posed a plan of employee representa- 
tion whereby employees and manage- 
ment can jointly and democratically 
work out their common problems 
through the orderly process of con- 
ference, is both good and significant 
news. Only a year ago the Amos- 
keag was troubled with one of those 



eag Plan 

long-drawn-out and wasteful strikes 
which have unfortunately character- 
ized the textile industry for many 
years. If the proposed plan goes 
into effect, and if it works as suc- 
cessfully as similar plans have worked 
in industrial establishments of both 
great and medium size, it means that 
Manchester will behold a new era of in- 
creased efficiency and harmony. 

■ — Boston Herald 



AM 







m.frmkhn-j 



;eitoh Wood's 

A ---. .A A \ y- r A 



As- P 



3^20 



Boptt Sp;/r J "*" 



7 



n 



MtTom tV '•:■ 

---.' - \ a if! 

^MJ-.FielcT'jA 



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Mf. bo fati on 



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Mf. Jackson 



A^f-Dayi's 



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Drawn by Louis P. Cutter 

The Range Walk. Starting at Randolph the party followed the route marked with a 
dotted line over the Presidential Peaks to Crawford. 



A i ■ 



31 



'Truly different from anything 
of rock and 



else was this walk. . . 
skv and views." 



in a world 



THE HIGHEST PATH IN NEW ENGLAND 

A Tramping Trip Along the Range Walk 
By Jessie Doe 



flflO the' mountain climber of New- 
England "The Range Walk" means 
one thing. There may be varia- 
tions and even digressions but he who 
has been fortunate enough to have been 
over "The Range" must have set foot 
upon all the peaks of the Presidential 
Range in the White Mountains of New 
Hampshire from Madison on the north- 
east to Clinton, on the southwest. This 
route includes Madison, Adams, Jeffer- 
son, Clay (the Northern Peaks), Wash- 
ington itself, and Monroe, Franklin, 
Pleasant and Clinton (of the Southern 
Peaks), not all presidents, to be sure, but 
the highest range of mountains east of 
the Mississippi and north of North 
Carolina, and surely presidential. Mt. 
Jackson and Mt. Webster are also in 
this latter group ibut are not always 
included in a "Range Walk." 

Many hundreds of people are now 
able to make this trip annually during 
the summer months owing to the fine 
facilities for overnight stops offered to 
all at the Appalachian Club huts, at 
Madison Springs, near the summit of 



Mt. Madison, and at the Lakes-of-the- 
Clouds hut at the base of the cone of 
Mt. Washington. This journey can be 
made comfortably in two and one-half 
days of good weather. Our party al- 
lowed three and one-half days for the 
sake of digressions. We settled the 
weather by prayer and faith in our 
leader's good luck, chiefly the latter. 

Throwing on our packs at the little 
Appalachian station in Randolph, the 
moment the connecting train with the 
Boston-Montreal sleeper let lis off, on 
a i bright August morning we crossed 
the railroad track, passed through a 
gate that might have led into any pas- 
ture, and were on the Valley Way Trail 
to the summit of Mount Madison. The 
Range Walk was before us. To five 
of our group of seven it was a familiar 
and well- loved tramping ground, to one 
it was to be new, but she had climbed 
the Alps. To me alone, it was, not 
only new, and the highest thing yet in 
the name of a walk, but a glowing 
dream about to be realized. 

So in spite of heavy hob- nailed boots 



?60 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



and three pairs of thick woolen stock- 
ings it was with fairy step I followed 
in line through the lovely shaded trail. 
I say through, because we seemed al- 
most in a tunnel, so dense was the for- 
est. The path continued wooded near- 
ly all of the three and one-half miles 
to the Madison Spring Huts. 

We passed a party coming down, sev- 
eral ladies and one elderly gentleman 
using a stout umbrella for a cane. Their 
clothes resembled modern tramping 
garb as the umbrella resembles an Al- 
pine stock. Their expressions were not 
those of joyous enthusiasts. They pick- 
ed their way sore- footedly. We passed 
the time of day as trampers do upon 
the trail. "You going up?" the old 
man grumbled. "You won't like it up 
there. Its damp and cold. We went 
up yesterday, got caught in a cloud and 
had to stay overnight. It is damp and 
cold ; you won't like it." 

Our leader cheerily answered he had 
been up before and had liked it. The 
old man growled and hobbled on . to 
lower climes. Undaunted, we proceed- 
ed up. 

The trail grew steeper. We slabbed 
up high on the side of our valley and 
looking across saw the long sloping 
shoulder of Madison. Things were 
growing decidedly interesting. The 
path grew steeper yet ; we pegged along 
expectantly. The trees had shrunk to 
scrub. Then just when we were not 
looking for it, .we were out of scrub. 
Standing in the open I gasped, not from 
the climb but at what lay before us. 
Not fifty yards ahead on a rough 
plateau, sheltered by a pair of dark 
mountain cones, nestled two small stone 
buildings and from the chimney of one 
came smoke, as cheery as the purring 
of a cat. The Madison Spring Huts. 
That pointed peak rising directly be- 
hind the huts was the top of Mount 
Madison, the rough round knob to the 
right was an Adams crown. We were 
in another world. 

We passed by the springs that are 
the headwaters of Snyder Brook and 



were welcomed at the huts by the col- 
lege boys in charge. They promised us 
dinner in half an hour and we went to 
the sleeping quarters to choose our beds, 
the choice being whether to roost high 
or low. 

We had a fine dinner. I remember 
baked beans, flapjacks and apple sauce, 
and all supplies are toted up from Ran- 
dolph on the boys' backs ! 

The afternoon was perfect. We 
spent it leisurely going to the topmost 
point of Madison ( 5.380 ft.) basking 
long on the lee and sunny side of her 
boulder peak and looking into The 
Great Gulf (an inlet of space, wedged 
between the four great Northern Peaks 
and Washington's mighty side). 

From this point on Madison, Wash- 
ington was magnificent, with the bulk- 
ing slope of Chandler's Ridge, riding 
out into the foreground over which the 
line of the carriage road could be plain- 
ly seen. Very smooth, very easily un- 
dulating is the big king mountain as 
seen from this spot. The Osgood Ridge 
Path led directly from our perch down 
over the bumpy ridge of that name to 
the Glen House from wdience the car- 
riage road starts on its winding way up 
Washington. We scanned well in all 
directions. Near by John Quincy 
Adams, the broad expanse of the An- 
droscoggin Valley with Maine beyond 
on the east, the Randolph county to the 
north and in the far away north-west 
what might be Vermont. But the view 
from the tip top of Madison is south- 
west, Washington and the Great Gulf. 
That picture we took away "for keeps." 
The immensitv of it! The beauty of 
it ! 

After supper we stretched out under 
our ponchos before our stone-built 
home and watched the westering sun 
concoct a sunset over in Vermont ; 
watched the crescent moon over John 
Quincy Adams grow brighter as the 
heavy mountain grew blacker, felt the 
darkness and the coldness envelop us. 
It was a good thing we had selected 
our beds early, for trampers had come 



THE HIGHEST PATH IN NEW ENGLAND 



261 



\ 



Boston & Maine 



The Presidential Range and the Great Gulf: "an inlet of space wedged between 
the four great northern peaks and Washington's mighty side." 



in on all the trails during the afternoon 
and some thirty weary bodies sought 
rest that night in the two-room sleep- 
ing hut, with an overflow in dining 
room and kitchen. I doubt if Mor- 
pheus handed out enough sleep to give 
each his real quota and the thermo- 
meter ran to freezing too, but no one 
complained and the morning found us 
up bright and early hungry and ready 
for the Gulf side Trail over Adams, 
Jefferson and Clay to Washington and 
the Lakes-of-the-Clouds Huts, a dis- 
tance of about six miles and consider- 
ed the most scenic walk in the White 
Mountains. 

The day promised well, the mist fill- 
ed valleys clearing as the sun got un- 
der way. Skirting John Quincy Adams, 
we peered down into the great King's 
Ravine from the head-wall on the 
northerly side of the range, and 
thought another time we would come 



up that way. The "Air Line" over the* 
seriated ridge of the Knife Edge on 
Durand Ridge which divides the ravine 
from ' our own Synder Brook valley al- 
so lured us. What fun to walk over 
the prickly tdgc of things there ! A 
little farther on, we stopped to look- 
hack at the pyramidal cone of Madison, 
with the huts, grown so tiny, in the fore- 
ground. Another turn in the trail and 
our hostelry disappeared but the point- 
ed peak showed for some time, longer 
over the rock-bound shoulder of Adams. 
We did not go over the summit of 
John Quincy or of his taller relative, 
plain Adams (5,805 ft.), second high- 
est of the White Mountains. The 
former, together with Sam and the 
more or less facetiously called Maude, 
are part and parcel of the main moun- 
tain, in short have never set up house- 
hold gods of their own. But to us 
they were gods in themselves, each and 



262 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



even one of these lofty individuals, we 
communed with, this day and the next 

and the next. Truly different from 
anything else was this walk we were 
taking shoulder high among the giants 
of the race, always well above the tree- 
line, in a world of rock and sky and 
views. 

As we approached Edmand's col. 
the connecting link between Adams 
and Jefferson, the weather grew threat- 
ening and almost wild. Big black man- 
of-war clouds scudded eerily about 
close upon us and a streak of rain 
could be seen here and there. The wind 
seemed marshalling up its forces and 
the sun, so lately our comrade, isent 
forth strange rays from behind dark 
cruisers, whose meaning I scarcely un- 
derstood. I remembered tales of sud- 
den storms upon the range and the dire 
results sometimes to trampers, and I 
looked to our leader's face for symp- 
toms of concern., but found them not; 
so, fearless, I too walked among the 
boulder kings and storm clouds upon 
the world's high crest. 

Passing the col, the trail swung to 
the south side of the range, and as- 
cended, at a steep pitch the shoulder of 
Jefferson (5,725 ft.), the third highest 
mountain, of the Presidential Range. 
We looked down into the Great Gulf, 
The Montecello Lawn, on a shelf of the 
mountain is a bit disillusioning to one 
who really believes in lawnmowers ; but 
some enthusiast or fanatic has actually 
toted a croquet set to this spot and set 
it up in the midst of the lank grass and 
rocks. 

The weather was now quiet but no 
longer clear, and as we walked over 
Clay, the trail swinging to the westerly 
side of the range, we looked across the 
Ammonoosuc Ravine to the Southern 
Peaks shrouded in mist. 

We lunched on the head-wall of the 
Great Gulf, the col between Clay and 
Washington, and gloried in the beautiful 
view. There was the long range of the 
Northern Peaks over which we had 
been walking all the morning with, at 



the end. the distinctive point of Madi- 
son, from whose summit yesterday we 
had looked to this head-wall and no 
farther. On our right-hand stood the 
wall of Washington, its summit dissolv- 
ed in cloud. Some thousand feet below 
in the wooded depths was Spaulding 
Lake, a small but fiat surface in this 
tumbled world of tips and downs. But 
this is merely a synopsis of the view. 
To feel it one must go and look. 

We had intended to go to the summit 
of Washington (6.293 ft.), the highest 
of them all, but owing to the mass of 
density that supplanted the cone, when 
we reached the point where the West- 
side Trail branches off from the Gulf- 
side, on a short cut along the base of 
the cone to join the Crawford Bridle 
Path or the still shorter MacGregor 
cut-oiY to the Lakes-of-the-CIouds Hut, 
we decided to take the latter and avoid 
the murkiness. 

Our line of march was altogether out 
of cloud but we almost brushed the cur- 
tain. A few steps to the left would 
have plunged us into fog so thick that 
cairn-following would have been no 
joke. 

We passed under the railroad trestle 
and soon came to the friendly lodging 
cf our desire. This camp Tias much 
to rejoice in by reason of -its location. 
The horn-like peak of Monroe (5,390 
ft.), less grand but more intimate than 
any of the Northern Peaks, stands close 
at hand. The views west and east are 
open (the skies willing) and one thou- 
sand feet above, on the north, towers 
the cone of Washington, with Clay and 
Jefferson standing shoulder to shoulder 
sloping off into the valley below. The 
two lakes, of no mean proportion for 
five thousand feet elevation, add charac- 
ter and beauty to the place in their set- 
ting of boulder granite in the rough. 

We made ourselves at home, partook 
of afternoon tea of our own brewing 
and awaited the events of nature. They 
were not long in coming, for on the 
range the weather, if there is any, does 
not stand still. Long before sunset 



THE HIGHEST PATH IN NEW ENGLAND 



263 



"We watched the process of cloud-making in the broad Ammonoosuc ravine." 



there was a glow as the sunlight work- 
ed in under the horizon line, and then 
we realized the cloud on Washington 
was di if ting and slowly the mighty sil- 
houette stood out before us, edged with 
the soft' sun-gold mist behind. It was 
a striking figure and all our upper 
world was weirdsome in the unusual 
light. 

We watched the atmospheric devel- 
opments until supper time when fair 
weather seemed assured. After supper 
we went out again, into the twilight. 

We stayed out until after the moon 
came over the Carter Range and even 
then the sunset lingered on the western 
boundary of the world. It was only 
the cold that induced us to take shelter. 

As we sat. about the stone hut, dressed 
nor only in our thickest camping 
clothes and heaviest winter undergar- 
ments but with a hut blanket or two 
thrown over our shoulders, in blew a 
bare-kneed brigade from some girls' 
camp. The head one bore a ukelele 
and, on seeing an audience, struck up 
a tune and with her instrument as part- 
ner danced across the cement floor. The 
others paired off and the quiet hut was 
turned into a ball room. Their 

similarity of uniforms suggested a 



stage chorus. We learned later that in 
this one day they had covered what we 
had taken two days for on the range, 
yet they danced, sang and laughed, 
while we sat still and possibly yawned. 
It was not that they were not tired, but 
they did not know it. Excitement will 
carry youth far and I suppose pride 
will keep the knees warm. How sur- 
prised they would have been had they 
known that we took a unanimous vote, 
the next day, to the effect that the knee 
is an ugly joint and its display does not 
add to the charm of youth! 

At last they settled down, listened to 
some mountain tales from us and sang 
in return their camp songs. We re- 
frained from telling them they were not 
fitly dressed for mountain climbing and 
they did not tell us we were old fogies. 
The evening wound up with an unex- 
pected thunder shower adding the last 
dramatic touch to the day. 

Some hours later peering from, our 
folding steel-shelf pallets through the 
large observation windows of the hut 
we saw the Ammonoosuc Valley filled 
with the rosy mist of morning. 

The youthful band with their two 
youthful counselors were off ahead of 
us with a full program included the 



264 



HIE GRANITE MONTHLY 



, h 



One of the Lakes-of-the-Ckmds: "A 

of tips 

summit of Washington, and Tuckerman 
Ravine. We wondered if their buoy- 
ancy would keep them from bruising' 
their knees on some of the rocky trails 
they proposed to take. Mow we long- 
ed to counsel the counselors ! 

Not long after breakfast we were off. 
As we were to return to the same hut 
for the night we left our packs and 
traveled "light.'' Our plan was to 
spend the day on Washington and our 
first objective was the summit, one mile 
and seven-eighths away, according to the 
guide book. 

The mist of the valleys, now tossed 
into bales of light fluff, floated beneath 
and above us, near at hand and far a- 
way. We watched the process of cloud- 
making in the broad Ammonoosuc 
ravine, where some fog still lay, although 
no longer rose-tinted ; saw the bulky 
fledglings, sometimes like huge dirig- 
ibles, rise, poise uncertainly in mid-air 
as if to find their bearings and adjust 
themselves to flight, then sail away with 
flocks of others upon their great adven- 
ture. It was a morning of light and 
loveliness ; the sky so blue ; the clouds so 
soft; the air so clear! Ahead and tip- 



'small but flat surface in this world 
and downs." 

ward the jumbled rocky cone, with its 
deep set trail over which the ponies 
w>ed to scramble, in the days when folks 
rode horseback to the summit ; behind 
and now below us, Monroe with the 
hut and two lakes so small in the dis- 
tance ; and everywhere, the ranges and 
the peaks, the valleys, the ravines and 
the notches. 

As we readied the summit a wayward 
cloud, rambling over the mountain, made 
an unexpected turn and wrapped us in 
its damp folds. We could only laugh, 
it was such a mischievous caprice, 
button our sweaters more closely and 
walk on, seeing only the stones beneath 
our feet. It stayed but a minute, then 
romped lazily away, to play, perhaps, 
with other mountain climbers over on 
the Carter range. 

From the summit we sttidied the 
panorama in all directions, and also in- 
dulged in coffee at the hotel. Here we 
found our girls' camp hikers, who had 
. shot ahead of us early in the morning. 
They were huddled around the big open 
fireplace and looked frazzled. Their en- 
thusiasm of the night before was gone. 
I heard only a few feeble thrums from 



Till- HIGHEST PATH IN NEW ENGLAND 



the ukelele. Their young eyes looked 
worn and weary. They had changed 
their plans and were not going down 
i\ rough Tuckerman but back to their 
camp by the nearest trail. They stared 
with a kind of dull astonishment at us 
old fogies, still "going strong." As we 
went out to face the gale upon the sum- 
mit, they drew closer to the fire. 

We followed the winding . carriage 
road a short distance down the easterly 
side ; looked across the massive Great 
Gull to the Northern Peaks, noted the 
points we had traversed the day before, 
and remembered how the line of this 
carriage road had looked from the sum- 
mit of Madison. 

The clouds were growing very frolic- 
some. Now Jefferson would be lost to 
new; then Madison was capped; then 
in a twinkling all the world because clear 
as crystal, with the big downy tilings 
riding off to sport in the far high 
heavens. Across our own path, a care- 
less gray play-fellow wandered in hap- 
hazard fashion. And we, anxious to 
avoid two over- talkative females from 
the Summit House, who had attached 
themselves to our party, all too evident- 
ly for the day, and were enriching our 
lives with tales of their journeyings in 
China, Mexico, and far and near every- 
where, in that endless uninteresting 
fashion, that habitual travelers some- 
times have; we, I say, took advantage 
cf friend cloud. With no little diffi- 
culty we got a few paces ahead of our 
new companions. Talking so rapidly, 
they could not walk quite as fast as we 
cou'd on a pinch. Besides they were 
unsuspecting and entirely absorbed in 
describing a million dollar hotel in 
Alessandria. The cloud was there. We 
stepped within. Then moving off the 
carriage road a few feet to the right, 
sull covered, we waited, completely 

f We, heard their voices, their foot- 
~Wl£ even.as they passed by. "Every 
y&A m the hotel was of brass." Groping 
«vWv:-r/ we found a huge boulder to 



crouch behind when the cloud lifted. 
They returned, searching. We heard 
discussion. At last they decided we 
were around the bend in the road 
ahead, turned again and hurried on in 
hopes of overtaking us. And we have 
never known whether every room in that 
Egyptian hotel had a both as well as a 
brass bed. 

Huntington Ravine is worth looking' 
down into and across at the huge moun- 
tainous sloping rock steep of Nelson's 
crag. Beneath us, so sharply beneath 
that some of us did not care to be too 
near the ed^c, lay the wild and seldom 
trod chasm of the ravine. 

We were, now at the foot and on the 
easterly side of the cone of Washington. 
A plateau, called the Alpine Garden runs 
along this side of the mountain and we 
passed over it on our way to the head- 
wall of Tuckerman Ravine. Rare artic 
plants known no where else in New 
England are found here and very beauti- 
ful are some of the diminutive flowers ; 
but to the casual eye the place does not 
give the impression of a garden. It 
certainly is not cultivated or even culled 
of rocks. 

Tuckerman is the most heralded of 
the ravines, and the tramper's favorite. 
We lunched on the head-wall and conned 
the scenery well while the water for our 
tea prepared itself to boil. We strolled 
out to the heights of Boott Spur, over 
the flats of the Davis Path, known as 
Bigelow Lawn, breathed long and deeply 
of the views and went on, to the Hang- 
ing Cliff, where, lying fiat, we peered 
over the (^dgQ down fifteen hundred feet 
to little Hermit Lake, the jewel of 
Tuckerman Ravine. And everywhere 
down there was the thick green forest 
of stunted fir, so different from our 
open heights. The most interesting 
thing about Mount Washington are the 
clouds but next are the ravines. 

Returning to the Spur we took the 
Camel Trail back over a short mile to 
the Lakes-of-the-Clouds, thus having 
made in our day a circuit of the south- 



266 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Madison, Adams, and Jefferson's Knee 



: 



easterly half of the cone of Washington ; 
a day that had made us near of kin to 
the grand old settler. 

Another lovely sunset and soft blue 
evening, and in the night, exhibition ex- 
traordinary of the wonderful phenom- 
enon] of the Northern Lights. We had 
gone to bed, but rest and sleep were in- 
consequential, when the gods were play- 
ing with the rays of heaven. Last night 
they had experimented with the light- 
ning; tonight the mysteries of the Au- 
rora Borealis were their whim. Can you 
imagine not being satisfied with the 
stars and the moon? 

Out we stumbled into the open night 
and watched the long rays of va "legat- 
ed lights streaming from zenith to hori- 
zon. Pillars of gold and lavender they 
seemed. At first sharply defined and 
radiant, they gradually grew fainter and 
less luminous. An awe inspiring scene 
it was, to marvel at. We watched until 
the show was over, then remembered we 
were sleepy and turned in. 

The next morning we had before us 
the Southern Peaks and homeward 
journey, for that eyening was to see us 
back in Boston. Seven miles over the 



Crawford Bridle Path would bring us 
to the Crawford House at the head of 
Crawford Notch and we planned to 
reach there in time to try their table 
service before taking the early afternoon 
train. 

Bidding farewell to our youthful 
hosts at the hut we followed the path 
around the southerly shoulder of 
Monroe. Deep down on our left was 
Oakes Gulf, and across that, forming the 
separating wall from the Gulf of Slides 
beyond, lay the Montalban Ridge, a 
long mountain line running from Boott 
Spur to Bemis, over which the Davis 
Trail runs. 

The day was fair. We were at one 
with the mountains ! and also with the 
world ! Three days we had lived on the 
heights. What was time ? But yes 
there was the afternoon train and our 
various lines of work on the morrow. 
We must not look over our shoulders 
too much at Washington's dome but on- 
ward march. 

Franklin (5,028 ft.) is a big bleak 
shoulder that one hardly realizes is a 
separate peak, from the trail. I class 
it with Clay as one of the mountains 



THE HIGHEST PATH IN NEW ENGLAND 



267 



that effaces itself on near approach. 
Not so, Mount Pleasant (AJ75 it.), a 
fine rounded crown, looking more than 
its height. The main path goes on one 
side, but we took the loop over the sum- 
mit and stole time for the views near the 
cairn on top. 

All too soon we came to Clinton 
(4,275 ft.) for that meant .the end. of 
life above the tree-line. Not quite 
three full clays ago we had emerged 
from the forest on the side of Madison 
and now we must go down again 
through the realm of trees to the world 
of people and of cares. 

We stood long upon the brow of 
Clinton looking back over the range. 
Hardy Pleasant loomed large and 
smooth in the foreground. Franklin 
was still unpresuming. The two prongs 
of Monroe looked diminutive now in the 
distance, and Washington far away was 
vague in haze. But oh ! the beaut} - , the 
softness and the pure loveliness of this 
open mountain world with its valleys 
and its heights, blue sky and drifting 
clouds ! 

With one master effort we turned our 
backs on it and the scrub fir covered us. 
Three miles down, down, through the 
woodlands, a rather quiet party but full 
to the brim of what the God of the Open 
Air has to give. Once we saw a deer, 
sorrel red, with white tail-plume up- 
lifted, dashing through the underbrush, 
clo.se at hand, startled by our approach. 
Anon we heard the waters of Gibb's 
Brook coursing down the mountain to 
the rendezvous at Crawford? where the. 
Saco River is formed, and we left the 
path, before quite reaching the foot of 
the mountain, to. play and wash in the 
streams ; a last idling with nature, and 
an attempt to "spruce up" for civiliza- 
tion. The men put on their neckties, 
the women donned their skirts. Thus 
arrayed and fit neither for trail nor 
piazza-, we marched out upon the green 



lawn before the. Crawford House, scarce 
able to steer our course over the so 
smooth, a surface, and feeling decidedly 
clumsy footed, for the first time since 
we picked our way over the railroad 
track at Randolph three and one-half 
days ago. 

Suggested Equipment 

Light packs may be enjoyed "as blank- 
ets are supplied at the huts as are also 
meals and simple rations to be taken out 
for lunches. Clothing should be warm 
and strong; two sets of woolen under- 
wear, one for day, one for night. Those 
worn all day are apt to be damp and 
when one can't have a bath a change 
of underclothing is the next best thing. 
Two flannel shirts; firm woolen or dux- 
back knickers ; thick woolen stockings ; 
two or three pair on and an extra pair or 
two in your pack; thick soled comfort- 
able shoes well studded with hob-nails 
and a pair of sneakers or moccasins for 
a change to wear about camp. Heavy 
sweater, and a poncho or some rain- 
proof garment that can be worn over 
pack and also used as a wind proof ; 
small felt cap, tarn, or cap, anything as 
long as you don't care what happens 
to it. Some people take an old pair of 
gloves to protect the hands when climb- 
ing among the rocks. Of course, one's 
own toilet articles including soap and 
towels. Some member of the party 
should carry an emergency kit, contain- 
ing iodine, bandages, adhesive plaster, 
etc. Iver Johnson. Washington St., 
Boston, supply good ones at $1.00 each. 
Also one candle-lantern, one A. M. C. 
guide book, one hatchet among the 
party in case of emergency, and a com- 
pass for each person. The general 
rule is to carry as little, extra as possible, 
so have what you do carry as service- 
able as possible. Remember it can be 
very cold above the tree-line and don't 
scorn woolens. 



' : 



THREE OPINIONS 

On the Legislature of 1923 

I. The Democratic Viewpoint 

By Robert Jackson 



Tip HE President of the United States 
I has lately expressed his grave con- 
cern over the drift toward a pure 
democracy now manifest in oar political 
institutions and warns us that no pure 
democracy has ever survived. It would 
be interesting to speculate upon how far 
higher educational standards, which are 
daily widening their scope to include in 
their benefits a greater and greater pro- 
portion of our youth, might tend to cor- 
rect the evils responsible for the decay 
of the ancient democracies Mr. Hard- 
ing doubtless had in mind. Here in 
New England we still maintain in all 
its original purity and vigor the best 
example of a pure democracy, the town 
meeting; and it has proved so success- 
ful and satisfactory that no substantial 
change ha's been made in the institution 
since the earliest colonial days. 

Of course, President Harding was 
thinking of the nation and not of the 
community. The latter naturally adapts 
itself to a purely democratic form of 
government which in the former would 
spell chaos. But the very success of 
the town meeting is perhaps responsible 
for our reluctance to reform an obvious 
defect in our governmental system, 
namely the huge and unwieldly bulk of 
our New Hampshire House of Repre- 
sentatives. Oligarchies are usually ef- 
ficient but as a people our experience 
leads us to shun them. We hesitate to 
delegate our . powers of governing our- 
selves to the few. So it happens bien- 
nially that we send some 420 representa- 
tives to Concord and then at the con- 
clusion of the session abuse them be- 
cause they have not been as brisk and ef- 
ficient in the performance of their tasks 
as would be possible for a smaller, more 
compact and less cumbersome body. 

This year presents no exception to 
the rule. The crv is raised the legisla- 



ture was too long on the job, it talked 
too much, it was too expensive, it ac- 
complished little. And yet, upon ex- 
amination, it -appears that the legislature 
of 1923 was in many respects certainly 
no worse and, in some respects, superior 
to its predecessors. 

For instance, in a world where all, 



:ive 



perhai 



one s 



secret thoughts 



are regulated by statute, 
evil to have cut down the number of 
laws enacted. To have created no new 
offices, to have raised no salaries (save 
one which w r as increased very slightly), 
to have fought off successfully the 
hordes who clamored for appropriations 
of public money as if it were inexhaus- 
tible manna from the skies and not col- 
lected painfully from every citizen, are 
distinctions of which any legislative 
body may well be proud. Especially 
is this true at a time like the present 
when taxes have been increased by leaps 
and bounds to a point where more than 
one-sixth of the income of trie average 
family goes to meet the expenses of 
government. 

It is difficult to realize what pressure 
is brought to bear upon an Appropria- 
tions committee and particularly upon 
its chairman unless one has had oppor- 
tunity of observation at. close range. 
It seems to be an inexorable rule of hu- 
man nature that those directly interest- 
ed in the activities of government de- 
partments become obsessed with the idea 
that their particular field is the one 
which must be provided for at all costs. 
Economy as a general principle is 'a 
splendid idea until they feel its contract- 
ing rigors upon themselves. Then all sense 
of proportion is lost and almost any 
method which will secure the desired 
appropriation is resorted to. The ideal 
member of an Appropriations Commit- 
tee must combine the finesse of a diplo- 



THREE OPINIONS 



260 



mat with the stubbornness of a mule. 

With tip intention of reflecting upon 
the. personal characteristics of the pres- 
ent committee, it may be said that they 
did aii exit "lent and exceptional job. 
Through their courage .and determina- 
tion, it was possible to reduce die state 
tax for the biennial period a total of 
$ 1,350,000 below the figures of two 
years ago a:; " : every family in New 
Hanx shire wlil benefit thereby. 

In this connection it may not be amiss 
to reveal an incident which shows how 
courage and ju igment will solve per- 
plexing legislative tangles. The budget 
bill appropriates the funds necessary to 
ruvt. all the srate institutions and de- 
partments. Under our constitution, the 
governor is not permitted as in some 
states to veto individual items but must 
accept or refect the bill as a whole. 
Consequently, when some appropriation 
has been beaten in the house or senate 
or it is known \\\&^ the governor is op- 
posed ^Jid wil] veto it, the appropria- 
tion can be attached as a rider to the 
budget bill an i if the budget bill is then 
vetoed, no funds are available for the 
ordinary ruixn y expenses of govern- 
ment. In «tht expressive language of 
the corridors, --^W tiner ''puts the gover- 
nor in a hofer^V This procedure was 
followed by -Hie. senate and an appropria- 
tion of a large asrsjsant to which it was 
known the gavestttf was opposed was 
attached to me&Vcij^fc bill sent up from 
the house. Tk,e la^nse refused to con- 
cur. A cornmiibe -•: conference was 
named. One &£ -the house conferees 



was a Republican with a distinguished 
record of legislative service, and, as his 
many friends have occasion to know, 
all the courage necessary to deal with 
most exigencies. 

The conferees met. The session was 
brief, very brief. The distinguished Re- 
publican spoke for his colleagues of the 
house. "You gentlemen" he said to 
the senate conferees, "will take of! that 
rider or we will let the state depart- 
ments and institutions go without a dol- 
lar and we will let the people know 
who is responsible." The rider was re- 
moved. 

Another exhibition of courage was af- 
forded when the speaker declined to 
recognize a member who was on his 
feet demanding a roll call when a roll 
call would have adjourned the house 
and postponed action on many impor- 
tant measures not in dispute. The 
speaker's action was arbitrary but it was 
justified, as even the victim of the rul- 
ing good-naturedly admitted. 

As for affirmative accomplishment, 
the legislature put upon the statute books 
several tax measures which represent all 
that probably can be accomplished un- 
der the limitations of our constitution. 
It provided liberal aid for agriculture, 
increasing the appropriation over that 
of two years ago, and it appropriated 
more money for new building construc- 
tion than has been provided in many 
years. In spite of these increases, it 
was able, by cutting expenditures in 
other directions, to effect a very sub- 
stantial reduction in the state tax. 



II. The Republican Viewpoint 
By Olin Chase 



A conspiracy o"f political circum- 
J~\ stances h\ \^2X^ which could not 
be folly -rWe£eeii and consequent- 
ly was not fffedfWeJT combatted by the 
Republicans, imfiicT&i upon the people 
of New HaKKpsVure- a legislature, the 
control fj? s^htcfa *fo$ divided between 
the two f©Jj£kdl paffci€£ the Republicans 
dominating trig Se?*afeL and the Demo- 



crats having a substantial majority of 
the house, along with a Democratic 
governor. 

It is often remarked that it is better 
for one party or the other to have a 
free hand in legislation than it is for 
the responsibility to be split. As a 
general 'proposition this may be true, 
but not so in New Hampshire in the 



270 



THE GRAN I i {• MONTHLY 



legislature of 1923. whose banner 
achievement-— its adjournment — was far 
too long delayed, but happily is now ac- 
complished. 

It is scant wonder that when the 
people looked upon the house of repre- 
sentatives, with its wild proposals and 
radical majority leadership, and especial- 
ly when they took a view of that cos- 
mopolitan group from the Gwc^u City, 
in which was practically vested the con- 
trol of the house, that they thanked God 
for the senate. 

Had the senate by some almost unim- 
aginable misfortune been Democratic, 
and as radical in its tendency, as 
amenable to partisanship, and as blind 
to public welfare as was the house, the 
damage which would have accrued to 
the state as a result of this legislative 
session could not have been repaired 
in a generation. 

While there were other matters of 
more importance to the state at large 
in which party consideration predomi- 
nated, perhaps the Democratic gauge 
was as well measured by the handling 
of the contested election cases as in any 
subject which commanded popular at- 
tention. Here the motive could not be 
concealed by a smoke screen of alleged 
merit. In Ward '5 Laconia and in the 
town of Freedom the returns showed no 
election for representative by reason of 
a tie vote. However, the Democratic 
majority in the house wasted no time in 
examining the votes, in taking testi- 
mony, or in making any motions look- 
ing to a determination of what was fair 
in the premises. Time, which on other 
occasions was not highly valued, in this 
instance suddenly took on a price which 
made its use in determining the rights 
of a Republican aspirant for legislative 
honors impracticable. Brute strength 
prevailed and the Democrats were seat- 
ed. 

These events were only preliminary 
to the main performance. In the town 
of Thornton the Republican was elect- 
ed by one vote, both by the finding of 



the secretary of state on examining the 
ballots and by the examination of the 
ballots by the committee on elections. 
The committee on elections, composed 
of nine Democrats and six 'Republicans, 
voted nine to four to seat the Repub- 
lican. After a ridiculous delay, the 
party whip was cracked, the committee 
report was set aside, and the Republican 
nominee was allowed to remain at his 
home in Thornton. 

But the climax of partisan unfairness 
has not yet been readied in this story. 
In Ward 7 Concord an examination of 
the ballots by the secretary of state 
showed a Republican candidate for rep- 
resentative to have been elected by a ma- 
jority of seven. Not a scintilla of evi- 
dence was produced which could arouse 
even a suspicion of fraud, yet the crack 
of the same whip which had functioned 
in the foregoing cases again resounded 
throughout the state house corridors 
with the result that the Democrat re- 
tained his seat. 

Xo attempt at justification of the. at- 
titude of the Democratic majority 
toward these contested election cases 
has been publicly uttered or printed. 

The Democratic claim that the elec- 
tion of their candidate for governor 
and a majority of the house of repre- 
sentatives registered a demand from the 
people for the passage of a forty-eight 
hour law will not stand analysis. Many 
considerations entered into the results 
of the gubernatorial campaign, the most 
important of which was the costly in- 
difference of Republican voters to the 
real import of the situation. Stay-at- 
homes caused Republican defeat, as an 
examination of the returns clearly 
shows. 

In many cases Democrats were elect- 
ed to the house from small towns, nor- 
mally Republican, not one per cent, of 
the citizenship of which favor the enact- 
ment of a forty-eight hour law. 

But whatever the sentiment of the 
state may have been in November, 1922. 
with reference to legislation affecting the 



THREE OPINIONS 



271 



hours of labor, the Republican members 
of the legislature stood ready at all 
times to fulfil the promise of their plat- 
form to the people of New Hampshire, 
which was as follows : 

"****\Ye, therefore, favor the creation 
by the state of a Fact Finding Commis- 
sion which will impartially and exhaus- 
tively investigate all of the essential and 
comparative conditions hearing on the 
controversy over the length of the work- 
ing week for women employed in indus- 
try in this state, to report to the incom- 
ing legislature before its adjournment." 

Two resolutions for a fact-finding 
commission, each of which gave to the 
Democrats a majority of such a commis- 
sion, were introduced early in the ses- 
sion, but both went down to defeat by 
reason of Democratic opposition. 

The position taken and consistently 
maintained by the Republicans on the 
various phases of the problem of taxa- 
tion was equally tenable. 

On the questions involving a modifica- 
tion of the poll tax for women and the 
restoration of a usury law the action of 
the Democratic house majority was ob- 
viously theatrical and manifestly barren 
of sincerity. The principle that legisla- 
tion is in the main a matter of com- 
promise was entirely ignored. 

Education was made to bear the brunt 
of the only expense curtailment which 
came out of the much advertised Demo- 
cratic policy of economy. In lieu of 



money badly needed for building pur- 
poses the state college was given a 
change of name, and a bill providing for 
a dormitory at the Keene Normal School 
was allowed to suffocate in the pocket 
of His Excellency the Governor. 

In the consideration of subjects on 
which the two parties differed in policy 
the Republicans rightfully stood by the 
party's promises to the people of the 
state. In the attempts at legislation on 
matters which did not involve party dif- 
ference the Republicans adhered to the 
traditional Republican policy of con- 
struction. Early in the session co-op- 
eration was adopted as the Republican 
watchword and no Democratic leader 
will deny that the knowledge of experi- 
enced Republican legislators was at the 
disposal of the majority at all times. 
That the legislature accomplished but 
little cannot be charged to partisan op- 
position on the part of the minority. 

The majority opinion of the state of 
New Hampshire is anti-Democratic. 
That that opinion was not allowed to 
assert itself in the legislature of 1923 
was due to unfortunate circumstances, 
not likely to soon recur. The Repub- 
lican record in that legislature is such 
that the party can go to the electorate 
in 1924 with pride and confidence and 
ask to be restored to its rightful place 
in the politics of New Hampshire. 



III. An Independent Viewpoint 



(•(• ^V THY" asks the editor of the 
%jy Granite Monthly, ''did the 
1923 New Hampshire Legis- 
lature accomplish so little?" 

I attended faithfully, the long unpro- 
ductive sessions of this Legislature. I 
suffocated in the gallery, amidst sneezes, 
stale air and unending oratory. I 
haunted the lobbies, I dined with Legis- 
lators, I questioned them, 1 studied them. 
I quarrelled and agreed with them. I 
was not a member. I am not in politics, 
I am an outsider. In fact, I must con- 
fess to being one of those hybrids, those 



much scorned individuals who, at times, 
splits a party ticket. 

Mr. Chase, I understand, is to tell you 
what many Republicans think of this 
much discussed Legislature. Mr. Jack- 
son is to speak for the Democrats and I 
have been asked to present the point of 
view of an Independent. 

It was an unusual session. More 
specific laws were earnestly sought by 
large groups of citizens than at any time 
within the last 10 years, and yet com- 
paratively little was accomplished. 

In previous sessions with which I 



272 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



have been familiar, the Mouse has rare- 
ly been divided on party lines. This 
year division on party lines were the 
rule rather than the exception. For- 
merly when the Senate and House dis- 
agreed in regard to important bills, ef- 
forts were made to arrive at a com- 
promise. This winter neither bod)' 
seemed anxious to find a common 
ground. 

Now, what were the reasons for the 
rather unprecedented and extremely 
destructive partisanship that was char- 
acteristic of this legislature? It was 
certainly not due to any important dif- 
ferences of opinion between the two 
party platforms. For these two plat- 
forms were in remarkable accord. Even 
on the 48-hour question there was little 
difference of opinion. The Democrats 
demanded a state 43-hour law while 
the Republicans, expressing a desire to 
co-operate in all efforts to shorten the 
hours of women and children in indus- 
try, endorsed a national 48-hour law 
and called for an investigation to be 
made at once to determine what State 
action should be taken. 

Why then, should such an irrrecon- 
cilable divergence of views have devel- 
oped between the Democratic Mouse and 
Republican Senate? Why were meas- 
ures' in both branches considered on the 
basis of party expediency rather than 
on their intrinsic merit? Why did the 
House occupy itself chiefly in passing 
bills in the form most likely to arouse 
opposition in the Senate? Why did the 
Senate prefer to kill these bills rather 
than to modify them so as. to bring them 
into accord with Republican principles 
and policies? 

There were roughly speaking two 
large groups of citizens represented in 
the. Legislature : the farmers and the 
industrial workers. The fanners want- 
ed equalization of taxation, a new 
dormitory at the State College, protec- 
tion of fruit growers from injury by 
game birds, etc. The industrial centers 
wanted a 48-hour law for women and 



children working in factories, home 
rule, city government and the abolition 
-of the women's poll tax. The farmers 
were mostly represented by Republicans 
and industrial workers by Democrats. 
These groups were not to my mind 
necessarily antagonistic to each other. 

But to turn them against each other 
and in the confusion and heat of con- 
troversy of a legislative session per- 
suade them that their interests were en- 
tirely hostile was not a hard thing to 
accomplish. It ottered an ideal oppor- 
tunity to those interests who wanted 
nothing accomplished. It offered an 
ideal opportunity to political leaders de- 
siring to draw strict party lines and to 
save issues for coming campaigns. 
That man)' of these individuals took full 
advantage of this situation and did all 
in their power to turn these two ele- 
ments into opposing camps showed 
either an ignorance or callousness not 
only to the welfare of their party but 
to the state that was more than disillus- 
ioning. 

There was, I think, at the beginning 
of the session a decided tendency on 
the part of members of both parties to 
work together toward constructive legis- 
lation in a spirit of compromise. Even 
on the 48-hour law there was consider- 
able expectation that a large portion of 
the Democrats would support the fact- 
finding commission. 

"Let us look as practical men at our 
situation," declared Raymond Stevens, 
one of the Democratic leaders, and who. 
though a staunch supporter of the 48- 
hour law, made a hard fight to swing 
Democratic members to the fact-finding 
resolution introduced by Ex- Gov. Bass. 
"The House is Democratic but the Sen- 
ate is two to one Republican 

Does it do us, does it do the party, does 
it do the people who work in the tex- 
tile mills any good to put it 

through the House and have it killed in 
the Senate? I have enough confi- 
dence in the merit of the 48-hour ques- 
tion so that I am sure that a careful im- 



THREE OPINIONS 



273 



partial investigation will convince fair 
minded men, that it aught to pass.... It 

you vote down this resolution for a 
special investigation you may lose some 
open minded men who really want in- 
formation. And you give every unfair 
man who is really opposed to the forty- 
eight hour law a chance to dodge and 
to justify his vote." 

But the tide suddenly turned over 
night, or to be accurate, over a week 
end, and when the resolution actually 
came to the vote all spirit of compromise 
had gone. Save for a handful, not only 
were the Democrats against it, but to 
my astonishment it was not at all vigor- 
ously supported by Republicans as a 
whole, for more than one-third took 
that occasion to be absent. 

Why? According to some of the 
members, many of the Democratic lead- 
ers fought the passage of the fact find- 
ing resolution fearing it might result 
in the passage of a 48 or a 50 hour week 
and so deprive them of their chief issue 
for the next campaign. As for the 7Z 
Republicans who refused to vote for 
this platform, pledge, one can only con- 
clude that either they were indifferent 
to this, the most important issue of the 
session, or else they too feared the re- 
sults that such an investigation would 
bring. 

After the defeat of the fact-finding 
commission in the House, came the de- 
feat of the 48-hour bill in the' Senate and 
this determined everything that after- 
wards occurred. Industrial workers 
who were incidentally Democrats came 
to look upon the representatives of the 
rural district who were incidentally Re- 
publicans as hostile to all their interests. 
It created an altogether false situation. 
The Democrats became the champions 
of industrial labor, the Republicans 
champions of the farmers. The corpora- 
tion lobby and the more intense political 
leaders fanned the flames and encour- 
aged his class alignment to serve their 



personal aims to the end that little of 
importance was accomplished. 

But, you will ask, were there none 
out of the 417 members who made any 
attempt to work for measures on their 
own merits, who were more interested 
in carrying out their party platforms 
than in playing the game of politics? 



Yes. There was a small 



TOUp ot 



men and women of both parties who 
amidst bitter criticism worked untiring- 
ly, and had throughout the session, a 
clean and consistent record of support 
for constructive and needed legislation. 
The fact that a good bill was advocated 
by an opposing party did not prevent 
members of this group from support- 
ing it. This group was too small to 
accomplish much. But that party and 
class lines were not more strongly drawn 
and that a few bills of value to both the 
farmer and the wage earner were pass- 
ed was due in my mind largely to their 
efforts. 

The feeling amongst these members 
was very strongly against intense par- 
tisanship in Legislative work and es- 
pecially against class alignment. "New 
Hampshire," declared one, "is not ex- 
clusively an agricultural or an indus- 
trial State, it is both and the interests 
of both should be equally considered. 
Political power is closely divided be- 
tween the two, and if they work at cross 
purposes, all progress will be checked." 

As an independent, I confess to a 
hearty approval of this statement. I do 
not believe that we shall ever again have 
quite such a partisan session of our 
Legislature. Doubtless, many of the 
members another time will better under- 
stand the forces they have to cope with. 
May our political parties realize the 
need of aggressive constructive pro- 
grams, giving fair consideration to all 
classes and sections and may they put 
up for candidates men who will fear- 
lessly and honestly carry out these party 
platforms. 



' 



• 



«""7%! 



Da is y Dea n e Wi l li a m s o n 

Head of the Home Demonstration Work at 
Nezv Hampshire University 



'The one who teaches us how to dress properly, how to feed our babies, and 

how to make our housework easier" — this in the words of Mrs. B. in the 

article which follows is a description which may be applied to Miss 

Williamson and the valuable work she is doing for the state. 



H'JS 



ALONG GAME MARY ANN 

How Home Demonstration Work Helps A Community 



By Daisy Deane Williamson 



REPARATIONS for some sort of 
big time were" in progress at the 
Grange Hall in the village. 
Mary Ann, who had just moved in the 
clay before, paused long enough in her 
labors of straightening up the house 
to watch a few women who were 
walking past on their way to the 
Hall. She knew there were going to 
be "big doings" because every one 
wa.s hustling and excited. She had 
also seen various packages and par- 
cels being carried in. Of course Mary 
Ann was not extremely curious, but 
she really was interested in seeing 
the people she must eventually meet 
and work with. And she was just a 
bit blue — furniture was piled about 
her in disorder, dinner dishes were 
unwashed, and worst of all, she was 
among strangers who might or might 
not welcome her into their midst. 

She turned from the window only 
when she was sure the women had 
gone to the Hall, and encountered a 
boy who put his head in the doorway 
and asked if he might have a pail of 
water to give his "tin Lizzie" a drink. 

"Going up to the Grange Hall to- 
night?" he asked. 

"Why, no. What's going on?" 

"Oh a big community meeting, and 
a big feed at 6.30. Haven't you seen 
the posters stuck up at every cross- 
road? It's the same meeting the 
preacher announced Sunday at 
church." 

"What will they have besides eats?" 
said Mary Ann. 

"Oh, some folks of the Extension 
Service of the New Hampshire State 
College will be there. That's where 
I am going in three years. The 
County Club Leader, County Agri- 
cultural Agent, and the Home Demon. 
will help us make out our program 
for the year. Better come up." 

He jumped into his Ford and soon 



disappeared over the hill. Mai}' Ann 
looked wistfully toward the Hall. 
The Extension Service, Count}" Agri- 
cultural Agent, "Home Demon." 
What in the world was a "Home 
Demon?" 

The clock on the table struck the 
hour of three. Mary Ann began to 
place rugs on the floor, move about 
pieces of furniture, and hang pictures. 
But during the whole process the 
words "Home Demon." kept running 
through her mind. 



The Grange Hall was lighted from 
the kitchen to the auditorium. The 
community had gathered, and judging 
from the laughter which burst forth 
at intervals, the people were having a 
good time. The tables were loaded 
with an abundance of baked beans 
just from the ovens, brown bread, 
pickles, pies and cakes. 

"Guess the whole community has 
turned out tonight," said Mr. B. 
"Seems good to see everybody to- 
gether again." 

Just then Bobby ran up to him and 
said, "Dad, I asked Mary Ann to come 
up tonight, but I suppose she's too 
tired. She just moved in the Smith 
house yesterday." 

"Land sakes alive," said Mrs. B. 
"How did you know her name was 
Mary Ann? Isn't it too bad nobody 
thought to ask her to come to supper?" 

"But I did," said Bobby. 

Mrs. B. untied her apron strings 
and laid the apron aside, brushed back 
her stray locks, and started toward 
the door. 

"Fine community spirit we've 
shown I must say. Here we are all 
ready to sit down to this nice hot 
supper without giving one thought 
to Mary Ann and her husband. I'm 
going- after them." 

Mrs. B. disappeared quickly down 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 




At Mary Ann's a row of old chairs receiv 
bath and a new coat of 

the road. In a few minutes she came 
back bringing Mary Ann and her 
husband who, though shy at first 
among strangers, soon succumbed to 
the general friendliness and genial 
atmosphere and felt at home. .Mary 
Ann whispered to John that she knew 
the)' were .going to like living in this 
town for the people were so friendly. 

The horn of a Ford sounded just 
outside the door. 

"It's our agent," said Mrs. A. who 
rushed out to greet her. "Too bad 
she had a meeting this afternoon and 
couldn't get here for supper." 

In came a bright-eyed, smiling girl 
with a pressure cooker in one hand, a 
bundle of bulletins in the other hand, 
and a roll of Sanit-as oil cloth under 
her arm. Mary Ann saw that every 
one liked this newcomer, for they all 
hurried forward to greet her, Mrs. 
B. took, her straight to Mary Ann, 
saying, "I want you to meet our new 
neighbor. She has just moved into 
this town." To Mary Ann she said, 
"This is our Home Demonstration 
Agent, the one who teaches us how 
to dress properly, how to feed our 
babies, and how to make our house- 
work easier. She knows how to do 
everything." 

"Home Demon," was beginning to 
mean something to Mary Ann. She 
hoped she would have the opportunity 



cd a rejuvenating potash 
paint. 



to learn some 
of these 
things. The 
chairman call- 
ed the meet- 
ing to order, 
a resume of 
last year's 
w ork w a s 
given — won- 
derful accom- 
p 1 i s h ments 
along agricul- 
tural lines 
with men and 
boys and 
along home 
economic lines by women and girls. The 
problems confronting the community 
were discussed and plans of work to be 
carried out were made. Finally, a pro- 
gram, a goal to be reached, was laid 
out for the women to be carried on un- 
der the guidance of the home demonstra- 
tion agent. 

Mrs. A., for instance, undertook 
charge of supervising the making of 
10 dress forms, 12 spring and 12 fall 
hats, and 14 foundation patterns ; Mrs. 
B. undertook to be local leader of the 
food and health department which in- 
cluded plans for dental clinics with a 
program of changing the food habits 
of 15 different families, and in Mrs. 
C's home improvement department 12 
refinished pieces of furniture, 9 chairs 
caned, 20 articles made in basketry 
was the goal laid out. 

"Ladies," said the agent, "you have 
adopted a fine program of work. You 
have set goals and appointed leaders 
to take care of the details of the meet- 
ings, arouse interest, and report ac- 
complishments. You remember that 
I told you that, since this county has 
thirty-two communities all clamoring 
for work, I cannot promise to be 
with you more than five times during 
the year. I am planning to hold a 
training school for Home Improve- 
ment leaders at .some town where the 
women will be taught how to refinish 



ALONG CAME MARY ANN* 



277 



furniture. A 
similar school 
will he held 
to take up 
caning of 
chairs, and 
stenciling of 
oil cloth. 

"I £ y o u 
women will 
agree to send 
two women 
to each of 
these schools 
to learn how 
to do this 





.L, 








- 








-y. 










i 


i 








i£* 



The value of the preventive work done by the extension service 
cannot he estimated. 



work and he willing to accept this in- 
formation from these trained workers 
at such meetings as you can plan for, 
the Home Improvement work will be 
cared for quite nicely." 

To Alary Ann it seemed little short 
of thrilling that here in this village 
she could have, at her disposal, the 
advice of experts on all the problems 
of home making. As the agent talked, 
Mar}- Ann's mind translated her 
words into practical saving of dollars 
and cents. She and John had reluc- 
tantly decided that the furniture that 
they had brought with them was so 
shabby and battered that it must soon 
be replaced. How -could they afford it? 
Here was the Home Demonstration 
agent describing a training school soon 
to be held at which she could learn 
how to renin ish those chairs. Dress 
making had always been a problem to 
her but when the home demonstration 
agent talked about it, Alary Ann could 
see her summer wardrobe taking 
shape almost by magic it sounded so 
easy. The agent spoke of cooking and 
food planning and Alary Ann had a 
guilty feeling that she had not always 
managed wisely. She. made a mental 
resolution to take full advantage of 
the information of the college exten- 
sion service. 

The longer the agent talked, the 
more enthusiastic Mary Ann became, 
but when the speaker touched on 



millinery, she almost jumped out of 
her seat. That was something she knew 
about. She whispered to Airs. B. 
"1 u>€.d to be a milliner." And before 
she knew it, she found herself ap- 
pointed to take charge of that branch 
of the work herself. And so by the 
time the meeting came to a close and 
the County Agricultural Agent, the 
County Club Leader and the Home 
Demonstration Agent had climbed into 
their Fords, not only had the two 
women volunteered to attend the 
training school for Home Improve- 
ment but each different phase of the 
home demonstration work to be car- 
ried on in this particular village had 
been placed under the supervision of 
local leaders, each of whom had a 
definite plan of work to be accom- 
plished. 

The winter became for Alary Ann 
the busiest time she had ever known. 
A trip to Pembrook for the training 
school was followed by a session 
m the back shed at Alary Ann's where 
a row of old chairs received a rejuve- 
nating potash bath and a fresh coat 
of paint. Airs. D., who had learned 
in another county how to make dress 
forms, included Alary Ann in her class 
and she saw her dressmaking prob- 
lems vanish into thin air. 

Somehow, Alary Ann's enthusiasm 
was contagious. The whole town was 
working harder and accomplishing 



278 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



I 






& * 



: 

. •' •■'■ 



,..L. 1^ _____ 



"Airs. C. reported that six chairs had been caned." 



more this year than ever before and 
Mary Ana's millinery classes were the 
most popular social functions in the 
town that winter. 

Finally, the time of the real mill- 
inery meeting arrived. Alary Ann 
was at the hall before any one else 
came. She had the hat shapes, braids, 
and trimmings all laid out on the 
tables, every one marked with the 
name of the owner. Pins, needles, 
and thread were ready for those who 
might not bring such supplies. She 
had placed a poster announcing the 
meeting in the post office. She and 
Mrs. A. had reachd every woman in 
the community by telephone, whether 
or not she was a Farm Bureau mem- 
ber, and urged her to be present. 
When the H, D. A. arrived she found 
twenty-five women ready for business. 
She and Mary Ann worked as fast and 
as steadily as possible all day, giving a 
suggestion here, a little help there, 
and by night twenty- five women went 
home each with a hat that would have 
done credit, as far as workmanship and 
good taste are concerned, to any milli- 
ner. So ever> r few weeks the women 



of the community met, and did their 
part toward carrying out, to a success- 
ful finish, the program of work as 
planned. 

Finally came the last meeting of the 
year. Once more the Grange Hall was 
lighted from top to bottom. Once 
more the community gathered with 
great baskets of food. Baked beans, 
pies, cakes? No, the menu this time 
consisted of boiled ham, whole wheat 
bread, scalloped potatoes, cabbage 
salad, ice cream and cake. Beans 
are a fine food, but the H. D. A. said 
that they should not be eaten every 
day, — that cabbage was an excellent 
food — that scalloped potatoes were 
good to serve because they gave an 
opportunity to use • milk — that whole 
grain bread should be served occa- 
sionally — that ice cream and cake 
made a better dessert than so much 
pie — that boiled ham was easily pre- 
pared, and was very good served 
with scalloped potatoes and cabbage 
salad. Then there was coffee for the 
adults, but none for the children. They 
were served milk. 

Everyone forgot he had taxes to 



ALONG CAME MARY ANN 



279 



K'^t 



pay, cows to milk, poultry to 
care for, debts to meet, fami- 
lies to feed. Jokes and laugh- 
ter kept more serious thoughts 
In the background. 

Once more the crowd 
gathered in the hall above. 
The program started with 
community singing — The 
Long, Long Trail, Liza jane. 
Smiles, Pack lip Your 
Troubles, ending with Old 
Macdonald Had a Farm, E-I- 
E-I-O. 

The project leaders were 
called on for a report of their 
year's work. Airs. A. said 
that their goals had been tx- 
cc^dcd in every line of the 
clothing work. Eighteen dress 
forms had been made; value, 
$270. Twenty-five spring hats and 
twelve fall hats were completed at the 
meetings, and Mary Ann had later as- 
sisted the women in making ten more ; 
value, $220. Eighteen foundation pat- 
terns had been made. With these, ten 
dresses, nine, waists and five skirts had, 
been made; value. $80. Total value 
of clothing work done. $570. 

Mrs. B. reported that twenty fami- 
lies had changed their food habits 
with the result that fewer headaches, 
fewer colds, less irritability, less indi- 



■ 



■ ■ 



£ 



■■::-.. 



• 



Basketry is one of the things taught by the Home 
Demonstration Agents. 



gestion, and better all-round physical 
conditions were noted. 

Ilie people of the community were 
in favor of the County Dental Cdinic 
and up to date $150 had been sub- 
scribed by this town toward buying 
the equipment. Mrs. B. also stated 
that at their next town meeting a re- 
quest for funds to carry on this work 
would be put in the. town warrant. 

Mrs. C. said twelve chairs, one bu- 
reau, and six tables had been re-fin- 
ished, six chairs caned, and thirteen 

trays and ten 

! flower baskets 



■ 



1 



'Mrs. A. undertook the supervising of making dress forms. 



I had been com- 
| pleted. Mary 
Ann volun- 
teered the in- 
formation 
that although 
the goal for 
caning chairs 
had not yet 
been reached, 
s h e was 
working on 
three more 
and w o u 1 d 
have them 



-x 



80 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



done in a few days. It was also report- 
ed that under the leadership of Mary 
Ann, the community had set out shade 
trees in the school yard, and had suc- 
ceeded in establishing a traveling library 
in the rural schools of that district. 

With this wonderful record of the 
people, the state home demonstration 
leader from the State College was 
called upon to tell what had been 
accomplished in the Home Demon-^f 
stration work of the state during- the'' 
last year.' Under the guidance of 
this department of the extension ser- 
vice, she stated that $5,561.8-1 had 
been saved in new hats made and old 
ones remodeled; dress forms, pat- 
terns and garments had heen made 
with a net saving of $13,920.47. In 
tlie home improvement division, 56 
pieces of furniture had been reiin- 
lshed, 531 pieces of basketry had been 
made, 625 yards of oil cloth had been 
made into table cloths, runners, etc., 
and stenciled; 20 kitchens had been 
rearranged, 70 expense account books 
had been placed, and it had been esti- 
mated that 38,238 hours of labor had 
been saved by the new methods of 
equipment, applied in the homes 
through the advice and help of the 
Home Demonstration Department. 



In the house planning division, 
rooms had been remodeled, decorated 
and some landscape gardening 
planned. In the food and health de- 
partment, as many as 97 families had 
changed their food habits and adopted 
improved health habits. Septic 

tanks, modern plumbing and sinks had 
been installed in 16 different houses, 
12 community nurses had been em- 
ployed and two dentil clinics had been 
'started. 

The meeting came to a close all too 
soon, it seemed. As Mary Ann and 
John walked down the hill to their lit- 
tle home she said, "I was glad we 
made such a good record. Next year, 
we can do more to help things along." 

As Mrs.; A., Mrs. B., Mrs. C, and 
on down to Mrs'. Z., went home they, 
too, talked of what line work had been 
done. "We can do more next year," 
they said. 

The Home Demonstration Agent 
riding along home in her little coupe 
said to herself, "This town was once 
rather a dead place — little community 
spirit, little interest, little effort to- 
ward real development. Along came 
Mary Ann. Well, here's hoping this 
county will be full of Mar) 7 Ann's be- 
fore another year." 



THE NORTHEASTERN FOREST 
EXPERIMENT STATION 



By K. W. Woodward 



T last the Northeast is to have its 
^ own fore>t experiment station with 
a competent stafT working on our 
most pressing problems. Congress has 
said so. Where it will be placed has 
not yet been definitely decided but New 
Hampshire's central location, and wide 
variety of forest types give it distinct 
advantages over its competitors for the 
honor. 

What will such a station do? What 
do the agricultural experiment stations, 



the Forest Service Labratory at Madi- 
son, . Wisconsin, the forest experiment 
stations in the western states, do? Why 
does every other progressive nation in 
the world maintain such stations ? Why 
do such commercial concerns as the Ko- 
dak Company have their own research 
establishments? In brief the answer 
to these questions is that even businesses 
out for profit alone consider it a sound 
investment to set aside a certain portion 
of their income to work out new 



NORTHEASTERN EXPERIMENT STATION 



281 



- recesses and improvements, on old 
processes. 

That is exactly the situation with 
reference to our business of growing 
: r/.'er. We know that we must either 
grow it or go without and to go with- 
out would curtail and hamper every en- 
terprise from cooking the meals at home 
to making shoes with wooden, heels and 
p%er wooden lasts. Obviously it you 
feave a job to do and it is a new one 
you want the best of information. Un- 
fortunately the only places where the 
business of growing trees has been con- 
'.: rted long enough to permit much cx- 
perience to he accumulated have differ- 
ent conditions than these under which 
we must work. In other words ■in 
learning from the French and Scandi- 
navians we must not take over their 
methods intact. They must be adapted 
to our conditions. Their species are 
different, "heir markets are unlike ours, 
and their history has not been ours. Our 
pr I ferns must be worked out in our 
own environment. 

To take the principles of forestry 
and work oat methods applicable to our 
. Hidiiions h no small task. In the first 
place the r;p takes from fifty to one 
mm Ire \I years to mature. Mistakes in 
judginent cannot be corrected _nexjt 
year as they can be with an annual crop. 
Decisions tmast be reached which will 
-rani the test of time and right judg- 

\ its can c:'-'.y .be made after prayerful 
consideration of all the facts seen in 
their proper perspective. This is no job 
for even a wealthy corporation. It in- 
volves expetriwsfciits that will take years 
to yield resuHS- What is needed is 
some ten. holy endowed institution which 
can take u$> 4ke fundamental long-time 
I "•; ' lems mr forestry and work them 
through to a conclusion just as the agri- 
'■"- tura! exjp^drtent stations have done 
for the t£Haas* land problems, the dairy 
roan's troubk-S/and the potato growers' 
Bisect an 1 -femffus enemies. 

How ths$ wiil be done can best be 
answered \)y filing how it has been 



done in some concrete cases. The 
planting of trees in the semi -arid por- 
tion of the United States has long been 
one of our national aspirations. Free 
land was offered to settlers who would 
plant woodlots of as specified size. But 
the results were meager until the problem 
was attacked painstakingly. The species 
best able to withstand the dry conditions 
were determined, the exact size to use, 
and the best time to plant were worked 
out with the result that trees now grow 
where they never were able to get a 
foothold before. 

The question of the exact effect of 
forest cover on runoff had long been a 
moot point. Arguments were urged 
on both sides with equal vehemence but 
the question is settled once for all now. 
Two watersheds, one forested and one 
not, were watched for a term of years 
and the run-off carefully measured 
month by month. 

For a long time the conditions under 
which Douglas fir reproduced were un- 
known. The evidence collected from 
the cutover areas was contradictory. 
Experiment and checked observations 
showed that no seed trees were neces- 
sary after cutting. There was enough 
seed stored in the duff to cover the area 
completely. This single fact means -the 
saving of thousands of dollars. 

But granted that a forest experiment 
station is desirable, can we afford even 
desirable expenditures in these times of 
stringency? Certainly nothing in the 
nature of extravagance should be toler- 
ated. But all that is to be attempted is 
a modest beginning which will cost much 
less than a half cent an acre of forest 
land. Such an economical and prudent 
people as the Swiss spend nearly double 
that. Certainly here in New Hamp- 
shire with over half our area better 
adapted to tree growth than any other 
purpose and wood using industries one 
of our principal sources of income, a 
forest experiment station is merely a 
cheap form of insurance to a vital in- 
dustry. 



&x 



AN ANTHOLOGY OF ONE POEM POETS 

Compiled by Arthur Johnson 



Ralph Waldo Emerson once said. 
as suddenly as the thought struck 
him, when he and a friend of his. 
who long ago described it to me, 
were hunting for a lost poem to- 
gether: "I should like to have . an 
anthology of the one-poem poets !" — 
in sympathy with which fugitive 
wish the poems to be published un- 
der this heading from month to month 



have been selected, though it is not 
presumed their authors have not, in 
come cases, written other poems 
which to some tastes are of equal 
or perhaps even greater merit. It is 
probable that some at least of the 
poems here published will be collected 
later in book form. Suggestions will 
be welcome. 

A. J. 



DEDICATION 

(Of Lord Vyet and other poems) 
By Arthur Christopher Benson 

Friend, of my infinite dreams, 

Little enough endures ; 
Little howe'er it seems, 

It is yours, all yours. 

Fame hath a fleeting breath, 
Hopes may be frail or fond; 

But Love shall be Love till death, 
And perhaps beyond. 



LORD VYET 

What, must my lord be gone? 
Command his horse, and call 
The servants, one and all. 

"Nay, nay, 1 go alone." 

My Lord, I shall unfold 
Thy cloak of sables rare 
To shield thee from the air : 

"Nay, nay, I must be cold." 

At least thy leech I'll tell 

^ome drowsy draught to make, 
Less thou should toss awake. 

"Nay, nay, I shall sleep well." 



My lady keeps her bower 
I hear the lute delight 



POEMS 



9X1 



The dark and frozen night, 
High, up within the tower. 

Wilt thou that she descend ? 
Thy son is in the hall, 

Tossing his golden ball, 
Shall he my lord attend ? 

"Nay, sirs, unbar the door, 
The broken lute shall fall ; 
My son will leave his ball 

To tarnish on the floor." 

Yon bell to triumph rings ! 
To greet thee, monarchs wait. 
Beside their palace gate. 

"Yes, I shall sleep with kings." 

My lord will soon alight 

With some rich prince, his friend, 
W T ho shall his ease attend. 

"I shall lodge low tonight." 

My lord hath lodging nigh ? 
"Yes, yes, I go not far, — 
And yet the furthest star 

Is not so far as I." 



A PALAESTRAL STUDY 

By Edward Cr a croft Lefroy 

The curves of beauty are not softly wrought; 

These quivering limbs by strong hid muscles held 

In attitudes of wonder, and compelled 

Through shaped more sinous than a sculptor's thought, 

Tell of dull matter splendidly distraught, 

Whisper of mutinies divinely quelled, — 

Weak indolence of flesh, that long rel>elled, 

The spirit's domination bravely taught. 



And all man's loveliest works are cut with pain. 
Beneath the perfect art we know the strain, 
Intense, defined, how deep so e'er it lies. 
From each high master-piece our souls refrain, 
Not tired of gazing, but with stretched eyes 
Made hot by radiant flames of sacrifice. 



art 






k 






' 



..,- >•• ■ ■" ~ 



-:-\* „: _ ■; »^.;^V_-.-_^-] 



The old "Peg Mill" at East Landaff where the memorable Town Meeting was held. 

THE BUNGA ROAD 

An Exciting Controversy at Landaff 
By G. G. Williams 



THE old fashioned Town Meeting 
with the excitement of its po- 
litical and factional controver- 
sies, has. in most towns, become an- 
cient history — some of which makes 
interesting listening in these days. 

In many of these struggles the 
manoeuvering was worthy of a better 
cause on account of the selfishness 
underlying the action of both sides. 
Many and bitter, and more or less 
prolonged, have some of these strug- 
gles been and perhaps none have 
answered to ail the above conditions 
to a greater extent than the "Bunga 
Road," which was a "bone of con- 
tention" in the town of Landaff, N. 
IL, during the decade, 1350 — 1860. 

The cost to the town, before it was 
finally settled, was some twenty 
thousand dollars beside all that was 
spent out of the private funds of in- 
dividuals ; and the expense of its 



building had to be added to the above 
amounts. 

This highway began at Bowen Hill 
in the east part of the town (now 
Easton) and practically followed the 
valley of the Wild Ammonoosuc 
river to the village of Swiftwater in 
Bath, a distance of some seven miles. 

The residents of the eastern and 
southern parts of Landaff, together 
with the ctizens of the adjoining town 
of Benton, were anxious for the road, 
because it made a quick and easy out- 
let for wood and lumber. 

The residents of West Landaff 
(now Landaff,) opposed it on the 
ground that they .would derive no 
benefit from it and so did not pro- 
pose to pay toward the cost of its 
construction. 

So bitter was the feeling relative 
to it that family ties, for the time, 
were severely strained, as in the case 



THE BUNGA ROAD 



28S 



- James C. and Rufus C. Noyes, 
brothers, who for years were pitted 
against each other for tiie office of 
Moderator. 

Party politics was forgotten and the 
candidates for the various offices 
Were voted for, be- 
c&a:se of their atti- 
tude toward the 
"Bunga Road." 

Thus the conten- 
ts* a went on from 
year to year. 

Voters from other 
towns were import- 



Although no portion of the 



roaa 



e 


1 I ■ V 


both 


factions 


a 


nd 


kept 


1 o n g 


■t~ 


- ~r~ vr 


h to 


give a 


o 


: lor 


of vot 


ng resi- 


Q 


race 


only 


ninety 


'~ 


ays* 


residence then 


'■■ 


ein °' 


neces 


sary. 




Yoi 


ing men were 


^ 


iven 


their 


board 


a 


•:q allowec 


to at- 


- , - 


school 


during 


l! 


"i-t \\ 


inter so as to 


h 


aye 


them 


vote on 


this 


road 


question 



at the annual March 
el ection. 

11 has been hand- 



M .. .. 



ed 

: : ■:: that on 



• S 

Franc 



iwn bv tradi- 
voter 
few rods over the line in 
next to East Landaff, and 
own to be in favor of the road, 
:.t to bed one night in Franconia 
_ the next morning waked in Lan- 
t£. his bouse havinsf been taken 



Probably no one spent more time 

and money in the fight than did 

Daniel Whitcher 



across the 



ne 



having 

while he 



was appar 



the road and soon after 
?e moving experience 



ne votes :: 

- at the hoi 
was: reverse: and he awoke again in 
^ranconia ^rhere his house had for- 
ts zrly beer. 

Pcrh'rs it would be incorrect to 
openly make accusation of bribery in 
-v matter, but in those strenuous 
£^y?. candidates and their associates 
v '-re incline :. to be friendly to those 
' - -- stood :r: need of friendship. 



was in the town of Benton, yet the 
excitement rati as hi»h and practi- 
cally the- same conditions obtained, 
as in Laudait and its influence en- 
tered into the political, social, educa- 
tional and religions 
life of that town — 
the rival candidates 
for Representative 
to the Legislature. 
b eing brother.s-in 
| law. 

As an illustration 
of local conditions, 
this incident may 
be mentioned. Sa- 
rah Glasier. a come- 
ly young woman of 

3 Bento n. promised 
j Henry Sisco that 

4 she would marry 
him if he would 
vote for George W. 
Mann for represent- 

i ative to the Legis- 
. T lature. 

Henry would pref- 
erably have voted 
for Daniel Whitch- 
er, but the promise 
and prospect of the 
attractive Sarah was 
too much for him 
and he faithfully performed his part 
of the contract, but when he came to 
claim Sarah's hand, she told him that 
she "could never think of marrying a 
man base enough to sell his vote." 

On March 10th, 1857 the voters in 
Landaff favoring the road came into 
the ascendency and the next year the 
annual Town Meeting was held in 
Moses Rowland's Hail, which was in 
the old "Mansion House." 

This house stood a short distance 
north of School-house No. 2, in what 
is now Easton and was built by Na- 
than Kinsman, who came to Landaff 
in 1783 and for whom M't. Kinsman 
was named. 

This house was burned in the Near 
1858. 



i 



286 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



The "Union Meeting-house" in Eas- 
ton was built the same year, although 
the pews were not installed and in 
March, 1859, the Annual Town .Meet- 
ing was held in this building. 

Here the Bunga Road, advocate's 
were again victorious ,-in the election 
of officers, with Sargent Moody as 
first Selectman, 

The last town-meeting held in East 
Landaff as such, was in March, I860,, 
and was held in the building known as 
the "'Peg Mill" on the crossroad 
leading from the Main Highway, 
near Easton Postoffice, to the present 
residence of Charles A. Young. 

Little did anyone realize that morn- 
ing what a tornado was to race 
through the room on the second floor 
of this building, before the sun had 
reached meridian. 

Rumblings of it, however, were 
heard as the voters arrived. 

Sargent Moody called the meeting 
to order, read the warrant and voting 
proceeded for a Moderator, as was the 
custom. 

When the result was announced, it 
was found that James C. Noyes had 
been elected and the Bunga Road was 
now assured, for that faction had con- 
trol of the election. 

Some of the West Landaft voters 
raised the cry "Seize the check-list." 
and a rush was made for it to destroy 
it and .so make the meeting illegal, 
but as they came toward the rail 
which enclosed the officers, Sargent 
Moody drew from the desk a revolver 
and pointing it at the leaders of the 
movement, he thundered, "The first 
man vdio dare:, come inside this rail 
will have a funeral tomorrow." 

William Shattuck seized an old- 
fashioned chair and pulling it apart, 
handed the several pieces to his 
friends to use for defence, if occa- 
sion seemed to demand it. 

The East side voters had secured 
as counsel relative to the matter of 
the check-list, the late Judge Harry 
Bingham, a lawyer of Littleton, 



while Rand and Cummings of Lisbon 
represented, the west side voters. 

Charles O. Whitcher, now of Til- 
ton, X. H., and George C. Judd of 
Easton, then small boys, relate that 
their fathers, seeing that affairs w r ere 
getting serious, told them to go down 
stairs and wait until quiet was re- 
stored. 

Mr. Bingham, the lawyer, also 
noting the same thing, thought the 
fresh air would be beneficial and so 
started for the exit clearing the whole 
stairway at one bound, remarking as 
he struck the ground. "I don't think 
it is counsel they want , but more 
room, and they can have all I am 
occupying." 

Otis Willey had allowed his curly 
hair to grow r all winter without being 
cut. Some one with whom he was 
arguing grabbed him by it and started 
dragging him about, but as soon as 
he could free himself, he rushed to 
a neighboring house and got the 
woman living there to cut off his 
curls regardless of style and then 
he returned to the room again. 

Pie had hardly entered when he 
came in contact with John (Buck) 
Chandler in an argument. To a state- 
ment he made, Chandler retorted, 

"That's a lie." The words were 

hardly uttered when Willey swung 
his right hand to Chandler's mouth, 
which left "Old Buck" minus four 
front teeth. 

The more conservative of the voters 
from the West side, seeing that they 
were defeated, went home and those 
in power voted to build the road. 

Probably no one person expended 
so much money and energy in this 
controversy as did Daniel Whitcher, 
whose portrait we present herewith. 

He was the leader in the litigation 
in favor of the road and when it was 
built he supervised its construction. 

After the road was built, those who 
opposed it recognized its value, old 
emnities ceased, and those who had 
before been so bitter against each 
other became reconciled. 



m 






Langwatcr HoIIIston: The greatest sire of the 
Guernsey breed. 

GUERNSEYS THAT PAY 

some Champions at the Rockingham Farm 

By H. Styles Bridges 



THE 6q 
i yt 

the otf 

try is fou~ 
Salem, Neia 
located ata 
from Salens 
road to Mai 
erly knows: 
Turnpike, 
half way 1 ; 
It is owned 
been in th~ 
generations. 

The farm 
land farm, 
of which o: 
vation. TIm 
Tisdale, a v 
ly had char. 
Massachuset 

The herd 
ent owner's 
in 1913. 
comprised o 
chased from 
1915 Mr. 1 
Lang water 
Holliston 28 
sire of Roc< 



:st herd of Guernsey cattle 
v Hampshire, and one of 
standing herds of the coun- 
. at Rockingham Farm in 

Hampshire. The farm is 
:: one and one-half miles 

Depot and is on the main 
Chester, on what was form- 
as the Boston-Concord 

The farm is approximately 
rween Boston and Concord. 

by D. G. Tenney and has 
Tenney family for three 

itsejf is a typical New Eng- 
:-:mprising about 360 acres 
e hundred are under culti- 
fafm is managed by C. E. 
srj able man. who former- 
\t of the dairy herd at the 
3 Agricultural College. 
was founded by the pres- 
father. Mr. C. IT. Tenney, 
The foundation herd was 
five imported females pur- 
ine late F. S. Peer. In 
eraiey purchased from the 
Farms the bull Langwater 
155, the present senior herd 
iiigham Farm and probably 



the greatest living bull of the Guernsey 
breed. Langwater Holliston up to 1919 
had very little opportunity to show his 
worth as the former Mr. Tenney, dur- 
ing his life, did no advanced registry 
testing and many of the get of this bull 
were disposed of at an early age, the 
bulls to the butcher and many of the 
heifers the same way. 

To-day, Langwater Flolliston has ten 
Advanced Registry daughters and five 
Advanced Registry sons, and is the sire 
of two daughters that were world's 
champions in their classes and the grand- 
sire of three granddaughters that are 
world's champions. Once in a long 
time you find a bull that will sire good 
females and occasionally one which will 
make a reputation through his sons. 
But it is only once in a generation that 
you find these two attributes combined 
in the one animal. Langwater Hollis- 
ton is just as famous for his sons as for 
his daughters. The above record shows 
the value of this famous bull and goes 
to prove him what he is, the premier 
living sire of the Guernsey Breed. 

With a sire like Langwater Holliston, 
heading the herd, one could expect to 
find some wonderful animals at this 



288 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Brilliant Lassie: World's Champion in Class EE. Sh 

can open and shut the gate of her stall and turn on 

the electric light when she needs it. 

farm, and in this one is not disappointed, 
Rockingham Farm lias produced two 
world champions of the E. E. class and 
at present holds six state championships 
in New Hampshire. The first world's 
championship was won by Early Dawn 
83549, a' daughter of Langwater Hol- 
liston. Her record was 10882.6 pounds 
milk and 686.7 pounds butter fat in 
class E. E. Early Dawn has since been 
sold to J. C. Penney of Emmadine 
Farm, Hopewell Junction, New York, 
for $5,000. 

The second world's champion pro- 
duced at the farm was 
Brilliant Lassie 86425, 
a granddaughter of 
Langwater Holliston, 
and a daughter of Lord | 
Methuen 39442. Her 
record was 749.21 
pounds butter fat in E. 
E. class. She made a 
wonderful record and 
dropped a calf in less 
than a week after she j 
had finished. Not only . _ 
is Brilliant Lassie, a t ■ . 
world's champion, as a J';. ;' v ^ ^ . 
producer, but she can 
lay claim to it in in- 
telligence. She is kept 



in a box stall and can 
open and close the gate. 
turn on the electric light 
when she is feeding, or 
needs it. and turns it off 
when she is through. 

She has many other 
achievements along this 
line and Mr. Tisdale, 
Manager. states her 
equal has yet to be had, 
either in production in 
her class or in intelli- 
gence. 

The cows holding 
New Hampshire records 
are Branford May Bes- 
sie, Class G. C, with 
504.91 pounds butter 
fat; .Violet of the Barras Class F. with 
646.38 pounds butter fat; Hillswold 
Floss, Class F. F., with 509.26 pounds 
butter fat; Brilliant Lassie, World's 
Champion in E. E. class, of course holds 
the New Hampshire record for this 
class as well as in Class E. 

The Junior herd sire is Langwater 
Model, a bull of excellent dairy type by 
Langwater Advocate, and out of Lang- 
water Pauline. This bull has a very 
enviable record for a bull that has had 
no chance, for he has just recently been 
purchased by Mr. Tenney. He has two 



'&*$. 



Early Dawn 
ingham. 



: First world champion produced at Rock- 
Now in possession of J. C. Penney, 
Hopewell Junction, New York. 



GUERNSEYS THAT PAY 



289 










A. R. daughters, one 
of which is Langwater 

Sheen who has a record 
of 7S7 pounds of butter 
fat and sold for $5,000 
also Langwater Leading 
Lady, 570 pounds butter 
fat. who sold tor $2,500. 

The bulls at the farm 
are given plenty of ex- 
ercise, and are worked 
yoked up. unloading 
hay. hauling rocks and 
in various other farm 
work. 

This probably ac- 
counts for the fact that 
both of the herd sires 
at this farm are such sure breeders at daughters as well for the purpose of 
an advanced age. building up herds of similar blood line 

The whole Rockingham herd would and the Guernsey breed in general, 
appeal to any lover of good stock, and Langwater Holliston sons head some 

particularly to a Guernsey enthusiast, of the most famous Guernsey herds in 
In looking over the herd, one very the country. Lord Methuen— 39442, is 
noticeable thing stands out : whenever a herd sire at the Sorosis Farm, Marble- 
descendant 'of Langwater Holliston is head, Massachusetts; Langwater Senior 
viewed, the animal is almost sure to — 39431 is herd sire at Abbevleix Farm. 



Imp. Starlight of the Fontaines: An imported cow with 

a record of 583.22 lbs. butter fat. Class F. 



have very striking dairy conformation 
and to show great capacity. 

Guernsey breeders from all parts of 
the country eagerly seek his sons and 



Penllyn, Pennsylvania ; Langwater Ulti- 
mas — 38637 is herd sire at Westview 
Farm. Pauling. New York; Langwater 
Eldorado — 39136 is herd sire at A. W. 



daughters and grandsons and grand- Lawrence Farm, Sturgeon Bay, Wiscon- 
sin ; and Langwater 






I 



*. f- 



■ -. 



\ a 



Godoiphin Phvli: 



A. R. record 420.97 lbs. butter fat. 
Class F. F. 



Traveler — 38325 is herd 
sire at Chicona Farm. 
Chinook, Washington ; 
Langwater Holliston of 
Rockingham— 67366 is 
junior herd sire at the 
Upland Farm, Ipswich. 
Massachusetts ; Rocking- 
ham Holliston— 84230 is 
Junior herd sire at 
Coventry Farm, R. L. 
Pen son. owner, Prince- 
ton. Xew Jersey. 

The farm itself is as 
a whole very productive, 
having medium loam 
soil that is well drained, 
and very fine crops 



290 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



Imp. Belle of Rockingham has an A. R. record of 622.23 
lbs. butter fat. Class A. A. 

are produced. Ail the roughage con- 
sumed is raised on the home farm. 
Qover hay, mangels, and corn silage 
constitute the main roughages. Plans 
are being made, however, for the grow- 
ing of alfalfa in the near future. The 
buildings are, as a whole, simply ordi- 
nary farm buildings, the main barn 
having good light and ventilation. 

The herd is expanding to such an ex- 
tent that plans are being made to erect 
a new dairy barn. 

Mr. D. G. Tennev, the owner of 



business headquarters in 
New York, spends con- 
siderable time at the 
farm, and at his sum- 
mer home in Methuen, 
Massachusetts, which is 
only a few miles from 
there. Mr. Tenney 

takes a great interest in 
the breeding of pure- 
bred Guernseys. He 
has just imported sev- 
eral fine animals, and 
the animals imported 
and with his already 
fine herd go to make 
up one of the country's 
leading dairy herds, it 
is needless to say that 
Rockingham Farm Guernseys will con- 
tinue to rank exceptionally high in the 
dairy world. 

This farm with its fine herd of 
Guernseys is one that New Hampshire 



. _. • . •: 



Rockingham Farm, 



although having 



is proud to have within her borders. 
It is not a show place, as many would 
suppose, but a real New England farm 
where the best producing cattle of the 
breed are raised under ordinary farm 
conditions, cattle that are bringing re- 
nown to the State, and making Rocking- 
ham Farm a paying proposition for its 
owner. 



SKIPS 

By Harold Yinal 
These ships that wear the moonlight at their prows 
Will seek a lonely harbor at the last, 
As lovers seek a woman's lips and brows, 
They shall see quiet there for many a mast. 
A hill of plum and beautiful,, frail trees, 
Shall bring them healing only at the end, 
For only hills can comfort such as these, 
And they shall seek them as one seeks a friend. 



For hills remember when they took to sea, 
How they were proud as only women are, 
For hills remember more than wind and tree, 
Something of ships is on them like a star. 
Hushed at the last they ease their aching hulls 
In a dim harbor where the water lulls. 



Mi 



HOW THE HOUSE WAS ADJOURNED 

When the Circus Came to Town 
By Fames O. Lyford 



IE session of the legislature of 
18S1 was held in June. In those 
days "Barnum's Great Moral 
Show" came to Concord the first of the 
summer months. One day early in this 
session several newspaper men were in 
front of the Eagle Hotel when Mr. 
Thomas, the advance agent of Barnum's 
circus, came along. Thomas was popu- 
lar with the newspaper fraternity and 
received a cordial welcome. After the 
usual felicitations and introductions, one 
of the number said jocosely : 

"Mr. Thomas, what would it he 
worth to you if a resolution were in- 
troduced in the House adjourning the 
legislature to attend 'Barnum's GreaJt 
Moral Show.' ' The resolution will not 
pass, hut the fact itself can be tele- 
graphed to all the metropolitan news- 
papers." 

"Boys," Thomas replied, "you may 
nave all the 'tickets you want for your- 
selves and friends." 

A member was readily secured who 
was willing to introduce the resolution, 
and the Speaker to oblige the newspaper 
men agreed to present it to the House. 
In those days during the first hour of 
the morning session when only routine 
business was transacted, the members 
general ly were perusing the newspapers 
taken for their benefit by a vote of the 
House. At the appropriate time the 
Barnum resolution was sent to the 
Speaker's desk. 

As the Clerk proceeded with the vari- 
ous whereases, members one by one be- 
gan to drop their newspapers so that 
when the Clerk reached the end of the 
preamble and read the resolution the 
whole House was alert and attentive. 
Tor a second or two there was a pro- 
found silence. Then the House arous- 
ed itself to its sense of dignity. Sev- 
eral members in succession secured 
recognition and vehemently denounced 
the resolution as an insult to the assem- 



bly. For a time it looked as if the in- 
troducer of the resolution would be re- 
buked for his temerity. Then one of 
the leaders secured recognition and in a 
very courtly way poured oil upon the 
troubled waters and concluded his 
speech by moving that the resolution 
be laid upon the table, which motion the 
House promptly voted. The purpose 
of offering the resolution had been ac- 
complished and all the metropolitan 
newspapers carried the story on their 
front page the next morning. 

The day of the circus arrived. All 
the newspaper men doing legislative 
work, and quite a number of the mem- 
bers were in the secret. Every effort 
was made to finish the day's work be- 
fore one o'clock. Through a motion 
made and carried, the afternoon busi- 
ness was advanced to the morning ses- 
sion. When the third readings of bills 
had been disposed of, it looked as if ad- 
journment was at hand, but one mem- 
ber not in the secret proposed to call 
up some unfinished business of the day 
before. This was likely to produce de- 
bate and prolong the session. The 
clock was rapidly moving towards one 
after the meridian and the circus began 
at two o'clock. At this point before any 
actual motion was made to take up the 
unfinished business of the day before, 
a member from the north country se- 
cured recognition and announced the 
death of a fellow member from a neigh- 
boring town, and moved that the House 
adjourn out of respect to his memory. 
The House at once responded in sym- 
pathy. The Speaker put the question 
and the House adjourned. The an- 
nouncement was greeted with a loud 
guffaw at the reporters' desk. 

The legislature at that time was elect- 
ed in November but did not meet until 
the June following. The member wdiose 
death was commemorated died in De- 
cember following his election. 



JX+ 



the line, 

"A doubtful noon, a doubtful world and 
I" 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 

Conducted by Vivian Savacool 
Granite and Alabaster 
By Raymond Holden 
The Macmlllan Co. 

XINCE the words granite and New in the poem ''Lost Water," he ends witl 
Hampshire are synonymous, the 
title of this hook of poems. Granite 
and Alabaster, will intrigue many New 
Hampshire readers especially as the 
second word also cannot help but sug- 
gest the white expanses we have all 
had confronting us in the long winter 
just passed. When we open the hook, 
we find words no less descriptive of 
New England characteristics and activi- 
ties: "Sugaring," '"'The Plow," "Fire- 
wood," "Fishing," and "The Woodman" 
are suggestive of rural life, but here 
transformed and glorified by a writer 
responsive and thrilling to the beauty 
he sees and feels everywhere. 

There are seventy poems in this col- 
lection, two of which "Rock Fowler" 
and "The -Durhams" are dramatic nar- 
ratives with delicate nature allusions 



and such striking depletions of men as 
the following: 

''Rock Fowler is a^ free as wild things 

arc 
■ Of all but the fear of reaching for a star, 
But there come moments to men so made 

free 
When man seems an impossible thing to 

be." 
and 

"Old Durham, with some ice in heart and 

beard 
Stood in the doorway brushing off his 

boots." 

The other poems are expressions of 
the author's reaction to life, and are 
therefore introspective , but are so sim- 
ply written as to be entirely charming. 
He is always searching for a solution 
to the mystery of life and turns to na- 
ture as a possible source for revelation. 
He is absorbed by her every phase, feel- 
ing her passion, her yearning, and her 
calm. He even transfers to nature his 
doubt, his uncertainty about "the beauty 
of that power I almost know" as when, 



Mr. Holden's ability in detailed descrip- 
tions of nature is unusual. At times 
the distinctness with which the individ- 
ual object is presented almost obscures 
the. whole picture but in the end the 
minute detail aids in giving the desired 
effect, When he talks about snow rain 
as "fingering the sinking snow." he is 
as vivid as Frost who uses "silver liz- 
ards" to describe the tiny rivulets upon 
the hillside in the spring thaw. There 
is as keen a response to effects of light 
in his line, "Through spruces lightened 
by a flash of birch," as F. A. Robinson 
gives us in "Isaac and Archibald" when 
he describes "the wayside flash of 
leaves." Other rare glints are the 
"dark dusks" of berries, the line in 
"Fishing," "Where wise trout flash their 
darkness," "black-breasted night" and 
many others, some of the most beauti- 
ful of which may be found in "Rock 
Fowler." It makes no difference of 
what season he writes or whether it be 
winter or in summer that you read his 
poems, so true is his response to the 
outdoors that you sympathize with all 
his expressions of its changes as fully 
as when he says of spring. 

"The murmurings of Spring are such 
One almost understands." 

Here again we see his wistfulness to 
find that which always eludes him. Pie 
is constantly comparing the ways of 
men with those of nature only to be 
baffled by the inexplicable differences 
he tells of in "Paradox." 

All the poems seem to throw a white 
light on the soul and mind of their 
creator, not a cold light 3 however, when 



BOOKS OF NEW HAMPSHIRE INTEREST 



293 



warmed by his concrete simplicity of 
expression, his intense interest in people 
and when colored with ''inerrable hues" 
by his imagination. There is .not the 
hardness of granite in his poetry but 
rather the patience of his granite moun- 
tain which "rises, grave, and great, and 
high" "in devout dissent from too much 
human triumph, too much stir of the ab- 
surd infinitesimal." 

It is wisest to say no more. The fol- 
lowing, exquisite poem will speak more 



eloquently then J can of the delights in 
store and will be the only invitation 
needed for all to read "Granite and Ala- 
baster." 

The Season's End 

This is the end of Summer, 

This is the end of all, 

The sap is running back into earth 

And the red leaves shudder and fall. 

If I could shake myself down 
From the stem that has ceased to flow 
Would there be a cool dark earth to close 
Round the things I have come tc know? 



THE EDITOR STOPS TO TALK 

About Transitory Things 

T LINE. The Commencement month. The Democratic House likewise has 
j Across the rose garden floats the retired* after an exhibition of heroic de- 
** faint thunder of oratory and the air votion to duty which has no parallel in 
is electric with a surcharge of "idealism history but the devotion of the boy who 
and the reform spirit. As the almanac stood on the burning deck. Like him, 
might put it: high pressure areas exist- the House smilingly watched its plat- 
ing in the vicinity of our institutions of form burned plank by plank under its 
learning will disintegrate as the month feet and sill stood firm upon it. 
goes on and dissipate without producing And the state, saved by a Republican 
great atmospheric disturbances ; mean- Senate from a Democratic House and 
while look for local showers. The from a Republican Senate by a Demo- 
rumble of far thunder affects us strange- 
ly, and that is why we have written at 
the head of this page a title which might 
well form the theme of a bac- 
calaureate sermon or a valedictory ora- 
tion. 



cratic House, has weathered another 
session. 



But we don't mean much by it : it is 
inspired chiefly by the thought that 
things are not alwavs what thev seem,— 



"All, all are gone, the old familiar 
faces." And while we do not quite 
agree with the editor of an up-state 
weekly who remarks that, with the de- 
parture of the Legislators, the Capital 
City is in fitting mood and condition 
to receive the convention of undertakers 



just when the Legislature appeared to so soon to take place here, still some- 
be settled down to a life job. it sudden- thing has gone out of life. Even the 
ly flitted. Jewellers and the Spanish War Vet- 
The Republican Senate, that brave lit- erans and the Shriners combined 
tie Thermopylae band, have wrapped haven't been able to reconcile us to the 
their togas around them and clasping to change, 
their bosoms those inkwells and 'ash- — — 



trays which they fought with such 
fervor to retain, and which, they say, are 
inscribed with the motto of the session, 
"'On ne passe pas," have gone home for 
a peaceful rest. 



We should have known, of course, 
that all Legislatures end some time, but 
one learns of the transitoriness of things 
only by experience. 

A man high in the seats of the mighty 



!94 



THE GRANITE MONTH!. 



toid us the other day, with just the 
faintest Suggestion of a swagger, that 
he "knew New Hampshire as a man 
knows his own room in the dark." it 
has always been our experience that just 
when we get that confidence about a 
room it gets rearranged and a large ob- 
stacle ereeps just athwart our pathway 



the next time we enter without a light. 
We certainly hope that the distinguished 
gentleman is not going to stub his toe 
one oi these days, and discover that. 
even in New Hampshire, the world do 
move. 

—II. F. M. 



OUR CONTRIBUTORS 

In This Issue 



Miss Jessis Doe is an active member 
cf the Appalachian Mountain Club 
which has done so much toward further- 
ing interest and enthusiasm in moun- 
tain-climbing in our Xew Hampshire 
hills. She is also a familiar figure in 
New Hampshire public affairs, and in 
the session of 1921 served in the Legis- 
lature as representative from Rollins- 
ford. 



Miss Daisy Williamson, as head of 
the Home Demonstration Service at 
New Hampshire University, is doing in- 
teresting and valuable work for New 
Hampshire. Some phases of this work 
she describes in this magazine. 

Another New Hampshire University 
person wdio writes for us this month 
is Professor K. \V. Woodward of the 
Forestry Department. 



Harold Vixal is the editor of the 
little poetry magazine called "Voices" 
and a poet of growing reputation. He 
was the winner of the Brookes Moore 
poetry prize in 1921. 

G. G. Williams is at present in the 



real estate business in Concord, but in 
one capacity or another he has made 
himself well acquainted throughout the 
state. The story of the Bunga Road 
controversy is only one of many good 
yarns that he tells of the old days of 
New Hampshire politics. 



The adjournment of the Legislature 
of 1923 brought into James O. Ly- 
ford's mind the story of another ad- 
journment in which, from the press 
table instead of the legislative seats, 
he played an important part. 

The 1923 Legislature seems to have 
succeeded in pleasing both parties. 
Robert Jackson. Chairman of the 
Democratic State Committe, tells in this 
magazine why the Democrats are pleas- 
ed ; and Olix Chase, Secretary of the 
Republican League, gives the reasons 
for Republican rejoicing. 



The articles 
r> 



on 



dairy herds by H. 
of the N. H. 
Farm Bureau, are proving of exception- 
al interest not only to farmers, but to 
the general reader as well. 



Stf!> 



CURRENT OPINION IN NEW HAMPSHIRE 



A Page of 
Senator Moses Comes Home 

Senator Moses has returned from Eu- 
rope and assails the world court plan 
which President Harding favors. 

It will be- noticed the senator is back 
in ample season to participate in the 
spring planting. 

— Laconia Netvs & Critic 



Moses is home ; two months look- 
ing Europe over; finds her full of 
hate; doesn't know which they hate 
worse ; each other or us. No use for 
the court, or Harding if he presses it. 
The Hague is a sufficient tribunal. 
And Moses is right once more. 

— Granite State Free Press 



Mr. Moses seems to be further 
away from, his country men than he 
was in the transmarine hotbed of hate, 
but what of it? It is a joy to all collec- 
tors of rare birds to know that this 
specimen is more curious than ever, in- 
comparably impervious to mere facts, 
and with his gall ducts unintermittently 
active. 

— New York Times 



George Moses of New Hampshire ap- 
pears to be somewhat pessimistic about 
the senatorial outlook from a Republi- 
can viewpoint in 1924. He might recall 
the optimism of the unfortunate man 
who fell from the roof of a 10-stOry 
building. As he dropped past the sixth 
floor a frantic man leaning out of the 
window, horrified at the sight, heard the 
falling man say: "Well, I'm all right so 
far!" Cheer up, Mr. Moses. The elec- 
tions of 1924 are a good distance in the 
future. Meantime, the Senate is to 
meet, next December. The Republicans 
can give an exhibition next winter that 
may help the party; may. Republicans 
need to worry more about the Senate of 



Clippings 

next winter than about the senatorial 
elections of November, 1924. 

— Whiting in the Boston Herald 



The Late Departed Legislature 

Hurrah for Jackson ! He says he 
is satisfied ; his party fulfilled its 
pledges. Not a party measure was 
enacted. How much did any party 
to those bargains— Labor, the Wo- 
men, or the Democratic leaders — 
gain. Nasty politics on the part of 
all concerned. Republicans, on the 
other hand, stood by their convic- 
tions, votes or no votes — as repeat- 
edly as heretofore. It is not best for 
New Hampshire to enact a 48-hour 
law now; better make that country- 
wide, by congress. We are going to. 
It was not best to repeal the woman 
poll tax law, unjust as it is; the law 
needed rational modification; not repeal. 
— Granite State Free Press 



Governor Fred H. Brown has been 
true to all the pledges he made in his 
election campaign so far as his own- 
action and purpose are concerned. The 
House stood with him on his measures, 
but the Senate, of opposite political 
faith, did not always agree. Indeed, it 
had a pretty consistent policy of 
disagreeing with the House. But the 
gasoline tax and the tax on the income 
of intangibles were adopted and the 
State tax has been reduced, by cutting 
appropriations, from $1,500,000 a year 
to $1,150,000 a year, a very substantial 
reduction of 23 per cent. 

— Somersworth Free Press 

We congratulate the departed legis- 
lature, with all its faults, on having 
achieved the distinction of killing a 
larger proportion of the bills intro- 
duced than any other legislature in 



296 



THE GRANITE MONTHLY 



this state in the past thirty years. 
It is a record to be proud of. 

— Rochester Courier 



The attitude toward Bass was one of 
the interesting manifestations to follow. 
While he was one of the most forceful 
debaters in the House, he usually work- 



ed on hi< 



;hoo 



ithout 



p rear- 



rangement with the Republican leaders 
many of whom showed open hostility 
to him. Bass made some of the best 
speeehes of the session and he invariably 
had the close attention of the members. 
It was generally conceded that the Sen- 
ate let the woman's poll tax bill go by 
the board because the only substitute 
that could be offered was Bass' amend- 
ment to have a straight two dollar tax 
for men and women, in place of keep- 
ing the three dollar tax for men and 
letting the women off without any tax. 
— Concord Monitor 



Some one remarked "that the least 
said about the present legislature ses- 
sion the better." We don't feel that way 
about it. It did a mighty good job, 
especially when it adjourned. That 
probably was the best thing .it did dur- 
ing the whole session. But there were 
other commendable things it did. It 
refused to pass many bills, which orig- 
inated in the house, carrying large ap- 
propriations of state money, which the 
state could not finance under its pres- 
ent restricted income. 

Four men stood out strong as lead- 
ers during the entire session. These 
were Stevens, Bass. Lyford and Martin. 
Without these experienced politicians, 
parliamentarians and debators, the 
members of the House would have been 
lost much of the time. 

— Milford Cabinet 



The Keen e Normal Veto 

Governor Brown pocket vetoed the 
bill for a building for the state Normal 
school at Keene. This may have been 
necessary in view of the fact that the 



state is hard pressed for revenue be- 
cause of the disposition of the legisla- 
ture which reduced the state tax. How- 
ever, it seems to be natural to scrimp 
on appropriations for education, and it 
may be necessary to fight for the cause 
a little more diligently. 

Lac o nvi News & Critic 



Governor Brown, wisely as we think 
— pockets the Keene Normal School ap- 
propriation. This is no time for such 
enterprises. 

— Granite State Free Press 



Give One Party the Power 

We can stand an occasional negative 
legislature, but hi us pray to be saved 
from a succession of negative legisla- 
tures. 

In last fall's campaign, the Demo- 
crats presented a definite program of 
state policy, which they have faithfully 
attempted to carry out. A Republican 
Senate has blocked this program. Sub- 
stantially the same Democratic program 
will doubtless be presented in tbe next 
campaign. People who find it satis- 
factory would do well to vote for all 
the Democratic candidates who have to 
do with legislation. People who disbe- 
lieve in its provisions would do well to 
vote for the Republican candidates. 
The point is to give one party or the 
other control of the legislative machin- 
ery. 

— Argus and Spectator 

"Tilton School,'* and "University of 
N. H." are titles more easily spoken 
and written than were the old names, 
but there are many who will feel as 
though they had lost a dear friend. 

— Franklin Journal Transcript 



Well, the Concord hotel men and 
boarding house keepers are sorry to 
have the legislature depart, anyway. 

— Rochester Courier 



£17-1-1 



NEW HAMPSHIRE NECROLOGY 



ohn r. DONAHUE 



c 



omn 

dr 


issioncr John j. Donahue 

.-•pped dead May 8, while 


intt 

t'iv 


in a case in which his de- 
rested. Mr. Donahue has 
identified with Republican 



: : \ .;: s ::: this state for many years. He was 
,-;_>_ r;r-:-i insurance commissioner in 1919 by 
..-: -rr::;: J ohn H. Bartlett, and he carried 
-•. i:;-:- duties of his office competently and 
h :.: : iagrjv up io the time of his death. Mr. 
:- c^r.j.e was a native of Keene and he was 
. --r'^ur ytars old when he died. 

ALBERT SHEDD 

Ex-Mayor Shedd of Nashua died in that 
.'- '-'- May 3. A native of Billerica. Mass., 
ilr. Shedd came to Nashua in 1863, where 
c began vvork for E. P. Brown and Co. 
Vbes the F. D. Cook Lumber Co. was 

■— ri :.-: transferred his connection to that 
OZ-3T.2ZXV: r>i which he held the office of Pres- 
ier_: irons 1879 until the time of his death. 
^s early as lsr'^6 Mr. Shedd was prominent, in 
i*y affairs. As superintendent of streets, 
Ittnz^r of "he City Council, Member of the 
•■:ar:. oi Aldermen, Member of the Board of 
Assessors,- Member of the Legislature in 1879 
:,.: 1 : 'X, and as Mayor of the city, he served 

j ifrry faithfully and well. His name is 
Iso iSentx&ed with the city's humanitarian 
irgiTEsations, 'such as the Memorial Hospi- 
al i,- i wills several Masonic bodies. He is 
fed by a" widow and one son, Willis Al- 
r.r-i 61 Nashua. 



bert S 

o- : 

( r.-i - - 
had ..-; 

I 



WILL 



IAM BURLINGAME 
3. William Burlingarne, aged 85, 

:er's most prominent citizens, who 
": the city for 56 years, died. Lie 

of the Exeter Machine works 
-_-.-.:• 1939. when he; retired. He 

as trustee of Robinson Female 
r. the Police Commission, and was 

isrecior of the Exeter Gas Works. 
was a member of the New Hamp- 
laruie. 



NATHAN 



WIMPHEIMER 



srm?A s Oldest dry goods mercnant, 
^"athsr: A. Wimr/heirner, died on April 26. 
He :.ii for v.a-c been 
project* in h : -. town 



prominent m civic 



C LIVER A. FLEMING 
f ' ■ ' A Flemmar, one of Exeter's oldest 



! *> ---=-: i ---,„- . '.:■ 



on April 27 at the age 



*'■' v -- : "^ ~:r nearly 40 years he had been 

'/•: in the tmskriakins: business. He was 

Y " _/' --'-' '": in Masonary, being a member of 

— ' Lodge, chapter, council and com- 

J«*tee 2 Q. O, F.. Friendship Council R. A. 



member of Saeamore 
A 
O. R. M. He 



:wh Tribe I 
widow. 



WILLIAM H. JACKSON 
William J. Jackson, aged 84, died at his 
home in Chichester. April 25. He was a vet- 
eran of the Civil War and a member of E. 
E. Sturtevant Post. G. A. R. of Concord. He 
leaves a widow, three daughters and two 
sons. 



WALTER F. PERKINS 
Walter Francis Perkins, president of the 
Derry Shoe Company of Derry, N. H., disd 
May 16, after an illness of three weeks. He 
was sixty-four years of age. He is survived 
by his widow and two sons. 



JOHN WILLIAM JOHNSON 
On April 27th John William Johnson died, 
after a long and distressing illness, at the age 
of twenty-seven. He was the first man to 
enlist in the World War from his home 
town — Bath. He offered himself April 6th, 
1917; and was sworn in the following week. 
He was in active service in the navy during 
the whole period of the war and many times 
crossed the submarine infested Atlantic. His 
career is described in the Granite Monthly 
for December, 1920. Mr. Johnson was an 
adopted son of Kate J. Kimball, by whom 
he is survived and by a twin brother, Jack 
William Johnson. 



GEORGE H. MOREY 

George Henry Morey, a locomotive engi- 
neer, long in the service of the Concord and 
Boston & Maine Railroads, died at his home- 
on Broadway, in Concord, May 4, 192.3. 

He was a native of the town of Wilmot, 
son of Jeremiah and Betsey (Cheney) 
Morey, born August 20. 1849. He came to 
Concord in 1872 and engaged in the employ 
of the Concord Railroad, first in shop work, 
but soon entered the train service as fireman. 
He was promoted to engineer in 1883, and so 
continued till November last, when he quit 
work on account of ill health, gradually fail- 
ing until death. He had long been regarded 
as one of the most faithful and efficient en- 
gineers in the service. 

He was an active member of Division No. 
335. Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, 
had holden most of its important offices, in- 
cluding that of Chief Engineer, and was a 
representative in the Grand Lodge at Ottawa, 
in 1894. He was also a member of White 
Mountain Lodge. I. O. O. F., and Penacook 
Encampment. Politically he was a life-long 
Democrat, and in religion a Universalist. 
Although devotedly attached to home life. 
he was ever a good neighbor, a faithful 
friend, and a loyal citizen. 

He married October 17, 1874, Miss Myra 
Cheney of Warner, who survives him, with 
one daughter. Helen, wife of Harvey W. 
Phaneuf of Concord. — H. H. M. 



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